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Journal Articles

PSTEP: Project for solar-terrestrial environment prediction

Kusano, Kanya*; Ichimoto, Kiyoshi*; Ishii, Mamoru*; Miyoshi, Yoshizumi*; Yoden, Shigeo*; Akiyoshi, Hideharu*; Asai, Ayumi*; Ebihara, Yusuke*; Fujiwara, Hitoshi*; Goto, Tadanori*; et al.

Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 73(1), p.159_1 - 159_29, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:54.59(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

The PSTEP is a nationwide research collaboration in Japan and was conducted from April 2015 to March 2020, supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan. It has made a significant progress in space weather research and operational forecasts, publishing over 500 refereed journal papers and organizing four international symposiums, various workshops and seminars, and summer school for graduate students at Rikubetsu in 2017. This paper is a summary report of the PSTEP and describes the major research achievements it produced.

Journal Articles

Neutron emission spectrum from gold excited with 16.6 MeV linearly polarized monoenergetic photons

Kirihara, Yoichi; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Sanami, Toshiya*; Namito, Yoshihito*; Itoga, Toshiro*; Miyamoto, Shuji*; Takemoto, Akinori*; Yamaguchi, Masashi*; Asano, Yoshihiro*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(4), p.444 - 456, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:57.39(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Characterization of NiC/Ti supermirror deposited on a metallic substrate

Tamura, Itaru; Kashima, Yoichi; Soyama, Kazuhiko

JAEA-Research 2014-029, 12 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Research-2014-029.pdf:1.89MB

Neutron guide tubes, which are installed near reactor cores, are damaged by neutrons and $$gamma$$ rays irradiation. Those glass substrates which contain boron material are affected by (n, $$alpha$$) reaction, and ionization effect of $$gamma$$ rays on material strength decrease duration of use of neutron guide tubes. In order to increase resistance to radiation, we have fabricated a supermirror with Ni-P metallic substrate. The substrate roughness with 0.2 - 0.3 nm (rms) was produced by super- polishing. The neutron reflectivity reached 76 % for an m=3 supermirror.

Journal Articles

Eddy current-adjusted plasma shape reconstruction by Cauchy condition surface method on QUEST

Nakamura, Kazuo*; Jiang, Y.*; Liu, X.*; Mitarai, Osamu*; Kurihara, Kenichi; Kawamata, Yoichi; Sueoka, Michiharu; Hasegawa, Makoto*; Tokunaga, Kazutoshi*; Zushi, Hideki*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(6-8), p.1080 - 1084, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.82(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Journal Articles

Measurement of angular dependent neutron production from thick target bombarded with 140-MeV protons

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Satoh, Daiki; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Kirihara, Yoichi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Takashi*; Tamii, Atsushi*; et al.

Nuclear Technology, 168(2), p.340 - 344, 2009/11

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:36.14(Nuclear Science & Technology)

It is important to calculate neutron production from thick targets at forward angle near 0 degree and backward angle near 180 degree for the shielding design of proton accelerator facilities, and the accuracy should be determined by experimental data. There are, however, few experimental data near 0 degree, and no data near 180 degree in the energy region above 100 MeV. Neutron energy spectra at 0, 90 and 180 degrees produced from thick graphite and iron targets by 140 MeV protons were measured. It was found that the calculation with JENDL-HE was more suitable for the shielding design of proton accelerator facilities in the forward direction.

Journal Articles

Conceptual design of experimental equipment for large-diameter NTD-Si

Yagi, Masahiro; Watanabe, Masanori; Oyama, Koji; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Komeda, Masao; Kashima, Yoichi; Yamashita, Kiyonobu

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 67(7-8), p.1225 - 1229, 2009/07

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:59.98(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Measurement of thick target neutron yields at 0$$^{circ}$$ bombarded with 140, 250 and 350 MeV protons

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Taniguchi, Shingo*; Nakao, Noriaki*; Itoga, Toshio*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Nakamura, Takashi*; Satoh, Daiki; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Kirihara, Yoichi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 593(3), p.298 - 306, 2008/08

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:61.97(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Neutron energy spectra at 0$$^{circ}$$ produced from stopping-length graphite, aluminum, iron and lead targets bombarded with 140, 250 and 350 MeV protons were measured at the neutron TOF course in RCNP of Osaka University. The neutron energy spectra were obtained by using the time-of-flight technique in the energy range from 10 MeV to incident proton energy. To compare the experimental results, Monte Carlo calculations with the PHITS and MCNPX codes were performed using the JENDL-HE and the LA150 evaluated nuclear data files, the ISOBAR model implemented in PHITS, and the LAHET code in MCNPX. It was found that these calculated results at 0$$^{circ}$$ generally agreed with the experimental results in the energy range above 20 MeV except for graphite at 250 and 350 MeV.

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of irradiation experimental device for 12 inch NTD-Si ingot in JRR-4 (Contract research)

Yagi, Masahiro; Watanabe, Masanori; Oyama, Koji; Komeda, Masao; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Kashima, Yoichi

JAEA-Technology 2008-015, 91 Pages, 2008/03

JAEA-Technology-2008-015.pdf:22.92MB

The irradiation experimental device is designed by surveying analytically an irradiation condition to improve the neutron flux distribution of the radial direction on NTD-Si by using neutron transportation calculation Monte Carlo calculation code MCNP5 in order to develop neutron irradiation technology for the large-diameter silicon to 12 inches diameter at the maximum and an irradiation experiment will be performed in JRR-4. Thus the validity of the design technique of the irradiation device will be confirmed by this experiment. The irradiation experimental device is installed in the side of the core tank outer wall. A 12 inches silicon ingot of 60cm in height is irradiated in a reflector cover which surrounds the silicon ingot for increasing the flux. The silicon ingot is rotated during irradiation in order to require the condition of uniformly distributed thermal neutron flux over whole circumferences. A uniform irradiation condition was achieved by the pass-through core method, in which silicon ingot moved up and down with rotating. The condition was satisfied when silicon was covered with the thermal neutron filter, which is made from aluminum alloy of thickness of 2mm with natural boron element ratio of 1.5%, and was moved in the range from -42mm to 22mm for the center of the reactor core. The deviation of the Si-30 neutron absorption reaction rate was range from -3.2% to +5.3% in the intermediate volume of 40cm height and the neutron absorption reaction ratio of the circumference to the center was within 1.09 in the volume.

Journal Articles

Measurement of the spin and magnetic moment of $$^{23}$$Al

Ozawa, Akira*; Matsuta, Kensaku*; Nagatomo, Takashi*; Mihara, Mototsugu*; Yamada, Kazunari*; Yamaguchi, Takayuki*; Otsubo, Takashi*; Momota, Sadao*; Izumikawa, Takuji*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; et al.

Physical Review C, 74(2), p.021301_1 - 021301_4, 2006/08

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:88.99(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Magnetic sensor dependence of CCS method to reproduce ST plasma shape

Wang, F.*; Nakamura, Kazuo*; Mitarai, Osamu*; Kurihara, Kenichi; Kawamata, Yoichi; Sueoka, Michiharu; Sato, Konosuke*; Zushi, Hideki*; Hanada, Kazuaki*; Sakamoto, Mizuki*; et al.

Kyushu Daigaku Oyo Rikigaku Kenkyujo RIAM Foramu 2006 Koen Yoshi, p.138 - 141, 2006/06

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Experiments of JRR-4 low-enriched-uranium-silicied fuel core

Hirane, Nobuhiko; Ishikuro, Yasuhiro; Nagadomi, Hideki; Yokoo, Kenji; Horiguchi, Hironori; Nemoto, Takumi; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Yagi, Masahiro; Arai, Nobuyoshi; Watanabe, Shukichi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2006-028, 115 Pages, 2006/03

JAEA-Technology-2006-028.pdf:7.96MB

JRR-4, a light-water-moderated and cooled, swimming pool type research reactor using high-enriched uranium plate-type fuels had been operated from 1965 to 1996. In order to convert to low-enriched-uranium-silicied fuels, modification work had been carried out for 2 years, from 1996 to 1998. After the modification, start-up experiments were carried out to obtain characteristics of the low-enriched-uranium-silicied fuel core. The measured excess reactivity, reactor shutdown margin and the maximum reactivity addition rate satisfied the nuclear limitation of the safety report for licensing. It was confirmed that conversion to low-enriched-uranium-silicied fuels was carried out properly. Besides, the necessary data for reactor operation were obtained, such as nuclear, thermal hydraulic and reactor control characteristics. This report describes the results of start-up experiments and burnup experiments. The first criticality of low-enriched-uranium-silicied core was achieved on 14th July 1998, and the operation for joint-use has been carried out since 6th October 1998.

JAEA Reports

Dose evaluation with ICRP Publication 60 at postulated accidents of NSRR, 2003

Kashima, Yoichi; Taki, Mitsumasa; Kikuchi, Masamitsu; Sasajima, Hideo; Nakamura, Takehiko

JAERI-Tech 2003-088, 100 Pages, 2003/12

JAERI-Tech-2003-088.pdf:5.55MB

A new experiment plan is in progress to perform pulse-irradiation experiments at the NSRR with irradiated fuel rods in the high temperature and high pressure capsules. This report describes the results of the public dose evaluation for the design basis accident and postulated accidents with the models that follow the ICRP Publication 60. It was confirmed that the results met the criteria for safety design and siting with ample margins.

Journal Articles

High power transient characteristics and capability of NSRR

Nakamura, Takehiko; Katanishi, Shoji; Kashima, Yoichi; Yachi, Shigeyasu; Yoshinaga, Makio; Terakado, Yoshibumi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(3), p.264 - 272, 2002/03

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:48.08(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to study fuel behavior under abnormal transients and accidents, the control system of the Nuclear Safety Research Reactor (NSRR) of the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) was modified to achieve high power transients. With this new operational mode, called Shaped Pulse (SP), transients at the maximum power of 10 MW can be conducted for a few seconds. This new operational mode supplements the previous Natural Pulse (NP) operation at the maximum power of 23 GW for milliseconds. For high power transient operation, a simulator using a point kinetic model was developed, and characteristics of the NSRR in the new operational mode were examined through tests and calculations. With the new operational mode, new types of fuel irradiation tests simulating power oscillations of boiling water reactors (BWRs) can to be conducted in the NSRR. Reactor characteristics and capability, such as control rod worth, feedback reactivity, and operational limits of the NSRR for SP operations are discussed.

Journal Articles

Recovery system for uranium from seawater with fibrous adsorbent and its preliminary cost estimation

Sugo, Takanobu; Tamada, Masao; Seguchi, Tadao; Shimizu, Takao*; Uotani, Masaki*; Kashima, Ryoichi*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 43(10), p.1010 - 1016, 2001/10

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:73.34(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The cost of uranium recovered from seawater was estimated by using the amidoxime adsorbent of polymer fibers synthesized by radiation modification, and the technical problems in the recovery system were extracted. The cost of adsorbent materials, storage in seawater for uranium absorption, and the uranium detachment from the adsorbent was estimated respectively in three different systems of the storage in seawater as a buoy, floating body, and chain binding system. The recovery cost of uranium from seawater was estimated to be 8$$sim$$10 times of that from mine uranium. More than 80% of the total cost was occupied by the cost for storage in seawater, which is owing to a weight of metal cage for the holding of adsorbents. The cost can be attained to half by the reduction of the weight to 1/4. One of facing research subject is the improvement of adsorbent ability, since the cost directly depends on the adsorbent performance.

JAEA Reports

Analysis of energy deposition and evaluation of maximum load of irradiation capsule for NSRR experiment with uranium-zirconium hydride fuel

Fuketa, Toyoshi; Ishijima, Kiyomi; Tanzawa, Sadamitsu; Nakamura, Takehiko; Sasajima, Hideo; Kashima, Yoichi; ;

JAERI-Research 95-005, 53 Pages, 1995/01

JAERI-Research-95-005.pdf:1.96MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of Grain Size of AgNO$$_{3}$$ Loaded in Porous Material on Adsorption of CH$$_{3}$$I

Takeshita, Kenji*; Takashima, Yoichi*; Matsumoto, Shiro*; Inami, Shinichi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 32(9), p.941 - 943, 1995/00

None

JAEA Reports

Power ramp experiment of fuel rods in JMTR boiling capsules

Uchida, Masaaki; Nakamura, Jinichi; Ichikawa, Michio; Kashima, Yoichi; ; ; Iwai, Takashi

JAERI-M 88-202, 53 Pages, 1988/10

JAERI-M-88-202.pdf:1.75MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

None

Yoshikawa, Hideki; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*; Takashima, Yoichi*; *

MRS '94, 134, , 

None

Oral presentation

Evaluation of heat generation in JRR-4 reflector elements

Yagi, Masahiro; Kashima, Yoichi; Nagadomi, Hideki; Watanabe, Shukichi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

35 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)