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Journal Articles

Flow filtration/adsorption and simultaneous monitoring technologies of radiocesium $$^{137}$$Cs in river water

Enomoto, Kazuyuki*; Hoshina, Hiroyuki*; Kasai, Noboru*; Kurita, Keisuke; Ueki, Yuji*; Nagao, Yuto*; Yin, Y.-G.*; Suzui, Nobuo*; Kawachi, Naoki*; Seko, Noriaki*

Chemical Engineering Journal, 460, p.141696_1 - 141696_9, 2023/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:58.01(Engineering, Environmental)

This study develops a method that combines a radiation-grafting fibrous Cs-adsorbent filter of ammonium molybdophosphate (AMP) and a Ce:Gd$$_3$$Al$$_2$$Ga$$_3$$O$$_{12}$$ scintillator based $$gamma$$-ray detector for in situ measurements of the activity concentrations of $$^{137}$$Cs in a continuous water flow.

Journal Articles

Development of DynamicMC for PHITS Monte Carlo package

Watabe, Hiroshi*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Yu, K. N.*; Zivkovic, M.*; Krstic, D.*; Nikezic, D.*; Kim, K. M.*; Yamaya, Taiga*; Kawachi, Naoki*; Tanaka, Hiroki*; et al.

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 13 Pages, 2023/00

Previously, we have developed DynamicMC for modelling relative movement of ORNL phantom in a radiation field for MCNP. Using this software, 3-dimensional dose distributions in a phantom irradiated by a certain mono-energetic source can be deduced through its graphical user interface (GUI). In this study, we extended DynamicMC to be used in combination with the PHITS by providing it with a higher flexibility for dynamic movement for a less sophisticated anthropomorphic phantom. We anticipate that the present work and the developed open-source tools will be in the interest of nuclear radiation physics community for research and teaching purposes.

Journal Articles

"Live-autoradiography" technique reveals genetic variation in the rate of Fe uptake by barley cultivars

Higuchi, Kyoko*; Kurita, Keisuke; Sakai, Takuro; Suzui, Nobuo*; Sasaki, Minori*; Katori, Maya*; Wakabayashi, Yuna*; Majima, Yuta*; Saito, Akihiro*; Oyama, Takuji*; et al.

Plants (Internet), 11(6), p.817_1 - 817_11, 2022/03

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:43.33(Plant Sciences)

Genetic diversity in the rate of Fe uptake by plants has not been broadly surveyed among plant species or genotypes, although plants have developed various Fe acquisition mechanisms. We adopted the "Live-autoradiography" technique with radioactive $$^{59}$$Fe to directly evaluate the uptake rate of Fe by barley cultivars from a nutrient solution containing a very low concentration of Fe. Our observations revealed that the ability to acquire Fe from the low Fe solution was not always the sole determinant of tolerance to Fe deficiency among the barley genotypes.

Journal Articles

Noninvasive imaging of hollow structures and gas movement revealed the gas partial-pressure-gradient-driven long-distance gas movement in the aerenchyma along the leaf blade to submerged organs in rice

Yin, Y.-G.*; Mori, Yoshinao*; Suzui, Nobuo*; Kurita, Keisuke; Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka*; Miyoshi, Yuta*; Nagao, Yuto*; Ashikari, Motoyuki*; Nagai, Keisuke*; Kawachi, Naoki*

New Phytologist, 232(5), p.1974 - 1984, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:63.39(Plant Sciences)

Rice ($$Oryza sativa$$) plants have porous or hollow organs consisting of aerenchyma, which is presumed to function as a low-resistance diffusion pathway for air to travel from the foliage above the water to submerged organs. However, gas movement in rice plants has yet to be visualized in real time. In this study involving partially submerged rice plants, the leaves emerging from the water were fed nitrogen-13-labeled nitrogen ([$$^{13}$$N]N$$_2$$) tracer gas, and the gas movement downward along the leaf blade, leaf sheath, and internode over time was monitored.

Journal Articles

Autoradiography system with phosphor powder (ZnS:Ag) for imaging radioisotope dynamics in a living plant

Kurita, Keisuke; Sakai, Takuro; Suzui, Nobuo*; Yin, Y.-G.*; Sugita, Ryohei*; Kobayashi, Natsuko*; Tanoi, Keitaro*; Kawachi, Naoki*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 60(11), p.116501_1 - 116501_4, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:8.72(Physics, Applied)

Radioisotope tracer imaging is useful for studying plant physiological phenomena. In this study, we developed an autoradiography system with phosphor powder (ZnS:Ag), "Live-autoradiography", for imaging radioisotope dynamics in a living plant. This system visualizes the element migration and accumulation in intact plants continuously under a light environment. An imaging test was performed on point sources of $$^{137}$$Cs, with a radioactivity of 10-100 kBq of being observed; this indicates satisfactory system linearity between the image intensity and the radioactivity of $$^{137}$$Cs. Moreover, dynamics imaging of $$^{137}$$Cs was performed on an intact soybean plant for four days. The serial images indicated $$^{137}$$Cs accumulation in the node, vein, and growing point of the plant. The developed system can be used for studying plant physiological phenomena and can be employed for quantitative measurement of radionuclides.

Journal Articles

Non-invasive $$^{11}$$C-imaging revealed the spatiotemporal variability in the translocation of photosynthates into strawberry fruits in response to increasing daylight integrals at leaf surface

Miyoshi, Yuta*; Hidaka, Kota*; Yin, Y.-G.*; Suzui, Nobuo*; Kurita, Keisuke; Kawachi, Naoki*

Frontiers in Plant Science (Internet), 12, p.688887_1 - 688887_14, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:79.53(Plant Sciences)

In this study, $$^{11}$$C-photosynthate translocation into strawberry fruits in individual plants was visualized non-invasively and repeatedly using a positron emission tracer imaging system (PETIS) to assess the spatiotemporal variability in the translocation dynamics in response to increasing daylight integrals. This is the first study to use $$^{11}$$C-radioisotopes to clarify the spatiotemporal variability in photosynthate translocation from source leaves to individual sink fruits in vivo in response to increasing daylight integrals at a high spatiotemporal resolution.

Journal Articles

Application of OpenPET as 3-D imaging device of carbon distribution in fruit

Kurita, Keisuke; Miyoshi, Yuta*; Nagao, Yuto*; Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka*; Suzui, Nobuo*; Yin, Y.-G.*; Ishii, Satomi*; Kawachi, Naoki*; Hidaka, Kota*; Yoshida, Eiji*; et al.

QST-M-29; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2019, P. 106, 2021/03

Journal Articles

Measurements of intensity of produced light in water during irradiations of electron beams with energies above and below the Cerenkov-light threshold

Yamamoto, Seiichi*; Nagao, Yuto*; Kurita, Keisuke; Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka*; Kawachi, Naoki*

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 16(1), p.P01007_1 - P01007_9, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Luminescence of water during irradiation with particles having energies below the Cerenkov-light threshold was recently found for various types of radiations. However, the relation between the intensities of Cerenkov light and of the luminescence of water at the beam energy below the Cherenkov threshold is not well known. To clarify this point, we measured the produced light irradiating a water sample with electron beams having maximum energies above and below the Cerenkov-light threshold.

Journal Articles

Non-invasive imaging of radiocesium dynamics in a living animal using a positron-emitting $$^{127}$$Cs tracer

Suzui, Nobuo*; Shibata, Takuya; Yin, Y.-G.*; Funaki, Yoshihito*; Kurita, Keisuke; Hoshina, Hiroyuki*; Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka*; Fujimaki, Shu*; Seko, Noriaki*; Watabe, Hiroshi*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 10, p.16155_1 - 16155_9, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:25.41(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Visualising spatio-temporal distributions of assimilated carbon translocation and release in root systems of leguminous plants

Yin, Y.-G.*; Suzui, Nobuo*; Kurita, Keisuke; Miyoshi, Yuta*; Unno, Yusuke*; Fujimaki, Shu*; Nakamura, Takuji*; Shinano, Takuro*; Kawachi, Naoki*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 10, p.8446_1 - 8446_11, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:61.68(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The release of rhizodeposits differs depending on the root position and is closely related to the assimilated carbon (C) supply. Therefore, quantifying the C partitioning over a short period may provide crucial information for clarifying root-soil carbon metabolism. A non-invasive method for visualising the translocation of recently assimilated C into the root system inside the rhizobox was established using $$^{11}$$CO$$_{2}$$ labelling and the positron-emitting tracer imaging system. The spatial distribution of recent $$^{11}$$C-photoassimilates translocated and released in the root system and soil were visualised for white lupin ($$Lupinus albus$$) and soybean ($$Glycine max$$). Our method enabled the quantification of the spatial C allocations in roots and soil, which may help to elucidate the relationship between C metabolism and nutrient cycling at specific locations of the root-soil system in response to environmental conditions over relatively short periods.

Journal Articles

On-line rapid purification of [$$^{13}$$N]N$$_2$$ gas for visualization of nitrogen fixation and translocation in nodulated soybean

Yin, Y.-G.*; Ishii, Satomi*; Suzui, Nobuo*; Igura, Masato*; Kurita, Keisuke; Miyoshi, Yuta*; Nagasawa, Naotsugu*; Taguchi, Mitsumasa*; Kawachi, Naoki*

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 151, p.7 - 12, 2019/09

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:57.39(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Accurate analysis of N fixation in leguminous crops requires determination of N utilization within an intact plant$$;$$ however, most approaches require tissue disassembly. We developed a simple and rapid technique to generate high-purity and high-yield [$$^{13}$$N]N$$_2$$ gas and obtained real-time images of N fixation in an intact soybean plant. The purification efficiency was $$sim$$ 81.6% after decay correction.

Journal Articles

Corrigendum: Beam range estimation by measuring bremsstrahlung (2012 Phys. Med. Biol. 57 2843)

Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka; Torikai, Kota*; Kawachi, Naoki; Shimada, Hirofumi*; Sato, Takahiro; Nagao, Yuto; Fujimaki, Shu; Kokubun, Motohide*; Watanabe, Shin*; Takahashi, Tadayuki*; et al.

Physics in Medicine & Biology, 61(9), p.3638 - 3644, 2016/05

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:100(Engineering, Biomedical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Non-invasive imaging of sodium dynamics in common reed using positron-emitting tracer imaging system

Suzui, Nobuo; Maruyama, Teppei*; Kawachi, Naoki; Miwa, Eitaro*; Higuchi, Kyoko*; Fujimaki, Shu

JAEA-Review 2015-022, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2014, P. 95, 2016/02

Journal Articles

Imaging of radiocesium dynamics in soybean by using a high-resolution gamma camera

Yin, Y.-G.; Kawachi, Naoki; Suzui, Nobuo; Ishii, Satomi; Yoshihara, Toshihiro*; Watabe, Hiroshi*; Yamamoto, Seiichi*; Fujimaki, Shu

JAEA-Review 2015-022, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2014, P. 112, 2016/02

Journal Articles

Development of a gamma camera system for high-energy gamma photon for quantitative observation of $$^{137}$$Cs movement in a plant body

Kawachi, Naoki; Yin, Y.-G.; Suzui, Nobuo; Ishii, Satomi; Yoshihara, Toshihiro*; Watabe, Hiroshi*; Yamamoto, Seiichi*; Fujimaki, Shu

JAEA-Review 2015-022, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2014, P. 94, 2016/02

Journal Articles

Evaluation of the effect of elevated concentrations of CO$$_{2}$$ in a greenhouse for tomato cultivation

Ishii, Satomi; Yamazaki, Haruaki*; Suzui, Nobuo; Yin, Y.-G.; Kawachi, Naoki; Shimada, Hiroaki*; Fujimaki, Shu

JAEA-Review 2015-022, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2014, P. 93, 2016/02

Journal Articles

A Report of 2015 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium

Kawachi, Naoki

Hoeikyo Nyusu, (86), p.14 - 15, 2016/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Imaging of radiocesium uptake dynamics in a plant body by using a newly developed high-resolution gamma camera

Kawachi, Naoki; Yin, Y.-G.; Suzui, Nobuo; Ishii, Satomi; Yoshihara, Toshihiro*; Watabe, Hiroshi*; Yamamoto, Seiichi*; Fujimaki, Shu

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 151(Part 2), p.461 - 467, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:42.41(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Detection of a gas region in a human body across a therapeutic carbon beam by measuring low-energy photons

Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka; Nagao, Yuto; Kawachi, Naoki; Sato, Takahiro; Fujimaki, Shu; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Torikai, Kota*; Shimada, Hirofumi*; Sugai, Hiroyuki*; Sakai, Makoto*; et al.

International Journal of PIXE, 26(1&2), p.61 - 72, 2016/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Report of 8th International Conference on Isotopes and Expo

Kawachi, Naoki

Hoshasen To Sangyo, (138), p.48 - 51, 2015/06

no abstracts in English

358 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)