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Journal Articles

Sodium-cooled Fast Reactors

Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Morishita, Masaki*; Aizawa, Kosuke; Ando, Masanori; Ashida, Takashi; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Doda, Norihiro; Enuma, Yasuhiro; Ezure, Toshiki; Fukano, Yoshitaka; et al.

Sodium-cooled Fast Reactors; JSME Series in Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation, Vol.3, 631 Pages, 2022/07

This book is a collection of the past experience of design, construction, and operation of two reactors, the latest knowledge and technology for SFR designs, and the future prospects of SFR development in Japan. It is intended to provide the perspective and the relevant knowledge to enable readers to become more familiar with SFR technology.

Journal Articles

Enhancement of element production by incomplete fusion reaction with weakly bound deuteron

Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Chiga, Nobuyuki*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Shumpei*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:53.6(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Searching for effective pathways for the production of proton- and neutron-rich isotopes through an optimal combination of reaction mechanism and energy is one of the main driving forces behind experimental and theoretical nuclear reaction studies as well as for practical applications in nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste. We report on a study on incomplete fusion induced by deuteron, which contains one proton and one neutron with a weak binding energy and is easily broken up. This reaction study was achieved by measuring directly the cross sections for both proton and deuteron for $$^{107}$$Pd at 50 MeV/u via inverse kinematics technique. The results provide direct experimental evidence for the onset of a cross-section enhancement at high energy, indicating the potential of incomplete fusion induced by loosely-bound nuclei for creating proton-rich isotopes and nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.

Journal Articles

Effect of alloy element on weld pool dynamics in laser welding of aluminum alloys

Miyagi, Masanori*; Hongze, W.*; Yoshida, Ryohei*; Kawahito, Yosuke*; Kawakami, Hiroshi*; Shobu, Takahisa

Scientific Reports (Internet), 8(1), p.12944_1 - 12944_10, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:81.06(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The behavior inside the metal during laser welding is very important because it greatly affects the material strength, defect generation, and so on. In this study, weld pool dynamics in laser welding of various series of aluminum alloys were investigated by the ${it in situ}$ synchrotron radiation X-ray phase contrast imaging system. The experimental results showed that metal irradiated by laser was evaporated immediately, which generated the keyhole. Then metal surrounding the keyhole was melted gradually with the heat from keyhole. The growth rate of keyhole depth had a positive linear correlation with the total content of low boiling temperature elements (TCE), so did the keyhole depth and diameter at the stable stage. Then, by repeating the experiment, we succeeded in quantifying the effect of alloying elements on the dynamics of the weld pool in laser welding of aluminum alloys.

Journal Articles

The Effect of the electron temperature and current density profiles on the plasma current decay in JT-60U disruptions

Shibata, Yoshihide; Isayama, Akihiko; Miyamoto, Seiji*; Kawakami, Sho*; Watanabe, Kiyomasa*; Matsunaga, Go; Kawano, Yasunori; Lukash, V.*; Khayrutdinov, R.*; JT-60 Team

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 56(4), p.045008_1 - 045008_8, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:15.67(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

In JT-60U disruption, the plasma current decay during the initial phase of current quench has been calculated by a disruption simulation code (DINA) using the measured electron temperature $$T_{rm e}$$ profile. In the case of fast plasma current decay, $$T_{rm e}$$ has a peaked profile just after thermal quench and the $$T_{rm e}$$ profile doesn't change significantly during the initial phase of current quench. On the other hand, in the case of the slow plasma current decay, the $$T_{rm e}$$ profile is border just after the thermal quench, and the $$T_{rm e}$$ profile shrinks. The results of DINA simulation show that plasma internal inductance $$L_{rm i}$$ increases during the initial phase of current quench, while plasma external inductance $$L_{rm e}$$ does not change in time. The increase of $$L_{rm i}$$ is caused by current diffusion toward the core plasma due to the decrease of $$T_{rm e}$$ in intermediate and edge regions. It is suggested that an additional heating in the plasma periphery region has the effect of slowing down plasma current decay.

Journal Articles

Effect of resistivity profile on current decay time of initial phase of current quench in neon-gas-puff inducing disruptions of JT-60U

Kawakami, Sho*; Shibata, Yoshihide; Watanabe, Kiyomasa*; Ono, Noriyasu*; Isayama, Akihiko; Takizuka, Tomonori*; Kawano, Yasunori; Okamoto, Masaaki*

Physics of Plasmas, 20(11), p.112507_1 - 112507_6, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:8.97(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

According to an early work on the behavior of the plasma current decay in the JT-60U disruptive discharges caused by the radiative collapse with a massive neon-gas-puff, the increase of the internal inductance mainly determined the current decay time of plasma current during the initial phase of current quench. To investigate what determines the increase of the internal inductance, we focus attention on the relationship between the electron temperature (or the resistivity) profile and the time evolution of the current density profile, and carry out numerical calculations. As a result, we find the reason of the increase of the internal inductance: The current density profile at the start of the current quench is broader than an expected current density profile in the steady state, which is determined by the temperature (or resistivity) profile. The current density profile evolves into peaked one and the internal inductance is increasing.

Journal Articles

Pressure fluctuation behavior in the cryogenic hydrogen system caused by a 100 kW proton beam injection

Tatsumoto, Hideki; Aso, Tomokazu; Otsu, Kiichi; Uehara, Toshiaki; Sakurayama, Hisashi; Kawakami, Yoshihiko; Kato, Takashi; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Futakawa, Masatoshi

AIP Conference Proceedings 1218, p.289 - 296, 2010/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:73.21

A cryogenic hydrogen system provides the supercritical hydrogen to the moderators and removes the nuclear heating at the moderators, which is estimated to 3.8 kW for a proton beam power of 1 MW. In order to mitigate pressure fluctuation caused by suddenly turning a proton beam on and off, we should design a pressure control system, which is composed of a heater as an active controller for thermal compensation and an accumulator as a passive volume controller. In December 2007, a 109 kW proton beam was injected to the JSNS. The pressure fluctuation behaviors have been studied for the 109 kW proton beam operation. As soon as the proton beam is injected, the accumulator starts to spontaneously constrict. The heater control can succeed in maintaining a constant heat load applied to the cryogenic hydrogen system. The pressure control system can reduce the pressure fluctuation below 5 kPa. We have confirmed that the pressure control system should be effective.

Journal Articles

Commissioning of the cryogenic hydrogen system in J-PARC; Preliminary operation by helium gas

Aso, Tomokazu; Tatsumoto, Hideki; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Otsu, Kiichi; Uehara, Toshiaki; Kawakami, Yoshihiko; Sakurayama, Hisashi; Maekawa, Fujio; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Ushijima, Isamu*

Proceedings of International Cryogenic Engineering Conference 22 (ICEC-22) and International Cryogenic Materials Conference 20 (ICMC 2008), p.741 - 746, 2009/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Material test data of 316FR Steel (IX)

Odaka, Susumu; Kato, Shoichi; Yoshida, Eiichi; Kawakami, Tomohiro*; Suzuki, Takaichi*; Kawashima, Seiichi*; Ishigami, Katsuo*

JNC TN9450 2005-001, 196 Pages, 2005/03

JNC-TN9450-2005-001.pdf:6.7MB

Material test of 316FR steel, which was used for structure material of fast breeder reactor (FBR) has been preformed in New Technology Development Group. In this report, the result of test obtained up to this time was collected. Many valuable data that long time test more than 40000 hours including sodium environment test data in this report will be use for material examination of FBR in the future.Contents of the data sheet are as follows; (1) Material: 316FR Steel, (2) Test environment: In air,in sodium, (3) Test emperature: Room temperature to 800, (4) Test method: According to JIS and FBR metallic materials test manual (Revised edition), (5) Number of data:Tensile tests 234, Creep tests 408, Fatigue tests 201, Creep-fatigue tests 47, Relaxation tests 6,Total 896 This report consists of the printouts fromthe structural material data processing system, SMAT.

JAEA Reports

Material test data of SUS304 steel (III)

Odaka, Susumu; Kato, Shoichi; Kawakami, Tomohiro*; Suzuki, Takaichi*; Takamori, Yuji*

JNC TN9450 2003-002, 962 Pages, 2003/03

JNC-TN9450-2003-002.pdf:35.27MB

Material test of SUS304 steel, which was used for structure material of fast breeder reactor (FBR) has been preformed in New Technology Development Group. In this report, the result of test obtained up to this time was collected. Many valuable data that long time test more than 100000 hours including sodium environment test data in this report will be use for material examination of FBR in the future. Contents of the data sheet are as follows; (1) Material: SUS304 Steel, (2) Test environment: In air, in sodium, (3) Test temperature: Room temperature to 800$$^{circ}$$C, (4) Test method: According to JIS and FBR metallic materials test manual (revised edition), (5) Number of data : Tensile tests 1,185 Creep tests 1,044 Fatigue tests 1,037 Creep-fatigue tests 263 Total 3,529 This report consists of the printouts from -the structural material data Processing system, SMAT-.

Journal Articles

Divertor biasing effects to reduce L/H power threshold in the JFT-2M tokamak

Miura, Yukitoshi; *; *; Hoshino, Katsumichi; *; *; Kasai, Satoshi; Kawakami, Tomohide; Kawashima, Hisato; Maeda, M.*; et al.

Fusion Energy 1996, p.167 - 175, 1997/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of causality in the H-L transition on the JFT-2M tokamak

*; *; *; *; *; *; *; Oikawa, Toshihiro; *; *; et al.

Fusion Energy 1996, p.885 - 890, 1997/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

ELM control and boundary plasma modification in the JFT-2M tokamak

Tamai, Hiroshi; Shoji, Teruaki; Miura, Yukitoshi; Nagashima, Keisuke; Kawashima, Hisato; Matsuda, Toshiaki; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Maeno, Masaki; Yamauchi, Toshihiko; Uehara, Kazuya; et al.

IAEA-CN-60/A1-7, 0, p.137 - 144, 1995/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Disruption control by ECH in the JFT-2M tokamak

Hoshino, Katsumichi; ; *; Kawakami, Tomohide; Kawashima, Hisato; Maeda, Hikosuke; Maeno, Masaki; Matsuda, Toshiaki; Miura, Yukitoshi; Nagashima, Keisuke; et al.

IAEA-CN-60/A5-9 (Vol.1), 0, p.697 - 704, 1995/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Suppression of disruptions with ECH on JFT-2M

Hoshino, Katsumichi; Mori, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Takumi; Tamai, Hiroshi; Shoji, Teruaki; Miura, Yukitoshi; ; Kasai, Satoshi; Kawakami, Tomohide; Kawashima, Hisato; et al.

Radio Frequency Power in Plasmas; AIP Conf. Proceedings 289, p.149 - 156, 1994/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Avoidance of q$$_{a}$$=3 disruption by electron cyclotron heating in the JFT-2M tokamak

Hoshino, Katsumichi; Mori, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Takumi; Tamai, Hiroshi; Shoji, Teruaki; Miura, Yukitoshi; ; Kasai, Satoshi; Kawakami, Tomohide; Kawashima, Hisato; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 69(15), p.2208 - 2211, 1992/10

 Times Cited Count:71 Percentile:90.06(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effects of ergodization on plasma confinement in JFT-2M

Shoji, Teruaki; Tamai, Hiroshi; Miura, Yukitoshi; Mori, Masahiro; Ogawa, Hiroaki; A.W.Leonard*; T.Jensen*; A.W.Hyatt*; A.M.Howald*; Fuchs, G.*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 196-198, p.296 - 300, 1992/00

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:93.35(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Studies of improved confinement on JFT-2M

Miura, Yukitoshi; ; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Kasai, Satoshi; Kawakami, Tomohide; Kawashima, Hisato; Maeda, Hikosuke; Matsuda, Toshiaki; Mori, Masahiro; Odajima, Kazuo; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research 1990, Vol.1, p.325 - 333, 1991/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Impurity behavior during the H-mode in JFT-2M

Ogawa, Hiroaki; Kasai, Satoshi; Tamai, Hiroshi; Kawashima, Hisato; *; Yamauchi, Toshihiko; Mori, Masahiro; Miura, Yukitoshi; Suzuki, Norio; Sengoku, Seio; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 59(11), p.3962 - 3976, 1990/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:46.29(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Ion Bernstein wave experiment on JFT-2M tokamak

Tamai, Hiroshi; Ogawa, Toshihide; Matsumoto, Hiroshi; Odajima, Kazuo; ; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Kasai, Satoshi; Kawakami, Tomohide; Kawashima, Hisato; Kondoh, Takashi; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 29(10), p.L1911 - L1914, 1990/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.08(Physics, Applied)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Observation of direct electron heating by the fast waves in the low-hybrid range of frequencies in the JFT-2M tokamak

Yamamoto, Takumi; Uesugi, Yoshihiko; Kawashima, Hisato; Hoshino, Katsumichi; ; Kasai, Satoshi; Kawakami, Tomohide; Kondoh, Takashi; Maeda, Hikosuke; Matsuda, Toshiaki; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 63(11), p.1148 - 1151, 1989/09

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:74.81(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

54 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)