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Positron annihilation study of tungsten exposed to low-energy deuterium plasma

平出 哲也; 古田 光*; 鳥養 佑二*; 藤村 由希; 満汐 孝治*

JJAP Conference Proceedings, 9, p.011106_1 - 011106_7, 2023/00



Spatial distribution and preferred orientation of crystalline microstructure of lead-bismuth eutectic

伊藤 大介*; 佐藤 博隆*; 大平 直也*; 齊藤 泰司*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 及川 健一

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 569, p.153921_1 - 153921_6, 2022/10

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To develop a lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) cooled nuclear reactor, phase transition phenomena of LBE are very important. In the solidification of LBE, the crystalline structure is varied with the cooling process. The volumetric expansion of LBE must be clarified for the safety of an LBE cooled nuclear reactor. The time dependence of the volumetric expansion depends on the crystalline microstructure. In this study, the crystalline microstructure of the LBE samples solidified with the different cooling processes was investigated by the neutron Bragg edge imaging technique. Spatially integrated and local microstructure characteristics of LBE samples were analyzed. Characteristics of preferred orientation of LBE microstructure were clarified.


Observation of topological Hall torque exerted on a domain wall in the ferromagnetic oxide SrRuO$$_3$$

山ノ内 道彦*; 荒木 康史; 酒井 貴樹*; 植村 哲也*; 太田 裕道*; 家田 淳一

Science Advances (Internet), 8(15), p.eabl6192_1 - eabl6192_6, 2022/04

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:63.35(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

強磁性ワイル金属SrRuO$$_3$$における、電流によって磁壁に作用する大きな有効磁場$$H_mathrm{eff}$$を報告する。電流密度に対する$$H_mathrm{eff}$$の比率は、非単調な温度依存性を示し、従来のスピン移行トルクおよびスピン軌道トルクの比率を上回っていることが示される。この増強効果は、磁壁に電場が印加されたときに、ワイル点の周りに出現するワイル電子によって磁壁に作用するトポロジカルホールトルク(THT)によってよく説明される。電流密度に対するTHTから生じる$$H_mathrm{eff}$$の比率は、金属系で報告されているスピン移行トルクおよびスピン軌道トルクから生じるものよりも1桁以上高く、THTが スピントロニクスデバイスにおける磁化の操作においてエネルギー効率の良い方法を提供する可能性があることを示している。


Investigation of radioactive samples for neutron capture reaction measurements using energy-resolved neutron imaging

瀬川 麻里子; 藤 暢輔; 甲斐 哲也; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 167, p.108828_1 - 108828_5, 2022/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

To obtain accurate analytical results via neutron-capture reactions, the effects of sample shapes must be considered. However, the estimations of the effects were difficult to verify in some cases such as sealed samples and valuable objects. In this study, the shape effects for sealed radioactive samples were estimated experimentally. The significant localization of the $$^{129}$$I sample was confirmed only by an energy-resolved neutron imaging. It is revealed that the shape effect was necessary to be corrected at the neutron resonance peaks. Consequently, we conclude that the energy-resolved neutron imaging will be quite effective to improve the analytical accuracy.


A Multi-technique tomography-based approach for non-invasive characterization of additive manufacturing components in view of vacuum/UHV applications; Preliminary results

Grazzi, F.*; Cialdai, C.*; Manetti, M.*; Massi, M.*; Morigi, M. P.*; Bettuzzi, M.*; Brancaccio, R.*; Albertin, F.*; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; et al.

Rendiconti Lincei. Scienze Fisiche e Naturali, 32(3), p.463 - 477, 2021/09

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:14.6(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

In this paper, we have studied an additively manufactured metallic component, intended for ultra-high vacuum application, the exit-snout of the MACHINA transportable proton accelerator beam-line. Metal additive manufacturing components can exhibit heterogeneous and anisotropic microstructures. Two non-destructive imaging techniques, X-ray computed tomography and Neutron Tomography, were employed to examine its microstructure. They unveiled the presence of porosity and channels, the size and composition of grains and intergranular precipitates, and the general behavior of the spatial distribution of the solidification lines. While X-ray computed tomography evidenced qualitative details about the surface roughness and internal defects, neutron tomography showed excellent ability in imaging the spatial density distribution within the component. The anisotropy of the density was attributed to the material building orientation during the 3D printing process. Density variations suggest the possibility of defect pathways, which could affect high vacuum performances. In addition, these results highlight the importance of considering building orientation in the design for additive manufacturing for UHV applications.


Observation of Eu adsorption band in the CMPO/SiO$$_{2}$$-P column by neutron resonance absorption imaging

宮崎 康典; 渡部 創; 中村 雅弘; 柴田 淳広; 野村 和則; 甲斐 哲也; Parker, J. D.*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011073_1 - 011073_7, 2021/03



Microstructure distribution of Japanese sword cross sections analyzed by the diffractometer TAKUMI at J-PARC

及川 健一; Harjo, S.; Pham, A. H.*; 川崎 卓郎; 森戸 茂一*; 鬼柳 善明*; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 大庭 卓也*; 伊藤 正和*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011062_1 - 011062_6, 2021/03

The metallurgy of historic melee weapons is one of the most interesting topics in archaeometallurgy. In particular, Japanese swords are paid great admiration in the world as the honor of classical technology and of the art. There have been many reports in the past that tried to elucidate this Japanese sword's microstructure and/or manufacturing process scientifically. In this study, we tried to use neutron diffraction as the non-destructive testing method. TOF neutron diffraction experiment was performed at TAKUMI of J-PARC. The gauge volume for the mapping was limited to 2 $$times$$ 2 $$times$$ 2 mm. Data sets for the normal and transverse direction and the normal and axial direction were obtained for the four pieces of sliced Japanese sword. All diffraction data were analyzed by the Rietveld refinement program to obtain lattice constants, phase volume fractions, preferred orientation, the crystallite size and the microstrain from the line-broadening. Detailed analysis results will be presented.


Visualization of the boron distribution in core material melting and relocation specimen by neutron energy resolving method

阿部 雄太; 土川 雄介; 甲斐 哲也; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 大石 佑治*; 加美山 隆*; 永江 勇二; 佐藤 一憲

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011075_1 - 011075_6, 2021/03

Since the hardness of fuel debris containing boride from B$$_{4}$$C pellet in control rod is estimated to be two times higher as that of oxide, such as UO$$_{2}$$ and ZrO$$_{2}$$, distribution of such boride in the fuel debris formed in the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants may affect the process of debris cutting and removal. The high neutron absorption of boron may affect the possibility of re-criticality during the process of debris removal. Therefore, boride distribution in fuel debris is regarded as an important issue to be addressed. However, boron tends to have difficult in quantification with conventionally applied methods like EPMA and XPS. In this study, accelerator-driven neutron-imaging system was applied. Since boron is the material for neutron absorption, its sensitivity in terms of neutron penetration through specimens is concerned. To adjust neutron attenuation of a specimen to suit a particular measurement by selecting the neutron energy range, we focused on the energy resolved neutron imaging system RADEN, which utilizes wide energy range from meV to keV. Development of a method to visualize boron distribution using energy-resolved neutrons has been started. In this presentation the authors show the status of the development of a method utilizing energy-resolved neutrons and provide some outcome from its application to the Core Material Melting and Relocation (CMMR)-0 and -2 specimens.


Feasibility study of PGAA for boride identification in simulated melted core materials

土川 雄介; 阿部 雄太; 大石 佑治*; 甲斐 哲也; 藤 暢輔; 瀬川 麻里子; 前田 亮; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 原田 正英; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011074_1 - 011074_6, 2021/03

福島原子力発電所の解体作業では、溶融した燃料棒に含まれるホウ素分布を事前に把握することが重要である。溶融燃料棒の模擬試験体を用意し、ホウ素やホウ化物の含有量を調査する研究が行われてきた。本研究では、その一環として中性子を用いたホウ素並びにホウ化物分布の測定技術開発を行った。ホウ素の中性子吸収に伴う即発ガンマ線を測定し、ホウ素量や二次元分布を測定した。また、n(B,$$alpha$$$$gamma$$)反応における478keV$$gamma$$線は、ホウ素の化合状態により、$$gamma$$線ピークの幅が変化することが知られている。このことを用い、特に溶融燃料棒周辺に存在することが予測されているZrBやFeBといったホウ化物の識別可能性について調査した。測定はJ-PARC/MLFのANNRI, NOBORU, RADENにて行った。これらの解析結果について報告する。


Behavior of tritium release from a stainless vessel of the mercury target as a spallation neutron source

春日井 好己; 佐藤 浩一; 高橋 一智*; 宮本 幸博; 甲斐 哲也; 原田 正英; 羽賀 勝洋; 高田 弘

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011144_1 - 011144_6, 2021/03



Upgrade history and present status of the general control system for the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at J-PARC

酒井 健二; 大井 元貴; 羽賀 勝洋; 甲斐 哲也; 中谷 健; 小林 庸男*; 渡邊 聡彦*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011151_1 - 011151_6, 2021/03



Study of neutron-nuclear spin correlation term with a polarized Xe target

酒井 健二; 奥 隆之; 奥平 琢也; 甲斐 哲也; 原田 正英; 廣井 孝介; 林田 洋寿*; 加倉井 和久*; 清水 裕彦*; 広田 克也*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011116_1 - 011116_6, 2021/03

中性子基礎物理学において、パリティ非保存(PNC)項や時間反転非保存項と干渉する中性子スピン$${bf s}$$と標的核スピン$${bf I}$$の相関項$${bf s}cdot{bf I}$$は重要な研究テーマである。中性子共鳴ピーク付近でPNC項の増大が測定され、スピン交換光ポンピング(SEOP)法により$$sim 10^{-1}$$の偏極が得られるキセノン(Xe)は、本研究にとって興味深い原子核である。我々は小型SEOPシステムを用いた偏極Xe標的を開発し、核破砕中性子源で得られる大強度の熱外中性子ビームを利用した$${bf s}cdot{bf I}$$項の研究を計画している。その第一段階として、我々は$$^{129}$$Xeの9.6eV共鳴ピーク付近でのXe偏極時と非偏極時の中性子透過率比の変化$$Delta R$$を捕らえることで、$${bf s}cdot{bf I}$$項に起因する中性子偏極能力の測定をJ-PARC物質・生命科学実験施設(MLF)のBL10で試みた。実験では、本測定系がドップラーブロードニングの影響($$Delta R_{rm DB} , {approx},10^{-2}$$)を検知できることを実証した上で、初期結果として有意な$$Delta R$$の値を得ている。現在は$$Delta R$$をより詳細に評価するために、核磁気・電子スピン共鳴法によるXe偏極度の導出を進めている。


Measurement of Doppler broadening of prompt gamma-rays from various zirconium- and ferro-borons

土川 雄介; 甲斐 哲也; 阿部 雄太; 大石 佑治*; Sun, Y.*; 及川 健一; 中谷 健; 佐藤 一憲

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 991, p.164964_1 - 164964_5, 2021/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)



Neutron Bragg-edge transmission imaging for microstructure and residual strain in induction hardened gears

Su, Y. H.; 及川 健一; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 堀野 孝*; 井戸原 修*; 三阪 佳孝*; 友田 陽*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11, p.4155_1 - 4155_14, 2021/02

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:71.69(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

A time-of-flight Bragg-edge neutron transmission imaging was used to investigate the microstructure and strain distributions in a gear hardened by a newly developed two-step induction-heating method: precursor (Sample 1) and final product (Sample 2). The edge- position and edge-broadening were determined and mapped with high spatial resolution, which enabled us to confirm the two-dimensional distributions of the microstructure and residual strain. A deep hardened layer was made for Sample 1 in which martensite was formed on the entire teeth and the outer peripheral portion of the gear body. Sample 2 was subjected to double induction-hardening, where a tempered martensite was formed as the thermal refined microstructure between a fine-grained martensite at the tooth surface and a ferrite-pearlite microstructure at the core. The relationship between edge-broadening and the Vickers hardness described by a linear equation was employed to derive the elastic residual strain. The residual strain map for Sample 2 revealed that a steep compressive strain was introduced into the fine-grained martensite at the tooth surface by the super rapid induction- heating and quenching process. The reversal of tension was speculated to occur below 2 mm from the tooth tip, and the strain was almost zero in the core region.


Development of three-dimensional distribution visualization technology for boron using energy resolved neutron-imaging system (RADEN)

阿部 雄太; 土川 雄介; 甲斐 哲也; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 大石 佑治*; 加美山 隆*; 永江 勇二; 佐藤 一憲

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2020/08

Boron carbide is used as a neutron-absorbing material in Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F), producing borides that are twice as hard as oxides (such as UO$$_{2}$$ and ZrO$$_{2}$$). The high neutron absorption of boron affects the evaluation of re-criticality during the process of debris retrieval. Therefore, it is important not only to determine the presence of boron but also to investigate the distribution of boron inside the material in a non-destructive manner during decommissioning. To address the uncertainties in the core material relocation behavior of boiling water reactor (BWR) during a severe accident (SA), solidified melt specimens of a simulated fuel assembly were prepared by plasma heating. If core material melting and relocation (CMMR) specimens can be used to estimate the B distribution in 1F Unit-3, that will provide valuable information in the decommissioning of 1F. To address this, the authors focused on the energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, which utilizes a wide energy range, from meV to keV. This is an innovative three-dimensional analysis technology for boride distribution that affects the evaluation of hardness and re-criticality. In the calibration standard samples (Zr$$_{x}$$B$$_{1-x}$$ and Fe$$_{x}$$B$$_{1-x}$$), there was a good correlation between boron concentration and the energy-dependence of the cross sections of cold and epi-thermal neutrons. In the CMMR specimens, boron distribution was confirmed from the contrast difference between cold and epi-thermal neutrons. In the future, the results of calibration standard samples will be applied to the results of CMMR specimens. With this method, three-dimensional boron distribution will be measured, and the understanding of boride distribution 1F Unit-3 will be improved, which may be reflected in an improved SA code.


The Energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN

篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 及川 健一; 中谷 健; 瀬川 麻里子; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y. H.; 大井 元貴; 原田 正英; 飯倉 寛; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 91(4), p.043302_1 - 043302_20, 2020/04

 被引用回数:32 パーセンタイル:95.58(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, has been installed at the pulsed neutron source in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. In addition to conventional neutron radiography and tomography, RADEN, the world's first imaging beam-line at a pulsed neutron source, provides three main options for new, quantitative neutron imaging techniques: Bragg-edge imaging to visualize the spatial distribution of crystallographic information, resonance absorption imaging for elemental composition and temperature information, and polarized neutron imaging for magnetic field information. This paper describes the results of characterization studies of the neutronic performance and installed devices at RADEN and shows the results of several demonstration studies for pulsed neutron imaging.



甲斐 哲也; 篠原 武尚; 松本 吉弘*

検査技術, 25(2), p.1 - 5, 2020/02



Pulsed neutron imaging based crystallographic structure study of a Japanese sword made by Sukemasa in the Muromachi period

及川 健一; 鬼柳 善明*; 佐藤 博隆*; 大前 良磨*; Pham, A.*; 渡辺 賢一*; 松本 吉弘*; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; Harjo, S.; et al.

Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.15, p.207 - 213, 2020/02

Japanese swords are very attractive not only as a work of art but also a metallurgical point of view. Since Japanese vintage swords became valuable, it is indispensable to establish non-destructive analysis method to identify some peculiar characteristics. Bragg edge imaging gives real-space distributions of bulk information in a crystalline material as well as neutron tomography. In this work, we investigated crystallographic information of a Japanese sword made by Sukemasa in Izumi province in the first quarter of the 16th century. The experiments have been performed at RADEN at J-PARC. The Sukemasa sword was measured with a counting-type 2D detector and with a CCD camera. We are now analyzing the measured 2D-transmission spectra using RITS code to obtain spatial distribution of the crystallite size, the texture variation, the d110 shift and its broadening. Complementary data analysis using white beam tomography is also on going. Detailed analysis results will be presented.


Feasibility study of two-dimensional neutron-resonance thermometry using molybdenum in 316 stainless-steel

甲斐 哲也; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y. H.; 瀬川 麻里子; 篠原 武尚; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 林田 洋寿*; 及川 健一

Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.15, p.149 - 153, 2020/02

A two-dimensional thermometry technique based on neutron resonance reactions derives the temperature of specified elements in an object by analyzing the Doppler broadening of a neutron resonance measured by a time-analyzing neutron imaging-detector. This technique is expected to be one of the important applications of the energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, at J-PARC. The authors focused on molybdenum contained in 316 stainless-steel (with a weight fraction of 2-3 wt%). Energy-dependent transmitted neutrons were measured through a 3 mm thick 316 stainless-steel plate placed in a heater at temperatures between 23 and 500 degrees Celsius at RADEN using a gas-electron multiplier (GEM) detector. Thermal and cold neutrons were eliminated from the incident beam by a cadmium filter. The sample area within the neutron beam was 30 by 50 mm$$^2$$. The feasibility is discussed in the presentation.


Neutron computed tomography of phase separation structures in solidified Cu-Co alloys and investigation of relationship between the structures and melt convection during solidification

庄司 衛太*; 磯谷 祥世*; 鈴木 陸人*; 久保 正樹*; 塚田 隆夫*; 甲斐 哲也; 篠原 武尚; 松本 吉弘*; 福山 博之*

Scripta Materialia, 175, p.29 - 32, 2020/01

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:76.05(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

The effect of melt convection on the phase separation structures in undercooled Cu- Co alloys was investigated using the electromagnetic levitation technique, where the melt convection was controlled by applying a static magnetic field. The three-dimensional phase separation structures of the solidified Cu-Co alloys were first observed using neutron computed tomography. A large number of small spherical Co-rich phases were dispersed in the Cu-rich phase matrix when the static magnetic field was relatively small. In contrast, several coalesced Co-rich phases, which were elongated along the direction of the static magnetic field, appeared in the higher strength of static magnetic field.

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