Ogura, Koya*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Tamakuma, Yuki*; Suzuki, Takahito*; Yamada, Ryohei; Negemi, Ryoju*; Tsujiguchi, Takakiyo*; Yamaguchi, Masaru*; Shiroma, Yoshitaka*; Iwaoka, Kazuki*; et al.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(3), p.978_1 - 978_16, 2021/02
Hosoda, Masahiro*; Nugraha, E. D.*; Akata, Naofumi*; Yamada, Ryohei; Tamakuma, Yuki*; Sasaki, Michiya*; Kelleher, K.*; Yoshinaga, Shinji*; Suzuki, Takahito*; Rattanapongs, C. P.*; et al.
Science of the Total Environment, 750, p.142346_1 - 142346_11, 2021/01
The biological effects of low dose-rate radiation exposures on humans remains unknown. In fact, the Japanese nation still struggles with this issue after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. Recently, we have found a unique area in Indonesia where naturally high radiation levels are present, resulting in chronic low dose-rate radiation exposures. We aimed to estimate the comprehensive dose due to internal and external exposures at the particularly high natural radiation area, and to discuss the enhancement mechanism of radon. A car-borne survey was conducted to estimate the external doses from terrestrial radiation. Indoor radon measurements were made in 47 dwellings over three to five months, covering the two typical seasons, to estimate the internal doses. Atmospheric radon gases were simultaneously collected at several heights to evaluate the vertical distribution. The absorbed dose rates in air in the study area vary widely between 50 nGy h and 1109 nGy h. Indoor radon concentrations ranged from 124 Bq m to 1015 Bq m. That is, the indoor radon concentrations measured exceed the reference levels of 100 Bq m recommended by the World Health Organization. Furthermore, the outdoor radon concentrations measured were comparable to the high indoor radon concentrations. The annual effective dose due to external and internal exposures in the study area was estimated to be 27 mSv using the median values. It was found that many residents are receiving radiation exposure from natural radionuclides over the dose limit for occupational exposure to radiation workers. This enhanced outdoor radon concentration might be as a result of the stable atmospheric conditions generated at an exceptionally low altitude. Our findings suggest that this area provides a unique opportunity to conduct an epidemiological study related to health effects due to chronic low dose-rate radiation exposure.
Hegeds, M.*; Shiroma, Yoshitaka*; Iwaoka, Kazuki*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Suzuki, Takahito*; Tamakuma, Yuki*; Yamada, Ryohei; Tsujiguchi, Takakiyo*; Yamaguchi, Masaru*; Ogura, Koya*; et al.
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 323(1), p.197 - 204, 2020/01
The radioactivity of cesium in the water and sediments of two major rivers was measured along with airborne radioactivity in Namie Town, after the recent partial lift on the evacuation order in 2017. The observed concentrations were up to 384 11 mBq/L for Cs in unfiltered water and 1.28 0.09 mBq/m for Cs in air, while the sediment had a maximum of 44900 23.4 Bq/kg for Cs. The Cs/Cs ratios indicate the main origin of the cesium in the sediment to be Unit 1 in good agreement with previous reports on the accident.
Tamakuma, Yuki*; Yamada, Ryohei; Suzuki, Takahito*; Kuroki, Tomohiro*; Saga, Rikiya*; Mizuno, Hiroyuki*; Sasaki, Hiroyuki*; Iwaoka, Kazuki*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Tokonami, Shinji*
Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 184(3-4), p.307 - 310, 2019/10
After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, the radiation dose for first responders was not evaluated accurately due to lack of the monitoring data. It has been important to evaluate a radiation dose for workers in emergency response at a nuclear accident. In this study, a new device which can evaluate both of external and internal exposure doses was developed and the performance of various environmental radiation monitors including commercially available monitors were tested and compared from the viewpoint of an environmental monitoring at emergency situation. Background counts of the monitors and the ambient dose equivalent rate were measured in Fukushima Prefecture. The detection limit for beta particles was evaluated by the method of ISO11929. The sensitivity for gamma-rays of the dust monitor using a ZnS(Ag) and a plastic scintillator was high, but that of the external exposure monitor using a silicon photodiode with CsI(Tl) crystal was relatively low. The detection limit ranged 190-280 Bq m at 100 Sv h, exceeding the detection limit of 100 Bq m in the minimum requirement by the National Regulation Authority in Japan. Use of the shielding with lead is necessary to achieve the minimum requirement. These results indicate that the dust monitor using a ZnS(Ag) scintillator and a plastic scintillator is suitable for the external exposure monitor and the developed internal exposure monitor is for the internal exposure monitor at emergency situation among the evaluated monitors. In the future study, the counting efficiency, the relative uncertainty and the performance of the detection for alpha particles will be evaluated, and it will be considered which type of a monitor is suitable after taking the portability into account.
Tamakuma, Yuki*; Yamada, Ryohei; Iwaoka, Kazuki*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Kuroki, Tomohiro*; Mizuno, Hiroyuki*; Yamada, Koji*; Furukawa, Masahide*; Tokonami, Shinji*
Perspectives in Science (Internet), 12, p.100414_1 - 100414_4, 2019/09
In this study, a portable radioactive plume monitor using a silicon photodiode was developed for the detection of a radioactive plume (e.g. I, Cs and Cs) in an emergency situation. It was found that the background count rate was proportional to ambient dose equivalent rate and the detection limit for the monitor at 20 Sv h as an ambient dose equivalent rate was evaluated to be 187 Bq m using the ISO11929 method. These results suggest that the detection limit for the system can be decreased effectively by lead shielding with optimized thickness.
Tamakuma, Yuki*; Yamada, Ryohei; Iwaoka, Kazuki*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Tokonami, Shinji*
Hoken Butsuri (Internet), 54(1), p.5 - 12, 2019/03
Airborne radioactivity measurements are necessary to know the contamination level and internal doses for residents after a nuclear accident. In addition, measurements of radon progenies in air, which are the risk factor of lung cancer, are also important to evaluate lung dose. In these measurements, a filter sampling is used to collect radioactive aerosols. However, it is well known that results of the measurement using a filter are strongly dependent on characteristics of the used filter. Selection of a suitable filter is important to achieve the high-resolution and long-term measurement. "Surface collection efficiency (SCE)" and "stability of air flow rate" were examined for six types of filter that are commercially available in Japan. In Japan, cellulose-glass fiber filter paper (HE-40T) is used for an environmental monitoring in Japan. In this study, it was found that the SCE of HE-40T was lower than that of mixed cellulose ester type membrane filter by Merck Millipore (DAWP02500). Attenuation ratio of flow rate for DAWP02500 was evaluated to be 2.9% which was lowest in six filters. The results suggest that the DAWP02500 is the most suitable for collecting radioactive aerosols for a long term.
Yamada, Ryohei; Odagiri, Taiki*; Iwaoka, Kazuki*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Tokonami, Shinji*
Radiation Environment and Medicine, 8(1), p.21 - 25, 2019/02
We evaluate radon/thoron and its progeny concentration using passive-type monitors using CR-39 plates. After exposure, it is necessary to do chemical etching for CR-39 plates. In the present study, we considered shortening of chemical etching time for CR-39 and enlargement of the track diameter (i.e. etch pit diameter) aiming for introduction of automatic counting system in the future. Optimum conditions were determined by changing solution concentration, solution temperature and etching time. As a result, the optimized conditions (concentration, temperature and etching time) were determined to be 8 M NaOH solution, 75 degrees Celsius and 10 hours. This result of etching time showed that the chemical etching was completed in less than half of conventional etching time. Furthermore, it was suggested that shorter etching time would be possible if we do not consider the enlargement of conventional track diameter.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Nakahara, Yukio; Sato, Tetsuro; Seki, Akiyuki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Ando, Masaki; Takemiya, Hiroshi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Takamiya, Koichi*; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2013-037, 54 Pages, 2013/10
JAEA has been performing dose rate mapping in air using a car-borne survey system KURAMA-II. The KURAMA system is a GPS-aided mobile radiation monitoring system that has been newly developed by Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute in response to the nuclear disaster. The KURAMA system is composed of an energy-compensated scintillation survey meter for measuring dose rate, electric device for controlling both the dose rates and the position data from a GPS module, a computer server for processing and analyzing data from KURAMA, and client PCs for providing for end users. The KURAMA-II has been improved in small-packaging, durability, and automated data transmission. In consequence, dose rate mapping in wide area has become possible in shorter period of time. This report describes the construction of KURAMA-II, its application and a suggestion of how to manage a large number of KURAMA-II.
Sasaki, Michiya*; Yamada, Ryohei; Akata, Naofumi*; Tokonami, Shinji*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Iwaoka, Kazuki*; Chanis, P.*; Kudo, Hiromi*; Sahoo, K.*; Iskandar, D.*; et al.
no journal, ,
Recently, Mamuju city in Sulawesi Island, Indonesia and its surrounding area is known as the high background radiation area, and is regarded as a possible area for an epidemiological study. In this study we have measured the hourly dose rates of individuals and the environment with the D-shuttle dosimeter, which has been developed by the Chiyoda Technol Corporation. With the aid of local residents living at Botteng village, which is located south of Mamuju city, short term and long term measurements were conducted for three days and nine months, respectively. Two volunteers have equipped the D-shuttle for the short term measurement, and seven families supported the short and long term measurements of the environmental dose rate, for both inside and outside the house. From our results, since some variation was observed regarding with day or night, correlation with radon concentration was suggested.
Sasaki, Michiya*; Yamada, Ryohei; Nugraha, E.*; Akata, Naofumi*; Tokonami, Shinji*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Iwaoka, Kazuki*; Pornnumpa, C.*; Kudo, Hiromi*; Sahoo, K.*; et al.
no journal, ,
The area around Mamuju city in West Sulawesi, Indonesia has high possibility of being a target of epidemiological research as a high natural radiation area. We would like to report the difference in radiation dose at different heights from the ground measured by the D-Shuttle.