Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 30

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

Distribution, dynamics, and fate of radiocesium derived from FDNPP accident in the ocean

Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*; Kamidaira, Yuki; Ikenoue, Tsubasa; Kawamura, Hideyuki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(4), p.409 - 423, 2022/04

After the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP), many oceanographic observations were carried out from various perspectives. Numerical simulations were also effectively applied to understand the distribution of radionunclides. By integrating these results, the dynamics of the accident-derived radionuclides in the ocean were highlighted. The transport processes of the accident-derived radionuclides to the ocean include (1) direct discharge to the ocean, (2) deposition in the ocean via the atmosphere, and (3) inflow from rivers after deposition to the land surface. In the case of $$^{137}$$Cs, one of major accident-derived radionuclides, most of the supply to the ocean immediately after the accident (8-21 PBq) was estimated to be due to processes (1) and (2). The amount of $$^{137}$$Cs accumulated on the seafloor is only about 1% (0.2PBq) of the amount carried to the ocean, but it remains in the sediments in the coastal area for a long period of time and gradually migrates to the seawater and ecosystems near the seafloor.

Journal Articles

A Storm-induced flood and associated nearshore dispersal of the river-derived suspended $$^{137}$$Cs

Uchiyama, Yusuke*; Tokunaga, Natsuki*; Azuma, Kohei*; Kamidaira, Yuki; Tsumune, Daisuke*; Iwasaki, Toshiki*; Yamada, Masatoshi*; Tateda, Yutaka*; Ishimaru, Takashi*; Ito, Yukari*; et al.

Science of the Total Environment, 816, p.151573_1 - 151573_13, 2022/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Modeling study on the oceanic dispersion and sedimentation of radionuclides off the coast of Fukushima

Kamidaira, Yuki; Uchiyama, Yusuke*; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kobayashi, Takuya; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 238-239, p.106724_1 - 106724_16, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Environmental Sciences)

A three-dimensional oceanic dispersion model considering the migration of radionuclides between seawater and sediments was developed. The migration mechanism of dissolved Cs-137 originating from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident to sediments was investigated. The comparison between the model and the observed data showed that the model can adequately reproduce the ocean structure and the concentration of Cs-137 in seawater and sediments. Cs-137 distribution in the sediment off the Fukushima coast was formed mainly owing to adsorption from the dissolved phase by June 2011, when the impact of the direct oceanic Cs-137 release from FNPP1 was remarkable.

Journal Articles

Identification of coral spawn source areas around Sekisei Lagoon for recovery and poleward habitat migration by using a particle-tracking model

Takeda, Naoya*; Kashima, Motohiko*; Odani, Sachika*; Uchiyama, Yusuke*; Kamidaira, Yuki; Mitarai, Satoshi*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.6963_1 - 6963_10, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

A massive coral bleaching event occurred in 2016 in the interior of Japan's largest coral lagoon, the Sekisei Lagoon, located in the Kuroshio upstream region in southwestern Japan. Recovery of the coral lagoon will require the influx of coral spawn and larvae; therefore, it is important to identify and conserve source sites. A surface particle tracking simulation of coral spawn and larvae was used to identify source areas in the exterior Sekisei Lagoon for restoration of the interior lagoon. The northern coastal zone of Iriomote Island, including Hatoma Island, was identified as a major source area. Hatoma Island was also identified as a key source for the Kuroshio downstream region, making it one of the most important source areas in the Nansei Archipelago.

Journal Articles

Development of Short-Term Emergency Assessment system of Marine Environmental Radioactivity

Kobayashi, Takuya; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kamidaira, Yuki

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 62(11), p.635 - 639, 2020/11

It is important to predict the dispersion of radioactive materials released into the ocean due to nuclear accidents in the surrounding ocean of the east Asian countries. The Japan Atomic Energy Agency developed a Short-Term Emergency Assessment system of Marine Environmental Radioactivity (STEAMER) based on an oceanic dispersion model. STEAMER quickly predicts the oceanic dispersion of radioactive materials in the surrounding ocean of the east Asian countries using the online prediction data of oceanic condition. We validated the predictability of the oceanic dispersion and demonstrated the improvement of the predictability using an ensemble prediction method. Moreover, we developed a high resolution model in the coastal region using a Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS).

Journal Articles

Predictability of a short-term emergency assessment system of the marine environmental radioactivity

Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kamidaira, Yuki; Kobayashi, Takuya

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(4), p.472 - 485, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency developed a Short-Term Emergency Assessment system of the Marine Environmental Radioactivity (STEAMER) to predict the oceanic dispersion of radionuclides in the ocean around Japan. The purpose of this study is to validate the predictability of STEAMER using oceanographic forecast and reanalysis data, which were saved for past several years. Results of oceanic dispersion simulations that are driven by oceanographic reanalysis data are assumed to be true solutions. Oceanic dispersion simulations are conducted for Cs-137 released hypothetically from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. The predictability of STEAMER is quantitatively examined for the length of the forecast period. Ensemble forecast simulations are also conducted to successfully improve the predictability of STEAMER.

Journal Articles

Development of regional downscaling capability in STEAMER ocean prediction system based on multi-nested ROMS model

Kamidaira, Yuki; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kobayashi, Takuya; Uchiyama, Yusuke*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(8), p.752 - 763, 2019/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:23.13(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Oceanic regional downscaling capability was implemented into Short-Term Emergency Assessment system of Marine Environmental Radioactivity (STEAMER) developed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency to enable us to predict more realistically the oceanic dispersion of radionuclides at higher spatiotemporal resolutions for broader applications. The system consisted of a double-nested oceanic downscaling circulation model with tidal forcing and an oceanic radionuclide dispersion model. This system was used to comparatively examine downscaling and tidal effects on the dispersion of radionuclides hypothetically released from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in the colder season. The simulated dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs distribution was different from that obtained using coarser-resolution models because downscaling enhanced both horizontal and vertical mixing. The suppression of horizontal mixing and the promotion of vertical mixing by tidal forcing synergistically reduced offshore $$^{137}$$Cs transport. In addition, the submesoscale effects strengthened the three-dimensional $$^{137}$$Cs fluctuations by $$<$$10 times, while the tidal effects promoted slightly increased the intensity of three-dimensional $$^{137}$$Cs fluctuations by approximately 3%. This indicated that the submesoscale effects substantially surpassed tidal forcing in oceanic mixing in the coastal margin off Fukushima in the colder season.

Journal Articles

Fukushima $$^{137}$$Cs releases dispersion modelling over the Pacific Ocean; Comparisons of models with water, sediment and biota data

Peri$'a$$~n$ez, R.*; Bezhenar, R.*; Brovchenko, I.*; Jung, K. T.*; Kamidaira, Yuki; Kim, K. O.*; Kobayashi, Takuya; Liptak, L.*; Maderich, V.*; Min, B. I.*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 198, p.50 - 63, 2019/03

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:66.73(Environmental Sciences)

A number of marine radionuclide dispersion models were applied to simulate $$^{137}$$Cs releases from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in 2011 over the northwest Pacific. Simulations extended over two years and both direct releases into the ocean and deposition of atmospheric releases on the ocean surface were considered. Dispersion models included an embedded biological uptake model (BUM). Three types of BUMs were used: equilibrium, dynamic and allometric. Model results were compared with $$^{137}$$Cs measurements in water, sediment and biota. A reasonable agreement in model/model and model/data comparisons was obtained.

JAEA Reports

Submesoscale eddy mixing in coastal and shelf seas (Thesis)

Kamidaira, Yuki

JAEA-Review 2018-021, 79 Pages, 2018/12

JAEA-Review-2018-021.pdf:6.33MB

Japan has vast marine environment. Therefore, the marine environmental assessment to grasp oceanic structure of shelf and coastal area in the vicinity is important from various viewpoints, such as marine and seafloor resources, national defense, and disaster prevention for Japan. For instance, preserving the coral coasts around the Ryukyu Islands, and assessing marine pollution due the raidionuclides released form the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant are urgent matters for Japan. In the present study, submesoscale-eddy-resolving numerical experiments using Regional Oceanic Modeling System (ROMS) were conducted for areas around the Ryukyu Islands and the northeast Pacific coast of Japan to investigate the applicability of the high-resolution model to the marine assessment system. In addition, we considered improving the Short-Term Emergency Assessment system of Marine Environmental Radioactivity (STEAMER) to reproduce more realistic oceanic dispersal of radionuclide by introducing multiple-nested downscaling ocean modeling system using the ROMS. Extensive model-data comparison demonstrated that the submsoscale eddy-resolving models, with a lateral grid resolution of 1km, could successfully reproduce the synoptic and mesoscale oceanic structures. According to the eddy heat flux analysis and energy conversion analysis relevant to the eddy-generation mechanisms revealed that both of shear instability and baroclinic instability enhanced the three-dimensional mixing of tracers induced by submesoscale eddy. These results suggested that the multiple-nested, high resolution, downscaling ocean modeling has important role to develop the accurate marine environmental assessment system.

Journal Articles

Influences of the Kuroshio on interisland remote connectivity of corals across the Nansei Archipelago in the East China Sea

Uchiyama, Yusuke*; Odani, Sachika*; Kashima, Motohiko*; Kamidaira, Yuki; Mitarai, Satoshi*

Journal of Geophysical Research; Oceans (Internet), 123(12), p.9245 - 9265, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:37.33(Oceanography)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Biological network around Okinawa Island analyzed with a coupled high-resolution ocean circulation and lagrangian particle tracking model

Uchiyama, Yusuke*; Miyagawa, Tsubasa*; Odani, Sachika*; Kamidaira, Yuki; Odani, Sachika*

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, B2 (Kaigan Kogaku) (Internet), 74(2), p.I_1291 - I_1296, 2018/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Submesoscale mixing on initial dilution of radionuclides released from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Kamidaira, Yuki; Uchiyama, Yusuke*; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kobayashi, Takuya; Furuno, Akiko

Journal of Geophysical Research; Oceans (Internet), 123(4), p.2808 - 2828, 2018/04

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:79.61(Oceanography)

We developed a submesoscale eddy-resolving oceanic dispersal modeling system consisting of a double nested oceanic downscaling model and an offline oceanic radionuclides dispersion model to investigate influences of submesoscale coherent structures (SCSs) and associated ageostrophic secondary circulations (ASCs) on the three-dimensional (3D) dispersal and initial dilution of the dissolved radioactive $$^{137}$$Cs accidentally released from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP1) occurred since March 2011. The extensive model-data comparison demonstrates that the elaborated innermost high-resolution model at a lateral grid resolution of 1 km successfully reproduces transient mesoscale oceanic structures, the Kuroshio path and stratification, and spatiotemporal variations of 3D $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations. These SCSs and ASCs occurred primarily due to shear instability with baroclinic instability as the secondary mechanism, according to energy conversion and spectral analyses. The vertical $$^{137}$$Cs flux analysis was performed with decomposition of the variables into the mean, mesoscale, and submesoscale components using frequency and wavenumber filters. The vertical $$^{137}$$Cs flux analysis explained that 84% of the FNPP1-derived $$^{137}$$Cs was transported downward below the mixed layer by eddies, with the major contributions from ASCs induced by submesoscale eddies.

Journal Articles

Inventory analysis of suspended radiocesium derived from Niida River during a typhoon-induced flood event

Uchiyama, Yusuke*; Azuma, Kohei*; Odani, Sachika*; Iwasaki, Toshiki*; Tsumune, Daisuke*; Kamidaira, Yuki; Shimizu, Yasuyuki*; Onda, Yuichi*

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, B2 (Kaigan Kogaku) (Internet), 73(2), p.I_685 - I_690, 2017/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Influence of the Kuroshio on dispersal of coral spawn and larvae around Ryukyu Islands

Odani, Sachika*; Uchiyama, Yusuke*; Kashima, Motohiko*; Kamidaira, Yuki; Mitarai, Satoshi*

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, B2 (Kaigan Kogaku) (Internet), 73(2), p.I_1315 - I_1320, 2017/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Eddy-induced transport of the Kuroshio warm water around the Ryukyu Islands in the East China Sea

Kamidaira, Yuki; Uchiyama, Yusuke*; Mitarai, Satoshi*

Continental Shelf Research, 143, p.206 - 218, 2017/07

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:82.2(Oceanography)

In this study, an oceanic downscaling model in a double-nested configuration was used to investigate the role played by the Kuroshio warm current in preserving and maintaining biological diversity in the coral coasts around the Ryukyu Islands (Japan). A comparison of the modeled data demonstrated that the innermost submesoscale eddy-resolving model successfully reproduced the synoptic and mesoscale oceanic structures even without data assimilation. The Kuroshio flows on the shelf break of the East China Sea approximately 150-200 km from the islands; therefore, eddy-induced transient processes are essential to the lateral transport of material within the strip between the Kuroshio and the islands. The model indicated an evident predominance of submesoscale anticyclonic eddies over cyclonic eddies near the surface of this strip. An energy conversion analysis relevant to the eddy-generation mechanisms revealed that a combination of both the shear instability due to the Kuroshio and the topography and baroclinic instability around the Kuroshio front jointly provoke these near-surface anticyclonic eddies, as well as the subsurface cyclonic eddies that are shed around the shelf break. Both surface and subsurface eddies fit within the submesoscale, and they are energized more as the grid resolution of the model is increased. An eddy heat flux (EHF) analysis was performed with decomposition into the divergent (dEHF) and rotational (rEHF) components. The rEHF vectors appeared along the temperature variance contours by following the Kuroshio, whereas the dEHF properly measured the transverse transport normal to the Kuroshio's path. The diagnostic EHF analysis demonstrated that an asymmetric dEHF occurs within the surface mixed layer, which promotes eastward transport toward the islands. Conversely, below the mixed layer, a negative dEHF tongue is formed that promotes the subsurface westward warm water transport.

Journal Articles

Development of a short-term emergency assessment system of the marine environmental radioactivity around Japan

Kobayashi, Takuya; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Fujii, Katsuji*; Kamidaira, Yuki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(5), p.609 - 616, 2017/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:70.7(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency has, for many years, been developing a radionuclide dispersion model for the ocean, and has validated the model through application in many sea areas using oceanic flow fields calculated by the ocean model. The Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station accident caused marine pollution by artificial radioactive materials to the North Pacific, especially to coastal waters northeast of mainland Japan. In order to investigate the migration of radionuclides in the ocean caused by this severe accident, studies using marine dispersion simulations have been carried out by JAEA. Based on these as well as the previous studies, JAEA has developed the Short-Term Emergency Assessment system of Marine Environmental Radioactivity (STEAMER) to immediately predict the radionuclide concentration around Japan in case of a nuclear accident.

Journal Articles

Development of a prediction system for radionuclide dispersion in Fukushima coast

Kamidaira, Yuki; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kobayashi, Takuya; Uchiyama, Yusuke*

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, B2 (Kaigan Kogaku) (Internet), 72(2), p.I_451 - I_456, 2016/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Impact of mesoscale recirculation of the Kuroshio on asymmetric oceanic structure around Okinawa Island

Uchiyama, Yusuke*; Odani, Sachika*; Yamanishi, Takafumi*; Kamidaira, Yuki; Mitarai, Satoshi*

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, B2 (Kaigan Kogaku) (Internet), 72(2), p.I_481 - I_486, 2016/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

An Eddy heat flux analysis on enhancement of submesoscale mixing around the Ryukyu Islands

Kamidaira, Yuki; Uchiyama, Yusuke*; Mitarai, Satoshi*; Nakada, Shohei*

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, B2 (Kaigan Kogaku) (Internet), 71(2), p.I_1219 - I_1224, 2015/11

BB2015-0179.pdf:4.2MB

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Effect of submesoscale eddies on oceanic dispersion of materials in a coastal area off Fukushima analyzed with a downscaling system

Kamidaira, Yuki; Kawamura, Hideyuki

no journal, , 

Recent studies suggested that turbulent mixing by submesoscale eddies is prominent for oceanic dispersion of materials in continental shelves and nearshore areas. A multiple nesting methodology enables us to reproduce submesoscale eddies in order to investigate their effect on surface mixing and associated material transport. In this study, downscaling simulations in a coastal area off Fukushima with a horizontal resolution of 1 km were conducted by using the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). Initial and boundary conditions for oceanic field such as temperature and salinity were given by reanalysis data calculated by an ocean data assimilation system MOVE developed at Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA). A comparison with the satellite altimetry data demonstrated a good agreement with measurement. Analysis of surface normalized relative vorticity suggested that meso- and submeso-scale eddies are enhanced as a horizontal resolution is finer. In addition, we simulated oceanic dispersion of Fukushima tracer to investigate the effect of submesoscale eddies on transport of Fukushima-derived radioactive materials. It was demonstrated that movement of Fukushima tracer in the coastal area depends on horizontal resolution, which suggests an importance of submesoscale eddies to evaluate oceanic pollution associated with the Fukushima disaster.

30 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)