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Journal Articles

Field test around Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant site using improved Ce:Gd$$_{3}$$(Al,Ga)$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ scintillator Compton camera mounted on an unmanned helicopter

Shikaze, Yoshiaki; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Sanada, Yukihisa; Torii, Tatsuo; Jiang, J.*; Shimazoe, Kenji*; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*; Yoshino, Masao*; Ito, Shigeki*; Endo, Takanori*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(12), p.1907 - 1918, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:96.18(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The Compton camera was improved for use with the unmanned helicopter. Increase of the scintillator array from 4$$times$$4 to 8$$times$$8 and expanse of the distance between the two layers contributed to the improvements of detection efficiency and angular resolution, respectively. Measurements were performed over the riverbed of the Ukedo river of Namie town in Fukushima Prefecture. By programming of flight path and speed, the areas of 65 m $$times$$ 60 m and 65 m $$times$$ 180 m were measured during about 20 and 30 minutes, respectively. By the analysis the air dose rate maps at 1 m height were obtained precisely with the angular resolution corresponding to the position resolution of about 10 m from 10 m height. Hovering flights were executed over the hot spot areas for 10-20 minutes at 5-20 m height. By using the reconstruction software the $$gamma$$-ray images including the hot spots were obtained with the angular resolution same as that evaluated in the laboratory (about 10$$^{circ}$$).

Journal Articles

Control of current profile and instability by radiofrequency wave injection in JT-60U and its applicability in JT-60SA

Isayama, Akihiko; Suzuki, Takahiro; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Ide, Shunsuke; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Fujita, Takaaki; Hosoyama, Hiroki; Kamada, Yutaka; Nagasaki, Kazunobu*; Oyama, Naoyuki; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 933, p.229 - 236, 2007/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

H-mode experiments with outer and lower divertors in JT-60

Nakamura, Hiroo; Tsuji, Shunji; ; Ozeki, Takahisa; Ishida, Shinichi; Azumi, Masafumi; Akiba, Masato; Ando, Toshiro; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fukuda, Takeshi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 30(2), p.235 - 250, 1990/02

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:52.55(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Results of the H-mode experiments with outer and lower divertors

Nakamura, Hiroo; Tsuji, Shunji; ; Ozeki, Takahisa; Ishida, Shinichi; Azumi, Masafumi; Akiba, Masato; Ando, Toshiro; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fukuda, Takeshi; et al.

JAERI-M 89-106, 52 Pages, 1989/08

JAERI-M-89-106.pdf:1.27MB

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

A New method of current profile reconstruction based on the exact solution of fredholm integral equation of the first kind

Kurihara, Kenichi; Kawamata, Yoichi; Sueoka, Michiharu; Hosoyama, Hiroki; Suzuki, Takahiro; Fujita, Takaaki; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Ide, Shunsuke; Kamada, Yutaka

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of energy recognizable type gamma camera mounted on the unmanned helicopter, 3; Field test around the Fukushima Daiichi NPP site

Shikaze, Yoshiaki; Torii, Tatsuo; Shimazoe, Kenji*; Jiang, J.*; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*; Kurosawa, Shunsuke*; Kamada, Kei*; Yoshikawa, Akira*; Yoshino, Masao*; Ito, Shigeki*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of energy recognizable type gamma camera mounted on the unmanned helicopter II, 2; Field test around the Fukushima Daiichi NPP site

Shikaze, Yoshiaki; Torii, Tatsuo; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Yoshida, Mami*; Shimazoe, Kenji*; Jiang, J.*; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*; Kurosawa, Shunsuke*; Kamada, Kei*; Yoshikawa, Akira*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Adsorption behavior of lawrencium (Lr) on a tantalum surface

Sato, Tetsuya; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Mitsukai, Akina*; Osa, Akihiko; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; et al.

no journal, , 

The ground state electronic configuration of lawrencium (Lr, Z =103) is predicted to be [Rn]$$5f^{14}7s^27p_{1/2}$$, which is different from that of the lanthanide homolog Lu [Xe]$$4f^{14}6s^25d$$ due to strong relativistic effects. According to semi-empirical considerations, volatility of Lr is expected to be higher than that of Lu. We have investigated adsorption behavior of $$^{256}$$Lr, which was produced in the reaction of $$^{249}$$Cf($$^{11}$$B, 4n), on a tantalum (Ta) metal surface using a surface ion-source installed into the isotope separator on-line (ISOL) at the JAEA tandem accelerator facility. The observed adsorption behavior of $$^{256}$$Lr was similar to those of Tb and Lu which have relatively higher adsorption enthalpy on Ta surface. It implies that Lr would have low volatility like such as Lu and Tb.

Oral presentation

Adsorption behavior of lawrencium (Lr, Z = 103) on a tantalum surface

Sato, Tetsuya; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Mitsukai, Akina*; Osa, Akihiko; Makii, Hiroyuki; Hirose, Kentaro; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

no journal, , 

Our experimental results on the first ionization potential measurement of lawrencium (Lr, element 103) have strongly suggested that the Lr atom has a [Rn]$$7s^25f^{14}7p_{1/2}$$ configuration as a result of the influence of strong relativistic effects. The configuration is different from that expected from the lanthanide homologue, lutetium (Lu). According to a semi-empirical consideration, it is expected that the change of the electronic configuration leads higher volatility of Lr than that of Lu. In this work, adsorption behaviors of Lr and various short-lived rare earth isotopes on a tantalum surface were investigated via observation of their surface ionization efficiencies. It was found that Lr would behave like low volatile rare earth elements such as Lu contrary to the semi-empirical expectation.

Oral presentation

Measurement of mass-symmetric spontaneous fission of $$^{259}$$Lr

Asai, Masato; Kamada, Hiroki*; Shigekawa, Yudai*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Mitsukai, Akina; Nagame, Yuichiro; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; et al.

no journal, , 

To clarify the fission mechanism of mass-symmetric spontaneous fissions observed around the neutron-rich Fm region, we have measured kinetic energies and mass distribution of spontaneous-fission fragments in this nuclear region precisely. The experiment was performed at the JAEA tandem accelerator facility using an on-line isotope separator (ISOL). The mass-separated $$^{259}$$Lr nuclei were implanted into thin foil, and two fragments of their spontaneous fission were coincidently measured with two Si detectors. The spontaneous fission of $$^{259}$$Lr was found to show a narrow symmetric mass distribution. On the other hand, their total kinetic energy TKE was found to be low, which is apparently different from the high-TKE symmetric fissions observed in the Fm isotopes. This indicates that the fission mechanisms of these two symmetric fissions are different.

Oral presentation

Adsorption of lawrencium (Lr) on a metallic tantalum (Ta) surface

Kaneya, Yusuke*; Tomitsuka, Tomohiro; Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Mitsukai, Akina; Makii, Hiroyuki; Hirose, Kentaro; Osa, Akihiko; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Adsorption of lawrencium on a metallic tantalum surface at high temperature

Kaneya, Yusuke*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Tomitsuka, Tomohiro; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Mitsukai, Akina; Makii, Hiroyuki; Hirose, Kentaro; Osa, Akihiko; et al.

no journal, , 

To study the influence of the valence 7p$$_{1/2}$$ electronic orbital on chemical properties of lawrencium, a measurement of the adsorption enthalpy of lawrencium was carried out. A new method using a surface ionization technique coupled to an on-line isotope separator was developed, which enabled one to measure temperature dependence of lawrencium surface adsorption on a metallic tantalum surface at high temperature up to 2800 K. The temperature dependences of adsorption of lawrencium as well as various lanthanide elements were investigated with this method, and the adsorption enthalpy of lawrencium was successfully extracted.

Oral presentation

Development of low energy atomic beam extraction technique for determination of valence electronic structure of Lawrencium (Z = 103)

Tomitsuka, Tomohiro; Tokoi, Katsuyuki*; Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Chiera, N. M.; Kamada, Hiroki; Nagame, Yuichiro; Goto, Shinichi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Adsorption behavior of lawrencium on a tantalum surface

Sato, Tetsuya; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Mitsukai, Akina*; Osa, Akihiko; Makii, Hiroyuki; Hirose, Kentaro; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

no journal, , 

Our experimental results on the first ionization potential measurement of lawrencium (Lr, element 103) have strongly suggested that the Lr atom has a [Rn]$$7s^25f^{14}7p_{1/2}$$ configuration as a result of the influence of strong relativistic effects. The configuration is different from that expected from the lanthanide homologue, lutetium (Lu). According to a semi-empirical consideration, it is expected that the change of the electronic configuration leads higher volatility of Lr than that of Lu. In this work, adsorption behaviors of Lr and various short-lived rare earth isotopes on a tantalum surface were investigated via observation of their surface ionization efficiencies. It was found that Lr would behave like low volatile rare earth elements such as Lu contrary to the semi-empirical expectation.

Oral presentation

Discovery of $$^{234m}$$Np isomer

Kamada, Hiroki*; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Nagame, Yuichiro; Mitsukai, Akina; Tomitsuka, Tomohiro*; Andreyev, A. N.; Nishio, Katsuhisa; et al.

no journal, , 

Existence of the previously unknown isomer $$^{234m}$$Np was discovered for the first time. $$^{234m}$$Np was produced by using the JAEA tandem accelerator. Short-lived reaction products were mass-separated by the on-line isotope separator ISOL, and $$gamma$$ and X rays originating from the decay of $$^{234m}$$Np were observed. The half-life of $$^{234m}$$Np was determined to be approximately 9 min, and $$^{234m}$$Np was found to decay via the EC decay as well as the isomeric transition. On the basis of the observed $$gamma$$ and X rays and the half-life value, we have evaluated level energy, spin-parity, and proton-neutron configuration of $$^{234m}$$Np.

Oral presentation

Spontaneous fission measurements for nuclei around neutron-rich Fm region produced by using an $$^{254}$$Es target

Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Hirose, Kentaro; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Tomitsuka, Tomohiro; Chiera, N. M.; Ito, Yuta; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nagame, Yuichiro; Nishio, Katsuhisa; et al.

no journal, , 

Spontaneous fissions of $$^{256}$$Fm, $$^{258}$$Fm, and $$^{259}$$Lr have been measured using an $$^{254}$$Es target at the JAEA Tandem Accelerator Facility. These three nuclei show different fission properties: the asymmetric fission, the high total-kinetic-energy (TKE) symmetric fission, and the low TKE symmetric fission, and the mechanisms of these three fissions should be very different. It is of great interest to elucidate how these differences occur. We have produced $$^{256,258}$$Fm in multinucleon-transfer reactions with a $$^{254}$$Es target and $$^{18}$$O projectiles, and produced $$^{259}$$Lr in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{15}$$N,4n) fusion-evaporation reaction. The reaction products were mass-separated with a gas-jet-coupled on-line isotope separator, and were delivered into a rotating wheel alpha- and fission-fragment detection system. By comparing the mass and TKE distributions deduced from the present experimental data, we will discuss the differences in fission mechanism among $$^{256}$$Fm, $$^{258}$$Fm, and $$^{259}$$Lr.

Oral presentation

Spontaneous fission measurements for neutron-rich Fm isotopes using an $$^{254}$$Es target

Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Hirose, Kentaro; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Tomitsuka, Tomohiro; Chiera, N. M.; Ito, Yuta; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nagame, Yuichiro; Nishio, Katsuhisa; et al.

no journal, , 

Spontaneous fissions of neutron-rich heavy actinide isotopes $$^{256}$$Fm, $$^{258}$$Fm, and $$^{259}$$Lr have been measured at the JAEA Tandem accelerator facility. $$^{256}$$Fm and $$^{258}$$Fm were produced in a multinucleon transfer reaction with an $$^{18}$$O beam and an extremely rare $$^{254}$$Es target with a half-life of 276 days. Reaction products were mass-separated with an on-line isotope separator (ISOL). A transition between the typical asymmetric mass distribution and a very sharp symmetric one was clearly observed between $$^{256}$$Fm and $$^{258}$$Fm, while the spontaneous fission of $$^{259}$$Lr was found to exhibit mixture of three different fission modes.

Oral presentation

Feasibility study on a red-emitting-scintillation probe with an optical fiber for a high-rate dose-monitor

Kodama, Shohei*; Kurosawa, Shunsuke*; Morishita, Yuki; Usami, Hiroshi; Hayashi, Masateru*; Tanaka, Hiroki*; Yoshino, Masao*; Kamada, Kei*; Yoshikawa, Akira*; Torii, Tatsuo

no journal, , 

After Fukushima 1st Nuclear Plant accident, a large number of radioactive pollutants or nuclear debris with very high dose of more than a few Sv/h still have existed. To estimate the dose of such pollutants, a Japan Atomic Energy Agency research group has suggested a new technique to use a long optical fiber and a red-emitting scintillator, and the scintillation photons are read outside of high dose area. We tested the gamma-ray detection performance of a ruby (Cr:Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$) and a newly developed Cs$$_{2}$$HfI$$_{6}$$ scintillators as a scintillating probe coupled with an optical fiber in this study.

Oral presentation

Spontaneous fission studies for neutron-rich Fm and Lr isotopes

Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Hirose, Kentaro; Toyoshima, Atsushi*; Tomitsuka, Tomohiro*; Chiera, N. M.*; Ito, Yuta; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nagame, Yuichiro*; Nishio, Katsuhisa; et al.

no journal, , 

We have studied spontaneous fission of neutron-rich Fm and Lr isotopes. The neutron-rich Fm isotopes were produced with the $$^{254}$$Es target and the $$^{18}$$O beam delivered by the JAEA tandem accelerator. The neutron-rich Lr isotope were produced with the $$^{248}$$Cm target and the $$^{15}$$N beam. Reaction products were mass-separated with an on-line isotope separator (ISOL), which enabled us to obtain non-contaminated samples and to measure fission fragments precisely. From the deduced fission-fragment mass and total kinetic energy distributions, we have obtained a new insight into the competition between the symmetric and asymmetric fission which is characteristic in this neutron-rich region.

Oral presentation

Spontaneous fission measurements for neutron-rich Fm and Lr isotopes using $$^{254}$$Es target

Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Hirose, Kentaro; Toyoshima, Atsushi*; Tomitsuka, Tomohiro*; Chiera, N. M.*; Ito, Yuta; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nagame, Yuichiro*; Nishio, Katsuhisa; et al.

no journal, , 

Neutron-rich fermium isotopes $$^{256}$$Fm and $$^{258}$$Fm and lawrencium isotope $$^{259}$$Lr were produced in the multinucleon transfer reaction on $$^{254}$$Es target with heavy-ion beam and in the heavy-ion fusion reaction on $$^{248}$$Cm target with $$^{15}$$N beam, respectively. Reaction products were mass-separated with an on-line isotope separator (ISOL), and spontaneous fission (SF) of these isotopes were measured. It was found that the mass distribution of the SF of $$^{256}$$Fm was asymmetric, while that of $$^{258}$$Fm was sharp symmetric, which confirmed the previous experimental results. On the other hand, the SF of $$^{259}$$Lr seemed to contain both symmetric and asymmetric mass distributions. On the basis of the present results of the mass and total kinetic energy distributions, we discussed the mechanism of fission for these isotopes.

22 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)