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Journal Articles

Rabi-oscillation spectroscopy of the hyperfine structure of muonium atoms

Nishimura, Shoichiro*; Torii, Hiroyuki*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; Kanda, Sotaro*; Kawagoe, Kiyotomo*; Kawall, D.*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Kurosawa, Noriyuki*; et al.

Physical Review A, 104(2), p.L020801_1 - L020801_6, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:0

Journal Articles

High-field depinned phase and planar Hall effect in the skyrmion host Gd$$_2$$PdSi$$_3$$

Hirschberger, M.*; Nakajima, Taro*; Kriener, M.*; Kurumaji, Takashi*; Spitz, L.*; Gao, S.*; Kikkawa, Akiko*; Yamasaki, Yuichi*; Sagayama, Hajime*; Nakao, Hironori*; et al.

Physical Review B, 101(22), p.220401_1 - 220401_6, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:93.14(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Negative muonium ion production with a C12A7 electride film

Otani, Masashi*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Matoba, Shiro*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Yamazaki, Takayuki*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012067_1 - 012067_6, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

Negative muonium atom ($$mu^+$$e$$^-$$e$$^-$$, Mu$$^-$$) has unique features stimulating potential interesting for several scientific fields. Since its discovery in late 1980's in vacuum, it has been discussed that the production efficiency would be improved using a low-work function material. C12A7 was a well-known insulator as a constituent of alumina cement, but was recently confirmed to exhibit electric conductivity by electron doping. The C12A7 electride has relatively low-work function (2.9 eV). In this paper, the negative muonium production measurement with several materials including a C12A7 electride film will be presented. Measured production rate of the Mu$$^-$$ were 10$$^{-3}$$/s for all the Al, electride, and SUS target. Significant enhancement on electride target was not observed, thus it is presumed that the surface condition should be more carefully treated. There was no material dependence of the Mu$$^-$$ averaged energy: it was 0.2$$pm$$0.1keV.

Journal Articles

First muon acceleration using a radio-frequency accelerator

Bae, S.*; Choi, H.*; Choi, S.*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Iijima, Toru*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; et al.

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 21(5), p.050101_1 - 050101_6, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:82.39(Physics, Nuclear)

Muons have been accelerated by using a radio-frequency accelerator for the first time. Negative muonium atoms (Mu$$^{-}$$), which are bound states of positive muons and two electrons, are generated from through the electron capture process in an aluminum degrader. The generated Mu$$^{-}$$'s are initially electrostatically accelerated and injected into a radio-frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ). In the RFQ, the Mu$$^{-}$$'s are accelerated to 89 keV. The accelerated Mu$$^{-}$$'s are identified by momentum measurement and time of flight. This compact muon linac opens the door to various muon accelerator applications including particle physics measurements and the construction of a transmission muon microscope.

Journal Articles

New precise measurement of muonium hyperfine structure interval at J-PARC

Ueno, Yasuhiro*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 238(1), p.14_1 - 14_6, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:91.22

Journal Articles

First trial of the muon acceleration for J-PARC muon g-2/EDM experiment

Kitamura, Ryo*; Otani, Masashi*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Bae, S.*; et al.

Proceedings of 8th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '17) (Internet), p.2311 - 2313, 2017/06

Muon acceleration is an important technique in exploring the new frontier of physics. A new measurement of the muon dipole moments is planned in J-PARC using the muon linear accelerator. The low-energy (LE) muon source using the thin metal foil target and beam diagnostic system were developed for the world's first muon acceleration. Negative muonium ions from the thin metal foil target as the LE muon source was successfully observed. Also the beam profile of the LE positive muon was measured by the LE-dedicated beam profile monitor. The muon acceleration test using a Radio-Frequency Quadrupole linac (RFQ) is being prepared as the first step of the muon accelerator development. In this paper, the latest status of the first muon acceleration test is described.

Journal Articles

Muon acceleration using an RFQ

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Otani, Masashi*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Kitamura, Ryo*; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; et al.

Proceedings of 28th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2016) (Internet), p.992 - 995, 2017/05

The muon linear accelerator for the muon g-2/EDM experiment in J-PARC is being developed. As the first step of the muon acceleration, the muon acceleration with J-PARC RFQ (Radio-Frequency Quadrupole)-II plans to be demonstrated at H-line of J-PARC MLF. The slow muon will be obtained by the deceleration using the thin metal foil target in the RFQ acceleration test. The intensity of the decelerated muon by the thin metal foil was measured. Based on this result, the beam intensity in the RFQ test at H-line is estimated to be a few /sec. The particle simulation of the RFQ and the following beam diagnostics system is conducted, and it is shown that the emittance measurement at the RFQ exit using the micro-channel plate based beam profile monitor is feasible.

Journal Articles

New muonium HFS measurements at J-PARC/MUSE

Strasser, P.*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 237(1), p.124_1 - 124_9, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:93.01

Journal Articles

Current status of the muon initial acceleration with RFQ for muon g-2/EDM experiment

Kitamura, Ryo*; Otani, Masashi*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; et al.

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.476 - 479, 2016/11

The muon linear accelerator for the muon g-2/EDM experiment in J-PARC is being developed. As the first step of the muon acceleration, the muon acceleration with J-PARC RFQ (Radio-Frequency Quadrupole)-II plans to be demonstrated at H-line of J-PARC MLF. The slow muon will be obtained by the deceleration using the thin metal foil target in the RFQ acceleration test. The intensity of the decelerated muon by the thin metal foil was measured. Based on this result, the beam intensity in the RFQ test at H-line is estimated to be a few /sec. The particle simulation of the RFQ and the following beam diagnostics system is conducted, and it is shown that the emittance measurement at the RFQ exit using the micro-channel plate based beam profile monitor is feasible.

Journal Articles

Direct measurement of nanoscale lithium diffusion in solid battery materials using radioactive tracer of $$^{8}$$Li

Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Jeong, S.-C.*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Jung, H. S.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; Osa, Akihiko; Otokawa, Yoshinori; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 376, p.379 - 381, 2016/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:61.94(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

R&D activities of tritium technologies on Broader Approach in Phase 2-2

Isobe, Kanetsugu; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Iwai, Yasunori; Oyaizu, Makoto; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Suzuki, Takumi; Yamada, Masayuki; Edao, Yuki; Kurata, Rie; Hayashi, Takumi; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1792 - 1795, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Activities on Broader Approach (BA) were started in 2007 on the basis of the Agreement between the Government of Japan and the EURATOM. The period of BA activities consist of Phase1 and Phase2 dividing into Phase 2-1 (2010-2011), Phase 2-2 (2012-2013) and Phase 2-3 (2014-2016). Tritium technology was chosen as one of important R&D issues to develop DEMO plant. R&D activities of tritium technology on BA consist of four tasks. Task-1 is to prepare and maintain the tritium handling facility in Rokkasho BA site in Japan. Task 2, 3 and 4 are main R&D activities for tritium and these are focused on: Task-2) Development of tritium accountancy technology, Task-3) Development of basic tritium safety research, Task-4) Tritium durability test. R&D activities of tritium technology in Phase 2-2 were underway successfully and closed in 2013.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of tritium release properties of advanced tritium breeders

Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Edao, Yuki; Kawamura, Yoshinori

Fusion Science and Technology, 67(2), p.386 - 389, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:76.91(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Demonstration power reactors (DEMOs) require advanced tritium breeders that have high stability at high temperatures. Therefore, the pebble fabrication of Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ with excess Li (Li$$_{2+x}$$TiO$$_{3+y}$$) as an advanced tritium breeder was carried out. In this study, a preliminary examination of the tritium release properties of advanced tritium breeders was performed. DT neutron irradiation experiments were performed at the fusion neutronics source (FNS) facility in JAEA. The Li$$_{2+x}$$TiO$$_{3+y}$$ pebbles exhibited good tritium release properties similar to the Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ pebbles. In particular, the released amount of HT gas for easier tritium handling was higher than that of HTO water.

Journal Articles

Recent progress on tritium technology research and development for a fusion reactor in Japan Atomic Energy Agency

Hayashi, Takumi; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Iwai, Yasunori; Isobe, Kanetsugu; Yamada, Masayuki; Suzuki, Takumi; Kurata, Rie; Oyaizu, Makoto; Edao, Yuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 67(2), p.365 - 370, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Measurement of tritium penetration through concrete material covered by various paints coating

Edao, Yuki; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Kurata, Rie; Fukada, Satoshi*; Takeishi, Toshiharu*; Hayashi, Takumi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

Fusion Science and Technology, 67(2), p.320 - 323, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The present study aims at obtaining fundamental knowledge for tritium transfer behavior and interaction between tritium and paint coated on concrete walls. The amounts of tritium penetration and release in cement paste with epoxy and urethane paint coatings were measured. The tritium penetration amounts were increased with the HTO exposure time. Time to achieve each saturate tritium value was more than 60 days for cement paste coated with epoxy paint and with urethane paint, while cement paste without paint took 2 days to achieve it. Tritium penetration rates were estimated by an analysis of diffusion model. Although their paint coatings were effective for reduction of tritium penetration through the cement paste exposed to HTO for a short period, the amount of tritium trapped in the paints became large for a long time. This work has been performed under the collaboration research between JAEA and Kyushu University.

Journal Articles

Correlation of rates of tritium migration through porous concrete

Fukada, Satoshi*; Katayama, Kazunari*; Takeishi, Toshiharu*; Edao, Yuki; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Hayashi, Takumi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

Fusion Science and Technology, 67(2), p.99 - 102, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Nanoscale diffusion tracing by radioactive $$^{8}$$Li tracer

Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Jeong, S.-C.*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Osa, Akihiko; Otokawa, Yoshinori; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 53(11), p.110303_1 - 110303_4, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:21.55(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

R&D status on water cooled ceramic breeder blanket technology

Enoeda, Mikio; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Hirose, Takanori; Nakajima, Motoki; Sato, Satoshi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Konno, Chikara; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Hayashi, Takumi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(7-8), p.1131 - 1136, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:85.11(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The development of a Water Cooled Ceramic Breeder (WCCB) Test Blanket Module (TBM) is being performed as one of the most important steps toward DEMO blanket in Japan. Regarding the fabrication technology development using F82H, the fabrication of a real scale mockup of the back wall of TBM was completed. Also the assembling of the complete box structure of the TBM mockup and planning of the pressurization testing was studied. The development of advanced breeder and multiplier pebbles for higher chemical stability was performed for future DEMO blanket application. From the view point of TBM test result evaluation and DEMO blanket performance design, the development of the blanket tritium simulation technology, investigation of the TBM neutronics measurement technology and the evaluation of tritium production and recovery test using D-T neutron in the Fusion Neutronics Source (FNS) facility has been performed.

Journal Articles

Penetration of tritiated water vapor through hydrophobic paints for concrete materials

Edao, Yuki; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Fukada, Satoshi*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(9-10), p.2062 - 2065, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:19.98(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Tritium transfer behavior through hydrophobic paints, epoxy resin and acrylic-silicon resin, was investigated experimentally. The authors measured the amount of tritium permeated through the paint membranes which exposed in HTO atmosphere of 2$$sim$$100 Bq/cm$$^{3}$$. The most of tritium permeated through the paints in the form of HTO at room temperature. Tritium permeation through the acrylic-silicon paint was explained a linear sorption/release model and that through the epoxy paint was suggested to be controlled by a one-dimensional diffusion model. While effective diffusivity was 1.0$$times$$10$$^{-13}$$$$sim$$1.8$$times$$10$$^{-13}$$ m$$^{2}$$/s at 21$$^{circ}$$C$$sim$$26$$^{circ}$$C for epoxy membrane, the diffusivity was found to be hundreds times larger than that for cement-paste coated with epoxy paint. Hence, tritium diffusivity through interface between cement-paste and the epoxy paint was considered to be most effective in the overall tritium transfer process. Tritium transfer behavior in the interface is important to explain the mechanism of tritium transfer behavior in concrete walls.

Journal Articles

DT neutron irradiation experiment for evaluation of tritium recovery from WCCB blanket

Ochiai, Kentaro; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Edao, Yuki; Takakura, Kosuke; Ota, Masayuki; Sato, Satoshi; Konno, Chikara

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(7-8), p.1464 - 1468, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:37.08(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We have performed the tritium recovery experiment on fusion reactor blanket with DT neutrons at the Fusion Neutronics Source facility in Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The candidate breeding material, Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ pebble, was put into the container which was set up it into an assembly simulating water cooled ceramic breeding (WCCB) blanket. Helium sweep gas including H$$_{2}$$ (1%) and/or H$$_{2}$$O (1%) was flowed and extracted tritium was collected to water bubblers during DT neutron irradiation. The Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ pebble was also heated up to a constant temperature at 573, 873 and 1073 K, respectively. We arranged the tritium recovery system to measure tritiated water moisture and tritium gas, separately, and to investigate the amount of recovered tritium and the chemical form. From our experiments, it was showed that the amount of recovered tritium was corresponded to the calculation value and the ratio of chemical form depended to the temperature and kinds of sweep gas.

Journal Articles

Hydrogen and water vapor adsorption properties on cation-exchanged mordenite for use to a tritium recovery system

Kawamura, Yoshinori; Edao, Yuki; Iwai, Yasunori; Hayashi, Takumi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(7-8), p.1539 - 1543, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:50.39(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Tritium recovery system using adsorption or catalytic isotope exchange has already been proposed for a solid breeding blanket system of a nuclear fusion reactor. Synthetic zeolite is often used as an adsorbent or a substrate of chemical exchange catalyst. And, it is well known that its properties are changed easily by exchanging their cations. So, in this work, adsorption capacities of hydrogen isotope and water vapor on cation-exchanged mordenite with transition metal ion were investigated. Ag ion-exchanged mordenite (Ag-MOR) has indicated considerably large hydrogen adsorption capacity in lower pressure range at 77 K. And, adsorption capacity of water vapor did not so vary with exchaned cation in comparison with hydrogen adsorption. The discussion from the viewpoint of adsorption rate is still remaining, but more compact cryosorption column for tritium recovery system is possible to design if Ag-MOR is adopted.

158 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)