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Journal Articles

Effect of uranium deficiency on normal and superconducting properties in unconventional superconductor UTe$$_2$$

Haga, Yoshinori; Opletal, P.; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Sakai, Hironori

Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 34(17), p.175601_1 - 175601_7, 2022/04

Journal Articles

Slow electronic dynamics in the paramagnetic state of UTe$$_2$$

Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Haga, Yoshinori; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Opletal, P.; Fujibayashi, Hiroyuki*; Kinjo, Katsuki*; Kitagawa, Shunsaku*; Ishida, Kenji*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(2), p.023707_1 - 023707_5, 2022/02

$$^{125}$$Te NMR experiments in field ($$H$$) applied along the easy magnetization axis (the $$a$$-axis) revealed slow electronic dynamics developing in the paramagnetic state of UTe$$_2$$. The observed slow fluctuations are concerned with a successive growth of long-range electronic correlations below 30$$-$$40 K, where the spin susceptibility along the hard magnetization axis (the $$b$$-axis) shows a broad maximum. The experiments also imply that tiny amounts of disorder or defects locally disturb the long-range electronic correlations and develop an inhomogeneous electronic state at low temperatures, leading to a low temperature upturn observed in the bulk-susceptibility in $$H|a$$. We suggest that UTe$$_2$$ would be located on the paramagnetic side near an electronic phase boundary, where either the magnetic or Fermi-surface instability would be the origin of the characteristic fluctuations.

Journal Articles

Nanoscale heterogeneity induced by nonmagnetic Zn dopants in the quantum critical metal CeCoIn$$_5$$; $$^{115}$$In NQR/NMR and $$^{59}$$Co NMR study

Sakai, Hironori; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Zhu, J.-X.*; Ronning, F.*; Thompson, J. D.*; Ramakrishna, S. K.*; Reyes, A. P.*; Suzuki, Kohei*; Oshima, Yoshiki*; et al.

Physical Review B, 104(8), p.085106_1 - 085106_12, 2021/08

Antiferromagnetism in a prototypical quantum critical metal CeCoIn$$_5$$ is known to be induced by slight substitutions of non-magnetic Zn atoms for In. In nominally 7% Zn substituted CeCoIn$$_5$$, an antiferromagnetic (AFM) state coexists with heavy fermion superconductivity. Heterogeneity of the electronic states is investigated in Zn doped CeCoIn$$_5$$ by means of nuclear quadrupole and magnetic resonances (NQR and NMR). Site-dependent NQR relaxation rates $$1/T_1$$ indicate that the AFM state is locally nucleated around Zn substituents in the matrix of a heavy fermion state, and percolates through the bulk at the AFM transition temperature $$T_{rm N}$$. At lower temperatures, an anisotropic superconducting (SC) gap below the SC transition temperature $$T_{rm c}$$, and the SC state permeates through the AFM regions via a SC proximity effect. Applying an external magnetic field induces a spin-flop transition near 5 T, reducing the volume of the AFM regions. Consequently, a short ranged inhomogeneous AFM state survives and coexists with a paramagnetic Fermi liquid state at high fields.

Journal Articles

Universal scaling behavior under pressure in the heavy-fermion antiferromagnet CeRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$; $$^{29}$$Si NMR study

Sakai, Hironori; Matsumoto, Yuji*; Haga, Yoshinori; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku

Physical Review B, 103(8), p.085114_1 - 085114_8, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The microscopic origin of a magnetic phase diagram under pressure in a heavy fermion antiferromagnet CeRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ was investigated using the $$^{29}$$Si nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique. We investigated the temperature and pressure dependencies of $$q$$-independent local fluctuations caused by the single-site Kondo effect. A universal scaling behavior observed on the energy scale of the local fluctuations in an entire pressure region demonstrates that a characteristic energy scale $$T_0$$ of Kondo interactions monotonically increases by applying pressure without a critical anomaly around the quantum critical pressure $$P_{rm c}$$ of antiferromagnetism. Our NMR result agrees with the Doniach picture of the heavy-fermion phase diagram, where the progressive delocalization of the $$f$$-electrons occurs across $$P_{rm c}$$, accompanied by the development of antiferromagnetic correlations among the $$f$$-electrons.

Journal Articles

The Cutting edge of nuclear science

Orlandi, R.; Hirose, Kentaro; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Ieda, Junichi; Kambe, Shinsaku; Ishikawa, Norito

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 62(5), p.280 - 284, 2020/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

$$^{33}$$S nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of uranium disulfide $$beta$$-US$$_2$$

Sakai, Hironori; Tokunaga, Yo; Haga, Yoshinori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Ramakrishna, S. K.*; Reyes, A. P.*; Rosa, P. F. S.*; Ronning, F.*; Thompson, J. D.*; Fisk, Z.*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011169_1 - 011169_6, 2020/03

Uranium disulfide $$beta$$-US$$_2$$ showing a semimetal-to-semiconductor crossover has been investigated by the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique for $$^{33}$$S nuclei with the nuclear spin of $$I=3/2$$. Since the natural concentration 0.76% of NMR active $$^{33}$$S nuclei is too dilute, the isotopic enrichment to $$sim$$50% has been carried out for the single crystal growth. The $$^{33}$$S NMR spectra have been successfully obtained using a single crystal of $$beta$$-US$$_2$$ with external fields along the crystallographic $$c$$ axis. The S sites assignments have been made based on these NMR spectra.

Journal Articles

$$^{125}$$Te-NMR study on a single crystal of heavy fermion superconductor UTe$$_2$$

Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Hattori, Taisuke; Higa, Nonoka; Nakamine, Genki*; Kitagawa, Shunsaku*; Ishida, Kenji*; Nakamura, Ai*; Shimizu, Yusei*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(7), p.073701_1 - 073701_4, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:95.25(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report $$^{125}$$Te-NMR studies on a newly discovered heavy fermion superconductor UTe$$_2$$. Using a single crystal, we have measured the $$^{125}$$Te-NMR Knight shift $$K$$ and spin-lattice relaxation rate $$1/T_1$$ for fields along the three orthorhombic crystal axes. The data confirm a moderate Ising anisotropy for both the static ($$K$$) and dynamical susceptibilities ($$1/T_1$$) in the paramagnetic state above about 20 K. Around 20 K, however, we have observed a sudden loss of NMR spin-echo signal due to sudden enhancement of the NMR spin-spin relaxation rate $$1/T_2$$, when the field is applied along the easy axis of magnetization (=$$a$$ axis). This behavior suggests the development of longitudinal magnetic fluctuations along the $$a$$ axis at very low frequencies below 20 K.

Journal Articles

High-field phase diagram of the heavy-fermion metal CeIn$$_3$$; Pulsed-field NMR study on single crystals up to 56 T

Tokunaga, Yo; Orlova, A.*; Bruyant, N.*; Aoki, Dai*; Mayaffre, H.*; Kr$"a$mer, S.*; Julien, M.-H.*; Berthier, C.*; Horvati$'c$, M.*; Higa, Nonoka; et al.

Physical Review B, 99(8), p.085142_1 - 085142_5, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:33.95(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The heavy-fermion antiferromagnet CeIn$$_3$$ exhibits a field-induced anomaly associated with Fermi surface reconstruction at $$H^*sim$$ 45 T, well below the antiferromagnetic (AFM) critical field that exceeds 60 T. In order to explore the origin of this anomaly, we have measured $$^{115}$$In NMR spectra in pulsed magnetic fields up to 56 T using high-quality single crystals. To within experimental resolution, we do not detect any change in the NMR spectra that could suggest a modification in either the character of the hyperfine field or the electric field gradient at In sites through $$H^*$$. This strongly suggests that the 45 T anomaly cannot be simply ascribed to a field-induced change in the magnetic structure of the AFM state.

Journal Articles

Occupation sites and valence states of Co dopants in (La, Co)-codoped M-type Sr ferrite; $$^{57}$$Fe and $$^{59}$$Co nuclear magnetic resonance studies

Sakai, Hironori; Hattori, Taisuke; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Ueda, Hiroaki*; Tanioku, Yasuaki*; Michioka, Chishiro*; Yoshimura, Kazuyoshi*; Takao, Kenta*; Shimoda, Aiko*; et al.

Physical Review B, 98(6), p.064403_1 - 064403_10, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:45.58(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To specify preferential occupation sites of Co substituents and to clarify charge and spin states of Co ions in (La, Co)-cosubstituted hexagonal magnetoplumbite-type (M-type) Sr ferrite, $$^{57}$$Fe and $$^{59}$$Co nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra are measured under zero and external magnetic fields using powdered and single crystalline specimens. To a considerable degree, the charge compensation between La$$^{3+}$$ and Co$$^{2+}$$ works in the equal (La, Co)-codoped case, where more than half of the Co ions are considered to be present in the minority spin $$4f_1$$ sites at the center of the oxygen tetrahedra, with the $$S$$ = 3/2 state carrying a small orbital moment owing to spin-orbit interaction. The remaining small number of high-spin Co$$^{2+}$$ ($$S$$ = 3/2, $$L$$ = 1) ions with unquenched orbital moments would be distributed to the other octahedral $$12k$$, $$2a$$, and $$4f_2$$ sites.

Journal Articles

NMR study of actinide compounds; Case of actinide dioxides

Kambe, Shinsaku

Radioisotopes, 67(8), p.389 - 401, 2018/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Easy-plane XY spin fluctuations in the cycloidal magnet UPtGe studied via field orientation-dependent $$^{195}$$Pt NMR

Tokunaga, Yo; Nakamura, Ai*; Aoki, Dai*; Shimizu, Yusei*; Homma, Yoshiya*; Honda, Fuminori*; Sakai, Hironori; Hattori, Taisuke; Kambe, Shinsaku

Physical Review B, 98(1), p.014425_1 - 014425_5, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:8.26(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

$$^{195}$$Pt NMR measurements have been performed on a single crystal of the uranium-based compound UPtGe, which is the only 5f system known to possess an incommensurate helical (cycloidal) structure below TN = 50 K. Knight shift measurement confirmed the isotropic character of the static spin susceptibilities in hexagonal-like ac crystal planes of the EuAuGe-type crystal structure. The hyperfine coupling constants were also found to be isotropic in the planes. Nuclear relaxation rate measurement revealed the development of the antiferro-magnetic spin fluctuations with XY character confined to the hexagonal-like plane below 200 K. The results present a clear contrast to the Ising anisotropy of the fluctuations in ferromagnetic superconductors UCoGe and URhGe.

Journal Articles

Magnetic field induced phenomena in UIrGe in fields applied along the $$b$$ axis

Posp$'i$$v{s}$il, J.*; Haga, Yoshinori; Kohama, Yoshimitsu*; Miyake, Atsushi*; Kambe, Shinsaku; Tateiwa, Naoyuki; Vali$v{s}$ka, M.*; Proschek, P.*; Prokle$v{s}$ka, J.*; Sechovsk$'y$, V.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 98(1), p.014430_1 - 014430_7, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:63.24(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Odd-parity electronic multipolar ordering in URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$; Conclusions from Si and Ru NMR measurements

Kambe, Shinsaku; Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Hattori, Taisuke; Higa, Nonoka; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; Haga, Yoshinori; Walstedt, R. E.*; Harima, Hisatomo*

Physical Review B, 97(23), p.235142_1 - 235142_10, 2018/06


 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:77.41(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Ruderman-Kittel interaction between Si in URu$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$

Kambe, Shinsaku; Hattori, Taisuke; Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; Haga, Yoshinori; Walstedt, R. E.*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 969(1), p.012033_1 - 012033_6, 2018/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:64.34

High quality URu$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$ enriched in $$^{29}$$Si isotope, which is an NMR nucleus, by 52% was prepared. Since the natural abundance ratio of $$^{29}$$Si isotope is about 4%, the accumulated measurement time can be shortened to about one hundredth by this concentration. Results of the Si-NMR linewidth of hidden ordered phase using this single crystal sample have already been reported. In this report, we will report more detailed analysis on the magnetic field, temperature and angle of this line width We also discuss the possibility of distribution of magnetic susceptibility in two-fold symmetry by RKKY model.

Journal Articles

Evidence for spin singlet pairing with strong uniaxial anisotropy in URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ using nuclear magnetic resonance

Hattori, Taisuke; Sakai, Hironori; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; Haga, Yoshinori

Physical Review Letters, 120(2), p.027001_1 - 027001_5, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:72.43(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Anisotropy of spin fluctuations in a tetragonal heavy fermion antiferromagnet CeRhAl$$_4$$Si$$_2$$

Sakai, Hironori; Hattori, Taisuke; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Ghimire, N. J.*; Ronning, F.*; Bauer, E. D.*; Thompson, J. D.*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 868(1), p.012012_1 - 012012_5, 2017/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:57.57

$$^{27}$$Al NMR experiments have been performed using a single crystal of CeRhAl$$_4$$Si$$_2$$. In the paramagnetic state, Knight shifts, quadrupolar frequency, and asymmetric parameter of electrical field gradient on the Al sites have been determined, which has a local orthorhombic symmetry. The transferred hyperfine coupling constants are also determined. The relaxation rates suggest that 4$$f$$ electrons behave as local moments in the high temperatures. From the NMR spectral analyses, the antiferromagnetic structures are discussed.

Journal Articles

Nature of distributed two-fold ordering in URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

Kambe, Shinsaku; Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Hattori, Taisuke; Walstedt, R. E.*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 868(1), p.012003_1 - 012003_7, 2017/07


 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.04

In the hidden-ordered state of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$, a modest breaking of the fourfold symmetry was suggested in previous $$^{29}$$Si NMR basal-plane field rotation measurements. Based on the detail analysis of $$^{29}$$Si NMR linewidth, the occurrence of a distribution of twofold local fields at the Si sites is suggested even in a high-quality single crystal. A possible picture for the distributed two-fold ordering will be discussed.

Journal Articles

$$T$$ dependence of nuclear spin-echo decay at low temperatures in YbRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

Kambe, Shinsaku; Sakai, Hironori; Tokunaga, Yo; Hattori, Taisuke; Lapertot, G.*; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; Knebel, G.*; Flouquet, J.*; Walstedt, R. E.*

Physical Review B, 95(19), p.195121_1 - 195121_8, 2017/05


 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:23.04(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The authors report $$^{29}$$Si nuclear spin-echo oscillations and decay measurements on a single crystal of YbRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$. These quantities are found to be $$T$$ independent from 300 K down to $$sim$$20 K, showing, however, a strong $$T$$ dependence below 20 K. These results indicate that electronic states near the Fermi level are modified at low temperatures. The observed spin-echo oscillations can be interpreted with the Ruderman-Kittel and pseudo-dipolar interactions between nearest-neighbor Si nuclei driven by conduction electron scattering at the Fermi surface. Possible modifications to the Fermi surface at low temperatures are discussed.

Journal Articles

Local moments in the heterogeneous electronic state of Cd-substituted CeCoIn$$_5$$; NQR relaxation rates

Sakai, Hironori; Ronning, F.*; Hattori, Takanori; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Zhu, J.-X.*; Wakeham, N.*; Yasuoka, Hiroshi; Bauer, E. D.*; Thompson, J. D.*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 807(3), p.032001_1 - 032001_6, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:41.97

We have used nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) to probe microscopically the response of a prototypical quantum critical metal CeCoIn$$_5$$ to substitutions of small amounts of Cd for In. Approximately half of the Cd substituents induce local Ce moments in their close proximity, as observed by site-dependent longitudinal nuclear spin relaxation rates $$1/T_1$$. To reaffirm that localized $$f$$ moments are induced around the Cd substituents, we find a Gaussian spin-echo decay rate $$1/T_{rm 2G}$$ of transverse nuclear spin relaxation. Further, $$T_1T/T_{rm 2G}^2$$ for the NQR subpeak is found to be proportional to temperatures, again indicating local moments fluctuations around the Cd substituents, while that for the NQR main peak shows a $$T^{0.7}$$-dependence. The latter temperature dependence is close to 0.75 in pure CeCoIn$$_5$$ and indicates that the bulk electronic state is located close to a two dimensional quantum critical instability.

Journal Articles

Effect of pressure on magnetism of UIrGe

Pospisil, J.; Gochi, Jun*; Haga, Yoshinori; Honda, Fuminori*; Uwatoko, Yoshiya*; Tateiwa, Naoyuki; Kambe, Shinsaku; Nagasaki, Shoko*; Homma, Yoshiya*; Yamamoto, Etsuji

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 86(4), p.044709_1 - 044709_6, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:59.82(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

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