Kai, Tetsuya; Uchida, Toshitsugu; Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Seki, Masakazu; Oi, Motoki; Wakui, Takashi; Haga, Katsuhiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Takada, Hiroshi
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1021(1), p.012042_1 - 012042_4, 2018/06
Kasugai, Yoshimi; Harada, Masahide; Kai, Tetsuya; Oi, Motoki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Maekawa, Fujio
JAEA-Data/Code 2015-033, 28 Pages, 2016/03
The high-energy neutron fluxes and spectra around the mercury spallation neutron source at MLF of J-PARC were measured by the multi-foil activation method. The threshold energies of neutron reactions utilized in this experiment covered from 0.1 to 50 MeV. The foil irradiation was carried out on the first beam-run of MLF from May 30th to 31th, 2008. After the irradiation, the induced radioactivity of each foil was measured using an HPGe detector, and the neutron-induced reaction-rate distribution around the mercury target was determined. Using these data, the high-energy neutron fluxes and spectra were deduced with unfolding method in which the neutron spectra calculated with PHITS code were used as the initial-guess spectra. By comparison between the initial and the unfolded spectra, it was shown that most of the calculation results, which had been the basis of the neutronics design of the MLF target assembly, were consistent with the experimental data within 30%.
Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Maekawa, Fujio; Oi, Motoki; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Takada, Hiroshi
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 450(1-3), p.104 - 109, 2014/07
Japan Spallation Neutron Source (JSNS) in Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has three super-critical hydrogen moderators. The moderator piping has a multilayer structure; a cryogenic layer, a vacuum layer, a helium layer and a cooling water layer. Through the fabrication of the current (1st) moderators, we learned that thermal shrinkage between room temperature (R.T.) and cryogenic temperature at the cryogenic layer made the fabrication process very difficult. Therefore, for the spare (2nd) moderators, we proposed to use a low thermal shrinkage material, Invar, as a piping material. However, there were items to be solved for realizing the Invar duct inview of the fabrication. In this presentation, we report results of (1) Bending test, (2) Welding test and (3) Dissimilar joint test on the Invar duct. (1) In the bending test, the Invar ducts of 22 mm in diameter and 1.5 mm in thickness were tried to be bent into an elbow with 40 mm in radius. By pre-cooling the duct in the liquid nitrogen followed by the bending with slow speed (1 minute), the duct could be bent without any cracks. (2) Through some welding testes by TIG-welding, the proper groove geometry was determined. (3) For the dissimilar joint test, tensile specimens including a bonding region having size of 4 or 6 mm in diameter at the smallest part and 60 mm in length were cut from three rods made by Invar-A6061 and Invar-SS316L, respectively. Those rods were bonded by the friction welding. All specimens were examined at two temperatures, R.T. and 77 K (liquid nitrogen temperature), resulting that 0.2% proof stresses corresponding to the bonding strengths were larger than those of base materials for both the Invar-A6061 and the Invar-SS316L cases. The present result indicates that the Invar duct is available for the 2nd moderators.
Oi, Motoki; Teshigawara, Makoto; Harada, Masahide; Naoe, Takashi; Maekawa, Fujio; Kasugai, Yoshimi
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 450(1-3), p.117 - 122, 2014/07
In order to utilize Au-In-Cd alloy as a decoupler, it is required to bond between the Au-In-Cd alloy and aluminum alloy with enough bonding strength (more than 30 MPa). We adopted a Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) technique to realize bonding between Au-In-Cd and aluminum alloy, because it is available for curved shape of moderator vessel. As a HIP conditions of the temperature of 535 C, pressure of 100 MPa and holding time of 1 hour, we got enough tensile strength of the bonding surface (86.6 MPa). It is larger than the required strength of 30 MPa.
Takada, Hiroshi; Haga, Katsuhiro; Meigo, Shinichiro; Tatsumoto, Hideki; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Futakawa, Masatoshi
Proceedings of 11th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Applications of Accelerators (AccApp '13), p.154 - 158, 2014/05
Remarkable progresses were achieved at a pulsed spallation neutron source in J-PARC. One is to mitigate high-pressure waves which are generated in a mercury target and a source of serious damage on the wall of target vessel by injecting gas micro-bubbles into mercury. It was confirmed with a novel in-situ diagnostic system using a laser Doppler vibrometer that the pressure waves were certainly attenuated with the gas micro-bubbles. Secondly, the supercritical cryogenic hydrogen system has been improved to remove impurity remained in the helium circulation loop by installing a purification system. As a result, the pressure drop at the heat exchanger was suppressed successfully down to several kPa even after operating for 95 days. Furthermore, we have succeeded in sampling hydrogen gas from the cryogenic hydrogen loop during operation and verified with a Raman spectroscopy that the para-hydrogen fraction was 100%, proving the neutronic performance at the moderator is kept unchanged.
Matsuda, Norihiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Toyoda, Akihiro*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Sekimoto, Shun*; Oishi, Koji*; Sakamoto, Yukio*; Nakashima, Hiroshi; et al.
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.337 - 340, 2014/04
The Neutrinos at the Main Injector (NuMI) at Fermilab produces intense neutrino beam to investigate the phenomena of the neutrino mixing and oscillation. The Hadron Absorber, consists of thick blocks of aluminum, iron and concrete, is placed at the end of decay volume as a dump for primary proton and secondary particles generated in NuMI. In order to estimate the shielding effect, the reaction rate measurements with activation detector were carried out on the back surface of the absorber. The induced activities in the detectors were measured by analyzing their -ray spectra using HPGe detectors. Two kind of peak was showed on two-dimensional distributions of obtained reaction rates at right angle to the beam direction. One was strong peaks at the both horizontal side. And, another smaller was at the top. It was concluded that these peaks were the results of particles streaming through the gaps in the Hadron Absorber shielding.
Kasugai, Yoshimi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Sakamoto, Yukio; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Hirayama, Hideo*; Mokhov, N.*; Leveling, A.*; et al.
Reactor Dosimetry; 14th International Symposium (ASTM STP 1550), p.675 - 689, 2012/08
Under the collaborative study project of JASMIN, shielding experiments has been carried out using the anti-proton target station (Pbar) of Fermilab. In the experiment, the multi-foil activation technique was utilized, and the neutron spectra in high-energy region between 1 and 100 MeV were deduced by using the "fitting method", which is newly developed. In this method, we made an assumption that neutron energy spectra could be expressed with a simple function. The validity of the fitting method was confirmed by comparison with the results of the unfolding method and the theoretical calculations. Finally, it was found that there are simple correlations between reaction rates and the adjusting parameters in the fitting function. The correlations are useful for estimating the adjusting parameters easily, and a neutron spectrum in the high-energy region can be deduced from a set of reaction-rate data without the complicated calculations of unfolding.
Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Wakui, Takashi; Matsui, Hiroki; Maekawa, Fujio; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Haga, Katsuhiro; Teshigawara, Makoto; Meigo, Shinichiro; Seki, Masakazu; Sakamoto, Shinichi; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2011-040, 154 Pages, 2012/03
In the MLF, relatively high level irradiated components will be generated. Therefore, these components can not be kept in standard facilities. For the irradiated components at the MLF, the storage plan using the facilities in the Nuclear Science Research Institute has been studied, but the concrete plan is not decided yet. In this report, outline of the components, prehistory of the studying for storage, schedule of the component generation and status of the possible facility, which is a hot laboratory, are described. Resulting from the comparison between the generation schedule and the plan of the hot laboratory, the difference is very large. Present status of the hot laboratory and the cost estimation of the modification to use for storage of the MLF components were studied. Using the hot laboratory seems not to have advantage from the view point of cost and modification method. Therefore, the study on a new storage facility construction will be started as soon as possible.
Sakai, Kenji; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Seki, Masakazu; Haga, Katsuhiro; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Wakui, Takashi; Naoe, Takashi; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Tatsumoto, Hideki; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2011-039, 121 Pages, 2012/03
This report investigates the behavior, damage and restoration of a neutron source station of the MLF at the Great East Japan Earthquake and verified the safety design for emergency accidents in the neutron source station. In the MLF, after an occurrence of the Earthquake, strong quakes were detected at the instruments, the external power supply was lost, all of the circulators shut down automatically, and the hydrogen gas was released. The leakages of mercury, hydrogen and radio-activation gases did not occur. While, the quakes made gaps between the shield blocks and ruptured external pipe lines by subsidence around the building. But significant damages to the components were not found though the pressure drop of compressed air lines influenced on a target trolley lock system and so on. These results substantiated the validity of the safety design for emergency accidents in the source station, and suggested several points of improvement.
Sakai, Kenji; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Takada, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Seki, Masakazu; Haga, Katsuhiro; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Wakui, Takashi; et al.
Proceedings of 20th Meeting of the International Collaboration on Advanced Neutron Sources (ICANS-20) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2012/03
This report investigates behaviors and damages of each component in a neutron target station of the MLF at the J-PARC at the time of the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). At the date of the GEJE, in the MLF, strong quakes were detected at several instruments, an external power supply were lost, all of the circulation systems were shut down automatically, and a hydrogen gas was released as planned. Leakage of activation liquids and gases did not occur. While, the quakes made gaps between shield blocks and ruptured external pipe lines for air and water by subsidence. But significant damages on the components of the target station were not found though a loss of compressed air supply affected lock systems with air cylinders and pneumatic operation values. These results substantiated a validity of safety design on the target station for emergency accidents.
Matsuda, Norihiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Sakamoto, Yukio; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Hirayama, Hideo*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Mokhov, N.*; et al.
Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.2055 - 2058, 2011/08
It is important to obtain neutron spectra and its intensity on shielding experiment. Deduction of high-energy neutron spectra were done using fitting and unfolding methods based on the shielding data obtained at the anti-proton (pbar) target station in Fermilab. The neutron spectra for fitting method is useful to be easily obtained and the values gave reasonable results compared with nuclear data. Therefore, that for unfolding methods included inconsistency. Furthermore, the deduced neutron spectra were verified through the calculation analyses by PHITS code.
Yashima, Hiroshi*; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, Yukio; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Boehnlein, D.*; Lautenschlager, G.*; et al.
Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.2051 - 2054, 2011/08
The experiment was performed at the anti-proton (pbar) production target station in Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. At the pbar target station, an anti-proton production target, consisted of Inconel and copper disks, were irradiated by 120 GeV proton beam. The beam intensity was 2.0 10 proton per second. Al, Nb, Cu, Au samples were set around the target to investigate the spatial and energy distribution of secondary particles emitted from the target. After irradiation, induced activities of samples were measured by using HPGe detector. The reaction rates of 30 nuclides induced in Al, Nb, Cu, Au samples were obtained. The reaction rates of these nuclides increase for samples placed on forward angle position. The angle dependence of these reaction rates becomes larger for increasing threshold energy. These experimental results compared with the calculation. The calculated results generally agree with the experimental results within a factor of 3.
Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Toyoda, Akihiro*; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Sakamoto, Yukio; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Mokhov, N.*; et al.
Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.2059 - 2062, 2011/08
In an antiproton production (Pbar) target station of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), the secondary particles produced by bombarding a target with 120-GeV protons are shielded by a thick iron shield. In order to obtain experimental data on high-energy proton accelerator facilities, we indirectly measured 100-MeV neutrons at the outside of the iron shield. The measurement was performed by using the Au activation method coupled with a low-background -ray counting system. As an indicator for the neutron flux, we determined the production rates of 8 spallation nuclides (Au, Pt, Ir, Os, Hf, Lu, Lu, and Yb) in the Au activation detector. The measured production rates were compared with the theoretical production rates calculated using PHITS. We proved that the Au activation method can serve as a powerful tool for indirect measurements of 100-MeV neutrons that play a vital role in neutron transport.
Harada, Masahide; Oikawa, Kenichi; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Maekawa, Fujio
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 1, p.94 - 97, 2011/02
NOBORU is one of 23 neutron beam ports in JSNS/J-PARC to measure neutron source characteristics and to be applicable to various test experiments. Shielding for NOBORU must be tough due to the large neutron beam size and the high beam power at 1MW. In this study, we determined the shielding structure of NOBORU by neutronics calculations. In the shielding calculation, we considered neutron beam loss conditions caused by various beam line components. As a result, shielding structures that satisfied all the necessary radiation dose limits adopted in the J-PARC were determined. We measured dose rates in the experimental room of NOBORU during operation. The measured values were in good agreement with the calculated ones within a factor of 2. In addition, we also evaluated the effectiveness of a neutron beam shutter and radioactivity of the T chopper.
Yashima, Hiroshi*; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Mokhov, N.*; Leveling, A.*; Boehnlein, D.*; Vaziri, K.*; et al.
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 1, p.48 - 51, 2011/02
The shielding experiment was performed at the anti-proton production target station in Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Aluminum, Bismath, Niobium, Copper and Indium samples were placed behind the shields. After irradiation, induced activities of samples were measured by using HPGe detector. The spatial distribution of reaction rate of samples which were placed behind the iron and concrete shields were obtained. The measured data shows that the reaction rates on the outer surfaces of the iron and concrete shields increases toward the downstream of the target. The obtained reaction rates were also fitted to Moyer's formula, and the attenuation lengths for iron and concrete shields were obtained.
Matsuda, Norihiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Sanami, Toshiya*; Mokhov, N.*; Leveling, A.*; Boehnlein, D.*; et al.
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 1, p.57 - 60, 2011/02
The anti-proton (pbar) production target in Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory can be produced a wide variety of secondary particles including of anti-protons, by bombarding with protons accelerated to 120 GeV. The shielding experimental data, which was obtained around the pbar target, make possible to validate the accuracies of the general-purpose Monte Carlo simulation codes. In this paper, spatial distribution of reaction rates were calculated with two-dimensional (r-z) geometry simplified the real pbar target station using the PHITS, MARS and MCNPX code. These experimental data in iron shield were compared with the calculated data. The comparison for attenuation length of iron were good agreement between the experiments and calculations.
Maekawa, Fujio; Oikawa, Kenichi; Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Kai, Tetsuya; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Meigo, Shinichiro; Oi, Motoki; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Watanabe, Noboru*; et al.
Proceedings of 19th Meeting of the International Collaboration on Advanced Neutron Sources (ICANS-19) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2010/07
Efforts have been made to characterize neutronic performance of JSNS. A NOBORU instrument was mainly used for this purpose while some other instruments were used when needed. The followings were confirmed. (1) Judging from a measured spectral shape, a para-hydrogen fraction in the hydrogen moderator was very close to unity as expected due to introduction of catalyst in a hydrogen circulation system. (2) Measured data for absolute spectral intensity and pulse shapes agreed very well with simulation calculations, and suggested adequacy of the neutron source designs. (3) The world's highest resolution of 0.035 % was recorded at the powder diffractometer SuperHRPD. (4) A total neutron flux of 3 10n/s/cm was confirmed at the chopper instrument 4SEASONS when it was normalized to 1 MW. The flux is the world's highest among existing spallation neutron sources, and is comparable to fluxes at intense reactor sources even in time-averaged value.
Nakashima, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, Yukio; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Masukawa, Fumihiro; Mokhov, N.*; Leveling, A.*; Boehnlein, D.*; et al.
Nuclear Technology, 168(2), p.482 - 486, 2009/11
Experimental studies of shielding and radiation effects have been started using 120-GeV proton synchrotron at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) under collaboration between FNAL and Japan. The first campaign of the experiment was carried out at the Pbar target station and Numi experimental station at FNAL, using antiproton and neutrino production targets irradiated by 120-GeV protons. The generated secondary particles passing through steel, concrete and rock were measured by activation methods as well as by other detectors such as scintillator with a veto counter, phoswich detector and a Bonner ball counter on trial. Preliminary experimental results are presented.
Kasugai, Yoshimi; Kai, Tetsuya
JAEA-Technology 2009-010, 46 Pages, 2009/05
Evaluations of radiation dose at the site boundary for the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at J-PARC were carried out supposing that the mercury used as the neutron target happened to leak from the mercury circulation system during 1 MW operation. As a result of the evaluation, the dose of external exposure at the site boundary was estimated to be 30Sv, which was almost given by the radioactive noble gas produced via spallation reactions. The inner exposure of radioactive mercury and tritium was estimated to be 0.1Sv in total. Since the estimated dose was enough low in comparison with a personal annual dose from natural radioactivity, even though the event scenario was made conservatively, it was shown that MLF has high safety margin for the leak of radioactivity.
Maekawa, Fujio; Oikawa, Kenichi; Harada, Masahide; Kai, Tetsuya; Meigo, Shinichiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Oi, Motoki; Sakai, Kenji; Teshigawara, Makoto; Hasegawa, Shoichi; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 600(1), p.335 - 337, 2009/02
A neutron beam line (BL10) of JSNS, NOBORU, has been constructed in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at J-PARC. A primal mission of NOBORU is to study neutronic performance of JSNS. We will measure the memorable first neutron pulse of JSNS at the Day-one by using NOBORU, and then measure neutron pulse shape, spectrum, intensity distribution, etc. for facility diagnostics. Since NOBORU also has an aspect as a test port, it welcomes trial uses to develop innovative instruments. Trial experiments to demonstrate several innovative instruments at NOBORU are under planning.