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Journal Articles

ITPA meeting report, 43

Kawano, Yasunori; Itami, Kiyoshi; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Kusama, Yoshinori; Sasao, Mamiko*; Peterson, B.*; Mase, Atsushi*

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 90(2), P. 164, 2014/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

ITPA meeting report, 41

Itami, Kiyoshi; Kawano, Yasunori; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Kusama, Yoshinori; Sasao, Mamiko*; Peterson, B.*; Mase, Atsushi*

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 89(9), P. 638, 2013/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Report on ITPA meeting, 33

Asakura, Nobuyuki; Ashikawa, Naoko*; Ueda, Yoshio*; Ono, Noriyasu*; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; Nakano, Tomohide; Masuzaki, Suguru*; Itami, Kiyoshi; Kawano, Yasunori; Kawahata, Kazuo*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 87(7), p.485 - 486, 2011/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

ITPA meeting report, 30

Kawano, Yasunori; Sasao, Mamiko*; Mase, Atsushi*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Kusama, Yoshinori; Peterson, B.*; Itami, Kiyoshi

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 86(9), P. 552, 2010/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Particle transport of LHD

Tanaka, Kenji*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Tokuzawa, Tokihiko*; Akiyama, Tsuyoshi*; Yokoyama, Masayuki*; Shoji, Mamoru*; Michael, C. A.*; Vyacheslavov, L. N.*; Murakami, Sadayoshi*; Wakasa, Arimitsu*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 58(1), p.70 - 90, 2010/07

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:78.18(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Particle confinement processes were studied in detail on LHD. Diffusion coefficients (D) and convection velocities (V) were estimated from density modulation experiments. The magnetic configuration and collisionality were widely scanned in order to investigate parameter dependences of D and V. In order to study the effect of the magnetic configuration, magnetic axis positions (R$$_{ax}$$) were scanned from 3.5 m to 3.9 m. This scan changed the magnetic ripples quite significantly, enabling the effects of neoclassical properties on measured values to be widely elucidated. Dependences of electron temperature (T$$_{e}$$) and helically trapped normalized collsionality ($$nu$$$$_{h}^{*}$$), where $$nu$$$$_{h}^{*}$$=1 indicates a rough boundary between the 1/$$nu$$ and plateau regimes, were examined using the heating power scan of neutral beam injection (NBI). It was found out that generally larger (or smaller) contributions of neoclassical transport resulted in more hollow (or peaked) density profiles. The larger neoclassical contribution was found to be situated at a more outwardly shifted R$$_{ax}$$ for the same T$$_{e}$$, and higher T$$_{e}$$ or lower $$nu$$$$_{h}^{*}$$ at each R$$_{ax}$$. However, it is to be noted that R$$_{ax}$$=3.5 m showed different characteristics from these trends in that this case showed a more peaked density profile at higher T$$_{e}$$.

Journal Articles

27th report of ITPA topical group meeting

Osakabe, Masaki*; Shinohara, Koji; Toi, Kazuo*; Todo, Yasushi*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Murakami, Sadayoshi*; Yamamoto, Satoshi*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Tanaka, Kenji*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 85(12), p.839 - 842, 2009/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

ITPA meeting report, 25

Kawano, Yasunori; Sasao, Mamiko*; Mase, Atsushi*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Kusama, Yoshinori; Peterson, B.*; Itami, Kiyoshi

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 85(5), P. 314, 2009/05

The 15th meeting of international tokamak physics activity (ITPA) topical group on diagnostics was held in Ahmadabad, India, 17-20 November 2008. Fifty-three scientists participated the meeting (JA:2, IN:24, EU:17, US:3, RF:3, ITER Organization (IO):4). In 2008, ITPA was restructured to be the activity under the "auspice of ITER". Accordingly, the chair and the co-chair persons were newly appointed. Since it was the first meeting after the restructuring, new guidelines of activities in this topical group were discussed together with the progress of high priority items defined by this group and status of development of ITER diagnostics in ITER participant parties and IO. In this report, the outline of the meeting is presented.

Journal Articles

Experimental investigation of particle pinch associated with turbulence in LHD heliotron and JT-60U tokamak plasmas

Tanaka, Kenji*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Muraoka, Katsunori*; Michael, C.*; Vyacheslavov, L. N.*; Yokoyama, Masayuki*; Yamada, Hiroshi*; Oyama, Naoyuki; Urano, Hajime; Kamada, Yutaka; et al.

Proceedings of 22nd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2008) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2008/10

Comparative studies were carried out in LHD heliotron and JT-60U tokamak plasmas to elucidate the most essential parameter(s) for control of density profiles in toroidal systems. A difference in the collisionality dependence was found between the two devices. In LHD, the density peaking factor decreased with decrease of the collisionality at the magnetic axis position (R$$_{rm au}$$) 3.6 m, while the density peaking factor gradually increased with a decreased of collisionality at R$$_{rm au}$$ = 3.5 m. On the other hand, in JT-60U, the density peaking factor clearly increased with a decrease of the collisionality. The difference in the collisionality dependence between R$$_{rm au}$$ = 3.5 and R$$_{rm au}$$ = 3.6 m is likely due to the contribution of the anomalous transport. At R$$_{rm au}$$ = 3.5 m, larger anomalous transport caused a similar collisionality dependence. Change of the fluctuation property was observed with different density profiles in the plasma core region on both devices. In JT-60U, the increase of the radial coherence was observed with higher density peaking profile suggesting enhanced diffusion and inward directed pinch. For a magnetic axis positions (R$$_{rm au}$$) at 3.6 m in LHD, the increase of the fluctuation power with an increase in P$$_{rm NB}$$ was observed for a hollow density profile suggesting an increase on diffusion due to anomalous processes. Change of density profiles from peaked to hollow indicates change in the convection direction. This is due to increase in neoclassical processes. The reduction of the density peaking factor with increase of P$$_{rm NB}$$ in LHD is partly due to the neoclassical effect and partly due to the anomalous effect.

Journal Articles

Particle transport and fluctuation characteristics around the neoclassically optimized configurations in LHD

Tanaka, Kenji*; Michael, C.*; Vyacheslavov, L. N.*; Yokoyama, Masayuki*; Murakami, Sadayoshi*; Wakasa, Arimitsu*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Muraoka, Katsunori*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Tokuzawa, Tokihiko*; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 3, p.S1069_1 - S1069_7, 2008/08

Density profiles in LHD were measured and particle transport coefficients were estimated from density modulation experiments in LHD. The dataset of different magnetic axis, toroidal magnetic filed and heating power provided data set of widely scanned neoclassical transport. At minimized neoclassical transport configuration ($$R$$$$_{rm ax}$$ = 3.5 m, $$B$$$$_{rm t}$$ = 2.8 T) showed peaked density profile. Its peaking factor increased gradually with decrease of collisional frequency. This is a similar result observed in JT-60U. At other configuration, peaking factor reduced with decrease of collsional frequency. Data set showed that larger contribution of neoclassical transport produced hollowed density profile. Comparison between neoclassical and estimated particle diffusivity showed different minimum condition. Clear difference of spatial profile of turbulence was observed between hollowed and peaked density profiles. Major part of fluctuation existed in the unstable region of ion temperature gradient mode.

Journal Articles

ITPA Meeting report, 23

Kawano, Yasunori; Mase, Atsushi*; Sasao, Mamiko*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Kusama, Yoshinori

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 84(8), p.558 - 559, 2008/08

The 14th meeting on ITPA topical group on Diagnostics was held for 14-18 April 2008 at Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne. The number of participants was sixty-three (JA: 9, CN: 2, EU: 42, US: 2, RF: 1, KO: 1, ITER Organization: 6). Recent activities of Specialist working groups on high priority areas for ITER diagnostics and progress in ITER participating parties for developments of fusion plasma diagnostics were presented and discussed. A special session was dedicated to discuss about the effects of reflection on vacuum vessel wall to optical diagnostics. Outline of the presentations and discussions at the meeting is reported here.

Journal Articles

Report of ITPA (International Tokamak Physics Activity) meetings, 21

Kawahata, Kazuo*; Kawano, Yasunori; Kusama, Yoshinori; Mase, Atsushi*; Sasao, Mamiko*; Ide, Shunsuke; Oikawa, Toshihiro; Suzuki, Takahiro; Takase, Yuichi*; Nakamura, Yukio*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 84(5), p.297 - 298, 2008/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Extended steady-state and high-beta regimes of net-current free heliotron plasmas in the Large Helical Device

Motojima, Osamu*; Yamada, Hiroshi*; Komori, Akio*; Oyabu, Nobuyoshi*; Muto, Takashi*; Kaneko, Osamu*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Mito, Toshiyuki*; Ida, Katsumi*; Imagawa, Shinsaku*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(10), p.S668 - S676, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:34 Percentile:76.72(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The performance of net-current free heliotron plasmas has been developed by findings of innovative operational scenarios in conjunction with an upgrade of the heating power and the pumping/fuelling capability in the Large Helical Device (LHD). Consequently, the operational regime has been extended, in particular, with regard to high density, long pulse length and high beta. Diversified studies in LHD have elucidated the advantages of net-current free heliotron plasmas. In particular, an internal diffusion barrier (IDB) by a combination of efficient pumping of the local island divertor function and core fuelling by pellet injection has realized a super dense core as high as 5$$times$$10$$^{20}$$ m$$^{-3}$$, which stimulates an attractive super dense core reactor. Achievements of a volume averaged beta of 4.5% and a discharge duration of 54 min with a total input energy of 1.6 GJ (490 kW on average) are also highlighted. The progress of LHD experiments in these two years is overviewed by highlighting IDB, high-beta and long pulse.

Journal Articles

Report of meetings of ITPA (International Tokamak Physics Activity), 19

Sasao, Mamiko*; Kusama, Yoshinori; Kawano, Yasunori; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Mase, Atsushi*; Sugie, Tatsuo; Fujita, Takaaki; Fukuda, Takeshi*; Fukuyama, Atsushi*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 83(9), p.779 - 782, 2007/09

This is a report of highlights from 2007 spring meetings of seven Topical Groups (TG) of International Tokamak Physics Activity (ITPA). In each meeting, high priority issues in physics of International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) and other burning plasma experiments have been discussed and investigated. Twenty-seven scientists from Japan have participated in those meetings. Dates and places of the meetings are shown below. (1) Diagnostics TG: 26-30 March, Princeton (USA), (2) Transport Physics TG: 7-10 May, Lausanne (Switzerland), (3) Confinement Database and Modeling TG: 7-10 May, Lausanne (Switzerland), (4) Edge Pedestal Physics TG: 7-10 May, Garching (Germany) (5) Steady State Operation TG: 9-11 May, Daejeon (South Korea), (6)MHD TG: 21-24 May, San Diego (USA), (7) Scrape-off-layer and Divertor Physics TG: 7-10 May, Garching (Germany).

Journal Articles

Magnetic fusion energy studies in Japan

Ogawa, Masao*; Iio, Shunji*; Komori, Akio*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Kaneko, Osamu*; Inoue, Takashi; Kamada, Yutaka

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 577(1-2), p.30 - 36, 2007/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:36.92(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Extended steady-state and high-beta regimes of net-current free heliotron plasmas in the large helical device

Motojima, Osamu*; Yamada, Hiroshi*; Komori, Akio*; Oyabu, Nobuyoshi*; Kaneko, Osamu*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Mito, Toshiyuki*; Muto, Takashi*; Ida, Katsumi*; Imagawa, Shinsaku*; et al.

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2007/03

The performance of net-current free Heliotron plasmas has been developed by findings of innovative operational scenarios in conjunction with an upgrade of the heating power and the pumping/fueling capability in the Large Helical Device (LHD). Consequently, the operational regime has been extended, in particular, with regard to high density, long pulse length and high beta. Diversified studies in LHD have elucidated the advantages of net-current free heliotron plasmas. In particular, an Internal Diffusion Barrier (IDB) by combination of efficient pumping of the local island divertor function and core fueling by pellet injection has realized a super dense core as high as 5$$times$$10$$^{20}$$m$$^{-3}$$, which stimulates an attractive super dense core reactor. Achievements of a volume averaged beta of 4.5 % and a discharge duration of 54-min. with a total input energy of 1.6 GJ (490 kW in average) are also highlighted. The progress of LHD experiments in these two years is overviewed with highlighting IDB, high $$beta$$ and long pulse.

Journal Articles

Progress in microwave diagnostics and physics issues in magnetically confined plasmas

Mase, Atsushi*; Kogi, Yuichiro*; Hojo, Hitoshi*; Yoshikawa, Masayuki*; Itakura, Akiyoshi*; Chujo, T.*; Tokuzawa, Tokihiko*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Nagayama, Yoshio*; Oyama, Naoyuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 51(2T), p.52 - 57, 2007/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:26.87(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Advanced diagnostics for burning plasma experiments

Sasao, Mamiko*; Yamada, Hiroshi*; Baba, Mamoru*; Kondoh, Takashi; Peterson, B. J.*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Mase, Atsushi*; Yoshikawa, Masayuki*; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Toi, Kazuo*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 51(2T), p.40 - 45, 2007/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Several unexplored physics issues will be studied in burning plasma experiments, planned on ITER in the near future. To carry out these studies, it is essential to develop novel diagnostic systems, such as fusion product measurement systems and high-resolution, high-reliability profile measurement of various plasma parameters. Scientific research on "Advanced Diagnostics for Burning Plasma Experiment" was assigned as a priority area by MEXT in 2004, and more than 20 studies are currently underway under this program. The feasibility of several new diagnostic concepts applicable to ITER is examined and diagnostic components for these systems are now under development.

Journal Articles

Report on ITPA (International Tokamak Physics Activity) meeting, 18

Kawahata, Kazuo*; Kawano, Yasunori; Kusama, Yoshinori; Mase, Atsushi*; Sasao, Mamiko*; Sugie, Tatsuo; Fujita, Takaaki; Fukuda, Takeshi*; Fukuyama, Atsushi*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 83(2), p.195 - 198, 2007/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Report of ITPA (International Tokamak Physics Activity) meetings, 17

Asakura, Nobuyuki; Kato, Takako*; Nakano, Tomohide; Takamura, Shuichi*; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; Iio, Shunji*; Nakajima, Noriyoshi*; Ono, Yasushi*; Ozeki, Takahisa; Takechi, Manabu; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 82(7), p.448 - 450, 2006/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Observation of localized oscillations at ${it m/n}$=2/1 rational surface during counter neutral beam injection in the large helical device

Isayama, Akihiko; Inagaki, Shigeru*; Watanabe, Kiyomasa*; Narushima, Yoshiro*; Sakakibara, Satoru*; Funaba, Hisamichi*; Ida, Katsumi*; Nagayama, Yoshio*; Yamada, Hiroshi*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(1), p.L45 - L55, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:41.63(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

39 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)