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Journal Articles

Electrochemically driven specific alkaline metal cation adsorption on a graphene interface

Yasuda, Satoshi; Tamura, Kazuhisa; Kato, Masaru*; Asaoka, Hidehito; Yagi, Ichizo*

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 125(40), p.22154 - 22162, 2021/10

Understanding electrochemical behavior of the alkaline metal cation-graphene interface in electrolyte is essential for understanding the fundamental electrochemical interface and development of graphene-based technologies. We report comprehensive analysis of the electrochemical behavior of both alkaline metal cations and graphene using electrochemical surface X-ray diffraction (EC-SXRD) and Raman (EC-Raman) spectroscopic techniques in which the interfacial structure of cations and the charging state and mechanical strain of the graphene can be elucidated. EC-SXRD and cyclic voltammetry demonstrated electrochemically driven specific adsorption and desorption of cations on the graphene surface involved in the dehydration and hydration process. This study provides new insight for understanding fundamental electrochemical behavior of the alkaline metal cation-graphene interface and contributes to the development of carbon-based novel applications.

Journal Articles

Development of the multi-cubic $$gamma$$-ray spectrometer and its performance under intense $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{60}$$Co radiation fields

Kaburagi, Masaaki; Shimazoe, Kenji*; Kato, Masahiro*; Kurosawa, Tadahiro*; Kamada, Kei*; Kim, K. J.*; Yoshino, Masao*; Shoji, Yasuhiro*; Yoshikawa, Akira*; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1010, p.165544_1 - 165544_9, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The number of nuclear facilities being decommissioned has been increasing worldwide, in particular following the accident of the Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings' Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in 2011. In these nuclear facilities, proper management of radioactive materials is required. Then, A $$gamma$$-ray spectrometer with four segmentations using small volume CeBr$$_{3}$$ scintillators with a dimension of $$5 times 5 times 5$$ $$rm{mm}^3$$ was developed. The four scintillators were coupled to a multi-anode photomultiplier tube specific to intense radiation fields. We performed the $$gamma$$-ray exposure study under $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{60}$$Co radiation fields. Under the $$^{137}$$Cs radiation field, the relative energy resolution at 1375 mSv/h was the relative energy resolution at 1375 mSv/h was 9.2$$pm$$0.05%, 8.0$$pm$$0.08%, 8.0$$pm$$0.03%, and 9.0$$pm$$0.04% for the four channels, respectively.

Journal Articles

Gamma-ray spectroscopy with a CeBr$$_3$$ scintillator under intense $$gamma$$-ray fields for nuclear decommissioning

Kaburagi, Masaaki; Shimazoe, Kenji*; Kato, Masahiro*; Kurosawa, Tadahiro*; Kamada, Kei*; Kim, K. J.*; Yoshino, Masao*; Shoji, Yasuhiro*; Yoshikawa, Akira*; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 988, p.164900_1 - 164900_8, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:81.22(Instruments & Instrumentation)

An increasing number of nuclear facilities have been decommissioned worldwide following the 2011 accident of the TEPCO' Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. During the decommissioning, radioactive materials have to be retrieved under proper management. In this study, a small cubic CeBr$$_3$$ spectrometer with dimensions of 5 mm $$times$$ 5 mm $$times$$ 5 mm was manufactured to perform $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy under intense $$gamma$$-ray fields. Furthermore, thanks to a fast digital process unit and a customized photomultiplier, the device could perform $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy at dose rates of over 1 Sv/h. The energy resolution (FWHM) at 662 keV ranged from 4.4% at 22 mSv/h to 5.2% at 1407 mSv/h for a $$^{137}$$Cs radiation field. Correspondingly, at 1333 keV, it ranged from 3.1% at 26 mSv/h to 4.2% at 2221 mSv/h for a $$^{60}$$Co radiation field, which suggested to realize $$gamma$$-ray assessment of $$^{134}$$Cs, $$^{137}$$Cs, $$^{60}$$Co, and $$^{154}$$Eu at dose rates of over 1 Sv/h.

Journal Articles

Crystallization processes of quartz in a granitic magma; Cathodoluminescence zonation pattern controlled by temperature and titanium diffusivity

Yuguchi, Takashi*; Ogita, Yasuhiro; Kato, Takenori*; Yokota, Rintaro*; Sasao, Eiji; Nishiyama, Tadao*

Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 192, p.104289_1 - 104289_16, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

Quartz from a granitic pluton is found to have formed through sequential growth events under different mechanisms and crystallization temperatures, which can provide new insights into magmatic processes of granitic magmas that were eventually consolidified into plutons. The events were identified using (1) the description of crystal shape and occurrence, (2) the study of the internal structure with cathodoluminescence (CL), and (3) derivation of the crystallization temperatures based on TitaniQ thermometry. The magmatic quartz crystals from the Toki granite, central Japan, are characterized as having the following internal structures: oscillatory zonation, no-oscillatory zonation with luminescence graduation (gradational zonation), and heterogeneous CL. The quartz crystals with oscillatory zonation were formed in the temperature range of about 800 $$^{circ}$$C to below 700 $$^{circ}$$C, which is referred to as oscillatory zoning temperature (OZT) conditions. The CL zonation pattern was controlled by the temperature conditions and titanium diffusivity in the melt (magma). The crystallization process of quartz within the Toki granite reveals the cooling processes of the granitic pluton; the lithofacies with a high frequency of oscillatory-zoned quartz underwent slower cooling under the OZT conditions than those in other lithofacies.

Journal Articles

Field test around Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant site using improved Ce:Gd$$_{3}$$(Al,Ga)$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ scintillator Compton camera mounted on an unmanned helicopter

Shikaze, Yoshiaki; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Sanada, Yukihisa; Torii, Tatsuo; Jiang, J.*; Shimazoe, Kenji*; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*; Yoshino, Masao*; Ito, Shigeki*; Endo, Takanori*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(12), p.1907 - 1918, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:96.18(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The Compton camera was improved for use with the unmanned helicopter. Increase of the scintillator array from 4$$times$$4 to 8$$times$$8 and expanse of the distance between the two layers contributed to the improvements of detection efficiency and angular resolution, respectively. Measurements were performed over the riverbed of the Ukedo river of Namie town in Fukushima Prefecture. By programming of flight path and speed, the areas of 65 m $$times$$ 60 m and 65 m $$times$$ 180 m were measured during about 20 and 30 minutes, respectively. By the analysis the air dose rate maps at 1 m height were obtained precisely with the angular resolution corresponding to the position resolution of about 10 m from 10 m height. Hovering flights were executed over the hot spot areas for 10-20 minutes at 5-20 m height. By using the reconstruction software the $$gamma$$-ray images including the hot spots were obtained with the angular resolution same as that evaluated in the laboratory (about 10$$^{circ}$$).

Journal Articles

Zircon growth in a granitic pluton with specific mechanisms, crystallization temperatures and U-Pb ages; Implication to the "spatiotemporal" formation process of the Toki granite, central Japan

Yuguchi, Takashi*; Iwano, Hideki*; Kato, Takenori*; Sakata, Shuhei*; Hattori, Kentaro*; Hirata, Takafumi*; Sueoka, Shigeru; Danhara, Toru*; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; et al.

Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 111(1), p.9 - 34, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:44.67(Mineralogy)

Zircon growth collected from a granitic pluton shows four (1st - 4th) events with specific mechanisms, crystallization temperatures and U-Pb ages, revealing the sequential formation process from intrusion through emplacement to crystallization / solidification. The events are recognized by: (1) internal structure of zircon based on the cathodoluminescence observation, (2) crystallization temperatures by the Ti-in-zircon thermometer in the internal structure and (3) U-Pb ages in the internal structure.

Journal Articles

Ion induced modifications of Mn-doped ZnO films

Matsunami, Noriaki*; Ito, M.*; Kato, M.*; Okayasu, Satoru; Sataka, Masao*; Kakiuchida, Hiroshi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 365(Part A), p.191 - 195, 2015/12

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:40.75(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have studied ion impact effects on atomic structure in terms of X-ray diffraction (XRD), optical absorption and electrical resistivity of Mn (6%)-doped ZnO films under 100 MeV Xe ion impact at room temperature. We find the monotonic reduction of the XRD intensity to 1/50 of that of unirradiated film at 5 $$times$$10$$^{14}$$ cm$$^{-2}$$, little bandgap change ($$<$$0.02 eV) and decrease of the resistivity by 4 order of magnitude. The resistivity modification has been compared with that by irradiations of low energy ions such as 100 keV Ne and N, which show more effective decrease of resistivity. We also find that temperature (T) dependence of the magnetic susceptibility ($$chi$$) of Mn-doped ZnO follows the Curie law: $$chi$$ = $$chi$$$$_{o}$$ + C/T (i.e., paramagnetic) and the Curie constant C decreases to a half of that before irradiation (C$$_{O}$$ = 0.012 emu cm$$^{-3}$$ K) at 100 MeV Xe ion fluence of 10$$^{12}$$ cm$$^{-2}$$.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Annual report for fiscal year 2014

Hama, Katsuhiro; Mikake, Shinichiro; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; Kuwabara, Kazumichi; Ueno, Tetsuro; Onuki, Kenji*; Beppu, Shinji; Onoe, Hironori; Takeuchi, Ryuji; et al.

JAEA-Review 2015-024, 122 Pages, 2015/11


Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technical basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase III, as the Phase II was concluded for a moment with the completion of the excavation of horizontal tunnels at GL-500m level in February 2014. This report presents the results of the investigations, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2014.

Journal Articles

Effect of cold working on the corrosion resistance of JPCA stainless steel in flowing PB-Bi at 450$$^{circ}$$C

Rivai, A. K.*; Saito, Shigeru; Tezuka, Masao*; Kato, Chiaki; Kikuchi, Kenji*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 431(1-3), p.97 - 104, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:62.49(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

In the present study, we applied 20% cold work (CW) treatment to JPCA austenitic stainless steel and investigated it from the corrosion behavior viewpoint. The corrosion test of 20% CW JPCA has been carried in the JLBL-1 (JAEA Lead-Bismuth Loop-1) apparatus. The maximum temperature and the exposure time of LBE were 450$$^{circ}$$C and 1000 h, respectively. The results showed a different corrosion behavior between the JPCA without and with CW. As for the JPCA without CW, LBE penetrated into the matrix through a ferrite layer which was formed because of constituent metals dissolution from the matrix into LBE. As for the 20% CW JPCA, dissolution attack occurred only partially and formed localized superficial pitting corrosion. It was found that the different corrosion behavior occurred because the CW induced a structure transformation from $$gamma$$-austenite to $$alpha$$'-martensite and affected the corrosion resistance of the JPCA in flowing LBE at 450$$^{circ}$$C.

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of multipurpose compact research reactor; Annual report FY2010 (Joint research)

Imaizumi, Tomomi; Miyauchi, Masaru; Ito, Masayasu; Watahiki, Shunsuke; Nagata, Hiroshi; Hanakawa, Hiroki; Naka, Michihiro; Kawamata, Kazuo; Yamaura, Takayuki; Ide, Hiroshi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2011-031, 123 Pages, 2012/01


The number of research reactors in the world is decreasing because of their aging. However, the planning to introduce the nuclear power plants is increasing in Asian countries. In these Asian countries, the key issue is the human resource development for operation and management of nuclear power plants after constructed them, and also the necessity of research reactor, which is used for lifetime extension of LWRs, progress of the science and technology, expansion of industry use, human resources training and so on, is increasing. From above backgrounds, the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center began to discuss basic concept of a multipurpose low-power research reactor for education and training, etc. This design study is expected to contribute not only to design tool improvement and human resources development in the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center but also to maintain and upgrade the technology on research reactors in nuclear power-related companies. This report treats the activities of the working group from July 2010 to June 2011 on the multipurpose low-power research reactor in the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center and nuclear power-related companies.

Journal Articles

Quantitative analysis of cisplatin sensitivity of human esophageal squamous cancer cell lines using in-air micro-PIXE

Tanaka, Naritake*; Kimura, Hitoshi*; Faried, A.*; Sakai, Makoto*; Sano, Takaaki*; Inose, Takanori*; Soda, Makoto*; Okada, Koji*; Nakajima, Masanobu*; Miyazaki, Tatsuya*; et al.

Cancer Science, 101(6), p.1487 - 1492, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:34.46(Oncology)

We examined the intracellular localization of cisplatin, a key chemotherapeutic agent, in esophageal cancer cell lines and determined their sensitivity to cisplatin using in-air micro-PIXE. Two human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cell lines, TE-2 and TE-13, were examined for their response to cisplatin using MTT assay, flow cytometry and DNA fragmentation assays. Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was also used to evaluate the mRNA expression of multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2) in both cell lines. Platinum localizations of intracellular and intranuclear were measured using in-air micro-PIXE. TE-2 cells were more sensitive to cisplatin than TE-13 cells. The results of this study suggest that in-air micro-PIXE could be a useful quantitative method for evaluating the cisplatin sensitivity of individual cells. Finally, we speculate that MRP2 in the cell membrane may play an important role in regulating cisplatin sensitivity of ESCC cells.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

JAEA Reports

Renewal plan of the JMTR hot laboratory for the Irradiation test of high burn-up fuels in FY2007

Sozawa, Shizuo; Nakagawa, Tetsuya; Omi, Masao; Hayashi, Koji; Iwamatsu, Shigemi; Kawamata, Kazuo; Kato, Yoshiaki; Kanazawa, Yoshiharu

JAEA-Technology 2009-069, 32 Pages, 2010/03


Refurbishment of the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR), which is recognized as one of important facilities in Japan for safety research, is in progress by the JAEA. In Extensive safety research of light-water reactor (LWR) fuels and materials under a contract with the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency of Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan, the irradiation tests are planned in order to examine integrity of the LWR fuels and structure materials. For the irradiation tests of high burnup fuels and irradiated materials in the JMTR, modification of the hot laboratory facilities are needed, which are (1) strengthening JMTR hot-lab. cell-shielding, (2) the capsule assembling device, (3) domestic transportation cask, (4) fuel-rod center-hole processing device, (5) master-slave manipulators, (6) power manipulator, and (7) scanning electron microscope.

Journal Articles

Post-irradiation examination techniques for the research on behavior of IASCC

Taguchi, Taketoshi; Kato, Yoshiaki; Takada, Fumiki; Omi, Masao; Nakagawa, Tetsuya

UTNL-R-0471, p.5_7_1 - 5_7_8, 2009/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

SR-PES and STM observation of metastable chemisorption state of oxygen on Si(110)-16$$times$$2 surface

Yamamoto, Yoshihisa*; Togashi, Hideaki*; Kato, Atsushi*; Takahashi, Yuya*; Konno, Atsushi*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Asaoka, Hidehito; Suemitsu, Maki*

Applied Surface Science, 254(19), p.6232 - 6234, 2008/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:23.21(Chemistry, Physical)

The room temperature adsorbed state of oxygen molecules on Si(110)-16$$times$$2 surface and the structural change after a mild annealing has been investigated by synchrotron radiation photoemission spectroscopy. As a result, despite the very small dosage of oxygen, Si$$^{2+}$$ and Si$$^{3+}$$ components already appear in addition to Si$$^{1+}$$. This is likely to be caused by a selective adsorption of O$$_{2}$$ molecules into the vicinity of already oxidized sites. After annealing, we found that binding energy of Si$$^{2+}$$ and Si$$^{3+}$$ increase and approach to their corresponding peak positions of a thermally-grown oxide, and this increase indicates relaxation of the Si-O bond length and Si-O-Si bond angle of metastable oxygen atoms.

Journal Articles

Development of a methodology to evaluate characteristics of energy technology by conjoint analysis

Hiwatari, Ryoji*; Okano, Kunihiko*; Asaoka, Yoshiyuki*; Nagano, Koji*; Ogawa, Yuichi*; Kato, Takaaki*; Tobita, Kenji; Norimatsu, Takayoshi*

Denryoku Chuo Kenkyusho Hokoku (L07012), P. 34, 2008/07

Key to take public acceptance into account on the energy system is how to evaluate and compare quantitatively the merits and the demerits of each energy system from the public viewpoint. For this purpose, a method to evaluate the property of energy technology is developed based on the conjoint analysis technique. Based on the statistical method, utility values for energy abundance, environmental load (i.e. CO$$_{2}$$ emission), stability of supply, sense of security, and other features as well as economic performance, are estimated from several thousands of choice experiments to more than 1600 respondents volunteered in the study. The basic methodology developed in this study establishes the first step to assess energy technology quantitatively on a common standard, and needs further integration with other factors, such as waste generation other than CO$$_{2}$$ emission.

JAEA Reports

Installation of remote-handling typed EBSD-OIM analyzer for heavy irradiated reactor materials

Kato, Yoshiaki; Miwa, Yukio; Takada, Fumiki; Omi, Masao; Nakagawa, Tetsuya

JAEA-Testing 2008-005, 48 Pages, 2008/06


This report is concerned with the EBSD-OIM analyzer for irradiated reactor materials, which was installed in the JMTR hot laboratory. As the first time in the world, it was installed in a hot cell as one of the examination facilities for irradiated nuclear materials and contributes to studies on IASCC (irradiation aided stress corrosion cracking) and IGSCC (irradiation grain boundary stress corrosion cracking). Its maintenance and operating experiences were described.

JAEA Reports

Replacement of radiation monitors in the lead cells of JMTR Hot Laboratory

Kato, Yoshiaki; Yamamoto, Toshio; Takada, Fumiki; Omi, Masao; Nakagawa, Tetsuya

JAEA-Testing 2008-004, 22 Pages, 2008/06


This report is concerned with replacement of the radiation monitors in the lead cells of JMTR hot laboratory in the 2007 fiscal year. It was carried out on two of seven systems of the radiation monitors. The designing, producing, installing, adjusting and inspecting were described.

Journal Articles

Progress in R&D efforts on the energy recovery linac in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Ago, Tomonori*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; Harada, Kentaro*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Honda, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.205 - 207, 2008/06

Future synchrotron light sources based on the energy-recovery linacs (ERLs) are expected to be capable of producing super-brilliant and/or ultra-short pulses of synchrotron radiation. Our Japanese collaboration team is making efforts for realizing an ERL-based hard X-ray source. We report recent progress in our R&D efforts.

Journal Articles

Report of ITPA (International Tokamak Physics Activity) meetings, 21

Kawahata, Kazuo*; Kawano, Yasunori; Kusama, Yoshinori; Mase, Atsushi*; Sasao, Mamiko*; Ide, Shunsuke; Oikawa, Toshihiro; Suzuki, Takahiro; Takase, Yuichi*; Nakamura, Yukio*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 84(5), p.297 - 298, 2008/05

no abstracts in English

79 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)