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Journal Articles

Development of the multi-cubic $$gamma$$-ray spectrometer and its performance under intense $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{60}$$Co radiation fields

Kaburagi, Masaaki; Shimazoe, Kenji*; Kato, Masahiro*; Kurosawa, Tadahiro*; Kamada, Kei*; Kim, K. J.*; Yoshino, Masao*; Shoji, Yasuhiro*; Yoshikawa, Akira*; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1010, p.165544_1 - 165544_9, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The number of nuclear facilities being decommissioned has been increasing worldwide, in particular following the accident of the Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings' Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in 2011. In these nuclear facilities, proper management of radioactive materials is required. Then, A $$gamma$$-ray spectrometer with four segmentations using small volume CeBr$$_{3}$$ scintillators with a dimension of $$5 times 5 times 5$$ $$rm{mm}^3$$ was developed. The four scintillators were coupled to a multi-anode photomultiplier tube specific to intense radiation fields. We performed the $$gamma$$-ray exposure study under $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{60}$$Co radiation fields. Under the $$^{137}$$Cs radiation field, the relative energy resolution at 1375 mSv/h was the relative energy resolution at 1375 mSv/h was 9.2$$pm$$0.05%, 8.0$$pm$$0.08%, 8.0$$pm$$0.03%, and 9.0$$pm$$0.04% for the four channels, respectively.

Journal Articles

Effects of helium on irradiation response of reduced-activation ferritic-martensitic steels; Using nickel isotopes to simulate fusion neutron response

Kim, B. K.*; Tan, L.*; Sakasegawa, Hideo; Parish, C. M.*; Zhong, W.*; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu*; Kato, Yutai*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 545, p.152634_1 - 152634_12, 2021/03

Journal Articles

Gamma-ray spectroscopy with a CeBr$$_3$$ scintillator under intense $$gamma$$-ray fields for nuclear decommissioning

Kaburagi, Masaaki; Shimazoe, Kenji*; Kato, Masahiro*; Kurosawa, Tadahiro*; Kamada, Kei*; Kim, K. J.*; Yoshino, Masao*; Shoji, Yasuhiro*; Yoshikawa, Akira*; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 988, p.164900_1 - 164900_8, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:81.22(Instruments & Instrumentation)

An increasing number of nuclear facilities have been decommissioned worldwide following the 2011 accident of the TEPCO' Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. During the decommissioning, radioactive materials have to be retrieved under proper management. In this study, a small cubic CeBr$$_3$$ spectrometer with dimensions of 5 mm $$times$$ 5 mm $$times$$ 5 mm was manufactured to perform $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy under intense $$gamma$$-ray fields. Furthermore, thanks to a fast digital process unit and a customized photomultiplier, the device could perform $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy at dose rates of over 1 Sv/h. The energy resolution (FWHM) at 662 keV ranged from 4.4% at 22 mSv/h to 5.2% at 1407 mSv/h for a $$^{137}$$Cs radiation field. Correspondingly, at 1333 keV, it ranged from 3.1% at 26 mSv/h to 4.2% at 2221 mSv/h for a $$^{60}$$Co radiation field, which suggested to realize $$gamma$$-ray assessment of $$^{134}$$Cs, $$^{137}$$Cs, $$^{60}$$Co, and $$^{154}$$Eu at dose rates of over 1 Sv/h.

Journal Articles

Effect of O/M ratio on sintering behavior of (Pu$$_{0.3}$$U$$_{0.7}$$)O$$_{2-x}$$

Nakamichi, Shinya; Hiroka, Shun; Kato, Masato; Sunaoshi, Takeo*; Nelson, A. T.*; McClellan, K. J.*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 535, p.152188_1 - 152188_8, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:76.41(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Oxygen-to-metal ratio (O/M) of uranium and plutonium mixed oxide depends on its oxygen partial pressure. To attain the desirable microstructure and O/M ratio of sintered pellets, it is important to investigate the relation between the sintering behavior and the atmosphere of sintering process. In this study, sintering behavior of (Pu$$_{0.3}$$U$$_{0.7}$$)O$$_{2}$$ and (Pu$$_{0.3}$$U$$_{0.7}$$)O$$_{1.99}$$ in controlled po$$_{2}$$ atmosphere were investigated. It was found activation energy of (Pu$$_{0.3}$$U$$_{0.7}$$)O$$_{1.99}$$ was higher than that of (Pu$$_{0.3}$$U$$_{0.7}$$)O$$_{2}$$. On the other hand, it was observed grain growth during sintering was suppressed in hypo-stoichiometric composition.

Journal Articles

Post-irradiation examinations of annular mixed oxide fuels with average burnup 4 and 5% FIMA

Cappia, F.*; Tanaka, Kosuke; Kato, Masato; McClellan, K.*; Harp, J.*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 533, p.152076_1 - 152076_14, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:39.17(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Thermal and mechanical properties of CeO$$_{2}$$

Suzuki, Kiichi; Kato, Masato; Sunaoshi, Takeo*; Uno, Hiroki*; Carvajal-Nunez, U.*; Nelson, A. T.*; McClellan, K. J.*

Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 102(4), p.1994 - 2008, 2019/04

The fundamental properties of CeO$$_{2}$$ were assessed using a range of experimental techniques. The oxygen potential of CeO$$_{2}$$ was measured by the thermogravimetric technique, and a numerical fit for the oxygen potential of CeO$$_{2}$$ is derived based on defect chemistry. Mechanical properties of CeO$$_{2}$$ were obtained using sound velocity measurement, resonant ultrasound spectroscopy and nanoindentation. The obtained mechanical properties of CeO$$_{2}$$ are then used to evaluate the Debye temperature and Gruneisen constant. The heat capacity and thermal conductivity of CeO$$_{2}$$ were also calculated using the Debye temperature and the Gruneisen constant. Finally, the thermal conductivity was calculated based upon laser flash analysis measurements. This result demonstrates that the thermal conductivity has strong dependence upon material purity.

Journal Articles

Structure of active sites of Fe-N-C nano-catalysts for alkaline exchange membrane fuel cells

Kishi, Hirofumi*; Sakamoto, Tomokazu*; Asazawa, Koichiro*; Yamaguchi, Susumu*; Kato, Takeshi*; Zulevi, B.*; Serov, A.*; Artyushkova, K.*; Atanassov, P.*; Matsumura, Daiju; et al.

Nanomaterials (Internet), 8(12), p.965_1 - 965_13, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:39.54(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Evaluation of activated nuclides due to secondary particles produced in stripper foil in J-PARC RCS

Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Saha, P. K.; Kato, Shinichi; Okabe, Kota; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 9th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '18) (Internet), p.1048 - 1050, 2018/06

The charge exchange multi-turn beam injection scheme is adopted in the J-PARC 3GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron Accelerator (RCS) due to achieve 1MW beam power operation. In the conventional multi-turn beam injection scheme, which is provided by only the septum and bump magnets, injecting turn numbers are limited by the beam losses at the septum. On the other hand, charge exchange multi-turn beam injection does not cause the beam losses at the septum; there is no restriction in principle on the injecting turn number. However, high residual doses are observed around the stripper foil. During the charge exchange multi-turn beam injection, not only the injecting beam but also circulating beam hit the foil, and then a large number of secondary particles, namely protons and neutrons, are generated. PHITS simulation results indicate that the secondary particles cause the high residual doses around the foil. To verify this examination, secondary particles measurement is key issue. Then, a new independent type foil introducing device is installed in the 100-deg dump beam transport line in order to construct a simple experimental system for secondary particle measurements. We plan the two experiments by using this system; one is a directly secondary particle detecting method, and the other is a radioactivation analysis method with metal sample pieces. Now, we started the study of how the identification of species and energies of the secondary particles with PHITS code. Irradiation target of Cu is adopted and irradiated proton or neutron beam with various energy range. Then radio-nuclides emitted the $$gamma$$-ray are picked up. Moreover, the radio-nuclides, whose reaction efficiencies due to beam species or energy are different, are searched for the indicator of the secondary particles. From the simulation results, $$^{65}$$Zn is extremely suitable for a proton beam indicator, and $$^{60}$$Co and $$^{56}$$Co are also suited for a neutron and proton indicator respectively.

Journal Articles

Laser storage ring with high power for realization of laser stripping injection

Harada, Hiroyuki; Yamane, Isao*; Saha, P. K.; Suganuma, Kazuaki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Irie, Yoshiro*; Kato, Shinichi

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.684 - 688, 2017/12

The high-intensity proton accelerator adopts a charge exchange injection scheme, which injects with exchanging from negative Hydrogen ion to proton by using carbon foil. This scheme can realize high intensity proton beam but the uncontrolled beam losses are caused by scattering between beams and the foil. Additionally, the collision may occur the foil beak. Therefore, a new injection scheme for higher intensity is needed as an alternative to the foil. In the J-PARC 3GeV RCS, we newly propose and develop a laser stripping injection scheme. However, it is necessary that laser power is two order higher than latest laser one. To realize this big issue, we develop the laser storage ring, which can provide laser pulse of high repetition rate by recycling one. In this presentation, we will introduce the laser stripping injection scheme and describe the concept of the laser storage ring with high repetition rate and report the current status.

Journal Articles

Recent progress of J-PARC RCS beam commissioning; Efforts for realizing a high-intensity low-emittance beam

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kato, Shinichi; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.95 - 99, 2017/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Status of proof-of-principle experiment for 400 MeV H$$^{-}$$ stripping to protons by using only lasers in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC

Saha, P. K.; Harada, Hiroyuki; Yamane, Isao*; Kinsho, Michikazu; Miura, Akihiko; Okabe, Kota; Liu, Y.*; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Kato, Shinichi; Irie, Yoshiro*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.866 - 870, 2017/12

Journal Articles

Laser ablation absorption spectroscopy for isotopic analysis of plutonium; Spectroscopic properties and analytical performance

Miyabe, Masabumi; Oba, Masaki; Jung, K.; Iimura, Hideki; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Kato, Masaaki; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Khumaeni, A.*; Wakaida, Ikuo

Spectrochimica Acta, Part B, 134, p.42 - 51, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:89.47(Spectroscopy)

Spectroscopic properties of atomic species of plutonium were investigated by combining laser ablation and resonance absorption techniques for the analysis of a plutonium oxide sample. For 17 transitions of Pu atoms and ions, the absorbance, isotope shift, and hyperfine splitting were determined via Voigt profile fitting of the recorded absorption spectra. Three transitions were selected as candidates for analytical use. Using these transitions, we investigated the analytical performance that was attainable and determined a correlation coefficient R2 between the absorbance and plutonium concentration of 0.9999, a limit of detection of 30-130 ppm, and a relative standard deviation of approximately 6% for an abundance of $$^{240}$$Pu of 2.4%. These results demonstrate that laser ablation absorption spectroscopy is applicable to the remote isotopic analysis of highly radioactive nuclear fuels and waste materials containing multiple actinide elements.

Journal Articles

Achievement of a low-loss 1-MW beam operation in the 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kato, Shinichi; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; et al.

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 20(6), p.060402_1 - 060402_25, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:87.54(Physics, Nuclear)

The 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is the world's highest class of high-power pulsed proton driver, aiming for an output beam power of 1 MW. The most important issues in realizing such a high-power beam operation are to control and minimize beam loss for maintaining machine activations within permissible levels. In RCS, numerical simulation was successfully utilized along with experimental approaches to isolate the mechanism of beam loss and find its solution. By iteratively performing actual beam experiments and numerical simulations, and also by several hardware improvements, we have recently established a 1-MW beam operation with very low fractional beam loss of a couple of 10$$^{-3}$$. In this paper, our recent efforts toward realizing such a low-loss high-intensity beam acceleration are presented.

Journal Articles

Realizing a high-intensity low-emittance beam in the J-PARC 3-GeV RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kato, Shinichi; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro

Proceedings of 8th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '17) (Internet), p.2470 - 2473, 2017/06

For this past year, RCS beam tuning was focused on realizing a high-intensity low-emittance beam required from the downstream facility. The extraction beam emittance including its tail part was successfully decreased by optimizing transverse injection painting, and tune and chromaticity manipulations, where bipolar sextupole field patterns were newly introduced to simultaneously achieve emittance growth mitigation at the early stage of acceleration and beam instability suppression after the middle stage of acceleration. This paper presents the recent experimental results, together with detailed discussions for the emittance growth and its mitigation mechanisms.

Journal Articles

Laser storage ring with high power for realization of laser stripping injection

Harada, Hiroyuki; Saha, P. K.; Yamane, Isao*; Kato, Shinichi; Kinsho, Michikazu; Irie, Yoshiro*

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.983 - 986, 2016/11

The high-intensity proton accelerator adopts a charge exchange injection scheme, which injects with exchanging from negative Hydrogen ion to proton by using carbon foil. This scheme can realize high intensity proton beam but the uncontrolled beam losses are caused by scattering between beams and the foil. Additionally, the collision may occur the foil beak. Therefore, a new injection scheme for higher intensity is needed as an alternative to the foil. In the J-PARC 3GeV RCS, we newly propose and develop a laser stripping injection scheme However, it is necessary that laser power is two order higher than latest laser one. To realize this big issue, we develop the laser storage ring, which can provide laser pulse of high repetition rate by recycling one. In this presentation, we will introduce the laser stripping injection scheme and describe the concept of the laser storage ring with high repetition rate.

Journal Articles

1 MW beam tuning for beam loss mitigation in the J-PARC 3 GeV RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kato, Shinichi; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.61 - 65, 2016/11

After the RF power supply upgrade, the J-PARC 3-GeV RCS restarted a 1-MW beam test in October 2015. In the beam test in October, we successfully removed longitudinal beam loss by beam loading compensation as well as minimized space-charge induced beam loss by injection painting. In addition, in this beam test, beam instability was also well suppressed by controlling the tune and the chromaticity. Furthermore, in the following beam test, the transverse painting area was successfully expanded by introducing both quadrupole correctors and anti-correlated painting scheme, by which a foil scattering part of beam loss during charge-exchange injection was further reduced. By these recent efforts, the 1-MW beam operation is now estimated to be established within a permissible beam loss level. This paper presents recent progresses of 1-MW beam tuning with particular emphasis on our approaches to beam loss issues.

Journal Articles

The Path to 1 MW; Beam loss control in the J-PARC 3-GeV RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kato, Shinichi; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 57th ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on High-Intensity and High-Brightness Hadron Beams (HB 2016) (Internet), p.480 - 485, 2016/08

The J-PARC 3-GeV RCS has achieved a 1-MW beam acceleration in January 2015. Since then, a large fraction of our effort has been focused on reducing and managing beam losses. In the beam test in October 2015, we successfully minimized space-charge induced beam loss by optimizing the injection painting technique, as well as suppressed beam instability by controlling the tune and the chromaticity. In addition, in the recent beam test, the transverse painting area was successfully expanded by introducing both quadrupole correctors and anti-correlated painting scheme, by which a foil scattering part of beam loss during charge-exchange injection was further reduced. By such recent efforts, the 1-MW beam operation is now estimated to be established within a permissible beam loss level. In this talk, recent progresses of RCS beam commissioning are reported with particular emphasis on our approaches to beam loss issues.

Journal Articles

An Experimental plan for 400 MeV H$$^{-}$$ stripping to proton by using only lasers in the J-PARC RCS

Saha, P. K.; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kato, Shinichi; Kinsho, Michikazu; Irie, Yoshiro*; Yamane, Isao*

Proceedings of 57th ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on High-Intensity and High-Brightness Hadron Beams (HB 2016) (Internet), p.310 - 314, 2016/08

Journal Articles

Recent progress of 1-MW beam tuning in the J-PARC 3-GeV RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kato, Shinichi; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 7th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '16) (Internet), p.592 - 594, 2016/06

The J-PARC 3-GeV RCS achieved a 1-MW beam acceleration in January 2015. Since then, a large fraction of our effort has been focused on reducing and managing beam losses. Major part of beam loss, such as space-charge induced beam loss, was well minimized by introducing injection painting. Uncontrolled beam loss arising from large-angle foil scattering during charge-exchange injection was also reduced drastically by the expansion of the transverse painting area, which was achieved by introducing quadrupole correctors and anti-correlated painting. By such recent efforts, the 1-MW beam operation is now estimated to be established within a permissible beam loss level. This paper presents the recent progress of 1-MW beam tuning, especially focusing on our approaches to beam loss issues.

Journal Articles

Thermal expansion measurement of (U,Pu)O$$_{2-x}$$ in oxygen partial pressure-controlled atmosphere

Kato, Masato; Ikusawa, Yoshihisa; Sunaoshi, Takeo*; Nelson, A. T.*; McClellan, K. J.*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 469, p.223 - 227, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:66.89(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Thermal expansion of (U$$_{0.7}$$Pu$$_{0.3}$$)O$$_{2-x}$$ (x = 0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03) and (U$$_{0.52}$$Pu$$_{0.48}$$)O$$_{2.00}$$ was measured with a dilatometer in an oxygen partial pressure-controlled atmosphere. The oxygen partial pressure was controlled to hold a constant oxygen-to-metal ratio in the (U,Pu)O$$_{2-x}$$ during the measurement. Thermal expansion slightly increased with the decrease in oxygen-to-metal ratio. The relationship was derived to describe thermal expansion.

137 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)