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Journal Articles

Development and application of a $$^3$$He neutron spin filter at J-PARC

Okudaira, Takuya; Oku, Takayuki; Ino, Takashi*; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Sakai, Kenji; Hiroi, Kosuke; Takahashi, Shingo*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Endo, Hitoshi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 977, p.164301_1 - 164301_8, 2020/10

Journal Articles

Background issues encountered by cold-neutron chopper spectrometer AMATERAS

Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Wakai, Daisuke*; Aoyama, Kazuhiro*; Iwahashi, Takaaki*; Kambara, Wataru*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 564, p.45 - 53, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Details of the background, that is, unwanted signals accumulated by the data acquisition system of neutron instruments, observed by the cold-neutron chopper spectrometer AMATERAS installed at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at J-PARC are reported. In the design phase of AMATERAS, we carefully considered the achievement of high signal-to-noise ratio, and possible countermeasures were implemented. Actually, recent scientific outputs from AMATERAS indicates that the spectrometer is one of excellent neutron instruments with low background. In spite of that, in nine years of AMATERAS operation, we have encountered unwanted signals due to various reasons, including gamma-rays emitted at materials on or near the beam line including the sample itself, scattered neutrons from the beam line devices, air scattering, electronic noise in data acquisition system, cosmic rays, T0 burst, and other unknown sources. In this report, we discuss the background observed by AMATERAS, especially in the conditions of without samples, comprehensively. The possible sources of these signals and the countermeasures considered against the above sources are discussed, which may be helpful to those who are engaged in other existing or planned neutron-scattering instruments.

Journal Articles

Cryogenic sample environments shared at the MLF, J-PARC

Kawamura, Seiko; Takahashi, Ryuta*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro*; Nakamura, Masatoshi*; Ouchi, Keiichi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Kambara, Wataru*; Aoyama, Kazuhiro*; Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi*; et al.

Journal of Neutron Research, 21(1-2), p.17 - 22, 2019/05

The Cryogenics and Magnets group in the Sample Environment team is responsible for operation of cryostats and magnets for user's experiments at the MLF in J-PARC. We have introduced a top-loading $$^4$$He cryostat, a bottom-loading $$^3$$He cryostat, a dilution refrigerator insert and a superconducting magnet. The frequency of use of them dramatically becomes higher in these two years, as the beam power and the number of proposal increase. To respond such situation, we have made efforts to enhance performance of these equipment as follows. The $$^3$$He cryostat originally involves an operation software for automatic initial cooling down to the base temperature and automatic re-charge of $$^3$$He. Recently we made an additional program for automatic temperature control with only the sorb heater. Last year, a new outer vacuum chamber of the magnet with an oscillating radial collimator (ORC) was fabricated. The data quality was drastically improved by introducing this ORC so that the magnet can be used even for the inelastic neutron scattering experiments.

Journal Articles

Study on use of superconducting magnet and first inelastic neutron scattering experiment under magnetic field at 4SEASONS spectrometer

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Kaneko, Koji; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Iida, Kazuki*; Murai, Naoki; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 556, p.26 - 30, 2019/03

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:51.08(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Performances of oscillating radial collimator for the Fermi chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at J-PARC

Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kambara, Wataru*; Iida, Kazuki*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Aoyama, Kazuhiro*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.480 - 483, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.03(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Recently there has been an increasing need for inelastic neutron scattering experiments under some special environments such as magnetic fields, pressure and high temperatures. In order to obtain high quality data, the unnecessary scattering caused by sample environmental apparatus should be suppressed as much as possible. We have developed an oscillating radial collimator with a view to satisfying users' needs, which is specialized for the Fermi chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at J-PARC.4SEASONS provides relatively high incident energies, and thus we chose hydrogen free metal sheets as the collimator blades. The control system of this oscillating radial collimator enables us to flexibly tune the oscillating pattern, such as the oscillating speed and oscillating angle. In this presentation, we report the performances and remaining issues of the newly developed oscillating radial collimator for 4SEASONS.

Journal Articles

Status report of the chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Iida, Kazuki*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Murai, Naoki; Kira, Hiroshi*; Nakatani, Takeshi; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1021(1), p.012030_1 - 012030_6, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:9.36

Journal Articles

Recent issues encountered by AMATERAS; A Cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Kofu, Maiko; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Kambara, Wataru*; Aoyama, Kazuhiro*; Wakai, Daisuke*; Harada, Masahide; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1021(1), p.012031_1 - 012031_5, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:4.08

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 3; Neutron devices and computational and sample environments

Sakasai, Kaoru; Sato, Setsuo*; Seya, Tomohiro*; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Yamagishi, Hideshi*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yamazaki, Dai; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.10_1 - 10_35, 2017/09

Neutron devices such as neutron detectors, optical devices including supermirror devices and $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filters, and choppers are successfully developed and installed at the Materials Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), Tokai, Japan. Four software components of MLF computational environment, instrument control, data acquisition, data analysis, and a database, have been developed and equipped at MLF. MLF also provides a wide variety of sample environment options including high and low temperatures, high magnetic fields, and high pressures. This paper describes the current status of neutron devices, computational and sample environments at MLF.

Journal Articles

MAGIC chopper; Basic concept and experimental evaluation

Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Kambara, Wataru; Krist, T.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Arai, Masatoshi; Iida, Kazuki*; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2015-002, p.339 - 348, 2016/02

We have developed a new Fermi chopper referred to as Magic chopper to realize the full optimization of the experimental condition for Multi-Ei method in a chopper spectrometer. In this study, the theoretical aspects of MAGIC chopper concept will be initially presented, and the performances of MAGIC chopper will be evaluated by both Monte Carlo simulation and neutron transmission experiment.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at J-PARC

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Iida, Kazuki*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakatani, Takeshi; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2015-002, p.319 - 329, 2016/02

Journal Articles

Oscillating radial collimators for the chopper spectrometers at MLF in J-PARC

Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Kambara, Wataru; Aoyama, Kazuhiro; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Kikuchi, Tatsuya; Inamura, Yasuhiro; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.036011_1 - 036011_6, 2015/09

The needs for inelastic neutron scattering experiments under the special sample environment such as strong magnetic field and high temperature are recently increasing. However, the unwanted scatterings originating from these devices affect the detection of weak inelastic signals. In order to overcome this problem we have developed an oscillating radial collimator specialized for the chopper spectrometer at Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) in J-PARC. In this study, we will report the performances of newly-developed oscillating radial collimators both for 4SEASONS and AMATERAS.

Journal Articles

Feasibility demonstration of a new Fermi chopper with supermirror-coated slit package

Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kambara, Wataru; Krist, T.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Arai, Masatoshi; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakajima, Kenji; Tanaka, Hiromichi; Suzuki, Junichi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 737, p.142 - 147, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:67.3(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The efficiency of inelastic neutron scattering measurements using a chopper spectrometer can be markedly improved by utilizing multiple incident energies (Multi-Ei method). However, in conventional chopper systems, optimization of the experimental condition for all incident energies is absolutely impossible. We developed a new Fermi chopper with a supermirror-coated slit package in order to overcome the problem and experimentally demonstrated that the full optimization of the experimental condition for multiple incident energies is nearly achieved.

Journal Articles

AMATERAS; A Cold-neutron disk chopper spectrometer

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Kikuchi, Tatsuya; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Nobuaki; Aizawa, Kazuya; Suzuya, Kentaro; Shibata, Kaoru; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(Suppl.B), p.SB028_1 - SB028_6, 2011/05

 Times Cited Count:74 Percentile:6.32(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

AMATERAS is a cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer in MLF, J-PARC. The construction of main part of the spectrometer has been completed in spring of 2009. Soon after that, we have started the commissioning work on AMATERAS. The performance of AMATERAS has been examined by test experiments in the course of commissioning. In parallel to these works, we have started the user program on AMATERAS from December 2009 and we are getting scientific results from our spectrometer. In this presentation, we will report the current status of AMATERAS including the results of performance tests and some of examples of scientific outputs.

Oral presentation

4SEASONS; A High-intensity chopper spectrometer for inelastic neutron scattering at J-PARC/MLF

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Nakajima, Kenji; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Nobuaki; Maruyama, Ryuji; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Shibata, Kaoru; Suzuya, Kentaro; et al.

no journal, , 

4SEASONS is one of the neutron chopper spectrometers in J-PARC/MLF. It is intended to provide very high counting rate up to 300 meV neutron energy with medium resolution ($$Delta E/E_i sim 6$$% at $$E=0$$) to efficiently collect weak inelastic signals from novel spin and lattice dynamics especially in high-$$T_c$$ superconductors and related materials. To achieve this goal, the spectrometer equips advanced instrumental design such as an elliptic-shaped converging neutron guide coated with high-$$Q_c$$ ($$m=3$$-4) supermirror, long-length (2.5 m) $$^3$$He PSDs arranged cylindrically inside the vacuum scattering chamber. Furthermore, the spectrometer is ready for multi-incident-energy measurements by the repetition rate multiplication method with a special Fermi chopper, and polarization analysis with $$^3$$He spin filters. 4SEASONS is now under construction and will be ready to use in December 2008. In this paper, we show the design of 4SEASONS and current status of its construction.

Oral presentation

Current status of the chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at MLF, J-PARC

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Nakajima, Kenji; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Nobuaki; Maruyama, Ryuji; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Mizuno, Fumio; Shibata, Kaoru; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Progress of construction of the cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer AMATERAS

Nakajima, Kenji; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Nobuaki; Osakabe, Toyotaka; Wakimoto, Shuichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Ito, Shinichi*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Suzuya, Kentaro; et al.

no journal, , 

A cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer AMATERAS is under construction in Materials and Life Science Facility in J-PARC. AMATERAS is dedicated to inelastic and quisielastic neutron scattering experiments in the range of cold thermal neutron region with high-efficiency and high-resolution. The spectrometer is expected to be ready in the beginning of 2009. In this presentation, we will show current status of construction of AMATERAS and expected scientific results from the spectrometer.

Oral presentation

Chopper-type neutron inelastic spectrometer 4SEASONS at MLF, J-PARC

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Nakajima, Kenji; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Nobuaki; Maruyama, Ryuji; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Mizuno, Fumio; Shibata, Kaoru; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

AMATERAS; A Cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Nobuaki; Osakabe, Toyotaka; Wakimoto, Shuichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Ito, Shinichi*; Aizawa, Kazuya; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Performance evaluation of cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer AMATERAS

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Nobuaki; Osakabe, Toyotaka; Wakimoto, Shuichi; Aizawa, Kazuya; Suzuya, Kentaro; et al.

no journal, , 

AMATERAS is a cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer newly installed at MLF, J-PARC. The spectrometer has pulse shaping chopper which can cat the source pulse shape as it is required by the experiments. By using newly developed high-speed disk-choppers, the spectrometer realizes both high energy resolution and high intensity with high flexibility in the cold and thermal neutron energy region. The construction of the spectrometer has been completed in spring of 2009. After the commissioning works, now the spectrometer is open to users. In this presentation, we will show the evaluated performances which were obtained in commissioning works.

Oral presentation

Robustness estimation of neutron experimental devices against mutual power noise at experimental hall, MLF/J-PARC

Tanaka, Hiromichi; Yoshida, Noboru; Ito, Yukihiro; Kambara, Wataru; Iwahashi, Takaaki; Katabira, Asahiko*; Goto, Tsuyoshi*; Muroya, Koji*; Sasaki, Taizo*; Machida, Koichi*; et al.

no journal, , 

For the open use of MLF neutron source, robustness (senses including tolerance, stability, acceptable outer affairs) of neutron devices against power noise must be estimated for surely acquition of neutron experimental data. For this purpose, we measure the groundline and power-line shape synclonized with many events, such as crane, chopper, neutron shutter and them on. This data is very usable to solve some accident, such as shutter keeping close. In this presentation, we will show some our solutions.

88 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)