Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Matsuura, Masato*; Endo, Hitoshi*; Seto, Hideki*; Ito, Shinichi*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 562, p.148 - 154, 2019/06
Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12
The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.
Seto, Hideki; Ito, Shinichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Endo, Hitoshi*; Nakajima, Kenji; Shibata, Kaoru; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kawakita, Yukinobu; et al.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta; General Subjects, 1861(1), p.3651 - 3660, 2017/01
J-PARC, Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex provides short pulse proton beam at a repetition rate 25 Hz and the maximum power is expected to be 1 MW. Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments have already been operated or under construction / commissioning. There are 6 inelastic / quasi-elastic neutron scattering spectrometers and the complementary use of these spectrometers will open new insight for life science.
Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Jeong, S.-C.*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Jung, H. S.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; Osa, Akihiko; Otokawa, Yoshinori; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 376, p.379 - 381, 2016/06
Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Jeong, S.-C.*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Osa, Akihiko; Otokawa, Yoshinori; et al.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 53(11), p.110303_1 - 110303_4, 2014/11
Ito, Kei; Takata, Takashi*; Ohno, Shuji; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Kamide, Hideki; Imai, Yasutomo*; Kawamura, Takumi*
Nihon Kikai Gakkai Rombunshu, B, 79(808), p.2630 - 2634, 2013/12
In a sodium-cooled fast reactor, inert gas exists in the primary coolant system as bubbles or dissolved gas. Similarly, small bubbles exist also in the mercury target loop in J-PARC to suppress cavitation erosion. To simulate these inert gas behaviors in liquid metal flows, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has developed a plant dynamics code VIBUL. In this study, new models, i.e. the bubble release and bubble carry under models, are introduced to simulate the bubble behaviors in the fast reactor and mercury target system. Then, the small bubble behavior in the mercury target system is simulated to check the validity of the new models.
Ito, Kei; Ohno, Shuji; Kamide, Hideki; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Kawamura, Takumi*; Imai, Yasutomo*
JAEA-Research 2013-008, 117 Pages, 2013/10
The Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been developed a plant dynamics code VIBUL to simulate the concentration distributions of the dissolved gas and the bubbles in a fast reactor. In this study, the VIBUL code is improved to achieve accurate simulations, e.g. rigorous mole conservation of inert gas. Moreover, new modles are introduced to simulate the small bubble behaviors in the J-PARC mercury target system. To validate the improved models and the newly developed models, the inert gas behaviors in the large-scale sodium-cooled reactor and the small bubble behaviors are simulated. As a result, it is confirmed that the complicated bubble dynamics in each component, e.g. core, IHX or surge tank, can be simulated appropriately by the VIBUL code.
Kawamura, Hideki*; Ando, Kenichi*; Noda, Masaru*; Tanaka, Tatsuya*; Matsuda, Takeshi*; Fujii, Haruhiko*; Hashimoto, Shuji*; Ueda, Tadashi*; Matsui, Hiroya; Takeuchi, Shinji; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2009-081, 182 Pages, 2010/03
Grouting has practical importance for the reduction of groundwater inflow into excavations during construction of underground facilities. Considering the performance assessment of a radioactive waste repository, the performance of the engineered barrier system could be adversely affected by a high pH plume generated from grout. Therefore, a quantitative estimation of the effectiveness of grouting and grout material is essential. This study has been performed in the Mizunami URL being excavated in crystalline rock as a part of the Project for Grouting Technology Development for the Radioactive Waste Repository funded by METI, Japan. The aims were to evaluate the applicability of existing grouting technology and to develop methodology to determine the distribution of grout and change in hydraulic properties of the grouted rock volume. The target rock is the volume of rock around a planned refuge niche where the pre-excavation grouting was performed at 200-m depth from ground surface. After excavation of the refuge niche, ten boreholes were drilled and different kinds of investigations were carried out during and after drilling. The results were integrated and groundwater flow analysis of pre and post excavation grouting conditions were carried out to estimate quantitatively the effect of pre-excavation grouting. The results suggest that current pre-excavation grouting technology is effective for reduction of groundwater inflow into excavations and that hydraulic conductivity of the surrounding rock can be reduced by more than one order of magnitude.
Shima, Shigeki*; Gasa, Shinichi*; Amano, Hikaru; Nagao, Seiya*; Yamamoto, Masayoshi*; Momoshima, Noriyuki*; Furukawa, Masahide*; Kimura, Hideki*; Kawamura, Hisao*
JAEA-Conf 2008-003, p.28 - 31, 2008/04
Concentrations of I in surface seawater around Japan were approximately 210atoms/L in literatures. However, the atomic ratio of iodine to cesium was ten times as high as that of the global fallout. The origin of I in the water columns seems to be difficult to be explained by only the global fallout. Discharge from European plants was one of the possible origins of iodine from the standpoint of air mass trajectory analysis. Concentration of I in rain water was 10 times higher than that in surface seawater. Anthropogenic inorganic iodine in surface seawater predominantly dissolves as an iodide ion (I).
Kawamura, Makoto; Oi, Takao; Niizato, Tadafumi; Yasue, Kenichi; Tokiwa, Tetsuya; Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Kurosawa, Hideki; Asamori, Koichi; Kawachi, Susumu; et al.
JAEA-Research 2008-018, 47 Pages, 2008/03
In this report, we sophisticated the framework as a part of the total system performance assessment for two purposes: the first one is quantification of relationship of characteristic of natural phenomena between geological environmental conditions (THMCG), and the other one is quantification of relationship of THMCG condition between parameters of performance assessment. On the other hand, we applied the sophisticated framework to all natural phenomena. As a result, to apply the sophisticated framework, we could show that information integration could carry out efficiently. Moreover, we have checked that the framework was applicable to all phenomena. Furthermore, we could show that suitable scenarios might be chosen by information integration.
Yamasaki, Chisato*; Murakami, Katsuhiko*; Fujii, Yasuyuki*; Sato, Yoshiharu*; Harada, Erimi*; Takeda, Junichi*; Taniya, Takayuki*; Sakate, Ryuichi*; Kikugawa, Shingo*; Shimada, Makoto*; et al.
Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01
Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database, a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of fulllength cDNA (FLcDNA) clones, now provides annotation for 120 558 human mRNAs extracted from the International Nucleotide Sequence Databases (INSD), in addition to 54 978 human FLcDNAs, in the latest release H-InvDB. We mapped those human transcripts onto the human genome sequences (NCBI build 36.1) and determined 34 699 human gene clusters, which could define 34 057 protein-coding and 642 non-protein-coding loci; 858 transcribed loci overlapped with predicted pseudogenes.
Tamura, Kazuhisa; Oko, Yoshihisa*; Kawamura, Hiroyuki; Yoshikawa, Hideki*; Tatsuma, Tetsu*; Fujishima, Akira*; Mizuki, Junichiro
Electrochimica Acta, 52(24), p.6938 - 6942, 2007/08
The electrochemical behaviour of TiO under X-ray irradiation was studied. Under X-ray irradiation a current, a negative shift in the rest potential, and electrochemical oxidation and decomposition of [Fe(CN)] were clearly observed. The incident photon-current conversion efficiency and energy conversion efficiency was 400-2000% and 0.2-2%, respectively, depending on sample conditions. These results show that the photoelectrochemical reactions were promoted by X-rays with a high incident photon-current conversion efficiency. The photocurrent and photopotential were observed above 4.965 keV, which corresponds to the Ti-K edge, indicating that electron-hole pairs are formed during the relaxation process of the excited Ti atoms.
Masuda, Sumio*; Kawamura, Hideki*; McKinley, I. G.*; Kitayama, Kazumi*; Umeki, Hiroyuki
Proceedings of Radioactive Waste Management; The Next Step: Confidence, Safety and Implementation, 8 Pages, 2006/06
Many of the "standard" designs for deep geological radwaste repositories were developed decades ago and have altered little since. Changing boundary conditions - both technical and socio-economic - are driving increasing interest in the consideration of alternatives, particularly for disposal of higher activity and longer-lived wastes. This was particularly the case in Japan, following the decision by NUMO to proceed with site selection based on a volunteering process. The work by NUMO to examine alternatives provides a good illustration of the range of possibilities which are available to allow flexible tailoring of design to fit both the characteristics of volunteer sites and the desires of local communities. On an even larger scale, however, the 21st century can be expected to bring challenges that will affect the future nuclear power generation at both national and global levels. As repository project are planned and implemented over timescales of many decades, such uncertainties should be taken into account to ensure that waste disposal projects initiated now remain appropriate to the future generations who will build, operate and close them.
Miyahara, Kaname; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Oi, Takao; Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Iijima, Kazuki; Maekawa, Keisuke; Kawamura, Makoto; Kato, Tomoko; et al.
JAEA-Review 2006-015, 29 Pages, 2006/03
This report is to outline a 5-year plan of research and development (R&D) for performance assessment of geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste in JAEA. This 5-year plan is based on JAEA's mid-term plan which follows the R&D policy specified in "Framework for Nuclear Energy Policy" issued by Japan Atomic Energy Commission. Moreover, research plans for safety regulation issued by Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan should be taken into account. The contents of this 5-year plan follows a framework of R&D issues for performance assessment field established in "the R&D map", i.e. the mid and long term R&D plan for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste, developed by JNC (predecessor of JAEA) and other relevant R&D organizations. In each research plan, objectives based on the necessity and the significance of the research plan are clarified in the section of "Objectives and the past progresses", with summarizing the progresses of H12: Project to establish the scientific and technical basis for HLW disposal in Japan (Second Progress Report), and H17: Development and management of the technical knowledge base for the geological disposal of HLW (H17 report). In addition, next five year plan is described in the section of "5-year plan (up to Fiscal year Heisei-22)".
Masuda, Sumio*; Kawamura, Hideki*; McKinley, I. G.*; Neall, F. B.*; Umeki, Hiroyuki
Proceedings of 11th International High-Level Radioactive Waste Management Conference (IHLRWM) (CD-ROM), p.507 - 514, 2006/00
There has been increasing international interest in repository designs, particularly for high-level radioactive waste (HLW) or spent fuel (SF), which maintain the option of ease of retrieval for long periods of time. Such delayed closure may be driven by either a need to slowly gain social acceptance or a desire to maintain the future option of reprocessing of spent fuel in view of the resurgence of interest in nuclear power. In either case, there are advantages in repository concepts which are specifically developed with this requirement in mind, rather than attempting to modify designs developed under different boundary conditions. The CARE concept is an example of such a design. In the present paper, the basic concept is outlined and examined with respect to optimisation of both operational and post-closure safety.
Yoshii, Kenji; Nakamura, Akio; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Tanida, Hajime*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Abe, Hideki*; Ishii, Yoshinobu; Shimojo, Yutaka; Morii, Yukio
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 272-276(Suppl.), p.e609 - e611, 2004/05
no abstracts in English
Kawamura, Hideki*; Noda, Masaru*; Nishikawa Naohito*; Sato, Shoko*; Tanaka, Tatsuya*
JNC TJ7410 2003-002, 515 Pages, 2003/03
Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) of Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute has been conducting the Regional Groundwater Investigation and Mizunami Underground Laboratory (MIU) Project in order to develop investigation technologies and evaluation methods of geological environment. At present, towards the next progeress reporting on research and development for geological disposal of HLW in Japan, based on the existing research and development results, the Projects which are conducted at Tono Geoscience Center are required for promoting the MIU program smoothly and effeciently with regard to the current Japanese HLW program. According to such situation, for planning of the geological environment investigation and research at TGC and the next progress reporting, this study has investigated and summarizes overseas environmental impact assessments for final disposal, overseas site characterization and site selection, and overseas research plan of underground research laboratories. Based on the results of investigation, some technologies which have possibility to be applied to the MIU Project have been studied. Also overseas quality assurance programs have been investigated, and examples of the application of their concepts to MIU project have been considered.
Yoshii, Kenji; Abe, Hideki*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Tanida, Hajime*; Kawamura, Naomi*
Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 348(1-2), p.236 - 240, 2003/01
no abstracts in English
Kawamura, Hideki*; Noda, Masaru*
JNC TJ7410 2002-002, 140 Pages, 2002/03
no abstracts in English
Nishi, Masataka; Hayashi, Takumi; Shu, Wataru; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Yamada, Masayuki; Suzuki, Takumi; Iwai, Yasunori; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Isobe, Kanetsugu; et al.
Materialovedenie (Russian Science of Materials) No.2, p.42 - 45, 2002/00
no abstracts in English