Nishiuchi, Mamiko*; Sakaki, Hironao*; Esirkepov, T. Zh.*; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Pikuz, T. A.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Orlandi, R.; Pirozhkov, A. S.*; Sagisaka, Akito*; et al.
Plasma Physics Reports, 42(4), p.327 - 337, 2016/04
A combination of a petawatt laser and nuclear physics techniques can crucially facilitate the measurement of exotic nuclei properties. With numerical simulations and laser-driven experiments we show prospects for the Laser-driven Exotic Nuclei extraction-acceleration method proposed in [M. Nishiuchi et al., Phys. Plasmas 22, 033107 (2015)]: a femtosecond petawatt laser, irradiating a target bombarded by an external ion beam, extracts from the target and accelerates to few GeV highly charged short-lived heavy exotic nuclei created in the target via nuclear reactions.
Kanasaki, Masato; Jinno, Satoshi*; Sakaki, Hironao; Kondo, Kiminori; Oda, Keiji*; Yamauchi, Tomoya*; Fukuda, Yuji
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 58(3), p.034013_1 - 034013_6, 2016/03
In order to understand the synergetic interplay between the Coulomb explosion of clusters and the background gas dynamics, we have conducted ion acceleration experiments using CO clusters (250 nm in dia.) embedded in background H gas with the J-KAREN laser (1 J, 40 fs, 10 contrast) at JAEA-KPSI. By a careful analysis of etch pit positions on CR-39 and their structures including the etch pit growth behavior analysis with the multi-step etching technique, energy spectra for protons from the background gas and carbon/oxygen ions from the clusters are obtained separately. The maximum energies of protons and carbon/oxygen ions are determined as 1.6 MeV and 1.1 MeV/u, respectively. Based on the experimental results, the acceleration mechanism of the background gas ions induced by Coulomb explosion of clusters is discussed with the help from numerical simulations which employ a particle-in-cell (PIC) method including relaxation and ionization processes of plasma particles.
Yogo, Akifumi*; Bulanov, S. V.; Mori, Michiaki; Ogura, Koichi; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kanasaki, Masato*; Sakaki, Hironao; Fukuda, Yuji; Bolton, P.; et al.
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 58(2), p.025003_1 - 025003_7, 2016/02
Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Sakaki, Hironao; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Pikuz, T. A.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Sagisaka, Akito; Ogura, Koichi; Kanasaki, Masato; et al.
Research Using Extreme Light; Entering New Frontiers with Petawatt-Class Lasers II (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.9515), p.95151D_1 - 95151D_4, 2015/06
Experimental demonstration of multi-charged heavy ion acceleration from the interaction between the ultra-intense short pulse laser system and the metal target is presented. The laser pulse of 10 J laser energy, 36 fs pulse width, and the contrast level of 10 from 200 TW class Ti:sapphire J-KAREN laser system at JAEA is used in the experiment. Almost fully stripped Fe ions accelerated up to 0.9 GeV are demonstrated. This is achieved by the high intensity laser field of 10Wcm interacting with the solid density target. The demonstrated iron ions with high charge to mass ratio (Q/M) is difficult to be achieved by the conventional heavy ion source technique in the accelerators.
Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Sakaki, Hironao; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Pikuz, T.*; Faenov, A.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Orlandi, R.; Sako, Hiroyuki; Pirozhkov, A. S.; et al.
Physics of Plasmas, 22(3), p.033107_1 - 033107_8, 2015/03
Almost fully stripped Fe ions accelerated up to 0.9 GeV are demonstrated with a 200 TW femtosecond high-intensity laser irradiating a micron-thick Al foil with Fe impurity on the surface. An energetic low-emittance high-density beam of heavy ions with a large charge-to-mass ratio can be obtained, which is useful for many applications, such as a compact radio isotope source in combination with conventional technology.
Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Kon, Akira; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Hayashi, Yukio; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Kanasaki, Masato*; et al.
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 21(1), p.1601118_1 - 1601118_18, 2015/01
This paper reviews the development of a high-contrast high-intensity petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) laser for research on high field science. We discuss in detail the design, performance and characterization of the laser. We also describe the on-going upgrade of the laser system and some applications for the laser in relativistic dominated laser-matter interactions.
Jinno, Satoshi; Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Yogo, Akifumi; Kanasaki, Masato; Kondo, Kiminori; Faenov, A. Y.; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Pikuz, T.; Boldarev, A. S.*; et al.
Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science XI; Springer Series in Chemical Physics, Vol.109, p.215 - 233, 2015/00
Clusters formed in supersonic gas expansion through a three-staged conical nozzle have been verified by measuring the angular distribution of the light scattered from cluster target. The size distirbutions of the clusters are calculated based on the Mie theory. The reliability of the size measurement is verified to be an experimental error of 10% using standard particles. The mean sizes of CO clusters for the cases of CO/H and CO/He mixed-gas targets are estimated to be 0.26 m and 0.22 m, respectively. For the CO/H, the cluster density is estimated to be 5.5 clusters/cm by measuring the attenuation of the laser beam intensity. Furthermore, total gas density profiles are obtained via the Abel inversion from the phase shift of the light passing through the target using an interferometer. The variation of the cluster mass fraction along the radial direction of the target is almost constant, which is consistent with a Boldarev's model.
Sakaki, Hironao; Fukuda, Yuji; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Jinno, Satoshi; Kanasaki, Masato; Yogo, Akifumi; Kondo, Kiminori; Saito, Fumihiro; Fukami, Tomoyo; Ueno, Masayuki; et al.
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.182 - 185, 2014/04
The concept of a compact ion particle accelerator has become attractive in view of recent progress in laser-driven ions acceleration. In the development of many applications of laser-accelerated ions, it is necessary for securing the radiation safety to calculate the dose evaluation. The dose was measured with the radio-photoluminescent (RPL) glass dosimeter on the test beamline of at laser-driven accelerator. The Monte Carlo code, PHITS (Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code system) simulation is shown to be reasonably predictive at the test beamline for measured with the RPL glass dosimeter. We compare of the measured dose level on the laser-driven accelerator with the result of PHITS code in this report.
Sakaki, Hironao; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Maeda, Shota; Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Pikuz, T.; Faenov, A.*; Ogura, Koichi; Fukami, Tomoyo; Matsukawa, Kenya*; et al.
Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(2), p.02A705_1 - 02A705_4, 2014/02
High intensity laser-plasma interaction has attracted considerable interest for a number of years. The laser-plasma interaction is accompanied by generation of various charged particle beams. Results of simultaneous novel measurements of electron-induced photonuclear neutrons (photoneutron), which are a diagnostic of the laser-plasma interaction, are proposed to use for optimization of the laser-plasma ion generation. The proposed method is demonstrated by the laser irradiation with the intensity os 110 W/cm on the metal foil target. The photoneutrons are measured by using NE213 liquid scintillation detectors. Heavy-ion signal is registered with the CR39 track detector simultaneously. The measured signals of the electron-induced photoneutrons are well reproduced by using the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS). The results obtained provide useful approach for analyzing the various laser based ion beams.
Kanasaki, Masato; Fukuda, Yuji; Kondo, Kiminori; Oda, Keiji*; Yamauchi, Tomoya*
Reza Kenkyu, 42(2), p.168 - 173, 2014/02
In laser-driven ion acceleration experiments using the cluster-gas targets, a significant amount of fast electrons, which drives the ion acceleration, are produced along with high energy ions with several-tens of MeV. In our recent experiment using CO clusters embedded in H gas conducted with the J-KAREN laser facility (1 J, 40 fs) at JAEA-KPSI, the maximum energy of electrons reaches up to 200 MeV. Such fast electrons can produce photo-neutrons via bremsstrahlung processes followed by photo-nuclear reactions. When the CR-39 is exposed to photo-neutrons, it records etchable tracks of generated ions depending on their species and energy as background noises. In order to diagnose the laser-accelerated protons precisely using CR-39, we have developed the discrimination method for laser-accelerated protons and photo-neutrons on CR-39 based on the incident angle and incident energy.
Yogo, Akifumi; Kondo, Kiminori; Mori, Michiaki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Ogura, Koichi; Shimomura, Takuya; Inoue, Norihiro*; Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Jinno, Satoshi; et al.
Optics Express (Internet), 22(2), p.2060 - 2069, 2014/01
Jinno, Satoshi; Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Yogo, Akifumi; Kanasaki, Masato; Kondo, Kiminori; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Pikuz, T.; Boldarev, A. S.*; et al.
Optics Express (Internet), 21(18), p.20656 - 20674, 2013/09
A detailed mathematical model is presented for a submicron-sized cluster formation in a binary gas mixture flowing through a three-staged conical nozzle. In order to experimentally confirm this model, the cluster sizes have been evaluated using the Mie scattering method, which is to measure the angular distribution of light scattered from targets. The mean sizes of CO clusters produced in the gas mixtures of CO(30%)/H(70%) and CO(10%)/He(90%) are estimated to be 0.28 0.03 m and 0.260.04 m, respectively. In addition, total gas density profiles measured with an interferometer were found to be agreed with the numerical modeling within a factor of two. The dryness ( ratio) in the targets was found to support the numerical modeling. Thus, our mathematical model of cluster formation was proved to be reliable enough for the binary gas mixture by the experimental results.
Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Kanasaki, Masato; Yogo, Akifumi; Jinno, Satoshi; Tampo, Motonobu*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Hayashi, Yukio; Kando, Masaki; et al.
Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.8779 (Internet), p.87790F_1 - 87790F_7, 2013/05
We demonstrate a new ion diagnosis method for high energy ions by utilizing a combination of a single CR-39 detector and plastic plates, which enables to detect high energy ions beyond the detection threshold limit of the CR-39. This detection method coupled with a magnetic spectrometer is applied to identify high energy ions of 50 MeV per nucleon in laser-driven ion acceleration experiments using cluster-gas targets.
Jinno, Satoshi; Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Yogo, Akifumi; Kanasaki, Masato; Kondo, Kiminori; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Pikuz, T.; Boldarev, A. S.*; et al.
Applied Physics Letters, 102(16), p.164103_1 - 164103_4, 2013/04
The size of CO clusters, produced in a supersonic expansion of a mixed-gas of CO/He or CO/H through a three-staged conical nozzle designed based on the Boldarev's model, has been evaluated by measuring the angular distribution of light scattered from the clusters. The data are analyzed utilizing the Mie scattering theory, and the sizes of CO clusters are estimated as 0.22 m and 0.25 m for the cases of CO/He and CO/H gas mixtures, respectively. The results confirm that the Boldarev's model is reliable enough for the production of micron-sized clusters.
Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Kanasaki, Masato; Yogo, Akifumi; Jinno, Satoshi; Tampo, Motonobu; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T.; Hayashi, Yukio; Kando, Masaki; et al.
Radiation Measurements, 50, p.92 - 96, 2013/03
A new diagnosis method for high energy ions utilizing a single CR-39 detector mounted on plastic plates is demonstrated to identify the presence of the high energy component beyond the CR-39's detection threshold limit. On irradiation with a 25 MeV per nucleon He ion beam from conventional rf-accelerators, a large number of etch pits having elliptical opening shapes are observed on the rear surface. Detailed investigations reveal that these etch pits are created by heavy ions inelastically backscattered from the plastic plates. This ion detection method is applied to laser-driven ion acceleration experiments using cluster-gas targets, and acceleration of ions with energies up to 50 MeV per nucleon are identified.
Kanasaki, Masato; Hattori, Atsuto; Sakaki, Hironao; Fukuda, Yuji; Yogo, Akifumi; Jinno, Satoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Ogura, Koichi; Kondo, Kiminori; Oda, Keiji*; et al.
Radiation Measurements, 50, p.46 - 49, 2013/03
A precise measurement has been made utilizing a stacked CR-39 detectors unit for laser accelerated high intensity protons. The proton beams are derived from a thin polyimide target exposed to an high intense Ti:sapphire laser 8 J energy and 40 fs duration. The sample sets, stacked radiochromic film and CR-39 detectors covered with 13 m aluminum filter, are irradiated under vacuum condition. By analyzing the etch pits on the last layer of CR-39 which recorded etchable tracks, the proton energy in high energy region is evaluate more precisely than in the past. The residual ranges for each particle in the last layer has been obtained from etch pit growth curves with multi-stepetching technique. The maximum energy of proton is 14.390.05 MeV. This method allows us to measure the maximum energy of proton precisely, which is obtained up to the hundredth place in unit of MeV in the laser-driven particle acceleration experiment.
Sakaki, Hironao; Kanasaki, Masato; Fukuda, Yuji; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Hori, Toshihiko; Yogo, Akifumi; Jinno, Satoshi; Niita, Koji*
Review of Scientific Instruments, 84(1), p.013301_1 - 013301_7, 2013/01
A single-shot-imaging thin scintillator film was developed for an online Thomson parabola (TP) spectrometer and the first analysis of laser accelerated ions, using the online TP spectrometer, was demonstrated at the JAEA-Kansai Advanced Relativistic Engineering Laser System (J-KAREN). An energy spectrum of 4.0 MeV protons is obtained using only this imaging film without the need of a microchannel plate that is typically utilized in online ion analyses. A general-purpose Monte Carlo particle and heavy ion-transport code system, which consists of various quantum dynamics models, was used for the prediction of the luminescent properties of the scintillator. The simulation can reasonably predict not only the ion trajectories detected by the spectrometer, but also luminescence properties.
Kanasaki, Masato; Yamauchi, Tomoya*; Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Hori, Toshihiko*; Tampo, Motonobu; Kurashima, Satoshi; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Oda, Keiji*; Kondo, Kiminori
AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.142 - 147, 2012/07
A new diagnosis method has been developed utilizing back scattered particles for high energy intense ion beams. The CR-39 detector mounted on the uniform back-scatterer was irradiated with He ions with an energy 25 MeV/n, which is never recorded as etchable track in CR-39. We found that it is possible to diagnose the high energy intense ion beams by analyzing the etch pits created on the rear surface of CR-39 that directly contacted on the back-scatterers. It turns out that most of etch pits in the rear surface are made by the backscattered particles through the investigation of the growth pattern of each etch pit with multi-step etching technique. This method allows simple diagnosis of the ion beam profile and the presence of high energy component of ions beyond the detection threshold limit of the CR-39 in mixed radiation fields such as laser-driven ion acceleration experiments.
Ogura, Koichi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Tanimoto, Tsuyoshi*; Sagisaka, Akito*; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Kando, Masaki; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; et al.
Optics Letters, 37(14), p.2868 - 2870, 2012/07
Using high contrast (10:1) and high intensity (10 W/cm) laser pulse with the duration of 40 fs from OPCPA/Ti:Sapphire laser, a 40 MeV proton bunch is obtained, which is a record for laser pulse with energy less than 10 J. The efficiency for generation of protons with kinetic energy above 15 MeV is 0.1%.
Kanasaki, Masato; Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Hori, Toshihiko; Tampo, Motonobu; Kondo, Kiminori; Kurashima, Satoshi; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Oda, Keiji*; Yamauchi, Tomoya*
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 51(5), p.056401_1 - 056401_4, 2012/05
A single CR-39 detector mounted on plastic plates is irradiated with a 100 MeV He ion beam. Although the beam energy is much greater than the detection threshold limit of the CR-39 detector, a large number of etch pits having elliptical openings are observed on the rear surface. Detailed investigations reveal that these etch pits are created by heavy ions inelastically backscattered from the plastic plates. This method allows a simple diagnosis of the ion beam profile and the presence of the high-energy component beyond the detection threshold limit of the CR-39 detector, especially in mixed-radiation fields such as laser-driven ion acceleration experiments.