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JAEA Reports

Standard guideline for the seismic response analysis method using 3D finite element model of reactor buildings (Contract research)

Choi, B.; Nishida, Akemi; Kawata, Manabu; Shiomi, Tadahiko; Li, Y.

JAEA-Research 2021-017, 174 Pages, 2022/03

JAEA-Research-2021-017.pdf:9.33MB

Standard methods such as lumped mass models have been used in the assessment of seismic safety and the design of building structures in nuclear facilities. Recent advances in computer capabilities allow the use of three-dimensional finite element (3D FE) models to account for the 3D behavior of buildings, material nonlinearity, and the nonlinear soil-structure interaction effect. Since the 3D FE model enables more complex and high-level treatment than ever before, it is necessary to ensure the reliability of the analytical results generated by the 3D FE model. Guidelines for assuring the dependability of modeling techniques and the treatment of nonlinear aspects of material properties have already been created and technical certifications have been awarded in domains other than nuclear engineering. The International Atomic Energy Agency performed an international benchmark study in nuclear engineering. Multiple organizations reported on the results of seismic response studies using the 3D FE model based on recordings from the Niigata-ken Chuetsuoki Earthquake in 2007. The variation in their analytical results was significant, indicating an urgent need to improve the reliability of the analytical results by standardization of the analytical methods using 3D FE models. Additionally, it has been pointed out that it is necessary to understand the 3D behavior in the seismic fragility assessment of buildings and equipment, which requires evaluating the realistic nonlinear behavior of building facilities when assessing their seismic fragility. In view of these considerations, a standard guideline for the seismic response analysis method using a 3D FE model was produced by incorporating the latest knowledge and findings in this area. The purpose of the guideline is to improve the reliability of the seismic response analysis method using 3D FE model of reactor buildings. The guideline consists of a main body, commentaries, and appendixes; it also provides standard procedures

Journal Articles

Assessment of seismic fragility using a three-dimensional structural model of a reactor building

Nishida, Akemi; Choi, B.; Shiomi, Tadahiko; Kawata, Manabu; Li, Y.

Proceedings of 28th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering; Nuclear Energy the Future Zero Carbon Power (ICONE 28) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2021/08

The new regulatory requirements in Japan have strengthened the mitigation of damage caused by natural disasters, such as earthquakes, and the operational guide for safety improvement evaluation recommends the probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) as the evaluation method in Japan. In the PRA of an earthquake, also known as the seismic PRA, the realistic assessment of the structural seismic response and the damage probability (fragility) assessment using the realistic response assessment of the nuclear buildings and equipment is one of the most important issues. Accordingly, the authors have conducted this study on the realistic seismic response analysis methods and seismic fragility assessment methods to ensure the seismic safety of the nuclear buildings and equipment. In this study, a nonlinear seismic response analysis is conducted for input ground motions beyond the ground motions assumed in the design by using a three-dimensional (3D) structural model of a reactor building. In addition, the damage mode of the structural components of the reactor building associated with the equipment is identified, and the seismic fragility is assessed based on the 3D behavior of the reactor building. The local response and detailed damage process of the reactor building that have been obtained through seismic response analysis, are reported in this study, along with the results of the seismic fragility assessment.

Journal Articles

Estimation of vibration characteristics of nuclear facilities based on seismic observation records

Yamakawa, Koki*; Saruta, Masaaki*; Moritani, Hiroshi*; Yamazaki, Hiroaki*; Nishida, Akemi; Kawata, Manabu; Iigaki, Kazuhiko

Proceedings of 28th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering; Nuclear Energy the Future Zero Carbon Power (ICONE 28) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2021/08

Several large-scale earthquakes have occurred, such as the Niigataken Chuetsu-oki Earthquake in 2007 and the 2011 off-the-Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake. Therefore, a three-dimensional (3D) finite element model to evaluate the local response of the reactor building is currently being developed for seismic response analysis. In order to refine the 3D finite element model, it is important to verify the correspondence to the seismic observation behaviors. In this study, the authors analyze the basic response characteristics, such as the natural frequencies and modes of the reactor building, and evaluate the effects of the amplitude of the seismic excitation on the response characteristics based on seismic observation records. This is done to clarify the behavior of a reactor building during earthquakes. These analyses will assist in quantitatively evaluating the correlation between the natural frequency of the building and the amplitude of the seismic excitation. Furthermore, the ratios of rotational displacement and displacement caused by building deformation for natural modes are discussed.

Journal Articles

Outline of guideline for seismic response analysis method using 3D finite element model of reactor building

Choi, B.; Nishida, Akemi; Shiomi, Tadahiko; Kawata, Manabu; Li, Y.

Proceedings of 28th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering; Nuclear Energy the Future Zero Carbon Power (ICONE 28) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2021/08

In the seismic safety assessment of building structures in nuclear facilities, lumped mass models are conventionally used. However, they cannot possess the required high-accuracy evaluation of nuclear facilities, such as the local response at the equipment location in a reactor building. In this point of view, a seismic response analysis method using a three-dimensional finite element (3D FE) model is indispensable. Although, it has been reported that the analysis results obtained using 3D FE models vary greatly depending on the experience and knowledge of analysts, the quality of analysis results should be insured by developing a standard analysis method. In the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, we have developed a guideline for seismic response analysis methods that adopt 3D FE models of reactor buildings. The guideline consists of a main body, commentary, and several supplements; it also includes procedures, recommendations, points of attention, and a technical basis for conducting seismic response analysis using 3D FE models of reactor buildings. In this paper, the outline of the guideline and analysis examples based on the guideline are presented.

Oral presentation

Estimation of vibration characteristics of nuclear facilities by analyzing earthquake observation records, 1; Analysis method

Nishida, Akemi; Kawata, Manabu; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Yamakawa, Koki*; Saruta, Masaaki*; Moritani, Hiroshi*; Yamazaki, Hiroaki*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Estimation of vibration characteristics of nuclear facilities by analyzing earthquake observation records, 2; Analysis results

Yamakawa, Koki*; Saruta, Masaaki*; Moritani, Hiroshi*; Yamazaki, Hiroaki*; Nishida, Akemi; Kawata, Manabu; Iigaki, Kazuhiko

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

R&D on structural integrity assessment methods for nuclear structures and components considering external events

Okuda, Yukihiko; Nishida, Akemi; Choi, B.; Kang, Z.; Kawata, Manabu; Li, Y.

no journal, , 

The poster presentation "R&D on Structural Integrity Assessment Methods for Nuclear Structures and Components Considering External Events" will be given at Nuclear Safety Research Center session in FY2020 by Structural Integrity Research Group.

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