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Journal Articles

Chemical-pressure-induced point defects enable low thermal conductivity for Mg$$_{2}$$Sn and Mg$$_{2}$$Si single crystals

Saito, Wataru*; Hayashi, Kei*; Huang, Z.*; Sugimoto, Kazuya*; Oyama, Kenji*; Happo, Naohisa*; Harada, Masahide; Oikawa, Kenichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Hayashi, Koichi*; et al.

ACS Applied Energy Materials (Internet), 4(5), p.5123 - 5131, 2021/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Preparation, thermoelectric properties, and crystal structure of boron-doped Mg$$_{2}$$Si single crystals

Hayashi, Kei*; Saito, Wataru*; Sugimoto, Kazuya*; Oyama, Kenji*; Hayashi, Koichi*; Happo, Naohisa*; Harada, Masahide; Oikawa, Kenichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Miyazaki, Yuzuru*

AIP Advances (Internet), 10(3), p.035115_1 - 035115_7, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:68.88(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Journal Articles

Nitrogen hot trap design and manufactures for lithium test loop in IFMIF/EVEDA project

Wakai, Eiichi; Watanabe, Kazuyoshi*; Ito, Yuzuru*; Suzuki, Akihiro*; Terai, Takayuki*; Yagi, Juro*; Kondo, Hiroo; Kanemura, Takuji; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 11, p.2405112_1 - 2405112_4, 2016/11

BB2015-1982.pdf:2.03MB

Journal Articles

Numerical study on influence of Ohnesorge number and Reynolds number on the jet breakup behavior using the lattice Boltzmann method

Iwasawa, Yuzuru*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Kanagawa, Tetsuya*; Saito, Shimpei*; Matsuo, Eiji*; Ebihara, Kenichi; Sakaba, Hiroshi*; Koyama, Kazuya*; Nariai, Hideki*

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2015/05

For the safety design in which heat is properly removed from the molten fuel after the core disruptive accident in a sodium-cooled fast reactor, the estimation of the breakup behavior of molten fuel discharged into the coolant like a jet is desired. In order to investigate the influence of viscocity on the jet behavior, we simulated a jet discharged into a coolant using the three-dimensional lattice Boltzmann model for two-phase fluid, and examined the influence of Ohnesorge number and Reynolds number on the jet behavior. As a result, we made clear that it is necessary to consider viscosity of the coolant as well as that of the jet for the estimation of jet behavior.

Journal Articles

Crack growth behavior of F82H steel in the 288$$^{circ}$$C water

Ito, Yuzuru; Saito, Masahiro*; Abe, Katsunori*; Wakai, Eiichi

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.11, p.73 - 78, 2015/03

Crack growth is a one of the key mechanical properties for the design evaluation in fusion materials to be tested at the High Flux Test Module (HFTM) in IFMIF. In this study, crack growth rate of the F82H steel in the 288$$^{circ}$$C water was investigated by using an almost standard size specimen in order to avoid the specimen size effect on the crack growth. It was found that the typical intergranular fracture surface could be obtained during the crack propagation even at room temperature. Chromium carbide, Cr$$_{23}$$C$$_{6}$$, precipitation along the grain boundaries in F82H steel may influence the intergranular fracture under the fatigue crack propagation at room temperature in air. The possible evidence of crack growth in the 288$$^{circ}$$C water was also observed. The crack growth rate at 30 MPa $$sqrt[]{m}$$ in the 288$$^{circ}$$C water was conservatively estimated to about 7$$times$$10$$^{-11}$$ m/s. Further systematic study of crack growth, and the improvement of surface finishing against crack propagation are necessary for the design evaluation in fusion materials.

Journal Articles

Effect of hydrogen on crack growth behavior in F82H steel using small-size specimen

Ito, Yuzuru; Saito, Masahiro*; Abe, Katsunori*; Wakai, Eiichi

Small Specimen Test Techniques; 6th Volume (ASTM STP 1576), p.209 - 224, 2015/00

Journal Articles

Status of development of Lithium Target Facility in IFMIF/EVEDA project

Wakai, Eiichi; Kondo, Hiroo; Kanemura, Takuji; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hoashi, Eiji*; Fukada, Satoshi*; Suzuki, Akihiro*; Yagi, Juro*; Tsuji, Yoshiyuki*; et al.

Proceedings of Plasma Conference 2014 (PLASMA 2014) (CD-ROM), 2 Pages, 2014/11

In the IFMIF/EVEDA (International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility/ Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activity), the validation tests of the EVEDA lithium test loop with the world's highest flow rate of 3000 L/min was succeeded in generating a 100 mm-wide and 25 mm-thick free-surface lithium flow steadily under the IFMIF operation condition of a high-speed of 15 m/s at 250$$^{circ}$$C in a vacuum of 10 $$^{-3}$$ Pa. Some excellent results of the recent engineering validations including lithium purification, lithium safety, and remote handling technique were obtained, and the engineering design of lithium facility was also evaluated. These results will advance greatly the development of an accelerator-based neutron source to simulate the fusion reactor materials irradiation environment as an important key technology for the development of fusion reactor materials.

Journal Articles

Engineering validation and engineering design of lithium target facility in IFMIF/EVEDA project

Wakai, Eiichi; Kondo, Hiroo; Kanemura, Takuji; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Watanabe, Kazuyoshi; Ida, Mizuho*; Ito, Yuzuru; Niitsuma, Shigeto; Edao, Yuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 66(1), p.46 - 56, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:36.81(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Thermal stability of butt joint for CS conductor in JT-60SA

Takao, Tomoaki*; Kawahara, Yuzuru*; Nakamura, Kazuya*; Yamamoto, Yusuke*; Yagai, Tsuyoshi*; Murakami, Haruyuki; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Natsume, Kyohei*; Hamaguchi, Shinji*; Obana, Tetsuhiro*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 24(3), p.4800804_1 - 4800804_4, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:24.77(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Influence of fragmentation on jet breakup behaviour

Iwasawa, Yuzuru*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Kuroda, Taihei*; Matsuo, Eiji*; Ebihara, Kenichi; Sakaba, Hiroshi*; Koyama, Kazuya*; Ito, Kazuhiro*; Nariai, Hideki*

Proceedings of 15th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-15) (USB Flash Drive), 12 Pages, 2013/05

In the safety design of a Fast Breeder Reactor(FBR), when it is supposed that a Core Disruptive Accident(CDA) occurs, it is strongly required that molten core materials are completely solidified and are cooled down by sodium coolant in a reactor vessel. In this study, we injected molten alloy and transparent fluid, which are a simulant of the molten core material, into water, which is a simulant of the coolant. In this study, we injected molten alloy and transparent fluid, which simulate the molten core material, into water, which simulates the coolant. In the experiment, we observed the jet breakup behavior of them using a high speed video camera, and compared the observe images with the previous theories. In addition, we simulated numerically the qualitative behavior of the liquid jet using a two-phase fluid model of the lattice Boltzmann method.

Journal Articles

Development of small specimen test techniques for the IFMIF test cell

Wakai, Eiichi; Kim, B. J.; Nozawa, Takashi; Kikuchi, Takayuki; Hirano, Michiko*; Kimura, Akihiko*; Kasada, Ryuta*; Yokomine, Takehiko*; Yoshida, Takahide*; Nogami, Shuhei*; et al.

Proceedings of 24th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2012) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2013/03

Journal Articles

Observation of the partial Fermi surface quenching in the noncentrosymmetric superconductor Mo$$_3$$Al$$_2$$C

Koyama, Takehide*; Ozaki, Yuzuru*; Ueda, Koichi*; Mito, Takeshi*; Kohara, Takao*; Waki, Takeshi*; Tabata, Yoshikazu*; Michioka, Chishiro*; Yoshimura, Kazuyoshi*; Suzuki, Michito; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(Suppl.B), p.SB008_1 - SB008_5, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:11.71(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The normal state properties of a noncentrosymmetric superconductor Mo$$_3$$Al$$_2$$C are studied by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiment. The change of NMR line shape and the peak of the nuclear spin-echo decay rate at $$simeq$$ 130 K indicate that the Mo$$_3$$Al$$_2$$C exhibits the phase transition prior to the emergence of superconductivity. The reduction in the conduction electron density is inferred from the decrease in the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate. The nature of the newly found phase transition is discussed by considering the result of the first principle calculations, indicating a good nesting property of the Fermi surfaces.

Journal Articles

Standard for prevention of gas entrainment phenomena in fast reactors, 1; Validations of CFD methods for reproducibilities of gas entrainment phenomena

Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Tanaka, Nobuatsu*; Eguchi, Yuzuru*; Nishimura, Motohiko*; Kunugi, Tomoaki*; Uchibori, Akihiro; Ito, Kei; Sakai, Takaaki

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 11(4), p.316 - 328, 2012/12

It is of importance for stable operations of sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs) to prevent gas entrainment (GE) phenomena due to free surface vortices. Therefore, the authors have been developing an evaluation method for GE based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods. In this study, we determine the suitable CFD method for GE phenomena from several candidates through some numerical benchmarks. As the results, we obtain the following guideline for the vortex-induced gas entrainment. Free vortex flow around the vortex core can be correctly evaluated by using the appropriate numerical models such as enough mesh resolution, suitable advection solver, suitable turbulence and free surface modeling.

Journal Articles

Standard for prevention of gas entrainment phenomena in fast reactors, 2; Proposal of gas entrainment evaluation method

Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Eguchi, Yuzuru*; Kunugi, Tomoaki*; Kamide, Hideki; Sakai, Takaaki; Ito, Kei

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 11(4), p.329 - 339, 2012/12

For the stable operation of fast breeder reactors (FBRs), the occurrences of gas entrainment (GE) phenomena should be suppressed below an allowance level. Therefore, a reliable evaluation method for the GE phenomena is necessary to determine the operating conditions of FBRs. In this paper, the authors propose a GE evaluation method in which free surface vortices are identified from velocity fields by using the second invariant of velocity gradient tensor, and the GE evaluation parameters, e.g. gas core length, are calculated by using the Burgers vortex model. In addition, the standard for prevention of three kinds of the vortex-type GE are shown in consideration of experimental data, evaluation results with the proposed method and the comparison results of them. Finally, it is confirmed that the onset conditions of the vortex-type GE can be evaluated by the proposed method.

Journal Articles

Partial gap opening on the Fermi surface of the noncentrosymmetric superconductor Mo$$_3$$Al$$_2$$C

Koyama, Takehide*; Ozaki, Yuzuru*; Ueda, Koichi*; Mito, Takeshi*; Kohara, Takao*; Waki, Tsuyoshi*; Tabata, Yoshikazu*; Michioka, Chishiro*; Yoshimura, Kazuyoshi*; Suzuki, Michito; et al.

Physical Review B, 84(21), p.212501_1 - 212501_4, 2011/12

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:42.37(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The results of $$^{27}$$Al nuclear magnetic resonance and specific-heat measurements of the noncentrosymmetric superconductor Mo$$_3$$Al$$_2$$C are reported. The phase transition around 130 K is inferred from a distinct change in the NMR spectrum, a clear peak in the spin-echo decay rate, and an anomaly in the specific heat. Possibility of charge-density wave ordering around 130 K is discussed by calculating the Fermi surfaces in the normal states and considering the partial quenching of the Fermi surfaces with the decrease in 1/$$T$$$$_1$$ below the superconducting transition temperature.

Journal Articles

Small specimen test technology and methodology of IFMIF/EVEDA and the further subjects

Wakai, Eiichi; Nogami, Shuhei*; Kasada, Ryuta*; Ito, Yuzuru*; Takada, Fumiki; 6 of others*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 417, p.1325 - 1330, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:86.19(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Improvement of gas entrainment prediction method; Introduction of surface tension effect

Ito, Kei; Sakai, Takaaki; Eguchi, Yuzuru*; Monji, Hideaki*; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Uchibori, Akihiro; Xu, Y.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 47(9), p.771 - 778, 2010/09

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:63.66(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A gas entrainment (GE) prediction method has been developed to establish design criteria for the large-scale sodium-cooled fast reactor (JSFR) systems. In this paper, the evaluation accuracy of gas core lengths is improved by introducing the surface tension effects into the prototype GE prediction method. For the improvement, the mechanical balance between gravitational, centrifugal, and surface tension forces is considered. The improved GE prediction method is validated by analyzing the gas core lengths observed in simple experiments. Results show that the analytical gas core lengths calculated by the improved GE prediction method become shorter in comparison to the prototype GE prediction method, and are in good agreement with the experimental data. In addition, the experimental data under different temperature and surfactant concentration conditions are reproduced by the improved GE prediction method.

Journal Articles

Improvement of gas entrainment evaluation method; Introduction of surface tension effect

Ito, Kei; Eguchi, Yuzuru*; Monji, Hideaki*; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Uchibori, Akihiro; Xu, Y.*

Proceedings of 6th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-6) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2008/11

A gas entrainment (GE) evaluation method presented at the previous symposium can predict a gas core length by applying local instant values (obtained from CFD results) to the extension vortex theory. However, in the GE evaluation method, a surface tension effect was not introduced. Therefore, it is valid to consider that gas core lengths were overestimated. In this study, the prediction accuracy of gas core lengths is improved by introducing the surface tension effects into the GE evaluation method. For that purpose, the mechanical balance between gravitational, centrifugal and surface tension forces are considered. The improved method was validated by predicting the gas core lengths in basic experiments. As the results, the predicted gas core length values by the improved evaluation method gave better agreements with the experimental results than the original evaluation method.

Journal Articles

Proposal of design criteria for gas entrainment from vortex dimples based on a computational fluid dynamics method

Sakai, Takaaki; Eguchi, Yuzuru*; Monji, Hideaki*; Ito, Kei; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Heat Transfer Engineering, 29(8), p.731 - 739, 2008/08

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:79.46(Thermodynamics)

Design criteria for gas entrainments (GE) from the liquid surface in a fast breeder reactor system were proposed in this paper for the two types of GE phenomena from a vortex dimple based on a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method. The first gas entrainment phenomenon is a gas core extension directly to the outlet piping level, which induces large amount of GE to the flow system. The second is continuous bubble detachments from the tip of the vortex dimple. Based on CFD calculations for elemental experiments of the surface vortex, local CFD non-dimensional numbers were defined as the design criteria to prevent GE. In conclusion, it was found that the CFD non-dimensional numbers are useful for the design parameters of GE prevention.

JAEA Reports

Description of "Design guideline for gas entrainment prevention using CFD method" (Cooperative research)

Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Sakai, Takaaki; Kamide, Hideki; Kimura, Nobuyuki; Ezure, Toshiki; Uchibori, Akihiro; Ito, Kei; Kunugi, Tomoaki*; Okamoto, Koji*; Tanaka, Nobuatsu*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2008-049, 44 Pages, 2008/06

JAEA-Research-2008-049.pdf:42.3MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has conducted a conceptional design study of a sodium-cooled fast reactor in a frame work of the FBR feasibility study. The plant system concept for a commercial step is intended to minimize a vessel diameter to achieve an economical competitiveness. Therefore, the coolant in the vessel has relatively higher velocity and gas entrainment (GE) prevention from a liquid surface in the reactor vessel becomes one of important issues for the thermal-hydraulic design. In order to establish a design criteria for the GE prevention, the GE from vortex dimples at the liquid surface was investigated by a working group. The 1st proposal of "Design Guideline for Gas Entrainment Prevention Using CFD Method" was established based on the knowledge gained from the working group activities. This report introduces each study in the working group to clarify the basis of the design guideline.

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