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JAEA Reports

Ocean current data obtained by Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler across the Tsugaru Strait (Joint research)

Kawamura, Hideyuki; Hirose, Naoki*; Nakayama, Tomoharu*; Ito, Toshimichi

JAEA-Data/Code 2021-004, 34 Pages, 2021/05

JAEA-Data-Code-2021-004.pdf:3.72MB

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency measured the ocean current across the Tsugaru Strait using an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler attached on a ferryboat from October 1999 to January 2008. The characteristics of the ocean current in the Tsugaru Strait must be understood for predicting oceanic dispersion of radioactive materials released from nuclear facilities around the strait. Furthermore, it is critical to elucidate the mechanism of the Tsugaru Warm Current from an oceanography viewpoint. The dataset obtained in this investigation consists of daily ocean current data files that record the components of the current speed in the east-west and north-south directions from the surface layer to the bottom layer. The dataset stores 2,211 daily ocean current data files, despite some data periods missing from October 1999 to January 2008. In this study, information on the dataset is described for users to analyze the dataset properly for their purposes. Section 1 provides the background and purpose of the ocean current measurement, Section 2 explains the methodology of measurement using an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler, and Section 3 explains the record format of the daily ocean current data files and data acquisition rate and presents analysis results. Finally, Section 4 concludes this study.

Journal Articles

Recent update of AMATERAS; A Cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Kofu, Maiko; Murai, Naoki; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Wakai, Daisuke*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011089_1 - 011089_7, 2021/03

The recent update of AMATERAS, a cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer at Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reported. AMATERAS has been operating for a decade. Since 2017, some updates have been done or are underway, which include installing new detectors, replacing the vacuum system of the scattering chamber, and other works. We are also working on the re-investigation of the resolution function. Demonstration measurements were carried out at 1MW test operations done in 2018 and 2019. Plans of upgrading the spectrometer are currently being considered.

Journal Articles

$$q$$=0 long-range magnetic order in centennialite CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O; A Spin-$$frac{1}{2}$$ perfect kagome antiferromagnet with $$J_{1}$$-$$J_{2}$$-$$J_{d}$$

Iida, Kazuki*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki*; Nakao, Akiko*; Jeschke, H. O.*; Iqbal, Y.*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Munakata, Koji*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Murai, Naoki; et al.

Physical Review B, 101(22), p.220408_1 - 220408_6, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:85.9(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Crystal and magnetic structures of the mineral centennialite CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O are investigated by means of synchrotron X-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction measurements complemented by density functional theory (DFT) and pseudofermion functional renormalization group (PFFRG) calculations. In CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O, Cu$$^{2+}$$ ions form a geometrically perfect kagome network with antiferromagnetic $$J_{1}$$. No intersite disorder between Cu$$^{2+}$$ and Ca$$^{2+}$$ ions is detected. CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O enters a magnetic long-range ordered state below $$T_{rm N}$$ = 7.2 K, and the $$q$$=0 magnetic structure with negative vector spin chirality is obtained. The ordered moment at 0.3 K is suppressed to 0.58(2)$$mu$$B. Our DFT calculations indicate the presence of antiferromagnetic $$J_{2}$$ and ferromagnetic $$J_{d}$$ superexchange couplings of a strength which places the system at the crossroads of three magnetic orders (at the classical level) and a spin-$$frac{1}{2}$$ PFFRG analysis shows a dominance of $$q$$=0 type magnetic correlations, consistent with and indicating proximity to the observed $$q$$=0 spin structure. The results suggest that this material is located close to a quantum critical point and is a good realization of a $$J_{1}$$-$$J_{2}$$-$$J_{d}$$ kagome antiferromagnet.

Journal Articles

Horizontal line nodes in Sr$$_2$$RuO$$_4$$ proved by spin resonance

Iida, Kazuki*; Kofu, Maiko; Suzuki, Katsuhiro*; Murai, Naoki; Kawamura, Seiko; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Hasegawa, Shunsuke*; Masuda, Takatsugu*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(5), p.053702_1 - 053702_5, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:75.18(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Lattice dynamics in FeSe via inelastic X-ray scattering and first-principles calculations

Murai, Naoki; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Nakajima, Masamichi*; Kawamura, Mitsuaki*; Ishikawa, Daisuke*; Tajima, Setsuko*; Baron, A. Q. R.*

Physical Review B, 101(3), p.035126_1 - 035126_6, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:47.21(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We report an inelastic X-ray scattering investigation of phonons in FeSe superconductor. Comparing the experimental phonon dispersion with density functional theory (DFT) calculations in the non-magnetic state, we found a significant disagreement between them. A better overall agreement was obtained by allowing for spin-polarization in DFT calculations, despite the absence of magnetic order in FeSe. This calculation gives a realistic approximation, at DFT level, of the disordered paramagnetic state of FeSe, in which strong spin fluctuations are present.

Journal Articles

Study on use of superconducting magnet and first inelastic neutron scattering experiment under magnetic field at 4SEASONS spectrometer

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Kaneko, Koji; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Iida, Kazuki*; Murai, Naoki; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 556, p.26 - 30, 2019/03

BB2018-0570.pdf:2.17MB

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:16.13(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Status report of the chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Iida, Kazuki*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Murai, Naoki; Kira, Hiroshi*; Nakatani, Takeshi; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1021(1), p.012030_1 - 012030_6, 2018/06

BB2016-1727.pdf:0.39MB

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:92.7

Journal Articles

Stability of montmorillonite edge faces studied using first-principles calculations

Sakuma, Hiroshi*; Tachi, Yukio; Yotsuji, Kenji; Suehara, Shigeru*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Fujii, Naoki*; Kawamura, Katsuyuki*; Honda, Akira

Clays and Clay Minerals, 65(4), p.252 - 272, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:13.49(Chemistry, Physical)

Structure and stability of montmorillonite edge faces (110), (010), (100), and (130) of the layer charges y = 0.5 and 0.33 are investigated by the first-principles electronic calculations based on the density functional theory. Stacking and single layer models are tested for understanding the effect of stacking on the stability of montmorillonite edge faces. Most stacking layers stabilize the edge faces by making hydrogen bonds between the layers; therefore, the surface energy of stacking layers is reduced rather than the single layer model. This indicates that the surface energy of edge faces should be estimated depending on the swelling conditions. Lowest surface energies of (010) and (130) edge faces were realized by the presence of Mg ions on the edge faces. These edge faces have a strong adsorption site for cations due to local negative charge of the edges.

Journal Articles

Structure refinement for the $$alpha$$-$$varepsilon$$ transition of iron by using EXAFS

Ishimatsu, Naoki*; Sata,Yusuke*; Maruyama, Hiroshi*; Watanuki, Tetsu; Kawamura, Naomi*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Irifune, Tetsuo*; Sumiya, Hitoshi*

Hoshako, 28(1), p.3 - 11, 2015/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Colossal negative thermal expansion in BiNiO$$_{3}$$ induced by intermetallic charge transfer

Azuma, Masaki*; Chen, W.*; Seki, Hayato*; Czapski, M.*; Olga, S.*; Oka, Kengo*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Watanuki, Tetsu; Ishimatsu, Naoki*; Kawamura, Naomi*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 2, p.347_1 - 347_5, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:311 Percentile:99.01(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Numerical experiment for strontium-90 and cesium-137 in the Japan Sea

Kawamura, Hideyuki; Ito, Toshimichi; Kobayashi, Takuya; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Hirose, Naoki*; Togawa, Orihiko

Journal of Oceanography, 66(5), p.649 - 662, 2010/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:6.8(Oceanography)

A numerical experiment is performed to reproduce a distribution of concentrations of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs and estimate their total amounts in the Japan Sea. The concentrations of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs in the surface layer is in the range of 1.0-1.5 Bq/m$$^{3}$$ and 2.0-2.5 Bq/m$$^{3}$$. The concentrations in the intermediate and deep layer are higher than those observed in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, indicating active winter convection in the Japan Sea. The total amounts of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs in the seawater is evaluated to be 1.34 PBq (1 PBq = 10$$^{15}$$ Bq) and 2.02 PBq, which demonstrates an estimation by observational data in the Japan Sea expeditions between 1997 and 2002 by Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The total amounts of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs vary corresponding to deposition at the sea surface with the maximums of 4.86 PBq for $$^{90}$$Sr and 7.33 PBq for $$^{137}$$Cs in the mid-1960s.

Journal Articles

Simulation of concentrations of anthropogenic radionuclides in the Japan Sea

Kawamura, Hideyuki; Ito, Toshimichi; Kobayashi, Takuya; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Hirose, Naoki*; Togawa, Orihiko

Proceedings of Joint International Conference of 7th Supercomputing in Nuclear Application and 3rd Monte Carlo (SNA + MC 2010) (USB Flash Drive), 4 Pages, 2010/10

This study aims to demonstrate many findings in the Japan Sea expeditions by Japan Atomic Energy Agency between 1997 and 2002 making use of an ocean general circulation model. A numerical experiment is performed between 1945 and 2000 with deposition at the sea surface by global fallout as main source of anthropogenic radionuclides. The concentrations of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs in the surface layer are approximately in the range of 1.0-1.5 Bq/m$$^{3}$$ and 2.0-2.5 Bq/m$$^{3}$$ and they exponentially decrease with depth from the sea surface to the sea bottom. Total amounts of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs in the seawater of the Japan Sea are estimated to be about 1.34 PBq (1 PBq = 10$$^{15}$$ Bq) and 2.02 PBq in the numerical experiment, which demonstrates observational estimations in the Japan Sea expeditions. Time series of the total amounts show that they attain the maximums of 4.86 PBq for $$^{90}$$Sr and 7.33 PBq for $$^{137}$$Cs in 1964.

Journal Articles

Effect of hydrogenation on the electronic state of metallic La hydrides probed by X-ray absorption sectroscopy at the La $$L$$-edges

Ishimatsu, Naoki*; Sasada, Ryohei*; Maruyama, Hiroshi*; Ichikawa, Takayuki*; Miyaoka, Hiroki*; Kimura, Toru*; Tsubota, Masami*; Kojima, Yoshitsugu*; Tsumuraya, Takao*; Oguchi, Tamio*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 190, p.012070_1 - 012070_4, 2009/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:76.77

We have investigated the effect of hydrogenation on La $$5d$$ and $$6p$$ electronic states in metallic LaH$$_x$$ by X-ray absorption near edge structure at the La $$L$$-edges. As the hydrogen content $$x$$ increases from 0 to 2.6, white-line intensity at the La $$L_{2,3}$$-edges shows a remarkable increase in the range of $$x$$ $$>$$ 2.0. This is interpreted as the increase in La $$5d$$ hole induced by interstitial H atoms on the octahedral sites. On the other hand, the shoulder structure at the La $$L_1$$-edge disappears in the process of $$x$$ = 0.0 $$rightarrow$$ 2.0, indicating that the $$p$$-$$ d$$ hybridization is weakened by H atoms on the tetrahedral sites. This study demonstrates that H atoms on the two interstitial H sites provide different contribution to the modification of the electronic states.

Journal Articles

Modeling of the branches of the Tsushima Warm Current in the eastern Japan Sea

Kawamura, Hideyuki; Ito, Toshimichi; Hirose, Naoki*; Takikawa, Tetsutaro*; Yoon, J.-H.*

Journal of Oceanography, 65(4), p.439 - 454, 2009/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:13.46(Oceanography)

This study aims at reproducing branches of the Tsushima Warm Current making use of an ocean general circulation model, which is important for movement of pollutants in the Japan Sea. The model was laterally exerted by volume transports measured by ADCP through the Tsushima Straits and the Tsugaru Strait. Sea level variation measured by coastal tide-stations as well as satellite altimeters is assimilated into the numerical model. It was demonstrated that an assimilation of sea level variation at the coastal tide-stations is useful to simulate oceanic condition in the nearshore region.

Journal Articles

The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

Yamasaki, Chisato*; Murakami, Katsuhiko*; Fujii, Yasuyuki*; Sato, Yoshiharu*; Harada, Erimi*; Takeda, Junichi*; Taniya, Takayuki*; Sakate, Ryuichi*; Kikugawa, Shingo*; Shimada, Makoto*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:73.43(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database, a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of fulllength cDNA (FLcDNA) clones, now provides annotation for 120 558 human mRNAs extracted from the International Nucleotide Sequence Databases (INSD), in addition to 54 978 human FLcDNAs, in the latest release H-InvDB. We mapped those human transcripts onto the human genome sequences (NCBI build 36.1) and determined 34 699 human gene clusters, which could define 34 057 protein-coding and 642 non-protein-coding loci; 858 transcribed loci overlapped with predicted pseudogenes.

Journal Articles

Sequential forecasting of the surface and subsurface conditions in the Japan Sea

Hirose, Naoki*; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Lee, H. J.*; Yoon, J.-H.*

Journal of Oceanography, 63(3), p.467 - 481, 2007/06

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:54.65(Oceanography)

This study estimates and forecasts a realistic change of the Japan Sea by assimilating satellite measurements into an eddy-resolving circulation model. Suboptimal but feasible assimilation schemes of approximate filtering and nudging play essential roles in a system. The sequential updates of error covariance significantly outperforms the asymptotic covariance due to irregular sampling patterns from multiple altimeter satellites. The best estimate shows an average rms difference of 1.2 $$^{circ}$$C only to the radiometer data, and also explain about half of sea level variances measured by the microwave observation. It is demonstrated that a forecast persistency strongly depends on variable, depth, and location.

Journal Articles

Determination of $$^{129}$$I in seawater by accelerator mass spectrometry with solvent extraction method

Gasa, Shinichi*; Sawafuji, Natsuko*; Kabuto, Shoji; Kinoshita, Naoki; Amano, Hikaru; Kawamura, Hisao*

Radioisotopes, 56(4), p.155 - 162, 2007/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Oil spill simulation in the Japan Sea

Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kobayashi, Takuya; Hirose, Naoki*; Ito, Toshimichi; Togawa, Orihiko

WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, Vol.88, p.273 - 278, 2006/00

An assessment system of marine environment in the Japan Sea is being constructed in the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. It is composed of an ocean general circulation model (RIAMOM), a particle random-walk model (SEA-GEARN) and a radiation dose assessment model (COLDOS). This study aims to confirm a validity of the assessment system by reproducing a movement of spilled oil at an incident of Russian tanker Nakhodka, in January 1997. Realistic reproduction of ocean conditions is a significant factor for accurate simulations of the movement of spilled oil. In this study, one of data assimilation techniques, an approximate Kalman filter, was introduced by combining RIAMOM with sea level measurements of satellite data. The assimilated results were in good agreement with observed oceanic phenomena both qualitatively and quantitatively. Using the calculated ocean currents, simulations of behaviour of spilled oil was performed with SEA-GEARN. The tanker was ruptured in a storm about 100 km north of the Oki Islands in Shimane Prefecture, Japan, on January 2, 1997. Most of oil spread over off Hyogo, Kyoto, Fukui and Ishikawa Prefecture, meanwhile a part of it reached a coast of Niigata Prefecture detouring around Noto Peninsula by January 21, 1997. The most important feature in these regions is considered to be a branch of the Tsushima Warm Current (TWC). Owing to a variability of TWC, ocean eddy activities and a sea surface wind, the spilled oil dispersed widely in space. On the other hand, the strong northeastward component of TWC was likely to drive the spilled oil to Niigata Prefecture. A number of experiments with different parameters and situations showed that the assimilated daily ocean currents with wind drift gave the best effect on simulation for the movement of spilled oil.

Journal Articles

Development of the trigger management device for the waveform record device

Sakaki, Hironao; Ito, Yuichi*; Kato, Yuko*; Miyamoto, Koji*; Kawamura, Naoki*; Nakamura, Takeshi*

Proceedings of 1st Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 29th Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan, p.549 - 551, 2004/08

We developed the pulse wave form recorder with the flight recorder function, last year. The recorders are scheduled to be used for the beam status monitor system in J-PARC. If the pulse number between each recorder in the system has not synchronized, each waveform data can't match in the analysis software. As a result, we'll lose the time for the analysis. In this report, the design of the device that conform to all pulse number of each recorder is described.

Journal Articles

Development of the wave-fmonitoring device with pre-recording function

Sakaki, Hironao; Kato, Yuko*; Kawamura, Naoki*; Miyamoto, Koji*; Nakamura, Takeshi*

Proceedings of 28th Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan, p.96 - 98, 2003/08

The huge proton accelerator facilities (J-PARC) have constructed in the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute Tokai laboratory. Here, even for only one beam operation error, there is a possibility with making to the radiation and destruction to the accelerator equipments.Then, all beams are observed in Linac, and the system to which the cause of the trouble occurrence is investigated at once is aspired after. This time, it was possible to become a strong tool in not only J-PARC but also large-scale accelerator facilities from based on such a background, and the watching device which had a new function was developed.

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