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Journal Articles

Laser-driven neutron generation realizing single-shot resonance spectroscopy

Yogo, Akifumi*; Lan, Z.*; Arikawa, Yasunobu*; Abe, Yuki*; Mirfayzi, S. R.*; Wei, T.*; Mori, Takato*; Golovin, D.*; Hayakawa, Takehito*; Iwata, Natsumi*; et al.

Physical Review X, 13(1), p.011011_1 - 011011_12, 2023/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Low-lying dipole strength in $$^{52}$$Cr

Shizuma, Toshiyuki*; Hayakawa, Takehito*; Daito, Izuru*; Ogaki, Hideaki*; Miyamoto, Shuji*; Minato, Futoshi

Physical Review C, 96(4), p.044316_1 - 044316_10, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:59.21(Physics, Nuclear)

The low-lying dipole strength in $$^{52}$$Cr was measured in nuclear resonance fluorescence experiments using a quasi-monochromatic, linearly polarized photon beam. The parities of the excited dipole states were determined by the intensity asymmetry of resonantly scattered $$gamma$$-rays with respect to the polarization plane of the incident photon beam. The summed magnetic dipole (M1) strength was determined as $$sum B(M1)uparrow=5.64(34) mu_N^2$$ at excitation energies between 7.5 and 12.1 MeV; the summed electric dipole (E1) strength was obtained as $$sum B(E1)uparrow=73.7(23) times 10^{-3} e^2$$ fm$$^2$$. The observed M1 and E1 strengths were compared via random phase approximation calculations using the Skyrme interaction. The effects of 2 particle-2 hole configuration mixing and tensor force on dipole strength distributions were investigated.

Journal Articles

Reaction-yield dependence of the ($$gamma$$, $$gamma$$') reaction of $$^{238}$$U on the target thickness

Negm, H.*; Ogaki, Hideaki*; Daito, Izuru*; Hayakawa, Takehito; Zen, H.*; Kii, Toshiteru*; Masuda, Kai*; Hori, Toshitada*; Hajima, Ryoichi; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(6), p.811 - 820, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:35.41(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The dependence of the nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF) yield on the target thickness was studied. To this end, an NRF experiment was performed on $$^{238}$$U using a laser Compton back-scattering (LCS) $$gamma$$-ray beam at the High Intensity $$gamma$$-ray Source facility at Duke University.

Journal Articles

Status of laser Compton scattered $$gamma$$-ray source at JAEA 150-MeV microtron

Hajima, Ryoichi; Ferdows, M.; Hayakawa, Takehito; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Kando, Masaki; Daito, Izuru*; Negm, H.*; Ogaki, Hideaki*

Proceedings of 5th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '14) (Internet), p.1943 - 1945, 2014/07

Journal Articles

Analysis of nuclear resonance fluorescence excitation measured with LaBr$$_{3}$$(Ce) detectors near 2 MeV

Omer, M.*; Negm, H.*; Ogaki, Hideaki*; Daito, Izuru*; Hayakawa, Takehito; Bakr, M.*; Zen, H.*; Hori, Toshitada*; Kii, Toshiteru*; Masuda, Kai*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 729, p.102 - 107, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:45.93(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The performance of LaBr$$_{3}$$ (Ce) to measure nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF) excitations is discussedin terms of limits of detection and in comparison with high-purity germanium (HPGe)detectors near the 2 MeV region where many NRF excitation levels from special nuclear materials are located. The NRF experiment was performed at the High Intensity Gamma-ray Source (HIGS) facility of Duke University. The incident $$gamma$$-rays, of 2.12 MeV energy, hit a B$$_{4}$$C target to excite the $$^{11}$$B nuclei to the first excitation level. The statistical-sensitive non-linear peak clipping (SNIP) algorithm was implemented to eliminate theback ground and enhance the limits of detection for the spectra measured with LaBr$$_{3}$$ (Ce). Both detection and determination limits were deduced from the experimental data.

Journal Articles

Nuclear resonance fluorescence of $$^{235}$$U measured with high-resolution LaBr$$_3$$(Ce) scintillation detectors

Omer, M.*; Negm, H.*; Zen, H.*; Daito, Izuru*; Kii, Toshiteru*; Masuda, Kai*; Ogaki, Hideaki*; Hajima, Ryoichi; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Hayakawa, Takehito; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 52(10), p.106401_1 - 106401_4, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:31.91(Physics, Applied)

A nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF) experiment was performed on a $$^{235}$$U target with quasi-monochromatic $$gamma$$-rays at the High Intensity Gamma-ray Source (HIGS) facility of Duke University using a 1733 keV resonant energy. A LaBr$$_3$$ (Ce) detector array consisting of eight cylindrical detectors, each with a length of 7.62 cm and a diameter of 3.81 cm, was implemented in this measurement. Moreover, a high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector array consisting of four detectors, each of which has a relative efficiency of 60%, was used as the benchmark for the measurement taken using the LaBr$$_3$$ (Ce) detector array. The integrated cross section of the NRF level, measured with LaBr$$_3$$ (Ce) detectors, showed good agreement with the available data.

Journal Articles

Generation of laser Compton scattered $$gamma$$-rays from a 150-MeV microtron

Hajima, Ryoichi; Hayakawa, Takehito; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Angell, C.; Daito, Izuru; Kando, Masaki; Ogaki, Hideaki*

Proceedings of 4th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '13) (Internet), p.3645 - 3647, 2013/05

Journal Articles

High flux laser-Compton scattered $$gamma$$-ray source by SBS pulse compressed laser

Daito, Izuru; Kando, Masaki; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Angell, C.; Hajima, Ryoichi; Ogaki, Hideaki*

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 88(10), p.553 - 554, 2012/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High flux laser-Compton scattered $$gamma$$-ray source by compressed Nd:YAG laser pulse

Daito, Izuru; Kando, Masaki; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Hayashi, Yukio; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Hajima, Ryoichi; Ogaki, Hideaki*

Proceedings of 3rd International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '12) (Internet), p.4124 - 4126, 2012/05

A non-destructive detection system of nuclear material hidden in cargo containers is under development in JAEA and Kyoto University. The system is able to detect and identify isotopes of special nuclear material in a container by employing Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence triggered by mono-energetic laser Compton scattered $$gamma$$-ray. One of the most important technologies for such system is generation of $$gamma$$-rays at a flux of 3$$times$$10$$^{5}$$ photon/s. In order to achieve this $$gamma$$-ray flux with a compact system, a pulse compression system for Nd:YAG laser by using stimulated brillouin scattering has been developed. The laser pulse with a duration of 10 ns from a Nd:YAG laser is compressed down to 200 ps. As a feasibility study of the proposed system 400 keV $$gamma$$-ray generation is performed at KPSI by using 150 MeV electron beam from microtron accelerator and compressed Nd:YAG laser. Experimental results of pulse compression and $$gamma$$-ray generation are presented.

Journal Articles

Measurement of deuteron induced thick target neutron yields at 9 MeV

Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Hidaka, Kosuke*; Hirabayashi, Keiichi*; Nakamura, Yasuhiro*; Moriguchi, Daisuke*; Kumabe, Masahiro*; Hirano, Hidetaka*; Hirayama, Shusuke*; Naito, Yuki*; Motooka, Chikahide*; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.1725 - 1728, 2011/08

Journal Articles

Development of a sub-MeV X-ray source via Compton backscattering

Kawase, Keigo; Kando, Masaki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Daito, Izuru; Kondo, Shuji; Homma, Takayuki; Kameshima, Takashi*; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Chen, L. M.*; Fukuda, Yuji; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 637(1, Suppl.), p.S141 - S144, 2011/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:50.3(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We report the present status of the sub-MeV X-ray generation via Compton backscattering by using 150-MeV electron beam and the Nd:YAG laser. In particular, we show the result of the X-ray generation experiment and of the laser pulse compression for increasing the X-ray flux.

Journal Articles

Spins and parities of astrophysically important $$^{30}$$S states from $$^{28}$$Si($$^{3}$$He, $$n$$$$gamma$$)$$^{30}$$S

Setoodehnia, K.*; Chen, A. A.*; Komatsubara, Tetsuro*; Kubono, Shigeru*; Binh, D. N.*; Carpino, J. F.*; Chen, J.*; Hashimoto, Takashi*; Hayakawa, Takehito; Ishibashi, Yoko*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(1), p.018803_1 - 018803_4, 2011/01

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:62.06(Physics, Nuclear)

The structure of proton-unbound $$^{30}$$S states strongly determines the thermonuclear $$^{29}$$P($$p$$, $$gamma$$)$$^{30}$$S reaction rate at temperatures characteristic of explosive hydrogen burning in classical novae and type I X-ray bursts. Specifically, the rate had been previously predicted to be dominated by two low-lying, unobserved, levels in the $$E$$$$_{x}$$=4.7-4.8 MeV region, with spin and parity assignments of 3$$^{+}$$ and 2$$^{+}$$. In recent experimental work, two candidate levels were observed with energies of 4.699 MeV and 4.814 MeV, but no experimental information on their spins and parities was obtained. We have performed an in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy study of $$^{30}$$S with the $$^{28}$$Si($$^{3}$$He, $$n$$$$gamma$$)$$^{30}$$S reaction. The spin and parities were inferred from a comparison to the known decay schemes of the corresponding mirror states.

Journal Articles

Improvement of SBS laser pulse compression system for the Compton backscattered X-ray source

Kawase, Keigo; Kando, Masaki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Daito, Izuru; Kondo, Shuji; Homma, Takayuki; Kameshima, Takashi*; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Chen, L. M.*; Fukuda, Yuji; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2010-002, p.95 - 98, 2010/06

At the previous symposium in Advanced Photon Research, we proposed and demonstrated the laser pulse compression via stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) for increasing the flux of the Compton backscattered X rays. After that, we improved the SBS pulse compression system by introducing the image relay in the laser transport line. As a result, we achieve the stably compressed laser pulse with a duration of 2.1 ns and with an energy of 0.84 J. By installing this system into the Compton backscattered X-ray source, the X-ray flux will be increased 3.2 times for the present system at the KPSI-JAEA.

Journal Articles

Development and basic study for lesion size measuring system on an endoscopic image

Oka, Kiyoshi; Seki, Takeshi*; Naito, Takehito*; Watanabe, Shinya*; Wakabayashi, Takao*; Naganawa, Akihiro*; Inui, Kazuo*; Yoshino, Junji*

Nihon Gazo Igaku Zasshi, 28(1), p.12 - 24, 2010/05

Focusing on the measurement function loaded on our rigid-typed endoscope for the fetal surgery treatment, we proposed that its combination with a generally used digestive endoscope enabled calibration of lesion size in stomach. While adding the function, with which the target size is to be easily measured, on the endoscope, we simplified the system structure as much as possible. We also tried to minimize the total cost by using the generally used endoscope, instead of making it from scratch. Combining another development, the composite-type optical fiberscope with diameter of 1.1mm, with a generally used endoscope, we proposed the following as the features: (1)acquisition of fiberscope image, (2)laser irradiation for treatments, (3)applying the real time measurement function of distance and blood flow by semiconductor laser to the generally used endoscope. We have operated the clinical study to the gastric wall of person with no health problem, using this system and confirmed it was available for practical use.

Journal Articles

Development of an instrument system for measuring the internal pressure of the small intestine using an ileus tube

Ishikawa, Noriko; Oka, Kiyoshi; Naganawa, Akihiro*; Yoshino, Junji*; Wakabayashi, Takao*; Watanabe, Shinya*; Naito, Takehito*

Nihon Kikai Gakkai Rombunshu, C, 75(756), p.2359 - 2361, 2009/08

Instruments for measuring the internal pressure of digestive organs are used for diagnosing functional diseases, judging how critical the condition is, and deciding the treatment method or determining the degree of alleviation. However, the technique wherein the internal pressure of the small intestine is measured is highly invasive and painful for patients, and the insertion of the catheter via transducers is not preferred because it involves the insertion of an electric instrument in the body. In this study, we developed a system that measures the pressure of the small intestine with an ileus tube, which is generally used for the treatment of ileus. The main feature of our system is that can be used to measure internal pressure without the insertion of electric instruments such as transducers into the body, allowing the assessment of ileus without causing pain to the patient being treated. In this note, we present a brief description of the structure and function of this instrument used to measure the internal pressure of the small intestine.

Journal Articles

MeV- and sub-MeV-photon sources based on Compton backscattering at SPring-8 and KPSI-JAEA

Kawase, Keigo; Kando, Masaki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Daito, Izuru; Kondo, Shuji; Homma, Takayuki; Kameshima, Takashi; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Chen, L.*; Fukuda, Yuji; et al.

Nuclear Physics Review, 26(Suppl.), p.94 - 99, 2009/07

We constructed MeV- and sub-MeV-photon sources by means of Compton backscattering with a laser light and an electron beam at SPring-8 and KPSI-JAEA. MeV-photon source consists of a continuous-wave optically-pumped far infrared laser and an 8-GeV stored electron beam. Sub-MeV-photon source consists of a Nd:YAG pulse-laser and an 150-MeV electron beam accelerated by a microtron. Both source have been succeeded backscattered photon generation. In this talk, I will present characteristics and future prospects of these photon sources.

Journal Articles

"J-KAREN"; High intensity laser

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki; Shimomura, Takuya*; Tanoue, Manabu*; Akutsu, Atsushi; Okada, Hajime; Motomura, Tomohiro*; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2008-007, p.13 - 16, 2008/08

One of the main bottlenecks for the applications of ultrashort and ultrahigh-peak power lasers in high-field physics is a temporal contrast of the pulses. In ultrahigh-peak power lasers, a nanosecond background of the amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) is generated at the same time as the femtosecond pulse. This background is mostly generated in the preamplifier (regenerative, multipass amplifier). Even though the contrast level is usually in the range from 10$$^{-5}$$ to 10$$^{-6}$$, this level is not sufficiently low at relativistic intensities greater than 10$$^{18} $$W/cm$$^{2}$$ to avoid unwanted pre-plasmas generation. We demonstrated a high-contrast, high-peak power laser with optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA). With the use of OPCPA, contrast is enhanced to better than 7$$times$$10$$^{-9}$$ in a few picoseconds before the main pulse, which corresponds to an improvement of three to four orders in magnitude compared with conventional systems.

Journal Articles

Sub-MeV tunably polarized X-ray production with laser Thomson backscattering

Kawase, Keigo; Kando, Masaki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Daito, Izuru; Kondo, Shuji; Homma, Takayuki; Kameshima, Takashi; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Chen, L.-M.; Fukuda, Yuji; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 79(5), p.053302_1 - 053302_8, 2008/05

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:63.28(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Reported in this article is the generation of unique polarized X-rays in the sub-MeV region by means of the Thomson backscattering of the Nd:YAG laser photon with a wavelength of 1064 nm on the 150 MeV electron from the microtron accelerator. The maximum energy of the X-ray photons is estimated to about 400 keV. The total energy of the backscattered X-ray pulse is measured with an imaging plate and a LYSO scintillator. The angular divergence of the X-rays is also measured by using the imaging plate. We confirm that the X-ray beam is polarized according to the laser polarization direction with the Compton scattering method. In addition, we demonstrate the imaging of the object shielded by lead with the generated X-rays.

Journal Articles

Transfer function analysis of positron-emitting tracer imaging system (PETIS) data

Keutgen, N.; Matsuhashi, Shimpei; Mizuniwa, Chizuko; Ito, Takehito*; Fujimura, Takashi; Ishioka, Noriko; Watanabe, Satoshi; Sekine, Toshiaki; Uchida, Hiroshi*; Hashimoto, Shoji

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 57(2), p.225 - 233, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:55.47(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Vanadium uptake and an effect of vanadium treatment on $$^{18}$$F-labeled water movement in a cowpea plant by positron emitting tracer imaging system (PETIS)

Furukawa, Jun*; Yokota, Harumi*; Tanoi, Keitaro*; Ueoka, Shiori*; Matsuhashi, Shimpei; Ishioka, Noriko; Watanabe, Satoshi; Uchida, Hiroshi*; Tsuji, Atsunori*; Ito, Takehito*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 249(2), p.495 - 498, 2001/08

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:69.63(Chemistry, Analytical)

We present real time Vanadate (V$$^{5+}$$) uptake imaging in a cowpea plant by Positron Emitting Tracer Imaging System (PETIS). Vanadium-48 was produced by bombarding a Sc foil target with 50 MeV $$alpha$$-particles at Takasaki Ion accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA) AVF cyclotron. Then $$^{48}$$V was added to the culture solution to investigate the V distribution in a cowpea plant. The real time uptake of the $$^{48}$$V was monitored by PETIS. We measured the distribution of $$^{48}$$V in a whole plant after 3, 6 and 20 hours of V treatment by Bio-imaging Analyzer System (BAS). After the 20 hour treatment, vanadate was detected at the up-ground part of the plant. To know the effect of V uptake on plant activity, $$^{18}$$F-labeled water uptake was analyzed by PETIS. When a cowpea plant was treated with V for 20 hours before $$^{18}$$F-labeled water uptake experiment, the total amount of $$^{18}$$F-labeled water absorption was drastically desreased. Results suggest the inhibition of water uptake was mainly caused by the vanadate already moved to the up-ground part of the plant.

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