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Journal Articles

Layered structure in the crystalline adsorption layer and the leaching process of poly(vinyl alcohol) revealed by neutron reflectivity

Miyazaki, Tsukasa*; Miyata, Noboru*; Arima, Hiroshi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Ouchi, Keiichi*; Kasai, Satoshi*; Tsumura, Yoshihiro*; Aoki, Hiroyuki

Langmuir, 37(32), p.9873 - 9882, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:61.69(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Fine-structure analysis of perhydropolysilazane-derived nano layers in deep-buried condition using polarized neutron reflectometry

Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Miyata, Noboru*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Miyazaki, Tsukasa*; Kasai, Satoshi*; Yamazaki, Dai; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Aoki, Hiroyuki

Polymers (Internet), 12(10), p.2180_1 - 2180_10, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:7.17(Polymer Science)

Journal Articles

Development of a water purifier for radioactive cesium removal from contaminated natural water by radiation-induced graft polymerization

Seko, Noriaki*; Hoshina, Hiroyuki*; Kasai, Noboru*; Shibata, Takuya; Saiki, Seiichi*; Ueki, Yuji*

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 143, p.33 - 37, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:87.8(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Evaluation of a cesium adsorbent grafted with ammonium 12-molybdophosphate

Shibata, Takuya; Seko, Noriaki; Amada, Haruyo; Kasai, Noboru; Saiki, Seiichi; Hoshina, Hiroyuki; Ueki, Yuji

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 119, p.247 - 252, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:75.07(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Development of grafted adsorbents for Cs removal from natural water source

Seko, Noriaki; Shibata, Takuya; Kasai, Noboru; Ueki, Yuji; Saiki, Seiichi; Hoshina, Hiroyuki

Hoshasen To Sangyo, (138), p.9 - 12, 2015/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of antibacterial effect by using a fibrous grafted material loaded Ag ligand

Shibata, Takuya; Seko, Noriaki; Kasai, Noboru; Hoshina, Hiroyuki; Ueki, Yuji

International Journal of Organic Chemistry, 5(2), p.100 - 107, 2015/06

Journal Articles

Development of an adsorbent for Cs removal synthesized by radiation-induced graft polymerization

Shibata, Takuya; Seko, Noriaki; Amada, Haruyo; Kasai, Noboru; Saiki, Seiichi; Hoshina, Hiroyuki; Ueki, Yuji

Nihon Ion Kokan Gakkai-Shi, 26(1), p.9 - 14, 2015/01

Journal Articles

Dismantlement of large fusion experimental device JT-60U

Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Okano, Fuminori; Sakasai, Akira; Hanada, Masaya; Akino, Noboru; Ichige, Hisashi; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Kiyono, Kimihiro; Kubo, Hirotaka; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; et al.

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 13(4), p.167 - 178, 2014/12

The JT-60U torus was disassembled so as to newly install the superconducting tokamak JT-60SA torus. The JT-60U used the deuterium for 18 years, so the disassembly project of the JT-60U was the first disassembly experience of a fusion device with radioactivation in Japan. All disassembly components were stored with recording the data such as dose rate, weight and kind of material, so as to apply the clearance level regulation in future. The lessons learned from the disassembly project indicated that the cutting technologies and storage management of disassembly components were the key factors to conduct the disassembly project in an efficient way. After completing the disassembly project, efforts have been made to analyze the data for characterizing disassembly activities, so as to contribute the estimation of manpower needs and the radioactivation of the disassembly components on other fusion devices.

Journal Articles

The Volume reduction method of radioactively-contaminated plant waste through extraction and removal of radioactive cesium

Saiki, Seiichi; Shibata, Takuya; Hoshina, Hiroyuki; Ueki, Yuji; Kasai, Noboru; Seko, Noriaki

Nihon Ion Kokan Gakkai-Shi, 25(4), p.170 - 175, 2014/11

Journal Articles

Recovery of scandium from hot spring water with graft adsorbent containing phosphoric groups

Hoshina, Hiroyuki; Kasai, Noboru; Amada, Haruyo; Takahashi, Makikatsu*; Tanaka, Kazuya*; Seko, Noriaki

Nihon Ion Kokan Gakkai-Shi, 25(4), p.248 - 251, 2014/11

Journal Articles

Safe disassembly and storage of radioactive components of JT-60U torus

Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Okano, Fuminori; Hanada, Masaya; Sakasai, Akira; Kubo, Hirotaka; Akino, Noboru; Chiba, Shinichi; Ichige, Hisashi; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Kiyono, Kimihiro; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(9-10), p.2018 - 2023, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:18.3(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Disassembly of the JT-60U torus was started in 2009 after 18-years D$$_{2}$$ operations, and was completed in October 2012. The JT-60U torus was featured by the complicated and welded structure against the strong electromagnetic force, and by the radioactivation due to D-D reactions. Since this work is the first experience of disassembling a large radioactive fusion device in Japan, careful disassembly activities have been made. About 13,000 components cut into pieces with measuring the dose rates were removed from the torus hall and stored safely in storage facilities by using a total wokers of 41,000 person-days during 3 years. The total weight of the disassembly components reached up to 5,400 tons. Most of the disassembly components will be treated as non-radioactive ones after the clearance verification under the Japanese regulation in future. The assembly of JT-60SA has started in January 2013 after this disassembly of JT-60U torus.

Journal Articles

Optimization of grafted fibrous polymer as a solid basic catalyst for biodiesel fuel production

Ueki, Yuji; Saiki, Seiichi; Shibata, Takuya; Hoshina, Hiroyuki; Kasai, Noboru; Seko, Noriaki

International Journal of Organic Chemistry, 4(2), p.91 - 105, 2014/06

Grafted fibrous polymer with quaternary amine groups could function as a highly-efficient catalyst for biodiesel fuel (BDF) production. In this study, the optimization of grafted fibrous polymer (catalyst) and transesterification conditions for the effective BDF production was attempted through a batch-wise transesterification of triglyceride (TG) with ethanol (EtOH) in the presence of a cosolvent. Trimethylamine was the optimal quaternary amine group for the grafted fibrous catalyst. The optimal degree of grafting of the grafted fibrous catalyst was 170%. The optimal transesterification conditions were as follows: The molar quantity of quaternary amine groups, transesterification temperature, molar ratio of TG and EtOH, and primary alkyl alcohol were 0.8 mmol, 80$$^{circ}$$C, 1:200, and 1-pentanol, respectively. The grafted fibrous catalyst could be applied to BDF production using natural oils. Furthermore, the grafted fibrous catalyst could be used repeatedly after regeneration involving three sequential processes, i.e., organic acid, alkali, and alcohol treatments, without any significant loss of catalytic activity.

JAEA Reports

Pilot-scale synthesis for radioactive cesium adsorbents by radiation graft polymerization and their field tests

Kasai, Noboru; Iwanade, Akio; Ueki, Yuji; Saiki, Seiichi; Hoshina, Hiroyuki; Seko, Noriaki

JAEA-Technology 2013-046, 25 Pages, 2014/02


To remove their radioactive species which have long radioactive half-life from the circumstances as rapidly as possible, we developed novel radioactive cesium adsorbents containing ammonium 12-molybdophosphate, which had adsorption selectivity for cesium ion, by radiation grafting method. The bench-scale equipment 150 times as large volume as laboratory scale was established for graft polymerization. The radioactive cesium adsorbents 1,000 times as large as laboratory scale were successfully synthesized with the bench-scale equipment. Moreover, the adsorption performance with radioactive cesium in environmental water was evaluated at field tests in Fukushima Prefecture. As a result, the adsorbents could successfully remove radioactive cesium dissolved in environmental water below the detection limit of radioactivity concentration.

Journal Articles

Adsorbent for arsenic(V) removal synthesized by radiation-induced graft polymerization onto nonwoven cotton fabric

Hoshina, Hiroyuki; Takahashi, Makikatsu*; Kasai, Noboru; Seko, Noriaki

International Journal of Organic Chemistry, 2(3), p.173 - 177, 2012/09

Journal Articles

Hybrid grafted ion exchanger for decontamination of radioactive cesium in Fukushima Prefecture and other contaminated areas

Iwanade, Akio; Kasai, Noboru; Hoshina, Hiroyuki; Ueki, Yuji; Saiki, Seiichi; Seko, Noriaki

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 293(2), p.703 - 709, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:91.57(Chemistry, Analytical)

We have developed a material that can be used to remove cesium (Cs) in Fukushima Prefecture and other contaminated areas. The developed material was prepared by radiation-induced graft polymerization of ammonium 12-molybdophosphate (AMP) and acrylonitrile (AN) onto nonwoven polyethylene fabric. In the batch study, the adsorbent was able to remove 90%, 87% and 64% of Cs from pure water, acidic water and seawater, respectively. In the column study, adsorbent packed in a column with a diameter of 7 mm and a height of 5 cm was able to remove nearly the entire amount of dissolved Cs. The solution (1 ppm Cs at pH 7) was pumped into the column at a space velocity of 300 h$$^{-1}$$, in which the Cs adsorption capacity at the breakthrough point reached 54 g-Cs/kg-adsorbent. Adsorbent packed into a cartridge with a diameter of 4 cm and a height of 3.8 cm was used in a field test on removing dissolved radioactive Cs in Iitate-mura, and this test was conducted successfully.

Journal Articles

Synthesis of arsenic graft adsorbents in pilot scale

Hoshina, Hiroyuki; Kasai, Noboru; Shibata, Takuya*; Aketagawa, Yasushi*; Takahashi, Makikatsu*; Yoshii, Akihiro*; Tsunoda, Yasuhiko*; Seko, Noriaki

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 81(8), p.1033 - 1035, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:34.36(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Current status of a new polarized neutron reflectometer at the intense pulsed neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of J-PARC

Takeda, Masayasu; Yamazaki, Dai; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Maruyama, Ryuji; Hayashida, Hirotoshi; Asaoka, Hidehito; Yamazaki, Tatsuya; Kubota, Masato; Aizawa, Kazuya; Arai, Masatoshi; et al.

Chinese Journal of Physics, 50(2), p.161 - 170, 2012/04

Journal Articles

Development of anion adsorbent for industry application based on biodegradable trunk material

Kasai, Noboru; Hoshina, Hiroyuki; Seko, Noriaki; Shibata, Takuya*; Takahashi, Makikatsu*

JAEA-Review 2011-043, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2010, P. 46, 2012/01

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Development of groundwater treatment method using radiation-induced graft polymerization adsorbent at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; Annual report for 2008 fiscal year (Joint research)

Iyatomi, Yosuke; Hoshina, Hiroyuki; Seko, Noriaki; Shimada, Akiomi; Ogata, Nobuhisa; Sugihara, Kozo; Kasai, Noboru; Ueki, Yuji; Tamada, Masao

JAEA-Technology 2010-045, 10 Pages, 2011/02


The concentrations of fluorine (7.2-10 mg/L) and boron (0.8-1.5 mg/L) dissolved in groundwater pumped from the shafts during excavation of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU), Tono Geoscience Centre, must be reduced to the levels below the environmental standards for fluorine: 0.8mg/L and boron: 1 mg/L. As well, collaborative research on groundwater treatment to remove fluorine and boron started in 2006 between the Environmental and Industrial Materials Research Division, Quantum Beam Science Directorate and the Tono Geoscientific Research Unit, Geological Isolation Research and Development Directorate. This is because the Quantum Beam Science Directorate has synthesized fibrous adsorbents with radiation-induced graft polymerization and applied adsorbents to collect rare metals dissolved in hot springs and sea water. The results of previous testing indicate that the adsorbent was able to remove more than 95% of the boron and fluorine and that performance of adsorbent for boron removal was better than the performance using ion-exchange resin. It was also apparent that the pH of groundwater had an influence on the performance of the adsorbent with respect to boron removal. Therefore we reran the recycling test using groundwater from the neutralization tank at the groundwater treatment facility. The results indicated that the performance of the adsorbent using neutral groundwater for boron removal was higher than using uncontrolled groundwater. However the bed volume (BV) with recycled adsorbent decreased compared to first use. It is thought that sulfur added at the groundwater treatment facility was retained by the adsorbent despite elution, and affected the performance such that repeat usage resulted in decreased efficiency. In addition, it is considered that the goals established in the first year compared to the results obtained to date, including the status of waste water treatment at the MIU, and summarized the results in this development.

Journal Articles

Removal of fluorine and boron from groundwater using radiation-induced graft polymerization adsorbent at Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory

Iyatomi, Yosuke; Hoshina, Hiroyuki; Seko, Noriaki; Kasai, Noboru; Ueki, Yuji; Tamada, Masao

Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management (ICEM 2010) (CD-ROM), p.485 - 490, 2010/10

151 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)