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Journal Articles

Difference in the hydration water mobility around F-actin and myosin subfragment-1 studied by quasielastic neutron scattering

Matsuo, Tatsuhito; Arata, Toshiaki*; Oda, Toshiro*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Kikuchi, Tatsuya; Fujiwara, Satoru

Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports (Internet), 6, p.220 - 225, 2016/07

Journal Articles

Internal dynamics of F-actin and myosin subfragment-1 studied by quasielastic neutron scattering

Matsuo, Tatsuhito; Arata, Toshiaki*; Oda, Toshiro*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Kikuchi, Tatsuya; Fujiwara, Satoru

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 459(3), p.493 - 497, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:80.33(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Journal Articles

Stability of polyvinylpolypyrrolidone against $$gamma$$-ray irradiation in HNO$$_{3}$$ media

Nogami, Masanobu*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Kawasaki, Takeshi*; Harada, Masayuki*; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; Morita, Yasuji; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 296(1), p.423 - 427, 2013/04

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:54.14(Chemistry, Analytical)

Stability of polyvinylpolypyrrolidone (PVPP), a resin with adsorption selectivity to U(VI) in nitric acid media, against $$gamma$$-ray irradiation has been examined using HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions of various concentrations. As the result, no clear decrease in the capacity was observed for any samples. Or rather, it was found that the capacity increased by approximately 50% for the PVPP slurry irradiated in 6 M HNO$$_{3}$$. The infrared spectroscopic study indicates that PVPP degrades by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation in HNO$$_{3}$$ from the cleavage of the pyrrolidone ring by the addition of oxygen atom originating from HNO$$_{3}$$, followed by the formation of chain monoamides with multiple coordinative atoms by the continuous addition of oxygen, finally leading to the generation of primary-amine type anion exchange resin. It is also indicated that all generated functional groups possess adsorptivity to U(VI) in 3 M HNO$$_{3}$$.

Journal Articles

Stability of pyrrolidone derivatives against $$gamma$$-ray irradiation

Nogami, Masanobu*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Kawasaki, Takeshi*; Harada, Masayuki*; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; Morita, Yasuji; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

Science China; Chemistry, 55(9), p.1739 - 1745, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:77.6(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Stability of N-alkylated pyrrolidone derivatives (NRPs) against radiation was examined by irradiation tests with $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray. We have been developed a novel reprocessing system using NRPs which have precipitation ability to haxa- and tetravalent actinides in nitric acid media. Degradation rates of NRPs are evaluated by irradiation in 3M nitric acid solutions and mechanism of degradation are discussed in the present paper.

Journal Articles

Development of advanced reprocessing system based on precipitation method using pyrrolidone derivatives as precipitants; Overall evaluation of system

Ikeda, Yasuhisa*; Kawasaki, Takeshi*; Harada, Masayuki*; Nogami, Masanobu*; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; Kim, S.-Y.*; Morita, Yasuji; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Someya, Hiroshi*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Proceedings of International Conference on Toward and Over the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (GLOBAL 2011) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2011/12

An advanced reprocessing system for spent FBR fuels based on two precipitation processes using pyrrolidone derivatives as precipitants has been developed. Experimental results of precipitation behavior of U, Pu and other elements, the heat- and radiation-resistance of precipitants, the thermal decomposition properties of precipitates showed that N-n-butyl-2-pyrrolidone and N-neopentyl-2-pyrrolidone are the appropriate precipitants for the first and second precipitation steps, respectively. From the engineering investigation, We confirmed that the precipitation and the filtration can be done efficiently using the engineering scale equipment and that the fuel pellets are directly prepared by the calcination of the precipitates. On the basis of these results, we evaluated that the proposed system is expected to be one of candidates of the future reprocessing systems for spent FBR fuels.

Journal Articles

Precipitation ability to U(IV) and stability of 1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidone for selective precipitation of U(VI) in nitric acid media

Nogami, Masanobu*; Harada, Masayuki*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Kawasaki, Takeshi*; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; Morita, Yasuji; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 53(7), p.948 - 951, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:70.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The precipitation ability of 1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidone (DMI) to U(VI) and U(IV) was examined using nitric acid solutions. While DMI precipitated U(VI) from 3 M nitric acid, no precipitate was observed in the solution containing 0.15 M U(IV) and 3 M nitric acid by adding DMI at the ratio of [DMI]/[U(IV)]=5. This indicates that the selectivity of DMI to U(VI) than U(IV). In spite of the excellent selectivity to U(VI), DMI has a disadvantage on the stability in nitric acid, because gradual acid hydrolysis of DMI is inevitable due to the nature of the chemical structure. Experiments on the stability of DMI in $$gamma$$-ray irradiation and heating in nitric acid solutions showed that the stability is strongly affected by the concentration of nitric acid and that DMI may be applicable in nitric acid solutions up to ca. 2 M.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:144 Percentile:0.62(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:46.17(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

Journal Articles

Continuous operation test at engineering scale uranium crystallizer

Washiya, Tadahiro; Tayama, Toshimitsu; Nakamura, Kazuhito*; Yano, Kimihiko; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Nagata, Masanobu*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Journal of Power and Energy Systems (Internet), 4(1), p.191 - 201, 2010/02

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) and Mitsubishi Materials Corporation (MMC) are developing the crystallization process for elemental technology of FBR fuel reprocessing. The uranium (U) crystallization process is a key technology for New Extraction System for TRU Recovery (NEXT) process that was evaluated as the most promising process for future FBR reprocessing. We had developed an innovative crystallizer and fabricated an engineering-scale crystallizer and have carried out continuous operation test to investigate the stability of the equipment at steady and non-steady state conditions by using depleted uranium. As for simulating typical failure events in the crystallizer, crystal accumulation and crystal blockage were occurred intentionally, and monitoring method and resume procedure were tried and selected in this work.

Journal Articles

Adsorptivity of polyvinylpolypyrrolidone for selective separation of U(VI) from nitric acid media

Nogami, Masanobu*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Kawasaki, Takeshi*; Harada, Masayuki*; Morita, Yasuji; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 283(2), p.541 - 546, 2010/02

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:19.15(Chemistry, Analytical)

Adsorptivity of polyvinylpolypyrrolidone (PVPP) to various metal ions was examined as a part of the development of resins with selectivity to U(VI) in nitric acid media. It was found that PVPP has a strong adsorptivity to U(VI) in wide concentration range of nitric acid. The mechanism of U(VI) adsorption by PVPP was discussed by results of Scatchard plot analysis and infrared spectroscopic analysis. Furthermore, it was found that fission productions except for Re(VII) as the simulant of Tc(VII) and Pd(II) are not adsorbed on to PVPP and that Pd(II) and Re(VII) species are weakly adsorbed in the lower concentration ranges of nitric acid, where the adsorption rates of Pd(II) are extremely slower than those of U(VI). These results indicate that U(VI) can be separated from other metal ions by PVPP.

Journal Articles

Study on degradation properties of NBP precipitant by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation

Nogami, Masanobu*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Kawasaki, Takeshi*; Harada, Masayuki*; Kawata, Yoshihisa; Morita, Yasuji; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

JAEA-Review 2009-041, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2008, P. 25, 2009/12

As a part of the development of a novel reprocessing system for spent FBR fuels based on the precipitation method, influence of concentrations of HNO$$_{3}$$ on the stability by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation was examined for $$N$$-$$n$$-butyl-2-pyrrolidone (NBP), a candidate precipitant for the first precipitation step for selectively precipitating U(VI). The residual ratios of the samples for HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions up to 3 M were found to be decreased identically, where ca. 20% of NBP was degraded after the irradiation of 1 MGy. It was found that the degradation of the samples of 6 M HNO$$_{3}$$ is more distinguished, where ca. 30% was degraded after the irradiation of 0.1 MGy. As the result of the investigation of the degradation mechanism of NBP, it was revealed that the degradation started from the cleavage of the pyrrolidone ring of NBP by the addition of oxygen atom, followed by the formation of chain monoamides and C4 compounds by the continuous addition of oxygen, leading to the generation of oxalic acid.

Journal Articles

Experimental study on behavior of Cs in uranium crystallization of advanced aqueous reprocessing system with simulated dissolver solution

Shibata, Atsuhiro; Yano, Kimihiko; Kamiya, Masayoshi; Nakamura, Kazuhito; Washiya, Tadahiro; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 8(3), p.245 - 253, 2009/09

Behavior of Cs in U crystallization process of advanced aqueous reprocessing system was investigated with simulated dissolver solution. Beaker-scale U crystallization experiments were carried out with some simulated dissolver solutions. The results show that possibility of generation of CsNO$$_{3}$$,Cs$$_{2}$$UO$$_{2}$$ (NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{4}$$ or Cs-FP complex salt is small. Precipitation experiments of Cs-U(IV) complex salts were also carried out with nitrate solution of U(IV) and Cs. It was found that Cs-U(IV) complex salt was precipitated in higher acidity than 5 mol/dm$$^{-3}$$. It is suggested that Cs-Pu(IV) precipitates can be generated in the U crystallization process, under specific solution condition.

Journal Articles

Research and development of crystal purification for product of uranium crystallization process

Yano, Kimihiko; Nakahara, Masaumi; Nakamura, Masahiro; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Nakamura, Kazuhito*; Tayama, Toshimitsu; Washiya, Tadahiro; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycle; Sustainable Options & Industrial Perspectives (Global 2009) (CD-ROM), p.143 - 150, 2009/09

Journal Articles

Current status on research and development of uranium crystallization system in advanced aqueous reprocessing of FaCT project

Shibata, Atsuhiro; Kaji, Naoya; Nakahara, Masaumi; Yano, Kimihiko; Tayama, Toshimitsu; Nakamura, Kazuhito; Washiya, Tadahiro; Myochin, Munetaka; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycle; Sustainable Options & Industrial Perspectives (Global 2009) (CD-ROM), p.151 - 157, 2009/09

As a part of FaCT project, Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been developing a U crystallization process for advanced aqueous reprocessing technology in collaboration with Mitsubishi Materials Corporation. We have carried out experimental studies and obtained fundamental data. Continuous operation tests were also carried out by an engineering-scale crystallizer to confirm productivity of the equipment and to investigate non-steady state conditions. The requirements for the U crystallization process in the FaCT project could be achieved except DF of Cs. More detail investigation is under way to settle the process condition without Pu-Cs double salt formation.

Journal Articles

Development of advanced reprocessing system using highly selective and controllable precipitants; Precipitation behavior of plutonium from U-Pu solution

Morita, Yasuji; Kim, S.-Y.; Kawata, Yoshihisa; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycle; Sustainable Options & Industrial Perspectives (Global 2009) (CD-ROM), p.1081 - 1085, 2009/09

We have been developing an advanced reprocessing system for spent FBR fuels based on precipitation method using pyrrolidone derivatives, which consists of two precipitation steps; the first selective U precipitation step and the second U-Pu co-precipitation step. In the present study, precipitation behavior of Pu with pyrrolidone derivatives with high precipitation ability of N-(1,2-dimethyl)propyl-2-pyrrolidone (NDMProP), N-neopenthyl-2-pyrrolidone (NNpP) and N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (NCP) has been examined with solutions of U-Pu mixture in order to evaluate their applicability to the second step. Since NNpP showed the highest precipitation ability for Pu(IV) and the best physical property as precipitate, NNpP would be the most appropriate precipitant for the U-Pu co-precipitation process. Precipitation of Np(IV, V, VI) with NNpP was also examined and it was found that Np(VI) could be quantitatively co-precipitated with U(VI) and Pu(IV).

Journal Articles

Experimental study on U-Pu cocrystallization reprocessing process

Shibata, Atsuhiro; Oyama, Koichi; Yano, Kimihiko; Nomura, Kazunori; Koyama, Tomozo; Nakamura, Kazuhito; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Homma, Shunji*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 46(2), p.204 - 209, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:54.81(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A new reprocessing system with 2-stage crystallization process has been developed. In the first stage of the system, U and Pu are recovered from dissolver solution by U-Pu co-crystallization. Laboratory scale experiments were carried out with U and Pu mixed solution and irradiated fuel dissolver solution to obtain fundamental data on U-Pu co-crystallization process. Pu co-crystallized with U, but crystallization yields of Pu were lower than those of U. FPs were separated from U and Pu by co-crystallization, and decontamination factors of Cs and Eu to U in crystal were over 100.

Journal Articles

Batch crystallization of uranyl nitrate

Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Koyama, Tomozo; Homma, Shunji*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 45(6), p.582 - 587, 2008/06

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:22.64(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Batch crystallization of uranyl nitrate is carried out in order to obtain fundamental data required for the development of reprocessing involving crystallization. Particular attention is paid to the development of a method for predicting the concentrations of uranium and nitric acid in the mother liquor and the amount of uranyl nitrate crystals produced. Initial concentrations of uranyl nitrate and nitric acid are 500-600 g/dm$$^{3}$$ and 4-6 mol/dm$$^{3}$$, respectively, corresponding to the condition of a dissolver solution of spent fuel. Steady-state mass balance equations including the correlation equation for the equilibrium solubility of uranium nitrate are applied to the prediction. The calculated concentrations of uranium and nitric acid are in close agreement with the experimental ones. The recovery of uranium is accurately predicted by the calculated concentrations, with an error of less than 5%.

Journal Articles

Flowsheet study of U-Pu Co-crystallization reprocessing system

Homma, Shunji*; Ishii, Junichi; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Koyama, Tomozo; Koga, Jiro*; Matsumoto, Shiro*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 45(6), p.510 - 517, 2008/06

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:36.2(Nuclear Science & Technology)

U-Pu co-crystallization reprocessing system is proposed for LWR fuels and its flowsheet study is carried out. This reprocessing system is based on the experimental evidence indicating that hexavalent plutonium is co-crystallized with uranyl nitrate. The system consists of five steps: dissolution of spent fuel, Pu oxidation, U-Pu co-crystallization, dissolution of the crystals, and U crystallization. The system does not require organic solvent, expecting the enhancement of safety and cost-effectiveness. The system requires a recycling of the mother liquor from the U-Pu co-crystallization step to recover almost entire amount of U and Pu. The appropriate recycle ratio is determined for LWR fuels, such that the satisfactory decontamination is achieved. The mother liquor from the U re-crystallization step contains U and Pu. The flowsheet study shows that the constant ratio of Pu to U in the mother liquor can be controlled even though the composition of the spent fuel is different.

Journal Articles

Development of uranium crystallization system in "NEXT" reprocessing process

Oyama, Koichi; Nomura, Kazunori; Washiya, Tadahiro; Tayama, Toshimitsu; Yano, Kimihiko; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Komaki, Jun; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles and Systems (Global 2007) (CD-ROM), p.1461 - 1466, 2007/09

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been developing the crystallization process technology in cooperation with Mitsubishi Materials Corporation, Saitama University and Waseda University. We have carried out experimental studies with uranium, MOX and spent fuel dissolved solution, and flowsheet analysis was researched. Crystal refinement study has been started to get more purified crystal. In association with these studies, an innovative continuous crystallizer and its system was developed to ensure high process performance. From the design study, an annular type continuous crystallizer was selected as the most promising design, and performance was confirmed by small-scale test and engineering scale demonstration at uranium crystallization conditions. In this paper, the research and development of crystallization process are described.

Journal Articles

A Study on precipitation behavior of plutonium and other transuranium elements with N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone for development of a simple reprocessing process

Morita, Yasuji; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; Mineo, Hideaki; Koshino, Nobuyoshi*; Asanuma, Noriko*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*; Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 44(3), p.354 - 360, 2007/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:29.84(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Precipitation behavior of Pu and other transuranium elements with N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (NCP) has been examined to develop a simple reprocessing based only on precipitation method. From HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions containing only Pu, both Pu(VI) and Pu(IV) were precipitated with NCP, but they required more NCP than in the U(VI) precipitation. Selective U(VI) precipitation from HNO$$_{3}$$ solution containing U(VI) and Pu(IV) was achieved by stirring the solution for sufficient time after addition of NCP with ratio of [NCP]/[U]=1.4. Addition of an enough amount of NCP to U(VI)-Pu(VI) or U(VI)-Pu(IV) solutions gave a quantitative precipitation of both U and Pu. Neither Am(III) nor Np(V) was precipitated in the selective U precipitation and the simultaneous U-Pu precipitation. These results demonstrate the feasibility of the reprocessing by precipitation with NCP.

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