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Journal Articles

Spallation and fragmentation cross sections for 168 MeV/nucleon $$^{136}$$Xe ions on proton, deuteron, and carbon targets

Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Ahn, D. S.*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Isobe, Tadaaki*; Kawakami, Shunsuke*; Koyama, Shumpei*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

The spallation and fragmentation reactions of $$^{136}$$Xe induced by proton, deuteron and carbon at 168 MeV/nucleon were studied at RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory via the inverse kinematics technique. The cross sections of the lighter products are larger in the carbon-induced reactions due to the higher total kinetic energy of carbon. The energy dependence was investigated by comparing the newly obtained data with previous results obtained at higher reaction energies. The experimental data were compared with the results of SPACS, EPAX, PHITS and DEURACS calculations. These data serve as benchmarks for the model calculations.

Journal Articles

Enhancement of element production by incomplete fusion reaction with weakly bound deuteron

Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Chiga, Nobuyuki*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Shumpei*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:25.43(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Searching for effective pathways for the production of proton- and neutron-rich isotopes through an optimal combination of reaction mechanism and energy is one of the main driving forces behind experimental and theoretical nuclear reaction studies as well as for practical applications in nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste. We report on a study on incomplete fusion induced by deuteron, which contains one proton and one neutron with a weak binding energy and is easily broken up. This reaction study was achieved by measuring directly the cross sections for both proton and deuteron for $$^{107}$$Pd at 50 MeV/u via inverse kinematics technique. The results provide direct experimental evidence for the onset of a cross-section enhancement at high energy, indicating the potential of incomplete fusion induced by loosely-bound nuclei for creating proton-rich isotopes and nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.

Journal Articles

Excitation spectrum of Josephson vortices on surface superconductor

Kawakami, Takuto*; Nagai, Yuki; Yoshizawa, Shunsuke*; Kim, H.*; Hasegawa, Yukio*; Nakayama, Tomonobu*; Uchihashi, Takashi*; Hu, X.*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 568(2), p.022022_1 - 022022_5, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:42.48

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Imaging Josephson vortices on the surface superconductor Si(111)-($$sqrt{7} times sqrt{3}$$)-In using a scanning tunneling microscope

Yoshizawa, Shunsuke*; Kim, H.*; Kawakami, Takuto*; Nagai, Yuki; Nakayama, Tomonobu*; Hu, X.*; Hasegawa, Yukio*; Uchihashi, Takashi*

Physical Review Letters, 113(24), p.247004_1 - 247004_5, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:47 Percentile:7.87(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have studied the superconducting Si(111)-($$sqrt{7}$$$$times$$$$sqrt{3}$$)-In surface using a $$^{3}$$He-based low-temperature scanning tunneling microscope. Zero-bias conductance images taken over a large surface area reveal that vortices are trapped at atomic steps after magnetic fields are applied. The crossover behavior from Pearl to Josephson vortices is clearly identified from their elongated shapes along the steps and significant recovery of superconductivity within the cores. Our numerical calculations combined with experiments clarify that these characteristic features are determined by the relative strength of the interterrace Josephson coupling at the atomic step.

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