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Journal Articles

Radiochemical study of the kinematics of multi-nucleon transfer reactions in $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm collisions 10% above the Coulomb barrier

G$"o$tz, M.*; G$"o$tz, S.*; Kratz, J. V.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Mokry, Ch.*; Runke, J.*; Th$"o$rle-Pospiech, P.*; Wiehl, N.*; Sch$"a$del, M.; Ballof, J.*; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 961, p.1 - 21, 2017/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:53.78(Physics, Nuclear)

The kinematics of multi-nucleon transfer reactions in the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm collisions were investigated using a stacked-foil technique and radiochemical separations. In previous studies, isotopic distributions of the products of below-target isotopes were found to be broader than those of above-target isotopes, which had been interpreted as larger contributions of strongly dumped collisions in the productions of below-target isotopes than above-target ones. However, in the present study, the average total kinetic energy loss (TKEL), and thus, the average excitation energies were determined for both below-target and above-target isotopes, and they were found to be similar. This contradicts the previous interpretation, and thus, a new interpretation has been proposed; highly excited above-target products are lost by fission.

Journal Articles

Neutron scattering studies of the spin-5/2 antiferromagnetic linear trimer substance SrMn$$_3$$P$$_4$$O$$_{14}$$

Hase, Masashi*; D$"o$nni, A.*; Ozawa, Kiyoshi*; Kitazawa, Hideaki*; Sakai, Osamu*; Pomjakushin, V. Y.*; Keller, L.*; Kaneko, Koji; Metoki, Naoto; Kakurai, Kazuhisa; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 340, p.012066_1 - 012066_7, 2012/00

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:46.36

We determined the magnetic structure below $$T_{rm N1}=2.2(1)$$ K of the spin-5/2 antiferromagnetic (AF) trimer substance SrMn$$_3$$P$$_4$$O$$_{14}$$ using neutron powder diffraction experiments. The incommensurate propagation vector is expressed as [0, $$k_y$$, 0], due to competition between the nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbor interactions in trimerized chains. The value of $$k_y$$ is 0.316 to 0.331, changing rapidly at $$T_{rm N2}= 1.75(5)$$ K. We confirmed that the intra-trimer $$J_1$$ interaction is AF. The magnetic excitation peaks were obsereved at 0.46, 0.68, and 1.02 meV. The weak Q dependence indicates the discrete energy levels, which do not contradict the AF trimer model with the intra-trimer interaction value of 0.29 meV (3.4 K).

Oral presentation

Giant magnetocaloric effect and short-range ordering of magnetic refrigerant materials R$$_5$$Pd$$_2$$(R=Tb, Ho)

Kitazawa, Hideaki*; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; Keller, L.*; Toyoizumi, Saori*; Terada, Noriki*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki*; Mamiya, Hiroaki*; Doenni, A.*; Lee, S.*; Metoki, Naoto; et al.

no journal, , 

Neutron Scattering study has been carried out in order to reveal the magnetic structure of the antiferromagnet Ho$$_5$$Pd$$_2$$, which shows giant magnetocaloric effect. We observed short rage magnetic order at k=0.18, 0.18, 0.18 above the antiferromagnetic transition temperature $$T$$$$_N$$. Tb$$_5$$Pd$$_2$$ also showed magnetic short range correlation above the temperature higher than 2$$times$$$$T$$$$_N$$.

Oral presentation

Short-range ordering of magnetic refrigerant materials $$R_5$$Pd$$_2$$ (R = Ho, Tb) by neutron diffraction

Kitazawa, Hideaki*; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; Keller, L.*; Terada, Noriki*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki*; Mamiya, Hiroaki*; Doenni, A.*; Lee, S.*; Metoki, Naoto; Kaneko, Koji; et al.

no journal, , 

Antiferromagnetic Ho$$_5$$Pd$$_2$$($$T_{rm N} = 28$$K) with cubic structure accompanies very large magneto-calorimetric eefect (MCE) at 34K. We showed that this compound remains short range order with incommensurate modulation $$k=$$[0.18,0.18,0.18] developing at low temperatures. The short range correlation increases below 70K in Tb$$_5$$Pd$$_2$$($$T_g = 70$$K).

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