Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 140

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

Measurement of thick target neutron yield at 180$$^{circ}$$ for a mercury target induced by 3-GeV protons

Matsuda, Hiroki; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Takeshita, Hayato*; Maekawa, Fujio

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 483, p.33 - 40, 2020/11

A thick target neutron yield for a mercury target at an angle of 180$$^{circ}$$ from the incident beam direction is measured with the time-of-flight method using a 3-GeV proton beam at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). Comparing the experimental result with a Monte Carlo particle transport simulation by the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS) shows that there are apparent discrepancies. We find that this trend is consistent with an experimental result of neutron-induced re- action rates obtained using indium and niobium activation foils. Comparing proton-induced neutron-production double-differential cross-sections for a lead target at backward directions between the PHITS calculation and experimental data suggests that the dis- crepancies for our experiments would be linked to the neutron production calculation around 3 GeV by the PHITS spallation model and/or the calculation of nonelastic cross-sections around 3 GeV in the particle transport simulation.

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross-sections of copper and iron for proton with kinetic energies in the range 0.4 - 3 GeV

Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(10), p.1141 - 1151, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:21.8(Nuclear Science & Technology)

To estimate the structural damages of materials in accelerator facilities, displacement per atom (dpa) is widely employed as a damage index, calculated based on the displacement cross-section obtained using a calculation model. Although dpa is applied as standard, the experimental data of the displacement cross-section for a proton in the energy region above 20 MeV are scarce. Among the calculation models, difference of about factor 8 exist, so that the experimental data of the cross-section are crucial to validate the model. To obtain the displacement cross-section, we conducted experiments at J-PARC. The displacement cross-section of copper and iron was successfully obtained for a proton projectile with the kinetic energies, 0.4 - 3 GeV. The results were compared with those obtained using the widely utilized Norgertt-Robinson-Torrens (NRT) model and the athermal-recombination-corrected (arc) model based on molecular dynamics. It was found that the NRT model overestimates the present displacement cross-section by 3.5 times. The calculation results obtained using with the arc model based on the Nordlund parameter show remarkable agreement with the experimental data. It can be concluded that the arc model must be employed for the dpa calculation for the damage estimation of copper and iron.

Journal Articles

Study of the Li($$d,xn$$) reaction for the development of accelerator-based neutron sources

Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Sadamatsu, Hiroki*; Araki, Shohei*; Nakano, Keita*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Kin, Tadahiro*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Satoh, Daiki; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.20012_1 - 20012_4, 2020/09

Accelerator-based neutron sources induced by deuteron beams are attractive for study of nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste as well as radiation damage for fusion reactor materials. In the present work, we have carried out a Double Differential cross section (DDX) measurement for Li at 200 MeV in the Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University. A deuteron beam accelerated to 200 MeV was transported to the neutron experimental hall and focused on a thin Li target. Emitted neutrons from the target were detected by two different-size EJ301 liquid organic scintillators located at two distances of 7 m and 20 m, respectively. The neutron DDXs were measured at six angles from 0$$^{circ}$$ to 25$$^{circ}$$). The neutron detection efficiencies of the detectors were calculated by SCINFUL-QMD code. We will present the results of the present DDX measurement and compare them with theoretical model calculations with DEURACS and PHITS.

Journal Articles

A Comprehensive study of spallation models for proton-induced spallation product yields utilized in transport calculation

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.06001_1 - 06001_6, 2020/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of nuclide production cross section for lead and bismuth with proton in energy range from 0.4 GeV to 3.0 GeV

Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Maekawa, Fujio

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.06004_1 - 06004_4, 2020/09

For the Accelerator-Driven nuclear transmutation System (ADS), nuclide production yield estimation in the lead-bismuth target is important to manage the target. However, experimental data of nuclide production yield by spallation and high-energy fission reactions are scarce. In order to obtain the experimental data, we experimented in J-PARC using $$^{mathrm{nat}}$$Pb and $$^{mathrm{209}}$$Bi samples. The samples were irradiated with protons at various kinematic energy points between 0.4 and 3.0 GeV. After the irradiation, the nuclide production cross section over $$^{mathrm{7}}$$Be to $$^{mathrm{183}}$$Re was obtained by spectroscopic measurement of decay gamma-rays from the samples with HPGe detectors. The present experimental results were compared with the evaluated data (JENDL-HE/2007) and the calculation with the PHITS code and the INCL++ code. The present experiment data showed consistency with other experimental data with better accuracy than other ones. In reactions to produce light nuclides, JENDL and calculation with the PHITS and INCL++ for $$^{mathrm{7}}$$Be production agreed with the data.$$^{mathrm{22}}$$Na production, however, underestimated about 1/10 times. For middle to heavy nuclide productions cases, both calculations agreed with the experiment by a factor of two. JENDL showed lower energy having a maximum value of excitation function maximal value than the experimental data.

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross section of structural materials utilized in the proton accelerator facilities with the kinematic energy above 400 MeV

Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.06006_1 - 06006_4, 2020/09

R&D of the beam window is crucial in the ADS, which serves as a partition between the accelerator and the target region. Although the displacement per atom (DPA) is used to evaluate the damage on the window, experimental data on the displacement cross section is scarce in the energy region above 20 MeV. We started to measure the displacement cross section for the protons in the energy region between 0.4 to 3 GeV. The displacement cross section can be derived by resistivity change divided by the proton flux and the resistivity change per Frankel pair on cryo-cooled sample to maintain damage. Experiments were conducted at the 3 GeV proton synchrotron at the J-PARC Center, and copper was used as samples. As a result of comparison between the present experiment and the calculation of the NRT model, which is widely used for calculation of the displacement cross section, it was found that the calculation of the NRT model overestimated the experiment by about 3 times.

Journal Articles

Generation of nuclear data using Gaussian process regression

Iwamoto, Hiroki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(8), p.932 - 938, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We present a new approach to generate nuclear data from experimental cross section data by Gaussian process regression. This paper focuses on generating proton-induced nuclide production cross sections for nickel target. Our results provide reasonable fitting curves together with their uncertainties and suggest that this approach appears to be effective in generating or evaluating the nuclear data. Besides, our results suggest that our approach could be available for experimental design in terms of reducing the generated nuclear data uncertainty.

Journal Articles

Estimation of uncertainty in lead spallation particle multiplicity and its propagation to a neutron energy spectrum

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(3), p.276 - 290, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

This paper presents an approach to uncertainty estimation of spallation particle multiplicity of lead ($$^{rm nat}$$Pb), primarily focusing on proton-induced spallation neutron multiplicity ($$x_{pn}$$) and its propagation to a neutron energy spectrum. The $$x_{pn}$$ uncertainty is estimated from experimental proton-induced neutron-production double-differential cross sections (DDXs) and model calculations with the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS). Uncertainties in multiplicities for $$(n,xn)$$, $$(p,xp)$$, and $$(n,xp)$$ reactions are then inferred from the estimated $$x_{pn}$$ uncertainty and the PHITS calculation. Using these uncertainties, uncertainty in a neutron energy spectrum produced from a thick $$^{rm nat}$$Pb target bombarded with 500 MeV proton beams, measured in a previous experiment, is quantified by a random sampling technique, and propagation to the neutron energy spectrum is examined. Relatively large uncertainty intervals (UIs) were observed outside the lower limit of the measurement range, which is prominent in the backward directions. Our findings suggest that a reliable assessment of spallation neutron energy spectra requires systematic DDX experiments for detector angles and incident energies below 100 MeV as well as neutron energy spectrum measurements at lower energies below $$sim$$1.4 MeV with an accuracy below the quantified UIs.

Journal Articles

Measurement of defect-induced electrical resistivity change of tungsten wire at cryogenic temperature using high-energy proton irradiation

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Satoh, Daiki; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Yabuuchi, Atsushi*; Kinomura, Atsushi*; Shima, Tatsushi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 28, p.061003_1 - 061003_5, 2020/02

To predict the lifetime of target materials in high-energy radiation environments at spallation neutron sources, radiation transport codes such as PHITS are used to calculate the displacements per atom (DPA) value. In this work, to validate calculated DPA values of tungsten, we implemented 0.25-mm-diameter wire sample of tungsten in a proton irradiation device with a Gifford-McMahon cryocooler and measured the defect-induced electrical resistivity changes related to the displacement cross section using 389-MeV protons at 10 K. In comparison with experimental data under 1.1 and 1.9 GeV proton irradiation, we found that damage rate of tungsten increases with proton energy due to increase the number of secondary particle s produced by nuclear reactions.

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross section of structural materials utilized in the proton accelerator facilities with the kinematic energy above 400 MeV

Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 28, p.061004_1 - 061004_6, 2020/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Unified description of the fission probability for highly excited nuclei

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(2), p.160 - 171, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We present a new model to describe the fission probability of the high-energy fission model, as deduced from the intranuclear cascade calculation with the Intra-Nuclear Cascade model of Li$`{e}$ge (INCL) version 4.6 and Prokofiev's phenomenological systematics of the proton-induced fission cross sections. This model is implemented in the de-excitation model of the Generalized Evaporation Model (GEM), and applied to Monte Carlo spallation reaction simulation using the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS). Comparing with experimental data for subactinide nuclei shows that this model can provide a unified prediction of the proton-, neutron-, and deuteron-induced fission cross sections with markedly improved accuracy. The calculated fission fragments tend to shift to higher mass numbers. To account for the isotopic distributions of fission fragments within the framework of a coupled INCL/GEM, modification of INCL is required, especially for description of the highly-excited states of residual nuclei.

Journal Articles

Measurement of activation cross sections of aluminum for protons with energies between 0.4 GeV and 3.0 GeV at J-PARC

Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Iwamoto, Hiroki

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.171 - 174, 2019/01

Activation cross sections of various materials are strongly required for the improvement of the accuracy of nuclear design and the reduction of the construction costs for spallation neutron sources and transmutation systems. Activation cross sections have been measured in several facilities. However, they have low accuracy and precision. Especially, there are merely experimental data with 3 GeV protons which are used for spallation neutron source (MLF) in J-PARC, the experimental data is required for the improvement of the target materials. Thus, we measured cross sections of tungsten, gold, indium, and beryllium with 0.4 GeV to 3.0 GeV protons. Moreover, ones of aluminium that are set with materials were also measured for a variation of this experiment. It was found that more accurate data than current ones would be measured by using precise beam controls and highly accurate beam monitoring. We compared the experimental data, the evaluated data (JENDL-HE/2007), and the calculations with several intra-nuclear cascade models by PHITS code. Although the experimental data agreed with JENDL-HE/2007, the calculations underestimated about 40%. This could come from the evaporation model (GEM) being included in PHITS code. We found that the calculations agreed with the experimental data by upgrading PHITS code. The cross sections for the other materials have been analysed so far.

Journal Articles

Sensitivity and uncertainty analysis of $$beta_{rm eff}$$ for MYRRHA using a Monte Carlo technique

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Stankovskiy, A.*; Fiorito, L.*; Van den Eynde, G.*

European Physical Journal; Nuclear Sciences & Technologies (Internet), 4, p.42_1 - 42_7, 2018/11

This paper presents a nuclear data sensitivity and uncertainty analysis of the effective delayed neutron fraction $$beta_{rm eff}$$ for critical and subcritical cores of the MYRRHA reactor using the continuous-energy Monte Carlo transport code MCNP. The $$beta_{rm eff}$$ sensitivities are calculated by the modified $$k$$-ratio method proposed by Chiba. Comparing the $$beta_{rm eff}$$ sensitivities obtained with different scaling factors $$a$$ introduced by Chiba shows that a value of $$a=20$$ is the most suitable for the uncertainty quantification of $$beta_{rm eff}$$. Using the calculated $$beta_{rm eff}$$ sensitivities and the JENDL-4.0u covariance data, the $$beta_{rm eff}$$ uncertainties for the critical and subcritical cores are determined to be 2.2 $$pm$$ 0.2% and 2.0 $$pm$$ 0.2%, respectively, which are dominated by delayed neutron yield of $$^{239}$$Pu and $$^{238}$$U.

Journal Articles

High-energy nuclear data uncertainties propagated to MYRRHA safety parameters

Stankovskiy, A.*; Iwamoto, Hiroki; $c{C}$elik, Y.*; Van den Eynde, G.*

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 120, p.207 - 218, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:27.98(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Propagation of high-energy (above 20-MeV) nuclear data uncertainties on the safety related neutronic responses in accelerator driven systems has been assessed. The total core power and production of radionuclides contributing to radiation source terms were focused on. The article features a method based on the Monte Carlo sampling of random nuclear data files from the covariance matrices generated from the sets of reaction cross sections obtained with model calculations of high-energy particle interactions with matter or picked up from already existing nuclear data libraries. It has been demonstrated that nuclear data uncertainties do not need to be propagated through particle transport calculations to obtain uncertainties on the responses. This advantage allowed to investigate the convergence of the sample average to the best estimate. The number of random nuclear data file sets needed to obtain reliable uncertainty on the total core power is around 300 that results in the uncertainty of 14%. The uncertainties on the concentrations of nuclides most important for the safety assessment that are accumulated in lead-bismuth eutectic during irradiation, range from 5 to 60%. Concentrations of some nuclides exemplified by Tritium converge much slower than neutron multiplicities so that several thousands of samples are needed to ensure reliable uncertainty estimates.

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross sections of aluminum and copper at 5 K by using 200 MeV protons

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Yoshiie, Toshimasa*; Satoh, Daiki; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Shima, Tatsushi*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 508, p.195 - 202, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:20.41(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To validate the displacement damage model in radiation transport codes used for the estimation of radiation damages at accelerator facilities, we measured electrical resistance increase of aluminum and copper induced by radiation defects under the cryogenic 200 MeV proton irradiation. The irradiation device had the structure to cool two irradiation samples at same time using thermal conductance. The aluminum and copper wire with 250 $$mu$$m diameter was sandwiched between two AlN plates with excellent thermal conductivity and electrical insulation. As a result, temperature of irradiation samples was kept at below 5 K under proton irradiation with beam intensity below 3 nA. The experimental displacement cross section agreed with calculated results with defect production efficiency.

Journal Articles

Proton-induced activation cross section measurement for aluminum with proton energy range from 0.4 to 3 GeV at J-PARC

Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Iwamoto, Hiroki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(8), p.955 - 961, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:74.25(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We have started an experimental program to measure activation cross sections systematically in the proton-induced spallation reaction in structural materials commonly used in high-intensity proton accelerator-based facilities, such as Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). As the first step of the program, aluminum (Al) was chosen to verify the adequacy of the measurement technique implemented in a J-PARC proton beam environment because data of Al have been relatively well studied both by experimental measurement and simulation. Activation cross sections of $$^{7}$$Be, $$^{22}$$Na, and $$^{24}$$Na in Al were measured at proton energy points from 0.4, 1.3, 2.2 to 3.0 GeV, which could be delivered smoothly from the synchrotron. The validity of experimental data has been verified by introducing an effective proton numbers determination procedure. We compared the measured data with existing experimental data, the evaluated data (JENDL-HE/2007), and the calculations with several intra-nuclear cascade models by the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS) code. Although the experimental data agreed with JENDL-HE/2007, the calculations underestimated about 40%. This could come from the evaporation model (generalized evaporation model) being implemented in the PHITS code. We found that the calculations agreed with the experimental data by an upgraded PHITS code.

Journal Articles

Design study of beam window for accelerator-driven system with subcriticality adjustment rod

Sugawara, Takanori; Eguchi, Yuta; Obayashi, Hironari; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Matsuda, Hiroki; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi

Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2018/07

A new beam window concept for accelerator-driven system (ADS) is investigated by changing the design condition. The most important factor for the beam window design is the proton beam current. The design condition will be mitigated if the proton beam current will be reduced. To reduce the proton beam current, a subcriticality adjustment rod (SAR) which was a B$$_4$$C control rod was employed and neutronics calculations were performed by ADS3D code. The results of the neutronics calculation indicated that the proton beam current was reduced from 20mA to 13.5mA by the installation of SARs. Based on the mitigated calculation condition, the investigation of the beam window was performed by the couple analyses of the particle transport, the thermal hydraulics and the structural analysis. Through these coupled analyses, more feasible beam window concept which was the hemispherical shape, the outer diameter = 470mm, the thickness at the top = 3.5mm and factor of safety =9 was presented.

Journal Articles

Radiation damage calculation in PHITS and benchmarking experiment for cryogenic-sample high-energy proton irradiation

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Satoh, Daiki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Yoshida, Makoto*; Ishi, Yoshihiro*; Kuriyama, Yasutoshi*; Uesugi, Tomonori*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 61st ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on High-Intensity and High-Brightness Hadron Beams (HB 2018) (Internet), p.116 - 121, 2018/07

The radiation damage model in the radiation transport code PHITS has been developed to calculate the basic data of the radiation damage including the energy of the target Primary Knock on Atom (PKA). For the high-energy proton incident reactions, a target PKA created by the secondary particles was more dominant than a target PKA created by the projectile. To validate the radiation damage model in metals irradiated by $$>$$100 MeV protons, we developed a proton irradiation device with a Gifford-McMahon cryocooler to cryogenically cool wire samples. By using this device, the defect-induced electrical resistivity changes related to the DPA cross section of copper and aluminum were measured under irradiation with 125 and 200 MeV protons at cryogenic temperature. A comparison of the experimental data with the calculated results indicates that the DPA cross section with defect production efficiencies provide better quantitative descriptions.

Journal Articles

Research and development activities for accelerator-driven system in JAEA

Sugawara, Takanori; Takei, Hayanori; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Oizumi, Akito; Nishihara, Kenji; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 106, p.27 - 33, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:11(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has investigated an accelerator-driven system (ADS) to transmute minor actinides which will be partitioned from the high level waste. There are various inherent issues for the research and development on the ADS. The recent two activities to realize a feasible and reliable ADS concept are introduced in this paper. For the feasibility, the design of a beam window which is a boundary of the accelerator and the subcritical core, is one of the most important issues. To mitigate the design condition of the beam window, namely to reduce the proton beam current, the subcritical core concept with subcriticality adjustment rods were investigated. For the reliability, the beam-trip is the inherent and serious issue for the ADS design because it induces rapid temperature change to coolant and structures in the subcritical core. To improve the beam-trip frequencies, a double-accelerator concept was proposed and its beam-trip frequency was estimated.

Journal Articles

Measurement of activation cross sections of the target and the proton beam window materials at J-PARC

Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Iwamoto, Hiroki

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1021(1), p.012016_1 - 012016_4, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

For the improvement of the accuracy of nuclear design for spallation neutron sources and transmutation systems, nuclear reaction cross sections are required. Considering decommissioning of the accelerator facilities, accurate cross sections are mandatory. The activation cross sections have been measured in several facilities. However, they have low accuracy and precision. Especially, since there is almost no data for 3 GeV protons which are used for spallation neutron source (JSNS) in J-PARC, the experimental data is required for the improvement of the target materials.For the sake of the forthcoming full-time measurement of the activation cross sections for various nuclei, we measured the ones of aluminium with 0.4, 1.3, 2.2, and 3.0 GeV protons as the test purpose. It was found that more accurate data than current ones would be measured by using precise beam controls and highly accurate beam monitoring. We compared the experimental data, the evaluated data (JENDL-HE/2007), and the calculations with several intra-nuclear cascade models by PHITS code. Although the experimental data agreed with JENDL-HE/2007, the calculations underestimated about 40%. This could come from the evaporation model (GEM) being included in PHITS code. We found that the calculations agreed with the experimental data by upgrading PHITS code.

140 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)