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Journal Articles

A Phoswich alpha/beta detector for monitoring in the site of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Morishita, Yuki; Takasaki, Koji; Kitayama, Yoshiharu; Tagawa, Akihiro; Shibata, Takuya; Hoshi, Katsuya; Kaneko, Junichi*; Higuchi, Mikio*; Oura, Masatoshi*

Radiation Measurements, 160, p.106896_1 - 106896_10, 2023/01

 Times Cited Count:0

This study proposes a newly developed phoswich alpha/beta detector that can discriminate alpha and beta particles emitted from the alpha and beta contaminations in the FDNPS site. The phoswich alpha/beta detector is made up of two layers of scintillators that detect alpha and beta particles. The pulse shape discrimination (PSD) method was used to detect alpha particles in high beta particle and high gamma-ray (comparable to gamma-ray dose rate near the FDNPS reactor building) environments. Due to a 23.3% full width at half maximum (FWHM) energy resolution for alpha particles, the detector can be used to distinguish between nuclear fuel materials such as plutonium and its radon progeny (Po-214). Moreover, the detector could distinguish alpha particles from $$^{137}$$Cs gamma rays with a dose rate background up to 9.0 mSv/h. It is the first to demonstrate that the developed phoswich detector can be used to discriminate and measure alpha and beta particles of the actual contaminated FDNPS samples.

Journal Articles

Development of a Gd$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$O$$_{7}$$ (GPS) scintillator-based alpha imaging detector for rapid plutonium detection in high-radon environments

Morishita, Yuki; Izaki, Kenji; Kaneko, Junichi*; Yamamoto, Seiichi*; Higuchi, Mikio*; Torii, Tatsuo

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 67(10), p.2203 - 2208, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:67.23(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

We developed a Gd$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$O$$_{7}$$ (GPS) scintillator-based alpha imaging detector and demonstrated its effectiveness by evaluating actual Pu particle and $$^{222}$$Rn progeny. The GPS scintillator plate was prepared by a sintering method. The outer dimensions of the GPS scintillator plate were 5 $$times$$ 5 cm, and the scintillator layer was approximately 50 $$mu$$m on a 3-mm-thick high-transparency glass. The plate was optically coupled to a position-sensitive photomultiplier tube with silicone grease. The developed imaging detector exhibited good uniformity. Pu particle activities were accurately evaluated at 14 different positions, and the difference in activity was within 6%. Radon-222 ($$^{222}$$Rn) progeny counts were reduced by 65.3% by applying an energy window. Although the Pu/$$^{222}$$Rn progeny activity ratio was 1/51, the Pu particle was successfully identified among $$^{222}$$Rn progeny within the 5 min-measurement time. The imaging detector has an excellent ability for detecting Pu among $$^{222}$$Rn progeny. Thus, this detector is useful for alpha contamination monitoring in high-radon-background environments.

Journal Articles

Development of an alpha dust monitor using a GPS scintillator plate

Morishita, Yuki; Kaneko, Junichi*; Higuchi, Mikio*; Izaki, Kenji; Yajima, Tatsuo*; Matsuura, Mitsugu*; Tamura, Ken; Torii, Tatsuo

Radiation Measurements, 122, p.115 - 120, 2019/03

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:65.49(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Optimization of thickness of GAGG scintillator for detecting an alpha particle emitter in a field of high beta and gamma background

Morishita, Yuki; Yamamoto, Seiichi*; Izaki, Kenji; Kaneko, Junichi*; Hoshi, Katsuya; Torii, Tatsuo

Radiation Measurements, 112, p.1 - 5, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:80.55(Nuclear Science & Technology)

To detect plutonium isotopes ($$^{238}$$Pu, $$^{239}$$Pu, and $$^{240}$$Pu) in a field of high beta and $$gamma$$ background, an alpha particle detector with low beta and $$gamma$$-ray sensitivity is required. Therefore, we optimized the thickness of the GAGG scintillator for alpha particle detection in a field of high beta and $$gamma$$ background. We prepared three GAGG scintillators with thicknesses of 0.05 mm, 0.07 mm, and 0.1 mm. Each of the GAGG scintillators was coupled optically to the SiPM array, which was used as the photodetector. Alpha, beta, and $$gamma$$ rays were irradiated onto the developed alpha particle detector, and their spectra were obtained. All GAGG scintillators used in this study were not sensitive to $$gamma$$ rays with a dose rate of 1 mSv/h. The beta count of the 0.05-mm-thick GAGG was only 1/100 that of the 0.1-mm-thick GAGG. Therefore, the 0.05-mm-thick GAGG scintillator is promising from the viewpoint of detecting plutonium contamination in a field with high beta and $$gamma$$ background.

Journal Articles

Development of a new detector system to evaluate position and activity of plutonium particles in nasal cavities

Morishita, Yuki; Yamamoto, Seiichi*; Momose, Takumaro; Kaneko, Junichi*; Nemoto, Norio

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 178(4), p.414 - 421, 2018/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Environmental Sciences)

Plutonium dioxide (PuO$$_{2}$$) is used to fabricate a mixed oxide fuel for fast breeder reactors. When a glove box containing PuO$$_{2}$$ fails, such as by rupture of a glove or a vinyl bag, airborne contamination of plutonium (Pu) can occur. If the worker inhale PuO$$_{2}$$ particles, they deposit in the lung and cause lung cancer. The nasal smear and nose blow methods are useful for checking workers for PuO$$_{2}$$ intake in the field. However, neither method can evaluate the quantitative activity of Pu. No alpha-particle detector that can be used for direct measurements in the nasal cavity has been developed. Therefore, we developed a nasal monitor capable of directly measuring the activity of Pu in the nasal cavity to precisely evaluate the internal exposure dose of a worker. Prismatic-shaped 2$$times$$2 acrylic light guides were used to compose a detector block, and a ZnS(Ag) scintillator was adhered to the surface of these light guides. Silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) arrays with 8$$times$$8 channels were used as a photodetector. Actual PuO$$_{2}$$ particles were measured using the nasal monitor. The nasal monitor could be directly inserted in the nasal cavities. The activity distribution of Pu was obtained by the nasal monitor. The average efficiencies in 4$$pi$$ were 11.43% and 11.58% for the left and right nasal cavities, respectively. The effect of $$gamma$$ and $$beta$$ rays on the detection of the alpha particles of Pu was negligible. The difference in the measured Pu activity between the ZnS(Ag) scintillation counter and the nasal monitor was within 4.0%. The developed nasal monitor can solve the uncertainty problem encountered with the nasal smear and the nose blow methods. We expect this monitor to be useful for accurately estimating the internal exposure dose of workers.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 2; Neutron scattering instruments

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12

The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.

Journal Articles

Flexible alpha camera for detecting plutonium contamination

Morishita, Yuki; Yamamoto, Seiichi*; Izaki, Kenji; Kaneko, Junichi*; Nemoto, Norio

Radiation Measurements, 103, p.33 - 38, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:82.55(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Nuclear fuel materials, such as uranium and plutonium (Pu), are handled at nuclear fuel facilities. There are a contamination source of Pu in tight spaces that cannot be directly measured by a ZnS(Ag) scintillation detector, such as interspace between a glovebox window and a platform, pipe flange, port cover of vinyl bag, and filter interspaces. Therefore, we developed a new imaging detector called a flexible alpha camera that enables to identify the Pu contamination for tight spaces at work sites. The thickness of the flexible alpha camera was only $$sim$$1/5 of the ZnS(Ag) scintillation detector, and its efficiency for 4-pi direction was 42.7% for 5.5-MeV alpha particles. Minimal detectable activity (MDA) was 0.014 Bq. Four types of PuO$$_{2}$$ sample, removed from a duct, Bag-In/Bag-Out port, glovebox glove, and vinyl sheet, were measured by the flexible alpha camera and the PuO$$_{2}$$ particle was automatically identified. Using the flexible alpha camera, the Pu contamination source can be quickly detected, preventing the spread of contamination.

Journal Articles

Charge-collection efficiency of single-crystal CVD diamond detector for low-energy charged particles with energies ranging from 100 keV to 2 MeV

Sato, Yuki; Murakami, Hiroyuki*; Shimaoka, Takehiro*; Tsubota, Masakatsu*; Kaneko, Junichi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 834, p.218 - 222, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:31.38(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Fano factor evaluation of diamond detectors for alpha particles

Shimaoka, Takehiro*; Kaneko, Junichi*; Sato, Yuki; Tsubota, Masakatsu*; Shimmyo, Hiroaki*; Chayahara, Akiyoshi*; Watanabe, Hideyuki*; Umezawa, Hitoshi*; Mokuno, Yoshiaki*

Physica Status Solidi (A), 213(10), p.2629 - 2633, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:36.77(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Charge-collection efficiency and long-term stability of single-crystal CVD diamond detector under different carrier-drift conditions

Sato, Yuki; Murakami, Hiroyuki*; Shimaoka, Takehiro*; Tsubota, Masakatsu*; Kaneko, Junichi*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(4), p.046401_1 - 046401_5, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:22.08(Physics, Applied)

We investigated the performance of a charged particle detector fabricated using single-crystal diamond grown by chemical vapor deposition. The detector was able to identify four different $$^{241}$$Am $$alpha$$-particle energies (5.389, 5.443, 5.486, and 5.545 MeV) because of its superior intrinsic energy resolution of $$sim$$0.4% (full width at half maximum). The charge collection efficiency inside the diamond crystal was $$sim$$98% for both electrons and holes. The diamond detector also exhibited no significant degradation in terms of pulse height spectra and energy resolution during operation for more than 100 h in the case of mainly electron drift inside the diamond crystal. In contrast, the shapes of the pulse height spectra measured under hole drift condition deteriorated due to the polarization phenomenon.

Journal Articles

Performance comparison of scintillators for alpha particle detectors

Morishita, Yuki; Yamamoto, Seiichi*; Izaki, Kenji; Kaneko, Junichi*; Toi, Kohei*; Tsubota, Yoichi*; Higuchi, Mikio*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 764, p.383 - 386, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:92.39(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Development of a Si-PM based alpha camera for plutonium detection in nuclear fuel facilities

Morishita, Yuki; Yamamoto, Seiichi*; Izaki, Kenji; Kaneko, Junichi*; Toi, Kohei*; Tsubota, Yoichi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 747, p.81 - 86, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:37 Percentile:95.43(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Alpha particles are monitored for detecting nuclear fuel material (i.e., plutonium and uranium) at nuclear fuel facilities. In this study, we developed a new alpha-particle imaging system by combining an Si-PM array, which is insensitive to noise, with a Ce-doped Gd$$_{3}$$Al$$_{2}$$Ga$$_{3}$$O$$_{12}$$ (GAGG) scintillator, and evaluated our developed system's fundamental performance. The scintillator was 0.1-mm thick, and the light guide was 3.0 mm thick. An $$^{241}$$Am source was used for all the measurements. We evaluated the spatial resolution by taking an image of a resolution chart. A 1.6 lp/mm slit was clearly resolved, and the spatial resolution was estimated to be less than 0.6-mm FWHM. The energy resolution was 13% FWHM. A slight distortion was observed in the image, and the uniformity near its center was within 24%. We conclude that our developed alpha-particle imaging system is promising for plutonium detection at nuclear fuel facilities.

Journal Articles

Current status of a new polarized neutron reflectometer at the intense pulsed neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of J-PARC

Takeda, Masayasu; Yamazaki, Dai; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Maruyama, Ryuji; Hayashida, Hirotoshi; Asaoka, Hidehito; Yamazaki, Tatsuya; Kubota, Masato; Aizawa, Kazuya; Arai, Masatoshi; et al.

Chinese Journal of Physics, 50(2), p.161 - 170, 2012/04

Journal Articles

Post irradiation examination analyses with a continuous-energy Monte Carlo code MVP for long-lived fission products in LWR spent fuels

Okumura, Keisuke; Asai, Shiho; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Suzuki, Hideya; Toshimitsu, Masaaki; Inagawa, Jun; Katakura, Junichi; Shinohara, Nobuo; Kaneko, Satoru*; Suzuki, Kensuke*

Proceedings of Joint International Conference of 7th Supercomputing in Nuclear Application and 3rd Monte Carlo (SNA + MC 2010) (USB Flash Drive), 5 Pages, 2010/10

For accurate inventory estimation of long-lived fission products in LWR spent fuels, a new burn-up chain model and decay data based on the latest nuclear data were developed for MVP-BURN. They were applied to three post irradiation examinations including inventory measurements of $$^{79}$$Se, $$^{99}$$Tc, $$^{126}$$Sn and $$^{135}$$Cs. One of them is new measurements performed by JAEA. From the PIE analyses, it is found that the new measurements by JAEA are consistent with the other PIE data obtained by different laboratory with different techniques. It is also confirmed that the present calculation results show good agreements with experimental ones for $$^{79}$$Se and $$^{135}$$Cs within about 10%. In contrast, amounts of $$^{99}$$Tc and $$^{126}$$Sn are overestimated by about up to 50%. These discrepancies are likely due to the effect of insoluble residue in the measurements and/or errors of fission yields in the analyses.

Journal Articles

Observation of high-$$j$$ quasiparticle states in $$^{249}$$Cm by in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy using heavy-ion transfer reactions

Ishii, Tetsuro; Makii, Hiroyuki*; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Matsuda, Makoto; Makishima, Akiyasu*; Shigematsu, Soichiro*; Kaneko, Junichi*; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; et al.

Physical Review C, 78(5), p.054309_1 - 054309_11, 2008/11

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:65.82(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

In-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of neutron-rich nuclei in the uranium region through the heavy-ion transfer reaction

Ishii, Tetsuro; Makii, Hiroyuki; Asai, Masato; Koura, Hiroyuki; Shigematsu, Soichiro*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Matsuda, Makoto; Makishima, Akiyasu*; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 805(1-4), p.257 - 259, 2008/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

Yamasaki, Chisato*; Murakami, Katsuhiko*; Fujii, Yasuyuki*; Sato, Yoshiharu*; Harada, Erimi*; Takeda, Junichi*; Taniya, Takayuki*; Sakate, Ryuichi*; Kikugawa, Shingo*; Shimada, Makoto*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:72.68(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database, a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of fulllength cDNA (FLcDNA) clones, now provides annotation for 120 558 human mRNAs extracted from the International Nucleotide Sequence Databases (INSD), in addition to 54 978 human FLcDNAs, in the latest release H-InvDB. We mapped those human transcripts onto the human genome sequences (NCBI build 36.1) and determined 34 699 human gene clusters, which could define 34 057 protein-coding and 642 non-protein-coding loci; 858 transcribed loci overlapped with predicted pseudogenes.

Journal Articles

Measurement of internal strain in materials using high energy white X-ray at SPring-8

Shibano, Junichi*; Shobu, Takahisa; Suzuki, Kenji*; Kiriyama, Koji; Kajiwara, Kentaro*; Kaneko, Hiroshi; Kobayashi, Michiaki*

Materials Science Forum, 571-572, p.267 - 270, 2008/00

Journal Articles

Z dependence of the $$N = 152$$ deformed shell gap; In-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of neutron-rich $$^{245, 246}$$Pu

Makii, Hiroyuki; Ishii, Tetsuro; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Matsuda, Makoto; Makishima, Akiyasu*; Kaneko, Junichi*; Tome, Hayato*; Ichikawa, Shinichi; et al.

Physical Review C, 76(6), p.061301_1 - 061301_5, 2007/12

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:82.74(Physics, Nuclear)

We have measured deexcitation $$gamma$$ rays for the first time in the neutron-rich nuclei of $$^{246}$$Pu$$_{152}$$ and $$^{245}$$Pu$$_{151}$$ produced by the ($$^{18}$$O, $$^{16}$$O) and the ($$^{18}$$O, $$^{17}$$O) reactions, respectively. The ground-state band of $$^{246}$$Pu was established up to 12$$^{+}$$ states. The systematics of the moments of inertia of $$_{94}$$Pu isotopes suggests that the $$N = 152$$ deformed subshell closure disappears in these isotopes. The measurements of deexcitation $$gamma$$ rays in $$^{245}$$Pu shows a small energy spacing between neutron orbitals at $$N = 152$$, which explans the disappearance of the subshell closure.

Journal Articles

Extended steady-state and high-beta regimes of net-current free heliotron plasmas in the Large Helical Device

Motojima, Osamu*; Yamada, Hiroshi*; Komori, Akio*; Oyabu, Nobuyoshi*; Muto, Takashi*; Kaneko, Osamu*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Mito, Toshiyuki*; Ida, Katsumi*; Imagawa, Shinsaku*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(10), p.S668 - S676, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:34 Percentile:75.06(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The performance of net-current free heliotron plasmas has been developed by findings of innovative operational scenarios in conjunction with an upgrade of the heating power and the pumping/fuelling capability in the Large Helical Device (LHD). Consequently, the operational regime has been extended, in particular, with regard to high density, long pulse length and high beta. Diversified studies in LHD have elucidated the advantages of net-current free heliotron plasmas. In particular, an internal diffusion barrier (IDB) by a combination of efficient pumping of the local island divertor function and core fuelling by pellet injection has realized a super dense core as high as 5$$times$$10$$^{20}$$ m$$^{-3}$$, which stimulates an attractive super dense core reactor. Achievements of a volume averaged beta of 4.5% and a discharge duration of 54 min with a total input energy of 1.6 GJ (490 kW on average) are also highlighted. The progress of LHD experiments in these two years is overviewed by highlighting IDB, high-beta and long pulse.

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