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Journal Articles

Electronic structure of the intermediate-valence compound EuNi$$_2$$P$$_2$$ studied by soft X-ray photoemission spectroscopy

Kawasaki, Ikuto; Kobata, Masaaki; Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Onuki, Yoshichika*

Physical Review B, 104(16), p.165124_1 - 165124_8, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:0

Journal Articles

Core-level photoelectron spectroscopy study of UTe$$_{2}$$

Fujimori, Shinichi; Kawasaki, Ikuto; Takeda, Yukiharu; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Ai*; Homma, Yoshiya*; Aoki, Dai*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(1), p.015002_1 - 015002_2, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:92.66(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of trivalent compound EuPd$$_3$$ studied by soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

Kawasaki, Ikuto; Kobata, Masaaki; Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Ai*; Iha, Wataru*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Onuki, Yoshichika*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(4), p.044704_1 - 044704_6, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:32.18(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study of Pt/Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$

Kobata, Masaaki; Yoshii, Kenji; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Kawasaki, Ikuto; Okane, Tetsuo; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Harii, Kazuya; Ieda, Junichi; Okayasu, Satoru; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011192_1 - 011192_6, 2020/03

High energy X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) measurements were carried out for the Spin Seebeck system Pt/Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$(YIG). This system was found to show anomalous Hall effect, possible due to the formation of intermetallic compounds between Fe$$^{3+}$$ and Pt. To reveal this possibility, we have measured the Fe 1s photoelectron peaks by using HAXPES. It was found that the Fe ions consist of Fe$$^{3+}$$ in YIG and metallic Fe. The formation of the metallic state is consistent with the proposed origin of the anomalous Hall effect. Other spectra such as Pt 4f will be presented at the conference.

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of UTe$$_2$$ studied by photoelectron spectroscopy

Fujimori, Shinichi; Kawasaki, Ikuto; Takeda, Yukiharu; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Ai*; Homma, Yoshiya*; Aoki, Dai*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(10), p.103701_1 - 103701_5, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:80.36(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Electronic states of EuCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ studied by soft X-ray photoemission spectroscopy

Kawasaki, Ikuto; Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Iha, Wataru*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Onuki, Yoshichika*

Physical Review B, 100(3), p.035111_1 - 035111_8, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:51.19(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Crystal structure and magnetic properties of new ternary uranium compound U$$_3$$TiBi$$_9$$

Motoyama, Gaku*; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamaguchi, Akira*; Kawasaki, Ikuto*; Sumiyama, Akihiko*; Yamamura, Tomoo*

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.157 - 160, 2018/11

Journal Articles

Correlation effect in Sr$$_{1-x}$$La$$_x$$RuO$$_3$$ studied by soft X-ray photoemission spectroscopy

Kawasaki, Ikuto*; Sakon, Yumi*; Fujimori, Shinichi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Tenya, Kenichi*; Yokoyama, Makoto*

Physical Review B, 94(17), p.174427_1 - 174427_7, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:26.78(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Electronic structures of ferromagnetic superconductors UGe$$_{2}$$ and UCoGe studied by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy

Fujimori, Shinichi; Okochi, Takuo*; kawasaki, Ikuto*; Yasui, Akira*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Haga, Yoshinori; et al.

Physical Review B, 91(17), p.174503_1 - 174503_9, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:69.82(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The electronic structures of the ferromagnetic superconductors UGe$$_2$$ and UCoGe in the paramagnetic phase were studied by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy using soft X-rays ($$h nu$$ = 400-500 eV). The quasi-particle bands with large contributions from U 5$$f$$ states were observed in the vicinity of EF, suggesting that the U 5$$f$$ electrons of these compounds have an itinerant character. Their overall band structures were explained by the band-structure calculations treating all the U 5$$f$$ electrons as being itinerant. Meanwhile, the states in the vicinity of EF show considerable deviations from the results of band-structure calculations, suggesting that the shapes of Fermi surface of these compounds are qualitatively different from the calculations, possibly caused by electron correlation effect in the complicated band structures of the low-symmetry crystals. Strong hybridization between U 5$$f$$ and $$mathrm{Co} 3d$$ states in UCoGe were found by the $$mathrm{Co}$$ 2p-3d resonant photoemission experiment, suggesting that $$mathrm{Co} 3d$$ states have finite contributions to the magnetic, transport, and superconducting properties.

Journal Articles

Angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy study of heavy fermion superconductor UPd$$_{2}$$Al$$_{3}$$

Fujimori, Shinichi; kawasaki, Ikuto*; Yasui, Akira*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.011072_1 - 011072_5, 2014/06

In this presentation, we review some of our recent photoemission studies on uranium superconductors by means of soft X-ray synchrotron radiation ARPES (SX-ARPES). Results of SX-ARPES study on URhGe and UPd$$_{2}$$Al$$_{3}$$ will be presented. URhGe is a ferromagnetic superconductor with $$T_{rm Curie}$$ = 9.5 K and $$T_{rm SC}$$ = 0.26 K while UPd$$_{2}$$Al$$_{3}$$ is an antiferromagnetic superconductor with $$T_{rm N}$$ = 14 K and $$T_{rm SC}$$ = 1.8 K. We have revealed the three-dimensional electronic structures of those compounds by SX-ARPES, and they are compared with those calculated by LDA.

Journal Articles

Itinerant magnetism in URhGe revealed by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy

Fujimori, Shinichi; kawasaki, Ikuto*; Yasui, Akira*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi*; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; et al.

Physical Review B, 89(10), p.104518_1 - 104518_7, 2014/03

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:66.68(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The electronic structure of the ferromagnetic superconductor URhGe in the paramagnetic phase has been studied by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy using soft X rays ($$hnu$$ = 595-700 eV). Dispersive bands with large contributions from U 5$$f$$ states were observed in the ARPES spectra, and form Fermi surfaces. The band structure in the paramagnetic phase is partly explained by the band-structure calculation treating all U 5$$f$$ electrons as being itinerant, suggesting that an itinerant description of U 5$$f$$ states is a good starting point for this compound. On the other hand, there are qualitative disagreements especially in the band structure near the Fermi level ($$E$$$$_{rm B}$$ $$_sim^{<}$$ 0.5 eV). The experimentally observed bands are less dispersive than the calculation, and the shape of the Fermi surface is different from the calculation. The changes in spectral functions due to the ferromagnetic transition were observed in bands near the Fermi level, suggesting that the ferromagnetism in this compound has an itinerant origin.

Journal Articles

Observation of bulk band dispersions of YbRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ using soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

Yasui, Akira*; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Shinichi; kawasaki, Ikuto*; Okane, Tetsuo; Takeda, Yukiharu; Lapertot, G.*; Knebel, G.*; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; Haga, Yoshinori; et al.

Physical Review B, 87(7), p.075131_1 - 075131_6, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:28.48(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have performed soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) measurements on YbRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ and clarified its three-dimensional bulk valence-band structures. The ARPES spectra have not only Yb$$^{3+}$$ multiplet peaks but also a finite contribution of Yb$$^{2+}$$ peaks at 15 K, corresponding to the valence fluctuating behavior in this compound. This means that Yb 4f electrons in this compound have itinerant character below the $$T_{rm K}$$. We have found that dispersions of the valence bands except the vicinity of the Yb 4f bands agree better with those of the band-structure calculation of LuRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ than those of YbRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ within a local-density approximation. In addition, the Yb 3d-4f resonant photoemission spectra of YbRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ strongly suggest the existence of Yb 5d electrons in the valence band. We conclude that the charge transfer from the Yb 4f state to the Yb 5d state has an important role in the formation of the valence band of YbRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$.

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of heavy fermion uranium compounds studied by core-level photoelectron spectroscopy

Fujimori, Shinichi; Okochi, Takuo*; Kawasaki, Ikuto; Yasui, Akira; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Haga, Yoshinori; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(1), p.014703_1 - 014703_9, 2012/01

 Times Cited Count:35 Percentile:83.28(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

High-energy-resolution core-level and valence-band photoelectron spectroscopic studies were performed for the heavy Fermion uranium compounds UGe$$_2$$, UCoGe, URhGe, URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$, UNi$$_2$$Al$$_3$$, UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$, and UPt$$_3$$ as well as typical localized and itinerant uranium compounds to understand the relationship between the uranium valence state and their core-level spectral line shapes. The core-level spectra of UGe$$_2$$, UCoGe, URhGe, URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$, and UNi$$_2$$Al$$_3$$ are rather similar to those of itinerant compounds, suggesting that U 5$$f$$ electrons in these compounds are well hybridized with ligand states. On the other hand, the core-level spectra of UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$ and UPt$$_3$$ show considerably different spectral line shapes from those of the itinerant compounds, suggesting that U 5$$f$$ electrons in UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$ and UPt$$_3$$ are less hybridized with ligand states, leading to the correlated nature of U 5$$f$$ electrons in these compounds.

Journal Articles

Itinerant U 5$$f$$ nature in antiferromagnet U(Ru$$_{0.97}$$Rh$$_{0.03}$$)$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$; Soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

Kawasaki, Ikuto; Fujimori, Shinichi; Okane, Tetsuo; Yasui, Akira; Saito, Yuji; Yamagami, Hiroshi*; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Onuki, Yoshichika*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(12), p.124710_1 - 124710_5, 2011/12

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:36.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have carried out soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy experiments on U(Ru$$_{0.97}$$Rh$$_{0.03}$$)$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$, which shows antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering at low temperatures. We have revealed that U 5$$f$$ electrons contribute to the formation of the energy band as well as Fermi surface. This suggests that the AFM ordering is caused by a spin density wave of itinerant U 5$$f$$ electrons. The observed band dispersion and Fermi surface are nearly identical to those of URu$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$. Therefore, the AFM ordering vector $$Q$$ = (1,0,0) can be a possible ordering vector of the hidden order phase in URu$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$.

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of YbCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ studied by soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

Yasui, Akira; Fujimori, Shinichi; Kawasaki, Ikuto; Okane, Tetsuo; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Sekiyama, Akira*; Settai, Rikio*; Matsuda, Tatsuma; et al.

Physical Review B, 84(19), p.195121_1 - 195121_6, 2011/11

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:35.48(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have measured three-dimensional band structure and Fermi surfaces (FSs) of YbCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$, which has recently become recognized as a nearly divalent Yb-based compound, by using soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. We clarified that the bands with finite Yb 4$$f$$ contribution cross the Fermi level and are slightly involved in the formation of the FSs, in line with the valence-fluctuating state of YbCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$. The obtained valence-band dispersions and the FSs are well explained by a relativistic band-structure calculation based on a local-density-approximation (LDA). These results suggest that the LDA calculation is a good starting point for understanding of the electronic state of YbCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ as well as nearly divalent Yb-based compounds.

Journal Articles

Resonant angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of substitutional solid solutions of CeRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

Okane, Tetsuo; Kawasaki, Ikuto; Yasui, Akira; Okochi, Takuo*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Fujimori, Shinichi; Saito, Yuji; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Fujimori, Atsushi; Matsumoto, Yuji*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(Suppl.A), p.SA060_1 - SA060_3, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.07(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission study of YbCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$

Yasui, Akira; Fujimori, Shinichi; Kawasaki, Ikuto; Okane, Tetsuo; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Sekiyama, Akira*; Settai, Rikio*; Matsuda, Tatsuma; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 273, p.012067_1 - 012067_4, 2011/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:66.37

Soft X-ray photoemission spectroscopies have been performed on YbCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$, which is thought to be a Yb divalent system, to investigate its bulk electronic structure including Yb 4$$f$$ electrons. Small but finite Yb$$^{3+}$$ multiplet peaks were found at 6$$sim$$12 eV in the angle-integrated spectrum, suggesting that it is a valence fluctuation compound. An "anti-crossing" Yb 4$$f$$ bands with conduction bands were observed in the angle-resolved spectrum. This is the evidence that the Yb 4$$f$$ electrons form a band state through the hybridization with Ge 4$$p$$ and Cu 3$$d$$ electrons.

Oral presentation

Soft X-ray ARPES study on heavy fermions

Fujimori, Shinichi; Okochi, Takuo*; Kawasaki, Ikuto; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; et al.

no journal, , 

Recent remarkable progress in ARPES experiments with high energy soft X-ray synchrotron radiation (SX-ARPES) made it possible to directly observe the bulk electronic structure of strongly correlated materials. We have been performing SX-ARPES experiments using SPring-8 BL23SU to understand their electronic structures. In this talk, I will review our recent SX-ARPES studies on heavy Fermion uranium compounds including uranium based superconductors. The results on the heavy Fermion superconductor UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$ and UNi$$_2$$Al$$_3$$ will be presented. It was found that quasi-particle bands with strong U 5$$f$$ character form Fermi surface at low temperatures, suggesting that U 5$$f$$ electrons have itinerant nature in these compounds. On the other hand, above the characteristic temperature $$T_{coh}$$, U 5$$f$$ states are excluded from Fermi surface, and they become more localized states. These results were compared with those calculated by the band structure calculation.

Oral presentation

Electronic structure of uranium compounds studied by soft X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Fujimori, Shinichi; Kawasaki, Ikuto; Yasui, Akira; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Onuki, Yoshichika

no journal, , 

We have studied electronic structure of uranium compounds such as itinerant 5$$f$$ compound UFeGa$$_5$$, localized 5$$f$$ compound UPd$$_3$$, and heavy Fermion superconductors UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$, UNi$$_2$$Al$$_3$$, URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$, UPt$$_3$$. The obtained photoemission spectra have been compared with the results of the band structure calculations. Their U5$$f$$ electronic structures have been discussed.

Oral presentation

Resonant angle-resolved photoemission study of CeRu$$_2$$(Si$$_{1-x}$$Ge$$_x$$)$$_2$$ and Ce$$_{1-x}$$La$$_x$$Ru$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

Okane, Tetsuo; Okochi, Takuo*; Yasui, Akira; Kawasaki, Ikuto; Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Fujimori, Atsushi; Matsumoto, Yuji*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

44 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)