池内 和彦*; 脇本 秀一; 藤田 全基*; 福田 竜生; 梶本 亮一; 新井 正敏*
Physical Review B, 105(1), p.014508_1 - 014508_7, 2022/01
Spin excitations of layered copper oxide show various characteristic features, depending on the carrier concentration. In this paper, we conducted inelastic neutron-scattering measurements on LaSrCuO (LSCO) with = 0, 0.075, 0.18, and 0.30 and LaSrNiO (LSNO) with 1/3 to clarify the origin of the intensity enhancement in the excitation spectrum of LSCO at the energy () of 16-19 meV [Phys. Rev. B , 224404 (2015), , 094416 (2016)]. We confirmed the presence of a peak structure in the dependence of the local spin susceptibility of superconducting (SC) LSCO with a peak energy of 16-19 meV where the spin excitations intersect optical phonon branches. A comparable peak structure is not observed in the insulating LaCuO, LSNO, and heavily overdoped LSCO with = 0.30. A dome-shaped dependence of the integrated intensity around the peak energies is revealed for the SC phase by summarizing the present and previously reported results. Furthermore, our phonon calculation on LCO shows the existence of two optical branches at 19 meV that could stabilize stripe alignment of carriers due to out-of-plane vibrations of Cu or O of the CuO planes. These results indicate the interplay among spin, charge, and lattice dynamics and suggest that the intensity enhancement is associated with their composite excitations.
Shangguan, Y.*; Bao, S.*; Dong, Z.-Y.*; Cai, Z.*; Wang, W.*; Huang, Z.*; Ma, Z.*; Liao, J.*; Zhao, X.*; 梶本 亮一; et al.
Physical Review B, 104(22), p.224430_1 - 224430_8, 2021/12
Dimerized magnets forming alternating Heisenberg chains exhibit quantum coherence and entanglement and thus can find potential applications in quantum information and computation. However, magnetic systems typically undergo thermal decoherence at finite temperatures. Here, we show inelastic neutron scattering results on an alternating antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic chain compound NaCuTeO that the excited quasiparticles can counter thermal decoherence and maintain strong correlations at elevated temperatures. At low temperatures, we observe clear dispersive singlet-triplet excitations arising from the dimers formed along the crystalline -axis. The excitation gap is of 18 meV and the bandwidth is about half of the gap. The band top energy has a weak modulation along the  direction, indicative of a small interchain coupling. The gap increases while the bandwidth decreases with increasing temperature, leading to a strong reduction in the available phase space for the triplons. As a result, the Lorentzian-type energy broadening becomes highly asymmetric as the temperature is raised. These results are associated with a strongly correlated state resulting from hard-core constraint and quasiparticle interactions. We consider these results to be not only evidence for strong correlations at finite temperatures in NaCuTeO, but also for the universality of the strongly correlated state in a broad range of quantum magnetic systems.
藤田 全基*; 池内 和彦*; 梶本 亮一; 中村 充孝
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(2), p.025001_1 - 025001_2, 2021/02
In this short note, we report on the first inelastic neutron scattering (INS) study on high-energy magnetic excitations in SrIrO. We observed excitations between 80 meV and 180 meV. The peak position of the excitations is consistent with the dispersion of a single magnon determined by resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) measurement. Thus, our results demonstrate the feasibility of INS for iridates, which has a large neutron absorption cross-section.
社本 真一; 山内 宏樹; 池内 和彦*; 梶本 亮一; 家田 淳一
Physical Review Research (Internet), 3(1), p.013169_1 - 013169_9, 2021/02
A compound with large anions is known to show large compressibility whereby a novel response may emerge from the degenerated state by a uniaxial pressure. Neutron scattering study of BaCoNiS crystal reveals that the tetragonal insulating state has two magnetic domains with in-plane anisotropic antiferromagnetic wave vectors =(, 0) and =(0, ). One magnetic domain with becomes dominant under a weak uniaxial pressure of 1 MPa without a structural phase transition. Correspondingly, the in-plane broken C symmetry is observed in the in-plane magnetic excitation. The domain-ratio changes under a uniaxial pressure in the tetragonal state is only slightly smaller than that in the orthorhombic state.
Zhang, D.*; Hu, X.*; Chen, T.*; Abernathy, D. L.*; 梶本 亮一; 中村 充孝; 古府 麻衣子; Foley, B. J.*; Yoon, M.*; Choi, J. J.*; et al.
Physical Review B, 102(22), p.224310_1 - 224310_10, 2020/12
The long carrier lifetime and defect tolerance in metal halide perovskites (MHPs) are major contributors to the superb performance of MHP optoelectronic devices. Large polarons were reported to be responsible for the long carrier lifetime. Yet microscopic mechanisms of the large polaron formation, including the so-called phonon melting, are still under debate. Here, time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering experiments and first-principles density-functional theory calculations were employed to investigate the lattice vibrations (or phonon dynamics) in methylammonium lead iodide, a prototypical example of MHPs. Our findings are that optical phonons lose temporal coherence gradually with increasing temperature which vanishes at the orthorhombic-to-tetragonal structural phase transition. Surprisingly, however, we found that the spatial coherence is still retained throughout the decoherence process. We argue that the temporally decoherent and spatially coherent vibrations contribute to the formation of large polarons in this metal halide perovskite.
佐藤 研太朗*; 池内 和彦*; 梶本 亮一; 脇本 秀一; 新井 正敏*; 藤田 全基*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(11), p.114703_1 - 114703_7, 2020/11
To elucidate the spin dynamics of LaSrCuO, which couples with the charge degree of freedom, the spin excitations spanning the characteristic energy ( 35-40 meV) are investigated for underdoped = 0.10 and optimally doped (OP) = 0.16 through inelastic neutron scattering measurements. Analysis based on a two-component picture of high-quality data clarified the possible coexistence of upright standing incommensurate (IC) excitations with gapless commensurate (C) excitations in the energy-momentum space. The IC component weakens the intensity toward with increasing energy transfer (), whereas the C component strengthens at high- regions. The analysis results imply that the superposition of two components with a particular intensity balance forms an hourglass-shaped excitation in appearance. Furthermore, the temperature dependence of the intensity of each component exhibits different behaviors; the IC component disappears near the pseudo-gap temperature () upon warming, whereas the C component is robust against temperature. These results suggest the itinerant electron spin nature and the localized magnetism of the parent LaCuO in IC and C excitations, respectively, similar to the spin excitations in the OP YBaCuO and HgBaCuO with higher superconducting-transition temperatures.
梶本 亮一; 中村 充孝; 飯田 一樹*; 蒲沢 和也*; 池内 和彦*; 稲村 泰弘; 石角 元志*
Journal of Neutron Research, 22(2-3), p.99 - 107, 2020/10
The elastic energy resolution, integrated intensity, and peak intensity of the direct-geometry neutron chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) were re-investigated. This was done with respect to the incident energy and the rotation speed of the Fermi chopper using incoherent scattering of vanadium and simple analytical formulas. The model calculations reproduced the observed values satisfactorily. The present work should be useful for estimating in instrument performance in experiments.
高濱 隆成*; 石井 透依*; 犬童 代梧*; 有薗 実駿*; 寺倉 千恵子*; 十倉 好紀*; 竹下 直*; 野田 正亮*; 桑原 英樹*; 斎木 琢夫*; et al.
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 4(7), p.074401_1 - 074401_11, 2020/07
We investigated the structural, magnetic, transport, and high-temperature thermoelectric properties of single crystals of the pseudobrookite AlTiO for grown using a floating zone. We found a correlation of spin-singlet Ti-Ti dimers coupled with the lattice even in the conductive and phases which develops with increasing . This developing dimer correlation reduces the number of unpaired Ti ions, which makes the compound more conductive owing to the suppression of disorder for up to about 0.75. The dimer fluctuation causes a critical enhancement of the magnetic susceptibility at around 150 K in the phase near the boundary () between the and the phases. Such a correlation of the spin-singlet Ti-Ti dimers may produce a high Seebeck coefficient in the conductive and phases leading to a large thermoelectric power factor at high temperatures.
Bao, S.*; Cai, Z.*; Si, W.*; Wang, W.*; Wang, X.*; Shangguan, Y.*; Ma, Z.*; Dong, Z.-Y.*; 梶本 亮一; 池内 和彦*; et al.
Physical Review B, 101(21), p.214419_1 - 214419_8, 2020/06
We perform thermodynamic and inelastic neutron scattering (INS) measurements to study the lattice dynamics (phonons) of a cubic collinear antiferromagnet CuTeO which hosts topological spin excitations (magnons). While the specific heat and thermal conductivity results show that the thermal transport is dominated by phonons, the deviation of the thermal conductivity from a pure phononic model indicates that there is a strong coupling between magnons and phonons. In the INS measurements, we find a mode in the excitation spectra at 4.5 K, which exhibits a slight downward dispersion around the Brillouin zone center. This mode disappears above the Nel temperature and thus cannot be a phonon. Furthermore, the dispersion is distinct from that of a magnon. Instead, it can be explained by the magnon-polaron mode, collective excitations resulting from the hybridization between magnons and phonons. We consider the suppression of the thermal conductivity and emergence of the magnon-polaron mode to be evidence for magnon-phonon coupling in CuTeO.
飯田 一樹*; 古府 麻衣子; 鈴木 雄大*; 村井 直樹; 河村 聖子; 梶本 亮一; 稲村 泰弘; 石角 元志*; 長谷川 舜介*; 増田 隆嗣*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(5), p.053702_1 - 053702_5, 2020/05
We investigated the low-energy incommensurate (IC) magnetic fluctuations in SrRuO by the high-resolution inelastic neutron scattering measurements and random phase approximation (RPA) calculations. We observed a spin resonance with energy of meV centered at a characteristic wavevector . The resonance energy corresponds well to the superconducting gap 2 = 0.56 meV estimated by the tunneling spectroscopy. The spin resonance shows the modulation with a maximum at around . The modulated intensity of the spin resonance and our RPA calculations indicate that the superconducting gaps regarding the quasi-one-dimensional and sheets at the Fermi surfaces have the horizontal line nodes. These results may set a strong constraint on the pairing symmetry of SrRuO. We also discuss the implications on possible superconducting order parameters.
上田 宏*; 小野田 繁樹*; 山口 泰弘*; 木村 剛*; 吉澤 大智*; 森岡 俊晶*; 萩原 政幸*; 萩原 雅人*; 左右田 稔*; 益田 隆嗣*; et al.
Physical Review B, 101(14), p.140408_1 - 140408_6, 2020/04
We report experimental and theoretical evidence that RbCuMoO has a nonmagnetic tetramer ground state of a two-leg ladder comprising antiferromagnetically coupled frustrated spin- chains and exhibits a Haldane spin gap of emergent spin-1 pairs. Three spin excitations split from the spin-1 triplet by a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction are identified in inelastic neutron-scattering and electron spin resonance spectra. A tiny magnetic field generates ferroelectricity without closing the spin gap, indicating a unique class of ferroelectricity induced by a vector spin chirality order.
目時 直人; Aczel, A. A.*; 青木 大*; Chi, S.*; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.*; Griveau, J.-C.*; 萩原 雅人*; Hong, T.*; 芳賀 芳範; 池内 和彦*; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011123_1 - 011123_6, 2020/03
Xu, Z.*; Dai, G.*; Li, Y.*; Yin, Z.*; Rong, Y.*; Tian, L.*; Liu, P.*; Wang, H.*; Xing, L.*; Wei, Y.*; et al.
npj Quantum Materials (Internet), 5(1), p.11_1 - 11_7, 2020/02
We use neutron scattering to study Vanadium (hole)-doped LiFeVAs. In the undoped state, LiFeAs exhibits superconductivity at K and transverse incommensurate spin excitations similar to electron overdoped iron pnictides. Upon Vanadium doping to form LiFeV, the transverse incommensurate spin excitations in LiFeAs transform into longitudinally elongated ones in a similar fashion to that of potassium (hole)-doped BaKFeAs but with dramatically enhanced magnetic scattering and elimination of superconductivity. This is different from the suppression of the overall magnetic excitations in hole-doped BaFeAs and the enhancement of superconductivity near optimal hole doping. These results are consistent with density function theory plus dynamic mean field theory calculations, suggesting that Vanadium doping in LiFeAs may induce an enlarged effective magnetic moment with a spin crossover ground state arising from the inter-orbital scattering of itinerant electrons.
出田 真一郎*; 村井 直樹; 中島 正道*; 梶本 亮一; 田中 清尚*
Physical Review B, 100(23), p.235135_1 - 235135_7, 2019/12
BaKFeAs has an exotic physical property where that the C-SDW phase suddenly changes to the C-magnetic phase and superconductivity is suppressed within a narrow composition range around x = 0.25. We have investigated the doping dependence of the electronic structure of BaKFeAs using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and found an anomaly in the superconducting (SC) gap structure only for x = 0.25 in both the hole and electron Fermi surfaces (FSs). We also propose that the mechanism of a newly observed double-resonance peak by inelastic neutron scattering is understandable by the SC gap obtained by ARPES. Our discovery reveals the important relationship between the C- magnetic phase and superconductivity, and provides an opportunity to survey the underlying relationship between the SC gap and resonance mode in the hole-doped iron-based superconductor.
梶本 亮一; 中島 健次; 藤田 全基*; 石角 元志*; 鳥居 周輝*; 石川 喜久*; Miao, P.*; 神山 崇*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(11), p.114602_1 - 114602_6, 2019/11
A high-resolution time-of-flight powder neutron diffraction study of the layered nickel oxide PrSrNiO with and was performed to characterize the crystal structures of these highly hole-doped nickelates. For the sample with , the Ni-O bond lengths decrease uniformly with decreasing temperature, and the atomic displacement parameters are similar to those for . In contrast, for the sample with , the out-of-plane Ni-O bond length shows a sharp thermal contraction in the high-temperature region, which is suggestive of changes in the orbital occupation accompanied by the development of checkerboard-type charge correlations. Furthermore, the sample is characterized by a large atomic displacement parameter for the apical O atoms along the out-of-plane direction, which is interpreted as the existence of two types of Ni sites with different orbital occupancies. The distinct difference between the sample and the lower-concentration compounds should be related to the development of checkerboard-type charge ordering in the metallic matrix and possible orbital ordering at the Ni sites at in the hole-doped layered nickel oxides.
石角 元志*; 樹神 克明; 梶本 亮一; 中村 充孝; 稲村 泰弘; 池内 和彦*; Ji, S.*; 新井 正敏*; 社本 真一
Condensed Matter (Internet), 4(3), p.69_1 - 69_10, 2019/09
梶本 亮一; 横尾 哲也*; 中村 充孝; 川北 至信; 松浦 直人*; 遠藤 仁*; 瀬戸 秀紀*; 伊藤 晋一*; 中島 健次; 河村 聖子
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 562, p.148 - 154, 2019/06
Seven time-of-flight quasielastic/inelastic neutron scattering instruments are installed on six beamlines in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (JPARC). Four of these instruments are chopper-type direct-geometry spectrometers, one is a near-backscattering indirect-geometry spectrometer, and the other two are spin-echo-type spectrometers. This paper reviews the characteristic features, recent scientific outcomes, and progress in development of MLF spectrometers.
梶本 亮一; 石角 元志*; 吉良 弘*; 金子 耕士; 中村 充孝; 蒲沢 和也*; 稲村 泰弘; 池内 和彦*; 飯田 一樹*; 村井 直樹; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 556, p.26 - 30, 2019/03
Magnets are important for studying magnetism and are commonly used as sample environment devices of neutron scattering instruments. However, the use of magnets was prevented at the time-of-flight direct-geometry neutron spectrometer 4SEASONS in Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at J-PARC, because the instrument is surrounded by iron components, and it is equipped with a piece of equipment operated with magnetic bearings. In the present work, we investigate the influence of stray magnetic fields from a superconducting magnet which is shared among neutron scattering instruments in MLF. Based on the investigation, we modified 4SEASONS such that it can be used with the magnet. Finally, we successfully performed the first inelastic neutron scattering experiments with applied magnetic fields using this sample environment.
中島 健次; Harjo, S.; 山田 悟史*; 及川 健一; 梶本 亮一
JAEA-Review 2018-032, 43 Pages, 2019/02
飯田 一樹*; 吉田 紘行*; 岡部 博孝*; 片山 尚幸*; 石井 裕人*; 幸田 章宏*; 稲村 泰弘; 村井 直樹; 石角 元志*; 門野 良典*; et al.
Scientific Reports (Internet), 9(1), p.1826_1 - 1826_9, 2019/02
Molecular based spin-1/2 triangular lattice systems have attracted research interest. LiMoO ( = In or Sc) is such a compound where spin-1/2 MoO clusters in place of Mo ions form the uniform triangular lattice. Here, we report exotic magnetisms in LiInMoO and LiScMoO investigated by muon spin rotation (SR) and inelastic neutron scattering (INS) spectroscopies. LiInMoO exhibits spin wave excitation which is quantitatively described by the nearest neighbor anisotropic Heisenberg model based on the 120 spin structure. In contrast, LiScMoO undergoes short-range magnetic order below 4 K with quantum-spin-liquid-like magnetic fluctuations down to the base temperature. Origin of the different ground states is discussed in terms of anisotropies of crystal structures and magnetic interactions.