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Journal Articles

Propagation of U(V)-reduction in the presence of U(IV) aggregate in a weakly acidic solution

Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Kimura, Takaumi; Kihara, Sorin*

Electrochimica Acta, 141, p.6 - 12, 2014/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:4.06(Electrochemistry)

Reduction processes of U(VI) in weakly acidic solutions were investigated based on electrochemical and spectrophotometric measurements. A reversible one-electron reduction of U(VI) to U(V) and a further irreversible reduction of U(V) were observed voltammetrically at a gold microdisk electrode in solutions of pH from 2.0 to 3.5. Aggregates of U(IV) were formed as a deposit on the electrode and a colloid in the bulk solution, when the electrolysis was carried out at a gold gauze electrode, even though the potential applied was that available for the first one-electron reduction wave of U(VI) observed. It was elucidated that the aggregate was produced by the combination of the one-electron reduction to U(V) and the disproportionation of U(V) producing U(IV) and U(VI). The aggregate enhanced the rate of the disproportionation of U(V), and hence the reduction current of U(VI) increased abruptly when a definite amount of aggregate was formed on the electrode, in the solution, or both.

Journal Articles

Flow electrolysis of U, Np and Pu ions utilizing electrocatalysis at a column electrode with platinized glassy carbon fiber working electrode

Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Kimura, Takaumi; Kihara, Sorin*

Electrochimica Acta, 74, p.215 - 221, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:6.22(Electrochemistry)

Redox reactions of U, Np and Pu ions of various oxidation states were investigated by flow electrolysis at a column electrode (CE) equipped with a platinized glassy carbon (GC) fiber working electrode (Pt/GC-WE), and compared with those observed at the CE with an ordinary activated GC fiber working electrode (GC$$_{rm act}$$-WE). Since the overpotential for the reduction of NpO$$_{2}$$$$^{+}$$ and PuO$$_{2}$$$$^{+}$$ were decreased when Pt/GC-WE was employed, the one-electron reduction of NpO$$_{2}$$$$^{+}$$ to Np$$^{4+}$$ followed by that of Np$$^{4+}$$ to Np$$^{3+}$$ and the one-step three-electron reduction of PuO$$_{2}$$$$^{2+}$$ to Pu$$^{3+}$$ proceeded at the CE with Pt/GC-WE, different from the reduction processes of NpO$$_{2}$$$$^{+}$$ and PuO$$_{2}$$$$^{2+}$$ at the CE with GC$$_{rm act}$$-WE. A rapid and precise method for the preparation of U, Np and Pu ion of a desired oxidation state was proposed by taking advantage of the unique characteristics of the CE with Pt/GC-WE.

Journal Articles

Standard Gibbs free energies for transfer of actinyl ions at the aqueous/organic solution interface

Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Okugaki, Tomohiko*; Kasuno, Megumi*; Kubota, Hiroki*; Maeda, Koji*; Kimura, Takaumi; Yoshida, Zenko; Kihara, Sorin*

Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 43(6), p.844 - 851, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:30.79(Thermodynamics)

Standard Gibbs energies for transfer ($$Delta$$G$$_{tr}$$$$^{0}$$) of actinyl ions (AnO$$_{2}$$$$^{z+}$$; z = 2 or 1; An: U, Np or Pu) between an aqueous solution and an organic solution were determined based on distribution method combined with voltammetry for ion transfer at the interface of two immiscible electrolyte solutions. The organic solutions examined were nitrobenzene, 1,2-dichloroethane, benzonitrile, acetophenone and 2-nitrophenyl octyl ether. Irrespective of the type of organic solutions, $$Delta$$G$$_{tr}$$$$^{0}$$ of UO$$_{2}$$$$^{2+}$$, NpO$$_{2}$$$$^{2+}$$ and PuO$$_{2}$$$$^{2+}$$ were nearly equal to each other and slightly larger than that of Mg$$^{2+}$$. The $$Delta$$G$$_{tr}$$$$^{0}$$ of NpO$$_{2}$$$$^{+}$$ was extraordinary large compared with those of ordinary monovalent cations. The dependence of $$Delta$$G$$_{tr}$$$$^{0}$$ of AnO$$_{2}$$$$^{z+}$$ on the type of organic solutions was similar to that of H$$^{+}$$ or Mg$$^{2+}$$. The $$Delta$$G$$_{tr}$$$$^{0}$$ of An$$^{3+}$$ and An$$^{4+}$$ were also discussed briefly.

Journal Articles

Electrolytic reduction mechanism of Np(V) and the effect of coexisting nitric acid

Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Kimura, Takaumi; Kihara, Sorin*

IOP Conference Series; Materials Science and Engineering, 9, p.012078_1 - 012078_7, 2010/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:1.02

The behaviors of reduction of Np(V) by controlled potential electrolysis were studied, and a unique time course of electrolysis current was observed. It was conclude that Np(V) was reduced by two reduction processes that are the chemical reaction with Np(III) and the electrocatalytic reduction by adsorbed hydrogen atom on platinum electrode surface. The time course of current for controlled potential electrolysis of Np(V) under various condition of the solution was investigated, and the effects of the concentration of H$$^{+}$$ and NO$$_{3}$$$$^{-}$$ on electrolysis behaviour were shown.

Journal Articles

Reduction behavior of neptunium(V) at a gold or platinum electrode during controlled potential electrolysis and procedures for electrochemical preparations of neptunium(IV) and (III)

Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Kimura, Takaumi; Kihara, Sorin*

Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 641(1-2), p.83 - 89, 2010/03

Unique current-time relations were observed during the controlled potential electrolysis for the reduction of Np(V) to Np(IV) or Np(III) at a Au or Pt electrode. The reduction process of Np(V) was elucidated based on bulk electrolysis and voltammetry: Though Np(V) is not reduced directly at a Au electrode, it is reduced by chemical reaction with Np(III) which is produced by the electrode reduction of Np(IV). The reduction of Np(V) at a Pt electrode is initiated by the electrocatalytic reduction to Np(IV) with the hydrogen atom which is produced by the electrode reduction of H$$^{+}$$ and adsorbed on the Pt electrode surface. The Np(IV) produced functions as an electron transfer mediator to reduce Np(V) similarly to the reaction at a Au electrode. The above described catalytic reduction processes of Np(V) were elucidated with the aid of digital simulation. Methods useful for the preparation of Np(IV) and Np(III) by bulk electrolysis were proposed based on the experimental results.

Journal Articles

Development of high performance electrochemical solvent extraction method

Okugaki, Tomohiko*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Kasuno, Megumi*; Yoshizumi, Asuka*; Kubota, Hiroki*; Shibafuji, Yayoi*; Maeda, Koji*; Yoshida, Zenko; Kihara, Sorin*

Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 629(1-2), p.50 - 56, 2009/04

A high performance electrochemical solvent extraction method was developed based on the quantitative transfer of ions from an aqueous, W, to an organic solution, O. It was realized by applying a potential difference between W and O. The cell was composed of a porous Teflon tube immersed with O, a Ag wire inserted into the tube, a Pt wire placed outside the tube. When W containing ions was forced to flow through the narrow gap between the tube and Ag wire, and potential was applied, a very rapid quantitative ion transfer was attained. When O containing extractant, more than 99% of U(VI) in W was extracted during the residence (e.g., 40 s) in the cell. The fundamental feature of the extraction system was investigated, taking into account the application of the system to the extraction of actinide, lanthanide, Sr or Cs ions. The use of a column electrode system connected before the extraction system was examined in order to adjust the oxidation state of the element to that desired.

Journal Articles

Electrochemical evaluation of the distribution of a metal ion at the aqueous$$|$$organic solution interface in chelate extraction

Uehara, Akihiro*; Kasuno, Megumi*; Okugaki, Tomohiko*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Shirai, Osamu*; Yoshida, Zenko; Kihara, Sorin*

Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 604(2), p.115 - 124, 2007/06

The distribution ratio of a metal ion between an aqueous solution and an organic solution in solvent extraction with a chelating agent was evaluated by using physicochemical constants determined electrochemically such as standard Gibbs energies for transfers of the ions, the overall complex formation constants and the acid dissociation constants of the chelating agent. The distribution ratio thus evaluated agreed well with those determined by the distribution experiment.

Journal Articles

Rapid and coulometric electrolysis for ion transfer at the aqueous|organic solution interface

Yoshizumi, Asuka*; Uehara, Akihiro*; Kasuno, Megumi*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Yoshida, Zenko; Kihara, Sorin*

Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 581(2), p.275 - 283, 2005/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Ion transport across a bilayer lipid membrane in the presence of a hydrophobic ion or an ionophore

Shirai, Osamu*; Uehara, Akihiro*; Yamana, Hajimu*; Onuki, Toshihiko; Yoshida, Yumi*; Kihara, Sorin*

Journal of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences, 6(1), p.55 - 60, 2005/07

The ion transport from one aqueous phase (W1) to another (W2) across a bilayer lipid membrane (BLM) in a cell system in the presence of a hydrophobic ion or an ionophore was investigated by voltammetry. The hydrophobic ion was distributed into the BLM with the counter ion to hold the electroneutrality within the BLM. It was pointed out that the counter ion could transfer between W1 and W2 across the BLM since concentrations of the counter ion in W1, BLM and W2 were so high as to cause the ion transfer current while concentrations of the hydrophobic ion were very low. The facilitated transports of alkali ions across a BLM containing valinomycin (Val) used as an ionophore were also investigated by considering the hydrophobicity of both the objective cation and the counter anion and the formation of the alkali metal ion-Val complex..

Journal Articles

Rapid and quantitative electrolytic preparation and speciation of neptunium ions of various oxidation states using multi-step column electrodes

Aoyagi, Hisao*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Yoshida, Zenko; Kihara, Sorin*

Analytica Chimica Acta, 538(1-2), p.283 - 289, 2005/05

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:41.48(Chemistry, Analytical)

Redox behavior of Np(III), (IV), (V) and (VI) ions in aqueous perchloric, nitric and sulphuric acid solutions was elucidated by using column electrodes connected in series in a flow system. Using a glassy carbon fiber working electrode as the column electrode was found to be very useful for the investigation of current-potential relations of not only reversible redox processes such as Np(VI)/(V) or Np(IV)/(III) but also irreversible processes such as Np(V)/(IV) or Np(V)/(III), the latter not observed by conventional voltammetry which uses a glassy carbon or platinum electrode. Quantitative electrolysis could be executed even if the redox process was completely irreversible by the use of the column electrodes. By taking advantage of column electrode electrolysis, a novel method was developed for the rapid preparation of a neptunium species of a desired oxidation state, including unstable species. The multi-step column electrode system was demonstrated to be useful for the coulometric determination and speciation of Np(IV), (V) and (VI) in aqueous HNO$$_{3}$$ solution as an example.

Journal Articles

Ion transport across a bilayer lipid membrane facilitated by valinomycin

Shirai, Osamu*; Yamada, Hajimu*; Onuki, Toshihiko; Yoshida, Yumi*; Kihara, Sorin*

Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 570(2), p.219 - 226, 2004/09

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:58.27(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Principle of electrolytic chromatography and coulopotentiography and its application to flow-injection analysis

Yoshida, Zenko; Kihara, Sorin*; Fujinaga, Taichiro*

Bunseki Kagaku, 53(4), p.195 - 205, 2004/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:1(Chemistry, Analytical)

A quantitative electrolysis of an electro-active species in a sample solution can be achieved very rapidly when the solution is allowed to flow through and be electrolyzed at a column electrode. Complete electrolysis of the species is attained with a small over-voltage, even if the electrode reaction is slow. The electrolytic method using the column electrode is suitable for automated or remote-controlled operation. Because of unmatched advantages, the column-electrode electrolysis method has been widely applied to the coulometric determination of species in a flowing sample solution and to liquid chromatography as a coulometric detector. This technique is especially favorable for elucidating mechanism of such complicated reactions as that involving unstable intermediates. In the present article, a principle and a feature of the column-electrode electrolysis are presented and the advantages of these methods are reviewed based on recent works on its application to flow-injection analysis and to a study of the redox reaction of actinide ions or the reaction of short-lived radicals.

Journal Articles

A New electrochemical method to study the distribution of weak acid at the aqueous$$|$$organic solution interface

Uehara, Akihiro*; Yoshida, Zenko; Yoshida, Yumi*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Kasuno, Megumi*; Maeda, Koji*; Kihara, Sorin*

Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 563(2), p.257 - 267, 2004/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

New method for the separation of actinide ions by controlled-potential electrolysis at the interface between aqueous and organic solutions

Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Aoyagi, Hisao; Kimura, Takaumi; Yoshida, Zenko; Kudo, Hiroshi*; Kihara, Sorin*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(Suppl.3), p.259 - 262, 2002/11

Controlled-potential electrolysis (CPE) method for the transfer of an ion at the interface of two immiscible electrolyte solutions has been developed. The CPE method was applied to the transfer of actinide ions such as UO$$_{2}$$$$^{2+}$$ and Am$$^{3+}$$ between aqueous (W) and nitrobenzene (NB) solutions. The transfer of actinide ions from W to NB facilitated by bis(diphenyl-phosphoryl)methane (BDPPM) was studied, and it was found that CPE was successfully applied to the electrolytic separation of U(VI) and Am(III) from W to NB containing BDPPM.

Journal Articles

New field of actinides solution chemistry; Electrochemical study on actinide ion Transfer at the Interface of two immiscible electrolyte solutions

Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Yoshida, Zenko; Kudo, Hiroshi*; Kihara, Sorin*

Analytical Sciences (CD-ROM), 17(Suppl.), p.329 - 331, 2002/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Transfer of actinide ion at the interface between aqueous and nitrobenzene solutions studied by controlled-potential electrolysis at the interface

Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Yoshida, Zenko; Kudo, Hiroshi*; Kihara, Sorin*

Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 520(1-2), p.133 - 144, 2002/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Solvent extraction of uranium, neptunium, plutonium, americium, curium and californium ions by bis(1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-acylpyrazol-5-one) derivatives

Takeishi, Hideyo; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Kimura, Takaumi; Meguro, Yoshihiro; Yoshida, Zenko; Kihara, Sorin*

Analytica Chimica Acta, 431(1), p.69 - 80, 2001/03

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:67.05(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Critical evaluation of the redox properties of uranium, neptunium and plutonium ions in acidic aqueous solutions

Kihara, Sorin*; Yoshida, Zenko; Aoyagi, Hisao; Maeda, Koji*; Shirai, Osamu; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Yoshida, Yumi*

Pure and Applied Chemistry, 71(9), p.1771 - 1807, 1999/09

 Times Cited Count:45 Percentile:80.7(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Plutonium(III)-ion selective electrode of liquid membrane type using multidentate phosphine oxide ionophore

Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Aoyagi, Hisao; Yoshida, Zenko; Kihara, Sorin*

Analytica Chimica Acta, 387, p.181 - 187, 1999/00

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:40.75(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Ion transport across a bilayer lipid membrane; An Interpretation based on ion transfer voltammetry

Shirai, Osamu; *; Kihara, Sorin*

Review of Polarography, 44(2), p.76 - 92, 1998/09

no abstracts in English

50 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)