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論文

Effect of strong gravitational field on oriented crystalline perovskite-type manganese oxide La$$_{1-x}$$Sr$$_x$$MnO$$_3$$

徳田 誠*; 真下 茂*; Khandaker, J. I.*; 緒方 裕大; 峯 洋二*; 速水 真也*; 吉朝 朗*

Journal of Materials Science, 51(17), p.7899 - 7906, 2016/09

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:10.2(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We report the effect of a strong gravitational field on oriented crystalline perovskite-type manganese oxide La$$_{1-x}$$Sr$$_x$$MnO$$_3$$ (LSMO). A strong gravitational field can change in crystalline state and the enhancement of usual diffusion. We subjected oriented crystalline La$$_{1-x}$$Sr$$_x$$MnO$$_3$$ with different grain and grain-boundary (GBs) Sr concentrations to a strong gravitational field and investigated the resulting changes in the A-site cation diffusion and physical properties of the material. The quantitative analysis at the grain and GBs indicated that cation diffusion was more enhanced than the annealed one. The temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility of the gravity samples changed with the Sr concentration in the grains. The temperature dependence of the resistivity curves of the gravity sample showed several abrupt changes, which corresponded to phase transitions at the grains and GBs, which may be caused by composition changes.

論文

Influence of sedimentation of atoms on structural and thermoelectric properties of Bi-Sb alloys

Januszko, K.*; Stabrawa, A.*; 緒方 裕大; 徳田 誠*; Khandaker, J. I.*; Wojciechowski, K.*; 真下 茂*

Journal of Electronic Materials, 45(3), p.1947 - 1955, 2016/03

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:18.51(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Functionally graded thermoelectric materials (FGTMs) have been prepared by sedimentation of atoms under a strong gravitational field. Starting samples of Bi$$_x$$Sb$$_{1-x}$$ alloys with different composition x were synthesized by melting of metals and subsequent annealing of quenched samples. Strong gravity experiments were performed in a unique ultracentrifuge apparatus under acceleration of over 0.5$$times$$10$$^6$$ G at temperatures of 538 K and 623 K. As a result of sedimentation, large changes in chemical composition (x = 0.45 to 1) were obtained. It was found that the changes in chemical composition were correlated with alterations of the Seebeck coefficient. The obtained experimental data allowed the development of a semiempirical model for the selection of optimal processing parameters for preparation of Bi-Sb alloys with required thermoelectric properties.

論文

Diffusion phenomenon at the interface of Cu-brass under a strong gravitational field

緒方 裕大*; 井口 裕介*; 徳田 誠*; Januszko, K.*; Khandaker, J. I.*; 小野 正雄; 真下 茂*

Journal of Applied Physics, 117(12), p.125902_1 - 125902_6, 2015/03

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:32.7(Physics, Applied)

To investigate diffusion phenomenon at the interface between Cu and brass under a strong gravitational field generated by ultracentrifuge apparatus, we performed gravity experiments on samples prepared by electroplating with interfaces normal and parallel to the direction of gravity. For the parallel-mode sample, for which sedimentation cannot occur thorough the interface, the concentration change was significant within the lower gravity region; many pores were observed in this region. Many vacancies arising from crystal strain due to the strong gravitational field moved into the lower gravity region, and enhanced the atoms mobilities. For the two normal-mode samples, which have interface normal to the direction of gravity, the composition gradient of the brass-on- Cu sample was steeper than that for Cu-on-brass. This showed that the atoms of denser Cu diffuse in the direction of gravity, whereas Zn atoms diffuse in the opposite direction by sedimentation. The interdiffusion coefficients became higher in the Cu-on-brass sample, and became lower in the brass-on-Cu sample. This rise may be related to the behavior of the vacancies.

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