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Journal Articles

Development of a method of safety assessment for geological disposal considering long-term evolution of geological and topographical environment by uplift and erosion

Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Yamaguchi, Masaaki; Koo, Shigeru*; Nagao, Fumiya; Kato, Tomoko; Suzuki, Yuji*; Ebashi, Takeshi; Umeki, Hiroyuki*; Niibori, Yuichi*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 16(1), p.15 - 33, 2017/03

This study provides a method of safety assessment for the geological disposal of HLW to evaluate the effects of uplift and erosion which are widespread phenomena identified on regional and global scales, and are more or less difficult to avoid in Japan. This method enables to deal with different uplift rate and erosion rate, and to evaluate repository depth, the time required for a repository to reach the weathered zone and surface of the ground, and the number of waste packages eroded as a function of time by using a landform evolution model. Based on trial analysis, the result shows that the maximum dose in the Base Case (uplift rate: 0.3 mm/y) is less than the targeted criterion suggested by the international organization even if the repository reaches the ground surface. Furthermore, the diversifying effect on timing the waste packages to reach to weathered zone due to heterogeneity on altitude of bottom of weathered zone reduces one order magnitude of result of the existed dose assessment. The new method is applicable to evaluate safety of geological disposal based on realistic phenomena of uplift and erosion and to quantify a safety margin and robustness of the disposal system.

Journal Articles

Zircon growth in a granitic pluton with specific mechanisms, crystallization temperatures and U-Pb ages; Implication to the "spatiotemporal" formation process of the Toki granite, central Japan

Yuguchi, Takashi*; Iwano, Hideki*; Kato, Takenori*; Sakata, Shuhei*; Hattori, Kentaro*; Hirata, Takafumi*; Sueoka, Shigeru; Danhara, Toru*; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; et al.

Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 111(1), p.9 - 34, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:44.67(Mineralogy)

Zircon growth collected from a granitic pluton shows four (1st - 4th) events with specific mechanisms, crystallization temperatures and U-Pb ages, revealing the sequential formation process from intrusion through emplacement to crystallization / solidification. The events are recognized by: (1) internal structure of zircon based on the cathodoluminescence observation, (2) crystallization temperatures by the Ti-in-zircon thermometer in the internal structure and (3) U-Pb ages in the internal structure.

Journal Articles

HCM12A Cr-rich oxide layer investigation using 3D atom probe

Kikuchi, Kenji*; Okada, Noriyuki*; Kato, Mikio*; Uchida, Hiroshi*; Saito, Shigeru

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 450(1-3), p.237 - 243, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:28.59(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Three-dimensional atom probe techniques were applied to the investigation on the oxide scale in 12Cr ferritic-martensitic steel, HCM12A. A duplex oxide scale was formed in lead bismuth eutectic at 450-500$$^{circ}$$C, during 5500 h. Samples were located 500-700 nm away from the boundary between magnetite and Fe-Cr spinel layers, while the total oxide layer thickness is 18 $$mu$$m. It detected super enrichment of Cr with a size of ten nm roughly, as well as depletion of Fe and enrichment of O at the same site. Surrounding the Cr super enrichment area, enrichment of Si was newly noticed due to the scanned profile of detected atom counts. It is also confirmed that Pb and Bi concentration in the observed spinel region is almost null or less than 0.01 atomic percent, which is possible detecting lowest limit.

Journal Articles

Data of heavy elements for light sources in EUV and XUV and for other applications

Koike, Fumihiro*; Funaba, Hisamichi*; Goto, Motoshi*; Kato, Daiji*; Kato, Takako*; Morita, Shigeru*; Murakami, Izumi*; Sakaue, Hiroyuki*; Sudo, Shigeru*; Suzuki, Chihiro*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1545, p.202 - 211, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:81.12

Atomic ionic states and transition properties of elements with atomic numbers Z ranging from 50 to 80 are discussed as these are important to the understanding of plasmas containing such heavy elements. As such, data productions and the current status of theoretical calculations in this field are discussed. Further, recent spectroscopic measurements and respective theoretical analyses for W, Gd, and Nd are provided.

Journal Articles

A Study of tungsten spectra using Large Helical Device and Compact Electron Beam Ion Trap in NIFS

Morita, Shigeru*; Dong, C. F.*; Goto, Motoshi*; Kato, Daiji*; Murakami, Izumi*; Sakaue, Hiroyuki*; Hasuo, Masahiro*; Koike, Fumihiro*; Nakamura, Nobuyuki*; Oishi, Tetsutaro*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1545, p.143 - 152, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:99.38

Tungsten spectra have been observed from Large Helical Device (LHD) and Compact electron Beam Ion Trap (CoBIT) in wavelength ranges of visible to EUV. The tungsten spectra from LHD are well analyzed based on the knowledge from CoBIT tungsten spectra. The C-R model code has been developed to explain the UTA spectra in details. Radial profiles of EUV spectra from highly ionized tungsten ions have been measured and analyzed by impurity transport simulation code with ADPAK atomic database code to examine the ionization balance determined by ionization and recombination rate coefficients. The ablation cloud of the impurity pellet is directly measured with visible spectroscopy.

Journal Articles

Effect of cold working on the corrosion resistance of JPCA stainless steel in flowing PB-Bi at 450$$^{circ}$$C

Rivai, A. K.*; Saito, Shigeru; Tezuka, Masao*; Kato, Chiaki; Kikuchi, Kenji*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 431(1-3), p.97 - 104, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:62.49(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

In the present study, we applied 20% cold work (CW) treatment to JPCA austenitic stainless steel and investigated it from the corrosion behavior viewpoint. The corrosion test of 20% CW JPCA has been carried in the JLBL-1 (JAEA Lead-Bismuth Loop-1) apparatus. The maximum temperature and the exposure time of LBE were 450$$^{circ}$$C and 1000 h, respectively. The results showed a different corrosion behavior between the JPCA without and with CW. As for the JPCA without CW, LBE penetrated into the matrix through a ferrite layer which was formed because of constituent metals dissolution from the matrix into LBE. As for the 20% CW JPCA, dissolution attack occurred only partially and formed localized superficial pitting corrosion. It was found that the different corrosion behavior occurred because the CW induced a structure transformation from $$gamma$$-austenite to $$alpha$$'-martensite and affected the corrosion resistance of the JPCA in flowing LBE at 450$$^{circ}$$C.

Journal Articles

Application of cathodic protection of stainless steel for components in fuel reprocessing plant

Ueno, Fumiyoshi; Uchiyama, Yohei*; Kato, Chiaki; Yamamoto, Masahiro; Ebina, Tetsunari*; Shimogawara, Shigeru*; Kano, Yoichi*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 9(3), p.279 - 287, 2010/09

An application of cathodic protection method with impressed current system to control corrosion of austenitic stainless steel in boiling nitric acid solution was studied to improve corrosion resistance of components in fuel reprocessing plant. Plate and tube type specimens made of ultra low carbon type 304 stainless steel (SUS304ULC) were immersed in boiling nitric acid solutions using electrochemical test cells, electrochemical potentiostatic tests and cathodic protection tests were performed. Corrosion rates in the solution with and without protection were measured. As the results, corrosion rates of plate type specimens with cathodic protection were decreased from 1/40 to 1/10 against without protection. In the case of tube type specimen, loss of outer surface thickness was decreased about 1/8, and no deviation of the loss was observed. Authors were concluded that cathodic protection method was expectative as one of the maintenance methods of components in fuel reprocessing plant.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

Journal Articles

EUV spectra from highly charged tin ions observed in low density plasma in LHD

Suzuki, Chihiro*; Kato, Takako*; Sato, Kuninori*; Tamura, Naoki*; Kato, Daiji*; Sudo, Shigeru*; Yamamoto, Norimasa*; Tanuma, Hajime*; Ohashi, Hayato*; Suda, Shintaro*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 163, p.012019_1 - 012019_4, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:93.21

We have measured EUV spectra from highly charged tin ions in low density plasmas produced in the Large Helical Device (LHD). The well known dense spectral structure around 13.5 nm is measured when the plasma is rapidly cooled and approaching radioactive collapse, while the sparse spectrum with several unidentified discrete lines from 13.8-14.6 nm is observed if the plasma is cooled more slowly. The dominant charge states in the former case are Sn$$^{11+}$$ -Sn$$^{14+}$$. The latter case may be explained by considering the spectral lines from charge states higher than Sn$$^{19+}$$.

Journal Articles

Does Gd@C$$_{82}$$ have an anomalous endohedral structure? Synthesis and single crystal X-ray structure of the carbene adduct

Akasaka, Takeshi*; Kono, Takayoshi*; Takematsu, Yuji*; Nikawa, Hidefumi*; Nakahodo, Tsukasa*; Wakahara, Takatsugu*; Ishitsuka, Midori*; Tsuchiya, Takahiro*; Maeda, Yutaka*; Liu, M. T. H.*; et al.

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 130(39), p.12840 - 12841, 2008/10

 Times Cited Count:70 Percentile:84.61(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We report here the results on single crystal X-ray crystallographic analysis of the Gd@C$$_{82}$$ carbene adduct (Gd@C$$_{82}$$(ad), Ad=adamantylidene). The Gd atom in Gd@C$$_{82}$$(Ad) is located at an off-centered position near a hexagonal ring in the C2v-C$$_{82}$$ cage, as found for M@C$$_{82}$$ (M = Sc and La) and La@C$$_{82}$$(Ad). Theoretical calculation also confirms the position of the Gd atom in the X-ray crystal structure.

Journal Articles

Progress in R&D efforts on the energy recovery linac in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Ago, Tomonori*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; Harada, Kentaro*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Honda, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.205 - 207, 2008/06

Future synchrotron light sources based on the energy-recovery linacs (ERLs) are expected to be capable of producing super-brilliant and/or ultra-short pulses of synchrotron radiation. Our Japanese collaboration team is making efforts for realizing an ERL-based hard X-ray source. We report recent progress in our R&D efforts.

Journal Articles

Development of advanced tritium breeders and neutron multipliers for DEMO solid breeder blankets

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Mishima, Yoshinao*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Terai, Takayuki*; Tanaka, Satoru*; Munakata, Kenzo*; Kato, Shigeru*; Uchida, Munenori*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(9), p.1300 - 1306, 2007/09

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:57.13(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of advanced tritium breeders and neutron multipliers for DEMO solid breeder blankets

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Mishima, Yoshinao*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Terai, Takayuki*; Tanaka, Satoru*; Munakata, Kenzo*; Kato, Shigeru*; Uchida, Munenori*; et al.

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2007/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Active tectonics of the Senya Hills and evolution of the Senya Active Fault, Eastern margin of the Yokote Basin Fault Zone, Northeast Japan

Kagohara, Kyoko*; Imaizumi, Toshifumi*; Miyauchi, Takahiro*; Sato, Hiroshi*; Uchida, Takuma*; Echigo, Tomoo*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*; Matsuta, Nobuhisa*; Okada, Shinsuke*; Ikeda, Yasutaka*; et al.

Chigaku Zasshi, 115(6), p.691 - 714, 2006/12

The eastern marginal fault zone of the Yokote Basin is one of seismogenic reverse faults developed in Northeast Japan, generating the 1896 Riku-u Earthquake (M7.2). We discussed the relationship among fault traces, geomorphic displacements and fault geometries on the Senya fault, based on a data from high-resolution seismic reflection profiling, investigations in tectonic geomorphology and structural geology, with the help of the balanced cross section method. By the restoring the balanced cross sections, the horizontal shortening amount is estimated to be totally 3 km through the thrust system, and the thrusting is retroactive to 2.4 Ma. Depending on the strike of fault traces and the morphotectonic features, the Senya fault is subdivided into three, the northern, central and southern portion. The initiation of thrust front migration is ca.1.6 Ma at the central portion and 0.6 Ma at the northern portion. This means that the central portion preceded the northern portion as an emergent fault, and suggests that the initial propagated fault extends from the fault end to the boundary fault.

Journal Articles

Structural basis for the fast phase change of Ge$$_{2}$$Sb$$_{2}$$Te$$_{5}$$; Ring statistics analogy between the crystal and amorphous states

Kohara, Shinji*; Kato, Kenichi*; Kimura, Shigeru*; Tanaka, Hitoshi*; Usuki, Takeshi*; Suzuya, Kentaro; Tanaka, Hiroshi*; Moritomo, Yutaka*; Matsunaga, Toshiyuki*; Yamada, Noboru*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 89(20), p.201910_1 - 201910_3, 2006/11

 Times Cited Count:183 Percentile:97.85(Physics, Applied)

The three-dimensional atomic configuration of amorphous Ge$$_{2}$$Sb$$_{2}$$Te$$_{5}$$ were derived by reverse Monte Carlo simulation with synchrotron-radiation X-ray diffraction data. The authors found that amorphous Ge$$_{2}$$Sb$$_{2}$$Te$$_{5}$$ can be regarded as "even-numbered ring structure", because the ring statistics is dominated by four- and six-fold rings analogous to the crystal phase. On the other hand, the formation of Ge-Ge homopolar bonds in amorphous GeTe constructs both odd- and even-numbered rings. They believe that the unusual ring statistics of amorphous Ge$$_{2}$$Sb$$_{2}$$Te$$_{5}$$ is the key for the fast crystallization speed of the material.

Journal Articles

Development of aluminum (Al5083)-clad ternary Ag-In-Cd alloy for JSNS decoupled moderator

Teshigawara, Makoto; Harada, Masahide; Saito, Shigeru; Oikawa, Kenichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Kikuchi, Kenji; Kato, Takashi; Ikeda, Yujiro; Naoe, Takashi*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 356(1-3), p.300 - 307, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:56.05(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We adopted silver-indium-cadmium (Ag-In-Cd) alloy as a material of decoupler for decoupled moderator in JSNS. However, from the heat removal and corrosion protection points of view, the Ag-In-Cd alloy is needed to clad between Al alloys (Al5083). We attempted to obtain good bonding conditions for between Al5083 and ternary Ag-In-Cd alloys by HIPing tests. The good HIP condition was found for small test piece ($$Phi$$20mm). Though a hardened layer due to the formation of AlAg$$_{2}$$ was found in the bonding layer, the rupture strength of the bonding layer was more than 20 MPa, which was the calculated design stress. Bonding tests of a large size piece (200$$times$$200$$times$$30 mm$$^{3}$$), which simulated the real scale, were also performed according to the results of small size tests. The result also gave good bonding and enough required-mechanical-strength, however the rupture strength of the large size test was smaller than that of small one.

Journal Articles

Research and development on HTGR fuel

Ueta, Shohei; Aihara, Jun; Yasuda, Atsushi; Izumiya, Toru*; Takahashi, Masashi*; Kato, Shigeru*; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Koon Gakkai-Shi, 32(1), p.27 - 35, 2006/01

In the high temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs), refractory coated fuel particles are employed as fuel to permit high outlet coolant temperature. The High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) employs Tri-isotropic (Triso) coated fuel particles in the prismatic fuel assembly. Research and development on the HTTR fuel has been carried out spread over about 30 years, in fuel fabrication technologies, fuel performance, and so on. Furthermore, for upgrading of HTGR technologies, an extended burnup TRISO-coated fuel particle and an advanced type of coated fuel particle, ZrC-coated fuel particle in order to keep the integrity at higher operating temperatures has been developed. The present paper provides experiences and status of research and development works for the HTGR fuel in the HTTR Project.

Journal Articles

Radiation loss by impurities measured from the large helical device

Kato, Takako*; Murakami, Izumi*; Goto, Motoshi*; Morita, Shigeru*; Ida, Katsumi*; Peterson, B. J.*; Funaba, Hisamichi*; Nakano, Tomohide

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.7, p.1 - 4, 2006/00

We analyzed impurity VUV spectral emission quantitatively. Electron temperature is derived from the intensity ratio of CIII line intensities. Radiation loss sources are identified using spectroscopy and bolometer in the case of radiation collapse caused by neon gas puffing. Time dependent radiation loss of impurity ions are derived from line intensities of impurities.

Journal Articles

Control of particle size and density of Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ pebbles fabricated by indirect wet processes

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Takayama, Tomoo*; Kato, Shigeru*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 345(2-3), p.239 - 244, 2005/10

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:91.6(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study of stellar reactions in explosive hydrogen burning with CRIB

Kubono, Shigeru*; Teranishi, Takashi*; Notani, Masahiro*; Yamaguchi, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Akito*; He, J. J.*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Fujikawa, Hisashi*; Amadio, G.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 758, p.733 - 736, 2005/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Physics, Nuclear)

With using $$^{17}F$$ RNB from CRIB, proton inelastic scattering was observed. From this experiment, some resonance parameters have been deduced for the key reaction, $$^{14}O(alpha,p)^{17}F$$ at the explosive hydrogen burning stage in stars. Proton inelastic scattering of $$^{23}Mg$$ are also reported.

47 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)