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Journal Articles

Investigation of the ground-state spin inversion in the neutron-rich $$^{47,49}$$Cl isotopes

Linh, B. D.*; Corsi, A.*; Gillibert, A.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Barbieri, C.*; Chen, S.*; Chung, L. X.*; Duguet, T.*; G$'o$mez-Ramos, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 104(4), p.044331_1 - 044331_16, 2021/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Pairing forces govern population of doubly magic $$^{54}$$Ca from direct reactions

Browne, F.*; Chen, S.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Kazuki; Achouri, N. L.*; Baba, Hidetada*; Calvet, D.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 126(25), p.252501_1 - 252501_7, 2021/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Direct proton-knockout reactions of $$^{55}$$Sc were studied at the RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory. Populated states of $$^{54}$$Ca were investigated through $$gamma$$-ray and invariant-mass spectroscopy. Level energies were calculated from the nuclear shell model employing a phenomenological inter-nucleon interaction. Theoretical cross sections to states were calculated from distorted-wave impulse approximation estimates multiplied by the shell model spectroscopic factors. Despite the calculations showing a significant amplitude of excited neutron configurations in the ground-state of $$^{55}$$Sc, valence proton removals populated predominantly the ground-state of $$^{54}$$Ca. This counter-intuitive result is attributed to pairing effects leading to a dominance of the ground-state spectroscopic factor. Owing to the ubiquity of the pairing interaction, this argument should be generally applicable to direct knockout reactions from odd-even to even-even nuclei.

Journal Articles

First spectroscopic study of $$^{51}$$Ar by the ($$p$$,2$$p$$) reaction

Juh$'a$sz, M. M.*; Elekes, Z.*; Sohler, D.*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Kazuki; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 814, p.136108_1 - 136108_8, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:74.98(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The nuclear structure of $$^{51}$$Ar was studied by the ($$p$$,2$$p$$) reaction using $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy for the bound and unbound states. Comparing the results to our shell-model calculations, two bound and six unbound states were established. The low cross sections populating the two bound states of $$^{51}$$Ar could be interpreted as a clear signature for the presence of significant sub-shell closures at neutron numbers 32 and 34 in argon isotopes.

Journal Articles

$$N$$ = 32 shell closure below calcium; Low-lying structure of $$^{50}$$Ar

Cort$'e$s, M. L.*; Rodriguez, W.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Holt, J. D.*; Men$'e$ndez, J.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Schwenk, A.*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Simonis, J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 102(6), p.064320_1 - 064320_9, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:35.83(Physics, Nuclear)

Low-lying excited states in the $$N$$ = 32 isotope $$^{50}$$Ar were investigated by in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy following proton- and neutron-knockout, multinucleon removal, and proton inelastic scattering at the RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory. The energies of the two previously reported transitions have been confirmed, and five additional states are presented for the first time, including a candidate for a 3$$^{-}$$ state. The level scheme built using $$gamma$$ $$gamma$$ coincidences was compared to shell-model calculations in the $$sd-pf$$ model space and to ${it ab initio}$ predictions based on chiral two- and three-nucleon interactions. Theoretical proton- and neutron-knockout cross sections suggest that two of the new transitions correspond to 2$$^{+}$$ states, while the previously proposed 4$$^{+}_{1}$$ state could also correspond to a 2$$^{+}$$ state.

Journal Articles

Shell evolution of $$N$$ = 40 isotones towards $$^{60}$$Ca; First spectroscopy of $$^{62}$$Ti

Cort$'e$s, M. L.*; Rodriguez, W.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Holt, J. D.*; Lenzi, S. M.*; Men$'e$ndez, J.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Poves, A.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 800, p.135071_1 - 135071_7, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:97.21(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Excited states in the $$N$$ = 40 isotone $$^{62}$$Ti were populated via the $$^{63}$$V($$p$$,$$2p$$)$$^{62}$$Ti reaction at $$sim$$200 MeV/nucleon at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory and studied using $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. The energies of the $$2_1^+ rightarrow 0_{rm gs}^+$$ and $$4_1^+ rightarrow 2_1^+$$ transitions, observed here for the first time, indicate a deformed Ti ground state. These energies are increased compared to the neighboring $$^{64}$$Cr and $$^{66}$$Fe isotones, suggesting a small decrease of quadrupole collectivity. The present measurement is well reproduced by large-scale shell-model calculations based on effective interactions, while ab initio and beyond mean-field calculations do not yet reproduce our findings.

Journal Articles

Quasifree neutron knockout from $$^{54}$$Ca corroborates arising $$N=34$$ neutron magic number

Chen, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Barbieri, C.*; Chazono, Yoshiki*; Navr$'a$til, P.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Raimondi, F.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 123(14), p.142501_1 - 142501_7, 2019/10

AA2019-0306.pdf:0.57MB

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:92.26(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

On-site background measurements for the J-PARC E56 experiment; A Search for the sterile neutrino at J-PARC MLF

Ajimura, Shuhei*; Bezerra, T. J. C.*; Chauveau, E.*; Enomoto, T.*; Furuta, Hisataka*; Harada, Masahide; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hiraiwa, T.*; Igarashi, Yoichi*; Iwai, Eito*; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2015(6), p.063C01_1 - 063C01_19, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:32.69(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The J-PARC E56 experiment aims to search for sterile neutrinos at the J-PARC Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF). In order to examine the feasibility of the experiment, we measured the background rates of different detector candidate sites, which are located at the third floor of the MLF, using a detector consisting of plastic scintillators with a fiducial mass of 500 kg. The gammas and neutrons induced by the beam as well as the backgrounds from the cosmic rays were measured, and the results are described in this article.

Journal Articles

Pyrochemical treatment of spent nitride fuels for MA transmutation

Hayashi, Hirokazu; Sato, Takumi; Shibata, Hiroki; Kurata, Masaki; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo

Science China; Chemistry, 57(11), p.1427 - 1431, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:6.01(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Nitride fuels have several advantages, such as high thermal conductivity and high metal density like metallic fuels, and high melting point and isotropic crystal structure like oxide fuels. Since the late 1990s, the partitioning and transmutation of minor actinides (MA) has been studied to decrease the long term radio-toxicity of high level waste and mitigate the burden on the final disposal. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been proposing dedicated transmutation cycle using the Accelerator-Driven System (ADS) with the nitride fuels containing MA. We have been developing the nitride fuel cycle including pyrochemical process. Our focus is on electrolysis of nitride fuels and refabrication of nitride fuel from the recovered actinides because other processes are similar to the technology for the metal fuel treatment and have been studied elsewhere. In this paper, we summarized our activity on developments of the pyrochemical treatment of the spent nitride fuels.

Journal Articles

Electrode properties of Li$$_{2}$$MnO$$_{3}$$ (${it C}$2/${it m}$) for a lithium-battery cathode in several charge-discharge potential ranges

Nakao, Yasuhiro*; Ozawa, Kiyoshi*; Fujii, Hiroki*; Mochiku, Takashi*; Iwai, Hideo*; Tsuchiya, Yoshinori*; Igawa, Naoki

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 38(2), p.229 - 233, 2013/12

Li$$_{2}$$MnO$$_{3}$$ powder with a monoclinic cell related to the space group of ${it C}$2/${it m}$ was synthesized by a simplified coprecipitation method. Its electrode properties as a lithium-battery cathode were investigated in the charge-discharge potential ranges of 2.0 - 4.6, 2.0 - 4.8, and 2.0 - 5.0 V. In all the potential ranges, the electrochemical capacities gradually increased during cycling, and the increased capacities significantly depended on the potential ranges. Compared to the discharge capacities for the potential ranges of 2.0 - 4.6 and 2.0 - 5.0 V, the former merely increased from 12.5 to 22.5 mAhg$$^{-1}$$ between the 1st and 99th cycles, whereas the latter increased from 20.0 to 110.2 mAhg$$^{-1}$$ during the same cycling. The structural variation in Li$$_{2}$$MnO$$_{3}$$ is induced by the cycling, the rhombohedral phase is detected during cycling in the potential range of 2.0 - 5.0 V.

Journal Articles

Electrochemical characteristics of layered Li$$_{1.95}$$Mn$$_{0.9}$$Co$$_{0.15}$$O$$_{3}$$ (${it C}$2/${it m}$) as a lithium-battery cathode

Ozawa, Kiyoshi*; Nakao, Yasuhiro*; Mochiku, Takashi*; Cheng, Z.*; Wang, L.*; Iwai, Hideo*; Tsuchiya, Yoshinori*; Fujii, Hiroki*; Igawa, Naoki

Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 159(3), p.A300 - A304, 2012/01

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:49.71(Electrochemistry)

A manganese-based solid solution with the composition of Li$$_{1.95}$$Mn$$_{0.9}$$Co$$_{0.15}$$O$$_{3}$$ was synthesized by a simplified coprecipitation method, and its electrochemical characteristics as a lithium-battery cathode were investigated. Rietveld refinement based on neutron diffraction data revealed that the material is assigned to an Li$$_{2}$$MnO$$_{3}$$-type structure model with a space group symmetry of ${it C}$2/${it m}$. In cycling of the cell in the potential range from 2.0 to 4.8 V at current densities of 30 mAhg$$^{-1}$$, the discharge capacity characteristically increases from 46.3 to 196.5 mAhg$$^{-1}$$ as the cycle increases from 1 to 11, and a discharge capacity above 175.5 mAhg$$^{-1}$$ is obtained between the 23rd and 58th cycles. The cyclic voltammogram and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements showed that the manganese redox reaction is progressively activated during the first ten-odd cycles.

Journal Articles

U-Pu-Zr metal fuel fabrication for irradiation test at JOYO

Nakamura, Kinya*; Kato, Tetsuya*; Ogata, Takanari*; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles (FR 2009) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2012/00

The first irradiation campaign of U-Pu-Zr metal fuel in Japan is planned in the experimental fast reactor JOYO. In the fabrication of U-Pu-Zr fuel, two methods were adopted for preparing U-Pu alloy from the oxide; one is the electrochemical reduction and the other is the electrorefining followed by reductive extraction. Injection casting for U-Pu-Zr slug was carried out after adding U and Zr metals to meet the target specifications of the irradiated fuel. Several conditions of Na-bonding process were determined from the results of tests using simulated metal fuel pins. Based on these results, six U-Pu-Zr fuel pins for the irradiation tests are now being fabricated.

Journal Articles

Establishment of technological basis for fabrication of U-Pu-Zr ternary alloy fuel pins for irradiation tests in Japan

Kikuchi, Hironobu; Nakamura, Kinya*; Iwai, Takashi; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Arai, Yasuo; Ogata, Takanari*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 10(4), p.323 - 331, 2011/12

A high-purity Ar gas atmosphere glovebox accommodating injection casting and sodium-bonding apparatuses was newly installed in Plutonium Fuel Research Facility (PFRF) of Oarai Research and Development Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency. Past experiences in PFRF led to the establishment of technological basis of fabrication of U-Pu-Zr alloy fuel pin for the first time in Japan. After the injection casting of U-Pu-Zr alloy, the metallic fuel pins are fabricated by welding upper- and lower end plugs with cladding tube of ferritic-martensitic steel. Subsequent to the sodium bonding for filling the annular gap region between the U-Pu-Zr alloy and cladding tube with the melted sodium, the fuel pins are subjected to the inspection for irradiation tests. This paper summarizes the equipment of the apparatuses and the technological basis for fabrication of U-Pu-Zr alloy fuel pins for the coming irradiation test in the experimental fast test reactor JOYO.

Journal Articles

Fabrication of U-Pu-Zr metallic fuel elements for the irradiation test at experimental fast test reactor Joyo

Nakamura, Kinya*; Ogata, Takanari*; Kikuchi, Hironobu; Iwai, Takashi; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Kato, Tetsuya*; Arai, Yasuo; Uozumi, Koichi*; Hijikata, Takatoshi*; Koyama, Tadafumi*; et al.

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 10(4), p.245 - 256, 2011/12

Sodium-bonded metallic fuel elements were fabricated for the first time in Japan for the irradiation test in the experimental fast test reactor JOYO. U-20Pu-10Zr fuel slugs of 200 mm in length and approximately 5 mm in diameter were fabricated in a small-scale injection casting furnace. Each fuel slug was loaded into the ferritic martenstic stainless steel (PNC-FMS) cladding tube with the sodium thermal bond, thermal insulator and reflector in a helium gas atmosphere glove box. After top-end plug welding to the cladding tube and heat treatment of the welding area, each fuel element was subjected to the sodium bonding process. After the inspection such as element length, gas plenum length and helium-leak tightness, six metallic fuel elements are transported to the JOYO site for the coming irradiation test.

Journal Articles

Development of the pyrochemical process of spent nitride fuels for ADS; Its elemental technologies and process flow diagram

Hayashi, Hirokazu; Sato, Takumi; Shibata, Hiroki; Iwai, Takashi; Nishihara, Kenji; Arai, Yasuo

Proceedings of International Conference on Toward and Over the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (GLOBAL 2011) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2011/12

R&D on the transmutation of long-lived minor actinides (MA) by the accelerator-driven system (ADS) using nitride fuels is underway at Japan Atomic Energy Agency. In regard to reprocessing technology, pyrochemical process has several advantages in case of treating spent fuel with large decay heat and fast neutron emission, and recovering highly enriched N-15. In the pyrochemical reprocessing, plutonium (Pu) and MA are dissolved in LiCl-KCl eutectic melts and selectively recovered into liquid cadmium (Cd) cathode by molten salt electrorefining. The recovered Pu and MA are converted to nitrides by the nitridation-distillation combined method, in which the Cd alloys containing Pu and MA are heated in nitrogen gas stream. The authors have investigated its elemental technologies such as electrorefining and renitridation. On the other hand, development of the process flow diagram with the material balance sheet of the pyrochemical reprocessing of spent nitride fuel for ADS is in progress. This paper summarized recent progress of the study which aims to prove the technological applicability of pyrochemical process to the nitride fuel cycle for transmutation of MA.

Journal Articles

Fabrication of U-Pu-Zr metallic fuel elements for irradiation test at Joyo

Nakamura, Kinya*; Ogata, Takanari*; Kikuchi, Hironobu; Iwai, Takashi; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Kato, Tetsuya*; Arai, Yasuo; Koyama, Tadafumi*; Itagaki, Wataru; Soga, Tomonori; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Toward and Over the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (GLOBAL 2011) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2011/12

CRIEPI and JAEA have fabricated sodium-bonded metallic fuel elements for the first time in Japan as a collaborative research, for use in the irradiation test at the experimental fast test reactor Joyo. The irradiation test aims to assess the irradiation behavior of the fuel and the internal wastage of the stainless-steel cladding by rare-earth fission products at a maximum cladding temperature above 873 K. U-20 wt% Pu-10 wt% Zr alloy fuel slugs of 200 mm length were fabricated in an injection-casting furnace using U metal, U-Pu alloy and Zr metal. Two types of fuel slug were fabricated, i.e., 5.05 mm and 4.95 mm in diameter, and loaded into a ferritic-martensitic stainless-steel cladding tubes, respectively. After top-end-plug welding to the cladding tube, each fuel element was subjected to sodium bonding to fill the annular gap between the fuel slug and the cladding with melted sodium. The fabrication results indicated that the characteristics of the fuel elements were within the required specifications.

JAEA Reports

Study on helium behavior in oxide fuel, 1; Deformation of microstructure induced by precipitation of helium (Joint research)

Serizawa, Hiroyuki; Matsunaga, Junji*; Haga, Yoshinori; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Kashibe, Shinji*; Iwai, Takashi

JAEA-Research 2011-025, 32 Pages, 2011/11

JAEA-Research-2011-025.pdf:10.17MB

This report deals with the precipitation of helium in UO$$_{2}$$ matrix to deform the microstructure. The examination was performed using single and polycrystalline UO$$_{2}$$ sample. The helium-treated samples under 900 atm at 1473 K were reheat-treated at much more high temperature, 1573 K or 1973 K to release the infused helium. The microstructure of the sample was examined by FIB, FE-STEM and FE-TEM. It was confirmed that precipitated helium atoms form a negative crystal in the grain or the matrix of the single crystal. At 1573 K, helium can be released without formation of intergranular tunnel since the surface diffusion coefficient of helium is large. However, some open grain boundaries were observed in the sample heat-treated at 1973 K. This might be related to the activity of helium in the grain boundary region. The structure of the negative crystal was analyzed from the view point of the thermodynamics of the surface growth.

Journal Articles

Electrolyses of burn-up simulated uranium nitride fuels and actinide nitrides containing inert matrix materials in a molten LiCl-KCl eutectic

Sato, Takumi; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo

Proceedings of 10th OECD/NEA Information Exchange Meeting on Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2010/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Preparation of TRU alloys by electrochemical or lithium reduction method

Nakajima, Kunihisa; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo; Kurata, Masaki*; Nakamura, Kinya*; Arita, Yuji*

Proceedings of 10th OECD/NEA Information Exchange Meeting on Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2010/00

Information on phase diagram and thermodynamic data of transuranium (TRU) alloys are required for the development of metallic fuel fabrication technology and fuel design for TRU transmutation. In the present study, TRU alloys were prepared from their mixed oxides to establish these informations. A few grams of mother alloys containing TRU elements were prepared from their mixed oxides in the electrochemical reduction method. However, it was found in the electrochemical reduction of PuO$$_{2}$$ that only the sample surfaces were reduced to metal. It is anticipated that the electrochemical conversion of mixed oxides with high Np and Pu contents into metals are difficult owing to production of low-melting metals. Thus, the Li reduction method was applied to the reduction of mixed oxides with high TRU contents and the alloys with high Np and Pu contents were prepared.

JAEA Reports

Scrapping work of glovebox 702-D for plutonium fuels

Kikuchi, Hironobu; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo

JAEA-Technology 2009-055, 35 Pages, 2009/11

JAEA-Technology-2009-055.pdf:8.29MB

Glovebox 702-D for electron probe micro-analysis for plutonium fuels was installed about thirty years ago in the room 107 of Plutonium Fuel Research Facility(PFRF) in Oarai Research Establishment of former Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute(JAERI). The glovebox was scrapped for replacing the old-type electron probe micro-analyzer by a new-type scanning electron microscope. This report summarizes the scrapping work of the glovebox from the technical viewpoints.

JAEA Reports

Welding of metallic fuel elements for the irradiation test in JOYO; Preliminary tests and welding execution tests (Joint research)

Kikuchi, Hironobu; Nakamura, Kinya*; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo

JAEA-Technology 2009-049, 22 Pages, 2009/10

JAEA-Technology-2009-049.pdf:13.99MB

Irradiation tests of metallic fuels elements in fast test reactor JOYO are planned under the joint research of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) and Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI). Six U-Pu-Zr fuel elements clad with ferritic martensitic steel are fabricated in Plutonium Fuel Research Facility (PFRF) of JAEA-Oarai for the first time in Japan. In PFRF, the procedures of fabrication of the fuel elements were determined and the test runs of the equipments were carried out before the welding execution tests for the fuel elements. Test samples for confirming the welding condition between the cladding tube and top and bottom endplugs were prepared, and various test runs were carried out before the welding execution tests. As a result, the welding conditions were finalized by passing the welding execution tests.

159 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)