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Journal Articles

Progress of JT-60SA Project; EU-JA joint efforts for assembly and fabrication of superconducting tokamak facilities and its research planning

Shirai, Hiroshi; Barabaschi, P.*; Kamada, Yutaka; JT-60SA Team

Fusion Engineering and Design, 109-111(Part B), p.1701 - 1708, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:2.51(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The JT-60SA Project has shown steady progress toward the first plasma in 2019. JT-60SA is a superconducting tokamak designed to operate in the break-even conditions for a long pulse duration with a maximum plasma current of 5.5 MA. Design and fabrication of JT-60SA components shared by EU and Japan started in 2007. Assembly in the torus hall started in January 2013, and welding work of the vacuum vessel sectors is currently on going on the cryostat base. Other components such as TF coils, PF coils, power supplies, cryogenic system, cryostat vessel, thermal shields and so forth were or are being delivered to Naka site for installation, assembly and commissioning. This paper gives technical progress on fabrication, installation and assembly of tokamak components and ancillary systems, as well as progress of JT-60SA Research Plan being developed jointly by EU and Japanese fusion communities.

Journal Articles

Dependence of pedestal structure on collisionality at fixed beta in JT-60U

Urano, Hajime; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Kamiya, Kensaku; Kamada, Yutaka; JT-60 Team

Nuclear Fusion, 56(1), p.016005_1 - 016005_8, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:66.79(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Dependence of pedestal structure on collisionality at fixed beta has been investigated in JT-60U. In the ITER-relevant low collisionality regime, the pedestal width does not change with edge collisionality. In the high collisionality regime, the pedestal width broadens with increased edge collisionality. The pedestal pressure gradient and width are not significantly changed when the pedestal is close to an intermediate $$n$$ peeling-ballooning mode boundary at low collisionality. The experimental result indicates that conventional pedestal models where the pedestal width is independent of collisionality and is determined by $$beta_{rm p}$$ at the pedestal is not a bad assumption in the ITER-relevant low collisionality regime. On the other hand, the pressure gradient decreases and the pedestal width increases at high collisionality. The pedestal broadening becomes significant when the pedestal is marginal to be unstable at high $$n$$ ballooning mode in high collisionality regime.

Journal Articles

Present status of manufacturing and R&Ds for the JT-60SA tokamak

Higashijima, Satoru; Kamada, Yutaka; Barabaschi, P.*; Shirai, Hiroshi; JT-60SA Team

Fusion Science and Technology, 68(2), p.259 - 266, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

JT-60SA superconducting magnet system

Koide, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Wanner, M.*; Barabaschi, P.*; Cucchiaro, A.*; Davis, S.*; Decool, P.*; Di Pietro, E.*; Disset, G.*; Genini, L.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 55(8), p.086001_1 - 086001_7, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:9.47(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The most distinctive feature of the superconducting magnet system for JT-60SA is the optimized coil structure in terms of the space utilization as well as the highly accurate coil manufacturing, thus meeting the requirements for the steady-state tokamak research: A conceptually new outer inter-coil structure separated from the casing is introduced to the toroidal field coils to realize their slender shape, allowing large-bore diagnostic ports for detailed plasma measurements. A method to minimize the manufacturing error of the equilibrium-field coils has been established, aiming at the precise plasma shape/position control. A compact butt-joint has been successfully developed for the Central Solenoid, which allows an optimized utilization of the limited space for the Central Solenoid to extend the duration of the plasma pulse.

Journal Articles

Effects of toroidal rotation shear and magnetic shear on thermal and particle transport in plasmas with electron cyclotron heating on JT-60U

Yoshida, Maiko; Honda, Mitsuru; Narita, Emi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Urano, Hajime; Nakata, Motoki; Miyato, Naoaki; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Ide, Shunsuke; Kamada, Yutaka

Nuclear Fusion, 55(7), p.073014_1 - 073014_9, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:32.5(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Conditions without the increases in the thermal and particle transport with ECH have been experimentally investigated in positive magnetic shear (PS), weak magnetic shear (WS) and reversed magnetic shear (RS) plasmas with internal transport barriers (ITBs) on JT-60U. The ion heat diffusivity around an internal transport barrier in the ion temperature ($$T_{rm i}$$-ITB) remains constant with ECH when a large negative toroidal rotation shear is formed before the ECH. The condition does not depend on the electron to ion temperature ratio ($$T_{rm e}$$/$$T_{rm i}$$) and ECH power. The electron heat diffusivity around a $$T_{rm e}$$-ITB stays constant with ECH when the magnetic shear is negative around the Te-ITB region. Effective particle transport remains constant or reduces during ECH under the condition of negative magnetic shear.

Journal Articles

Dependence of pedestal structure on collisionality in JT-60U

Urano, Hajime; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Kamiya, Kensaku; Kamada, Yutaka; JT-60 Team

Europhysics Conference Abstracts (Internet), 39E, p.P5.146_1 - P5.146_4, 2015/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Roles of argon seeding in energy confinement and pedestal structure in JT-60U

Urano, Hajime; Nakata, Motoki; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Kubo, Hirotaka; Honda, Mitsuru; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Yoshida, Maiko; Kamada, Yutaka; JT-60 Team

Nuclear Fusion, 55(3), p.033010_1 - 033010_9, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:18.34(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Physics picture of improving energy confinement with argon seeding at high density has been investigated in JT-60U. Better confinement is sustained at high density by argon seeding accompanied by higher core and pedestal temperatures. Peaked density profiles are kept with argon seeding. Density peaking and dilution effects lower the pedestal density at a given averaged density. The pedestal density in the argon seeded plasmas which is relatively lower than that in a single deuterium puff enables the pedestal temperature to be higher. The density peaking is a key factor of sustaining better confinement in argon seeded H-mode plasmas.

Journal Articles

Boundary condition for toroidal plasma flow imposed at the separatrix in high confinement JT-60U plasmas with edge localized modes and the physics process in pedestal structure formation

Kamiya, Kensaku; Honda, Mitsuru; Urano, Hajime; Yoshida, Maiko; Kamada, Yutaka; Ito, Kimitaka*; JT-60 Team

Physics of Plasmas, 21(12), p.122517_1 - 122517_8, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:30.98(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Modulation Charge eXchange Recombination Spectroscopy (MCXRS) measurements with high spatial and temporal resolution have made the evaluation of the toroidal plasma flow of fully stripped carbon impurity ions in the JT-60U tokamak peripheral region (including in particular separatrix) possible with a better signal-to-noise ratio. Boundary condition of Vt imposed at the separatrix in ELMy H-mode plasmas has been identified, comparing between co- and counter-NBI discharges. The Vt value at the separatrix is not held fixed at the zero, varying with momentum input direction, but being not strongly affected by the ELM event. A non-zero Vt value at the separatrix might be connected to fast ion losses due to toroidal field ripple that results in formation of a negative radial electric field (Er) layer having almost zero (or very weak positive) Er-shear value at the separatrix. Improved understanding of physics process in pedestal structure formation for the Vt and Er is also discussed.

Journal Articles

Present status and future prospects of the JT-60SA project

Ishida, Shinichi; Barabaschi, P.*; Kamada, Yutaka; JT-60SA Team

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 65(8), p.1221 - 1226, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Edge radial electric field formation after the L-H transition on JT-60U

Kamiya, Kensaku; Matsunaga, Go; Honda, Mitsuru; Miyato, Naoaki; Urano, Hajime; Kamada, Yutaka; Ida, Katsumi*; Ito, Kimitaka*; JT-60 Team

Contributions to Plasma Physics, 54(4-6), p.591 - 598, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:56.7(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Role of seed impurity for H-mode plasmas in JT-60U

Urano, Hajime; Nakata, Motoki; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Kubo, Hirotaka; Honda, Mitsuru; Yoshida, Maiko; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Kamada, Yutaka; JT-60 Team

Europhysics Conference Abstracts (Internet), 38F, p.P4.018_1 - P4.018_4, 2014/06

This paper reports the analysis result of heat transport and pedestal structure in H-mode plasmas with and without argon seeding on JT-60U.

Journal Articles

Development of advanced inductive scenarios for ITER

Luce, T. C.*; Challis, C. D.*; Ide, Shunsuke; Joffrin, E.*; Kamada, Yutaka; Politzer, P. A.*; Schweinzer, J.*; Sips, A. C. C.*; Stober, J.*; Giruzzi, G.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 54(1), p.013015_1 - 013015_15, 2013/12

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:21.5(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

Assembly study for JT-60SA tokamak

Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Arai, Takashi; Hasegawa, Koichi; Hoshi, Ryo; Kamiya, Koji; Kawashima, Hisato; Kubo, Hirotaka; Masaki, Kei; Saeki, Hisashi; Sakurai, Shinji; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), p.705 - 710, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:32.35(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Progress of the JT-60SA project

Kamada, Yutaka; Barabaschi, P.*; Ishida, Shinichi; JT-60SA Team; JT-60SA Research Plan Contributors

Nuclear Fusion, 53(10), p.104010_1 - 104010_17, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:55 Percentile:2.37(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

Hydrogen isotope effects on ITG scale length, pedestal and confinement in JT-60 H-mode plasmas

Urano, Hajime; Takizuka, Tomonori*; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Nakano, Tomohide; Fujita, Takaaki; Oyama, Naoyuki; Kamada, Yutaka; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; JT-60 Team

Nuclear Fusion, 53(8), p.083003_1 - 083003_8, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:24.43(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Dependence of heat transport, edge pedestal and confinement on isotopic composition was investigated in conventional H-mode plasmas. Identical profiles for the electron density, electron temperature, and ion temperature were obtained for hydrogen and deuterium plasmas, whereas the required power clearly increased for hydrogen, which resulted in reduction of heat diffusivity for deuterium. The inverse of the ion-temperature-gradient (ITG) scale length which is required for a given ion heat diffusivity increased by a factor of approximately 1.2 for deuterium compared with that for hydrogen.

Journal Articles

Temporal and spatial responses of temperature, density and rotation to electron cyclotron heating in JT-60U

Yoshida, Maiko; Ide, Shunsuke; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Honda, Mitsuru; Urano, Hajime; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Nakata, Motoki; Miyato, Naoaki; Kamada, Yutaka

Nuclear Fusion, 53(8), p.083022_1 - 083022_10, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:74.56(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Time and special responses of electron channels and ion channels with central electron cyclotron heating (ECH) have been investigated in JT-60U positive shear H-mode and internal transport barrier (ITB) plasmas. The ion temperature reduces with ECH after the increase in the electron temperature where an increase in the ion heat transport with ECH accompanies an increase in the electron thermal transport. The core electron density decreases with ECH when the density profile is peaked before ECH injection. The counter intrinsic rotation with ECH is identified using H-mode plasmas with small torque input (BAL-NBI). The counter intrinsic rotation is generated after the increase in the electron temperature and correlates with the change in the electron temperature with ECH around the EC deposition. Time scale of the change in the toroidal rotation velocity is about 90-200 ms around the ECH deposition and the time scale is longer compared to those in $$T$$$$_{rm e}$$ and $$T$$$$_{rm i}$$.

Journal Articles

The New era of super conducting tokamak research led by Asia for nuclear fusion

Kamada, Yutaka; Li, J.*; Kwon, M.*

AAPPS Bulletin, 23(1), p.5 - 8, 2013/02

Journal Articles

Dependence of heat transport and confinement on isotopic composition in conventional H-mode plasmas in JT-60U

Urano, Hajime; Takizuka, Tomonori*; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Nakano, Tomohide; Fujita, Takaaki; Oyama, Naoyuki; Kamada, Yutaka; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; JT-60 Team

Proceedings of 24th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2012) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/01

Dependence of heat transport on isotopic composition is investigated in conventional H-mode plasmas for the application to ITER. The identical profiles of $$n_mathrm{e}$$, $$T_mathrm{e}$$ and $$T_mathrm{i}$$ are obtained for hydrogen and deuterium plasmas while the required power becomes clearly larger for hydrogen, resulting in the reduction of the heat diffusivity for deuterium. The result of the identical temperature profiles in spite of different heating power suggests that the characteristics of heat conduction differs essentially between hydrogen and deuterium even at the same scale length of temperature gradient. On the other hand, the edge stability is improved by increased total $$beta_mathrm{p}$$ regardless of the difference of the isotropic composition.

Journal Articles

Effects of local toroidal field ripple due to test blanket modules for ITER on radial transport of thermal ions

Oyama, Naoyuki; Urano, Hajime; Shinohara, Koji; Honda, Mitsuru; Takizuka, Tomonori; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Kamada, Yutaka; JT-60 Team

Nuclear Fusion, 52(11), p.114013_1 - 114013_9, 2012/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:81.86(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Effects of local toroidal field (TF) ripple due to test blanket modules (TBMs) for ITER on radial transport of thermal ions are investigated using fully three-dimensional magnetic field orbit following Monte Carlo (F3D-OFMC) code. The simulation under ITER plasma condition indicates that the additional losses caused by the localized TF ripple due to TBMs linearly increase with number of TBMs. When the amplitude of local TF ripple in one TBM port is increased, on the other hand, the additional losses increase quickly. A comparison of the number of lost particles suggests that a condition with three TBM ports corresponds to 1.7 times of ripple amplitude at one TBM port.

Journal Articles

Momentum transport studies from multi-machine comparisons

Yoshida, Maiko; Kaye, S.*; Rice, J.*; Solomon, W.*; Tala, T.*; Bell, R. E.*; Burrell, K. H.*; Ferreira, J.*; Kamada, Yutaka; McDonald, D. C.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 52(12), p.123005_1 - 123005_11, 2012/11

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:32.97(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The purpose of this study is to find a common feature on momentum transport coefficients including diffusive and non-diffusive terms in all machines. The momentum database enables us to assess a parametric dependency of momentum transport in a wider range of dimensionless parameters related to transport. Such observation will contribute to make a scaling/modeling on momentum transport for future devices like ITER and DEMO. On the other hand, the investigation of a difference in observation by comparing the experimental conditions will give a useful information to realize what plasma parameter is the key for the momentum transport coefficients.

441 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)