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Journal Articles

Bacterial production of organic acids enhances H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$-dependent iodide oxidation

Li, H.-P.*; Yeager, C. M.*; Brinkmeyer, R.*; Zhang, S.*; Ho, Y.-F.*; Xu, C.*; Jones, W. L.*; Schwehr, K. A.*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Roberts, K. A.*; et al.

Environmental Science & Technology, 46(9), p.4837 - 4844, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:77.61(Engineering, Environmental)

In order to develop an understanding of the role that microorganisms play in the transport of $$^{129}$$I in soil-water systems, naturally occurring bacteria isolated from the F-area subsurface of the Savannah River Site (SRS) were assessed for iodide oxidizing activity. Spent liquid medium from a number of SRS bacterial cultures enhanced iodide oxidation 2-10 fold in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$). From a time-series measurements of peroxidase activities and organic acid concentrations, it was hypothesized that microbial organic acid exudate promoted iodide oxidation via following mechanisms; (1) organic acids interact with H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ to form strong iodide oxidizing agents, peroxy carboxylic acids, and (2) organic acid secretion led to enhanced rates of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$-dependent iodide oxidation by lowering the pH of the culture medium.

Journal Articles

Neutron-proton pairing competition in $$N=Z$$ nuclei; Metastable state decays in the proton dripline nuclei $$^{82}_{41}$$Nb and $$^{86}_{43}$$Tc

Garnsworthy, A. B.*; Regan, P. H.*; C$'a$ceres, L.*; Pietri, S.*; Sun, Y.*; Rudolph, D.*; G$'o$rska, M.*; Podoly$'a$k, Z.*; Steer, S. J.*; Hoischen, R.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 660(4), p.326 - 330, 2008/02

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:79.13(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The low-lying structures of the self-conjugate ($$N=Z$$) nuclei $$^{82}_{41}$$Nb and $$^{86}_{43}$$Tc have been investigated using isomeric-decay spectroscopy following the projectile fragmentation of a $$^{107}$$Ag beam. These represent the heaviest odd-odd $$N=Z$$ nuclei in which internal decays have been identified to date. The resulting level schemes shed light on the shape evolution along the $$N=Z$$ line between the doubly-magic systems $$^{56}_{28}$$Ni and $$^{100}_{50}$$Sn and support a preference for $$T=1$$ states in $$T_z=0$$ odd-odd nuclei at low excitation energies associated with a $$T=1$$ neutron-proton pairing gap. Comparison with Projected Shell Model calculations suggests that the decay in $$^{82}$$Nb may be interpreted as an isospin-changing $$K$$ isomer.

Journal Articles

Design progress of the ITER vacuum vessel sectors and port structures

Utin, Y.*; Ioki, Kimihiro; Alekseev, A.*; Bachmann, C.*; Cho, S. Y.*; Chuyanov, V.*; Jones, L.*; Kuzmin, E.*; Morimoto, Masaaki; Nakahira, Masataka; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 82(15-24), p.2040 - 2046, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:19.85(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Recent progress of the ITER vacuum vessel (VV) design is presented. As the ITER construction phase approaches, the VV design has been improved and developed in more detail with the focus on better performance, improved manufacture and reduced cost. Based on achievements of manufacturing studies, design improvement of the typical VV sector (#1) has been nearly finalized. Design improvement of other sectors is in progress - in particular, of the VV sector #2 and #3 which interface with the ports for the neutral beam injection. For all sectors, the concept for the in-wall shielding has progressed and developed in more detail. The design progress of the VV sectors has been accompanied by the progress of the port structures. In particular, design of the NB Ports was advanced with the focus on the heat-flux components to handle the heat input of the neutral beams. Structural analyses have been performed to validate all design improvements.

Journal Articles

Design improvements and R&D achievements for vacuum vessel and in-vessel components towards ITER construction

Ioki, Kimihiro*; Barabaschi, P.*; Barabash, V.*; Chiocchio, S.*; Daenner, W.*; Elio, F.*; Enoeda, Mikio; Gervash, A.*; Ibbott, C.*; Jones, L.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 43(4), p.268 - 273, 2003/04

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:53.74(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Although the basic concept of the vacuum vessel (VV) and in-vessel components of the ITER design has stayed the same, there have been several detailed design improvements resulting from efforts to raise reliability, to improve maintainability and to save money. One of the most important achievements in the VV R&D has been demonstration of the necessary fabrication and assembly tolerances. Recently the deformation due to cutting of the port extension was measured and it was shown that the deformation is small and acceptable. Further development of advanced methods of cutting, welding and NDT on a thick plate have been continued in order to refine manufacturing and improve cost and technical performance. With regard to the related FW/blanket and divertor designs, the R&D has resulted in the development of suitable technologies. Prototypes of the FW panel, the blanket shield block and the divertor components have been successfully fabricated.

Journal Articles

Structure and thermal expansivity of tetrahydrofuran deuterate determined by neutron powder diffraction

Jones, C. Y.*; Marshall, S. L.*; Chakoumakos, B. C.*; Rawn, C. J.*; Ishii, Yoshinobu

Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 107(25), p.6026 - 6031, 2003/03

 Times Cited Count:37 Percentile:69.56(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Use of rigid body constraints in Rietveld refinements of neutron diffraction data of clathrate hydrates

Chakoumakos, B. C.*; Rawn, C. J.*; Rondinone, A. J.*; Marshall, S. L.*; Stern, L. A.*; Circone, S.*; Kirby, S. H.*; Jones, C. Y.*; Toby, B. H.*; Ishii, Yoshinobu

Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Gas Hydrates (ICGH-4), p.655 - 658, 2002/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neutron powder diffraction studies as a function of temperature of structure II hydrate formed from a methane + ethane gas mxture

Rawn, C. J.*; Rondinone, A. J.*; Chakoumakos, B. C.*; Marshall, S. L.*; Stern, L. A.*; Circone, S.*; Kirby, S. H.*; Jones, C. Y.*; Toby, B. H.*; Ishii, Yoshinobu

Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Gas Hydrates (ICGH-4), p.595 - 598, 2002/05

no abstracts in English

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