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Journal Articles

First prompt in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of a superheavy element; The $$^{256}$$Rf

Rubert, J.*; Dorvaux, O.*; Gall, B. J. P.*; Greenlees, P. T.*; Asfari, Z.*; Piot, J.*; Andersson, L. L.*; Asai, Masato; Cox, D. M.*; Dechery, F.*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 420, p.012010_1 - 012010_10, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

The first prompt in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of a superheavy element, $$^{256}$$Rf, has been performed successfully. A development of an intense isotopically enriched $$^{50}$$Ti beam using the MIVOC method enabled us to perform this experiment. A rotational band up to a spin of 20 $$hbar$$ has been discovered in $$^{256}$$Rf, and its moment of inertia has been extracted. These data suggest that there is no evidence of a significant deformed shell gap at $$Z$$ = 104.

Journal Articles

Shell-structure and pairing interaction in superheavy nuclei; Rotational properties of the $$Z$$=104 nucleus $$^{256}$$Rf

Greenlees, P. T.*; Rubert, J.*; Piot, J.*; Gall, B. J. P.*; Andersson, L. L.*; Asai, Masato; Asfari, Z.*; Cox, D. M.*; Dechery, F.*; Dorvaux, O.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 109(1), p.012501_1 - 012501_5, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:46 Percentile:10.77(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Rotational band structure of the $$Z$$=104 nucleus $$^{256}$$Rf has been observed for the first time using an in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopic technique. This nucleus is the heaviest among the nuclei whose rotational band structure has ever been observed. Thus, the present result provides valuable information on the single-particle shell structure and pairing interaction in the heaviest extreme of nuclei. The deduced moment of inertia indicates that there is no deformed shell gap at $$Z$$=104, which is predicted in a number of current self-consistent mean-field models.

Journal Articles

Search for a 2-quasiparticle high-$$K$$ isomer in $$^{256}$$Rf

Robinson, A. P.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Ahmad, I.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; Chowdhury, P.*; Davids, C. N.*; Greene, J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064311_1 - 064311_7, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:16.16(Physics, Nuclear)

We have identified an isomer with a half-life of 17 $$mu$$s in $$^{256}$$Rf through a calorimetric conversion electron measurement tagged with implanted $$^{256}$$Rf nuclei using the fragment mass analyzer at Argonne National Laboratory. The low population yield for this isomer suggests that this isomer should not be a 2-quasiparticle high-$$K$$ isomer which is typically observed in the N = 152 isotones, but should be a 4-quasiparticle one. Possible reasons of the non-observation of a 2-quasiparticle isomer are this isomer decays by fission with a half-life similar to that of the ground state of $$^{256}$$Rf. Another possibility, that there is no 2-quasiparticle isomer at all, would imply an abrupt termination of axially symmetric deformed shape at Z=104.

Journal Articles

Bridging the nuclear structure gap between stable and super heavy nuclei

Seweryniak, D.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Ahmad, I.*; Kondev, F. G.*; Robinson, A.*; Tandel, S. K.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; Chowdhury, P.*; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 834(1-4), p.357c - 361c, 2010/03

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:48.28(Physics, Nuclear)

Experimental data on single-particle energies in nuclei around Z=100 and N=152 play an important role to test validity of theoretical predictions for shell structure of superheavy nuclei. We found high-K two-quasiparticle isomers in $$^{252}$$No and $$^{254}$$No, and evaluated energies of proton single-particle orbitals around Z=100. We also found a new high-K three quasiparticle isomer in $$^{257}$$Rf. Energies of neutron single-particle orbitals were also evaluated from experimental data of the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{257}$$Rf. Comparisons between the present experimental data and various theoretical calculations for the proton single-particle orbitals indicate that the calculation by using the Woods-Saxon potential gives the best agreement with the data.

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