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Journal Articles

Study on eutectic melting behavior of control rod materials in core disruptive accidents of sodium-cooled fast reactors, 1; Project overview

Yamano, Hidemasa; Takai, Toshihide; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Kikuchi, Shin; Emura, Yuki; Kamiyama, Kenji; Fukuyama, Hiroyuki*; Higashi, Hideo*; Nishi, Tsuyoshi*; Ota, Hiromichi*; et al.

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference / Light Water Reactor Fuel Performance Conference (Global/Top Fuel 2019) (USB Flash Drive), p.418 - 427, 2019/09

Eutectic reactions between boron carbide (B$$_{4}$$C) and stainless steel (SS) as well as its relocation are one of the key issues in a core disruptive accident (CDA) evaluation in sodium-cooled fast reactors. Since such behaviors have never been simulated in CDA numerical analyses, it is necessary to develop a physical model and incorporate the model into the CDA analysis code. This study is focusing on B$$_{4}$$C-SS eutectic melting experiments, thermophysical property measurement of the eutectic melt, and physical model development for the eutectic melting reaction. The eutectic experiments involve the visualization experiments, eutectic reaction rate experiments and material analyses. The thermophysical properties are measured in the range from solid to liquid state. The physical model is developed for a severe accident computer code based on the measured data of the eutectic reaction rate and the physical properties. This paper describes the project overview and progress of experimental and analytical studies by 2017. Specific results in this paper is boron concentration distributions of solidified B$$_{4}$$C-SS eutectic sample in the eutectic melting experiments, which would be used for the validation of the eutectic physical model implemented into the computer code.

Journal Articles

Misassigned neutron resonances of $$^{142}$$Nd and stellar neutron capture cross sections

Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Matsuhashi, Taihei*; Terada, Kazushi; Igashira, Masayuki*; Mizumoto, Motoharu*; Hirose, Kentaro; Kimura, Atsushi; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Hara, Kaoru*; Harada, Hideo; et al.

Physical Review C, 91(3), p.037603_1 - 037603_5, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:76.19(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Measurements of neutron capture cross sections of $$^{112}$$Sn and $$^{118}$$Sn with J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

Kimura, Atsushi; Hirose, Kentaro; Nakamura, Shoji; Harada, Hideo; Hara, Kaoru; Hori, Junichi*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Kino, Koichi*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.150 - 153, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:66.45(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Cross section measurements of the radioactive $$^{107}$$Pd and stable $$^{105,108}$$Pd nuclei at J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

Nakamura, Shoji; Kimura, Atsushi; Kitatani, Fumito; Ota, Masayuki; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Goko, Shinji*; Hara, Kaoru; Harada, Hideo; Hirose, Kentaro; Kin, Tadahiro*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.143 - 146, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:47.77(Physics, Nuclear)

We have started the measurements of the neutron-capture cross sections for stable $$^{105,108}$$Pd nuclei as well as the radioactive $$^{107}$$Pd. The neutron-capture cross-section measurements by the time-of flight method were performed using an apparatus called "Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction measurement Instrument (ANNRI)" installed at the neutron Beam Line No.4 of the Materials and Life science experimental Facility (MLF) in the J-PARC. The neutron-capture cross sections of $$^{107}$$Pd and $$^{105,108}$$Pd have been measured in the neutron energy range from thermal to 300 eV. Some new information was obtained for resonances of these Pd nuclei.

Journal Articles

Measurements of capture $$gamma$$ rays from the neutron resonances of $$^{74}$$Se and $$^{77}$$Se at the J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

Hori, Junichi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Nakamura, Shoji; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hara, Kaoru; Harada, Hideo; Hirose, Kentaro; Kimura, Atsushi; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.128 - 131, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:66.45(Physics, Nuclear)

In this work, we measured the capture $$gamma$$ rays from the neutron resonances of $$^{74}$$Se and $$^{77}$$Se. A neutron time-of-flight method was adopted for the measurements with a 4$$pi$$ Ge spectrometer installed at the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction measurement Instrument (ANNRI) in the J-PARC Material and Life science experimental Facility (MLF). The $$gamma$$-ray pulse-height spectra corresponding to the 27-eV resonance of $$^{74}$$Se and the 113-, 212-, 291-, 342-, 690- and 864-eV resonances of $$^{77}$$Se were obtained by gating on the TOF regions, respectively. The relative intensities of those primary transitions were derived and compared with the previous experimental data. For the 27-eV resonance of $$^{74}$$Se, a strong primary transition to the 293-keV state was observed. As for $$^{77}$$Se, the quite differences of the decay pattern were found between the resonances.

Journal Articles

Cross section measurement of $$^{237}$$Np$$(n,gamma)$$ at J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

Hirose, Kentaro; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hara, Kaoru; Harada, Hideo; Hori, Junichi*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Kimura, Atsushi; Kin, Tadahiro*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.48 - 51, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.73(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Bipartite magnetic parent phases in the iron oxypnictide superconductor

Hiraishi, Masatoshi*; Iimura, Soshi*; Kojima, Kenji*; Yamaura, Junichi*; Hiraka, Haruhiro*; Ikeda, Kazutaka*; Miao, P.*; Ishikawa, Yoshihisa*; Torii, Shuki*; Miyazaki, Masanori*; et al.

Nature Physics, 10(4), p.300 - 303, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:76 Percentile:3.71(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Energy resolution of pulsed neutron beam provided by the ANNRI beamline at the J-PARC/MLF

Kino, Koichi*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Hiraga, Fujio*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Goko, Shinji*; Hara, Kaoru; Harada, Hideo; Harada, Masahide; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 736, p.66 - 74, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:12.93(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Cross section measurement of $$^{117}$$Sn$$(n,gamma)$$ using ANNRI-NaI(Tl) spectrometer at J-PARC

Hirose, Kentaro; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hara, Kaoru; Harada, Hideo; Kimura, Atsushi; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Nakamura, Shoji; Oshima, Masumi; Toh, Yosuke; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2013-002, p.173 - 178, 2013/10

Journal Articles

Cross-section measurement of $$^{237}$$Np$$(n,gamma)$$ from 10 meV to 1 keV at Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Hirose, Kentaro; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hara, Kaoru; Harada, Hideo; Kimura, Atsushi; Kin, Tadahiro*; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Nakamura, Shoji; Oshima, Masumi; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 50(2), p.188 - 200, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:8.43(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The cross section of the $$^{237}$$Np$$(n,gamma)$$ reaction has been measured in the energy range from 10 meV to $$1$$ keV using the ANNRI-NaI detector at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The cross section was obtained relative to that of the $$^{10}$$B$$(n,alpha)$$ reaction. The absolute value of the cross section was deduced by normalizing the relative cross section to the JENDL-4.0 evaluation at the first resonance. The thermal cross section was obtained to be (176.7$$pm$$4.7)b. The Maxwellian-averaged cross section for $$kT$$ = 25.3 meV was derived as (174.6$$pm$$5.1)b by referring the cross section from JENDL-4.0 below 10 meV. These results lead to the Westcott's $$g$$-factor of 0.988$$pm$$0.010.

Journal Articles

Neutron-capture cross-sections of $$^{244}$$Cm and $$^{246}$$Cm measured with an array of large germanium detectors in the ANNRI at J-PARC/MLF

Kimura, Atsushi; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Fukutani, Satoshi*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Goko, Shinji*; Hara, Kaoru; Harada, Hideo; Hirose, Kentaro; Hori, Junichi*; Igashira, Masayuki*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 49(7-8), p.708 - 724, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:35 Percentile:3.83(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Measurements of neutron capture cross sections at J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI, 2

Hori, Junichi*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Fukutani, Satoshi*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Goko, Shinji*; Harada, Hideo; Hiraga, Fujio*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2011-002, p.29 - 34, 2011/09

The neutron capture cross sections of $$^{93}$$Zr, $$^{99}$$Tc and $$^{107}$$Pd have been measured relative to the $$^{10}$$B(n,$$alphagamma$$) standard cross section by the neutron time-of-flight (TOF) method. Neutron capture $$gamma$$ rays were measured with a 4$$pi$$ Ge spectrometer as a part of the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction measurement Instrument (ANNRI) installed at the neutron Beam Line No.4 (BL04) of the Material and Life science experimental Facility (MLF) in the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). This paper presents the preliminary results.

Journal Articles

A "4$$pi$$ Ge spectrometer" for measurements of neutron capture cross sections by the time-of-flight method at the J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

Kin, Tadahiro; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Goko, Shinji*; Harada, Hideo; Kimura, Atsushi; Kitatani, Fumito; Nakamura, Shoji; Ota, Masayuki*; Oshima, Masumi; Toh, Yosuke; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.1769 - 1772, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:56.36(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

For the developments of advanced reactors such as fast breeder reactors or accelerator driven systems, nuclear data of minor actinides (MAs) and long-lived fission products (LLFPs) are important. However, these data are insufficient at present in quantity and quality. To overcome/improve such a situation, we have developed a 4$$pi$$ germanium spectrometer to measure neutron capture cross sections of MAs and LLFPs by the time-of-flight (TOF) method. The spectrometer was installed in the MLF in the J-PARC. At the conference, we will report a result of a measurement of the neutron capture cross section for gold by the TOF method to develop an analysis method. The analysis methods will be used for MAs and LLFPs. During the experiment for gold, the accelerator of J-PARC was operated in so called "double-bunch mode". In the mode, protons injected to the Japan Spallation Neutron Source (JSNS) have a time structure. The time structure affects TOF measurements. Mainly the accelerator is operated in the mode, it is important to know the effect. We found dead-time effect can be corrected by using a random-pulse generator. Background components can be removed with results of measurements of a blank sample. The cross section measured was normalized by the value in ENDF B/VII at the thermal energy. Finally, the cross section of gold in the incident neutron energy range from the thermal to 10 keV was obtained. Because the result is in good agreement with ENDF B/VII, we found the analysis method can be applied for experimental data obtained with the spectrometer.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutron-capture cross sections of palladium isotopes at the J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

Nakamura, Shoji; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Goko, Shinji; Harada, Hideo; Kimura, Atsushi; Kin, Tadahiro; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Ota, Masayuki; Oshima, Masumi; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.1773 - 1776, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:56.36(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A series of neutron-capture cross-section measurements using the time-of flight method has been started at the J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI. As a part of the measurements, we have measured the neutron-capture cross-sections of Pd isotopes such as $$^{105,106,108}$$Pd.

Journal Articles

Study of neutron capture reactions using the 4$$pi$$ Ge spectrometer

Harada, Hideo; Goko, Shinji*; Kimura, Atsushi; Ota, Masayuki*; Oshima, Masumi; Kitatani, Fumito; Toh, Yosuke; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Kin, Tadahiro; Koizumi, Mitsuo; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.1547 - 1552, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:51.67(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

For the improvement of the accuracy on the neutron capture cross sections, a 4$$pi$$ Ge spectrometer was developed. The 4$$pi$$ Ge spectrometer is a unique tool due to its superior energy resolution for studying properties on neutron capture reactions, not only capture cross sections but also resonance identification, $$gamma$$-ray intensity distribution, and spin-parity assignment. For example, its performance on the resonance identification was demonstrated using a $$^{rm nat}$$Ag sample. On the measurement of a $$gamma$$-ray intensity distribution for each resonance, the results of $$^{238}$$U will be shown. Using the 4$$pi$$ Ge spectrometer, the measurements of neutron capture cross sections were started at the J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI. The preliminary results on the measurements of neutron capture cross sections will be discussed mainly based on measurements of neutron capture cross sections for $$^{241}$$Am, together with related techniques.

Journal Articles

Measurements of neutron-capture cross sections of $$^{244}$$Cm and $$^{246}$$Cm at J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

Kimura, Atsushi; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Goko, Shinji*; Harada, Hideo; Kin, Tadahiro; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Nakamura, Shoji; Ota, Masayuki*; Oshima, Masumi; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.1828 - 1831, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:77.17(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutron capture $$gamma$$ rays from the resonances of $$^{91}$$Zr and $$^{96}$$Zr at the J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

Hori, Junichi*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Goko, Shinji*; Harada, Hideo; Kimura, Atsushi; Kin, Tadahiro; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Nakamura, Shoji; Ota, Masayuki*; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.1777 - 1780, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:56.36(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The prompt $$gamma$$ rays from the neutron capture reactions by $$^{91}$$Zr and $$^{96}$$Zr were measured. A neutron time-of-flight (TOF) method was adopted with a 4$$pi$$ Ge spectrometer installed at the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction measurement Instrument (ANNRI) in the J-PARC Material and Life science experimental Facility (MLF). The $$gamma$$-ray pulse-height spectra corresponding to the 292-eV resonance of $$^{91}$$Zr and the 301-eV resonance of $$^{96}$$Zr were obtained by gating on the TOF regions, respectively. The relative intensities of those transitions were derived. Moreover, we have demonstrated the nuclide discrimination technique by identifying $$^{91}$$Zr resonances (isotopic composition of 5.3%) in the measurement of $$^{96}$$Zr sample. This technique can be applicable to the neutron capture measurement for a small amount of sample expected in case of long lived fission products (LLFPs) such as $$^{93}$$Zr.

Journal Articles

The "Study on nuclear data by using a high intensity pulsed neutron source for advanced nuclear system" nuclear data project and the characteristics of the neutron beam line for the capture cross section experiments at J-PARC

Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Kino, Koichi*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Hiraga, Fujio*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Kato, Kiyoshi*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Mizumoto, Motoharu*; Oshima, Masumi; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.1781 - 1784, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:34.68(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The project of the comprehensive nuclear data research for the development of the advanced reactor systems had been executed successfully by eight organizations from 2005 to 2009. In this project, we constructed the pulsed neutron beamline that was aimed to obtain neutron capture cross-sections of long-lived fission products and minor actinides accurately. The energy spectra, spatial distributions, and pulses of the beam were studied by measurements and simulation calculations, and they were found to be consistent with those of the beamline design. In this paper, we present the overview of the project and the properties of the neutron beam provided by this beam line.

Journal Articles

Measurement of energy spectra and spatial distributions of neutron beams provided by the ANNRI beamline for capture cross-section measurements at the J-PARC/MLF

Kino, Koichi*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Hiraga, Fujio*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Goko, Shinji*; Harada, Hideo; Harada, Masahide; Kai, Tetsuya; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 626-627, p.58 - 66, 2011/01

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:5.94(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We measured the energy spectra and spatial distributions of the neutron beam of ANNRI beamline at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex / Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (J-PARC/MLF). Our research team designed and built this beamline to measure nuclear data with high precision. The measurements were performed on three types of beams provided by the beamline in the neutron energy range of 1.5 meV to 10 keV. The energy spectra show a typical feature of para-hydrogen moderator, and the absolute intensities almost agree with predictions based on both a simulation calculation of the JSNS (Japan Spallation Neutron Source) and a neutron transmission calculation of the beamline. The available neutron intensities at 21.5 m are 7.5$$times$$10$$^{5}$$, 1.6$$times$$10$$^{4}$$, and 1.1$$times$$10$$^{5}$$ n/cm$$^{2}$$/sec in the energy ranges of 1.5-25 meV, 0.9-1.1 eV, and 0.9-1.1 keV, respectively, under the 17.5 kW JSNS operation. The measured spatial distributions of the beams formed by three different collimators are consistent with those expected from the collimator-system design of the beamline. The beam sizes in FWHM are about 29, 14, and 11 mm for the three different beam collimators. The edges of the spatial distributions are relatively sharp, enabling us to measure the nuclear data successfully.

Journal Articles

Status and future perspectives of nuclear data measurements at J-PARC MLF BL04

Harada, Hideo; Oshima, Masumi; Kimura, Atsushi; Goko, Shinji*; Ota, Masayuki*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Kin, Tadahiro; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Nakamura, Shoji; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2010-005, p.9 - 14, 2010/12

The neutron-nucleus reaction instrument (NNRI) was installed at the J-PARC MLF BL04, which was designed for measuring neutron cross sections with a neutron time-of-flight technique. This includes two kinds of capture $$gamma$$-ray spectrometers: the 4$$pi$$ Ge spectrometer and the NaI spectrometers. The measurements of neutron capture cross sections for minor actinides and fission products have been started at the NNRI using these spectrometers since 2009. In this paper, the preliminary results and future perspectives are discussed.

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