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Journal Articles

Development of in-pile instruments for fuel and material irradiation tests

Shibata, Akira; Kitagishi, Shigeru; Kimura, Nobuaki; Saito, Takashi; Nakamura, Jinichi; Omi, Masao; Izumo, Hironobu; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

JAEA-Conf 2011-003, p.185 - 188, 2012/03

To get measurement data with high accuracy for fuel and material behavior studies in irradiation tests, two kinds of measuring equipments have been developed; these are the Electrochemical Corrosion Potential (ECP) sensor, the Linear Voltage Differential Transformer (LVDT) type gas pressure gauge. The ECP sensor has been developed to determine the corrosive potential under high temperature and high pressure water condition. The structure of the joining parts was optimized to avoid stress concentration. The LVDT type gas pressure gauge has been developed to measure gas pressure in a fuel element during neutron irradiation. To perform stable measurements with high accuracy under high temperature, high pressure and high dosed environment, the coil material of LVDT was changed to MI cable. As a result of this development, the LVDT type gas pressure gauge showed high accuracy at 1.8% of a full scale, and good stability.

Journal Articles

Development on in-reactor observation system using cherenkov light, 2

Takemoto, Noriyuki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Kitagishi, Shigeru; Naka, Michihiro; Kimura, Akihiro; Sano, Tadafumi*; Unesaki, Hironobu*; Yoshimoto, Takaaki*; Nakajima, Ken*; et al.

KURRI Progress Report 2010, P. 204, 2011/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development on in-reactor observation system using cherenkov light

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Kitagishi, Shigeru; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Takemoto, Noriyuki; Naka, Michihiro; Kimura, Akihiro; Sano, Tadafumi*; Unesaki, Hironobu*; Yoshimoto, Takaaki*; Nakajima, Ken*; et al.

KURRI Progress Report 2009, P. 196, 2010/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Research facilities for International Fusion Energy Research Centre of Broader Approach Activities at Rokkasho

Ohira, Shigeru; Utsumi, Shigeo*; Kubo, Takashi; Yonemoto, Kazuhiro; Kasuya, Kenichi; Ejiri, Shintaro; Kimura, Haruyuki; Okumura, Yoshikazu

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.9, p.665 - 669, 2010/08

Under the Agreement Between the Government of Japan and the EURATOM for the Joint Implementation of the Broader Approach Activities (BA Activities) in the Field of Fusion Energy Research, JAEA develop a new site at Rokkasho-mura in Aomori prefecture of Japan as the Japanese Implementing Agency. In this new site, two of the three projects of the BA Activities are to be implemented, namely, International Fusion Energy Research Center (IFERC) Project and International Fusion Material Irradiation Facility/Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activity (IFMIF/EVEDA) Project. In March 2009, the Administration and Research Building was completed, and the other research facilities; CSC&REC Building, DEMO R&D Building and IFMIF/EVEDA Accelerator Building will be completed in March 2010. In this presentation, the specifications and construction schedule of the individual research buildings will be presented, especially special features of the IFMIF/EVEDA Accelerator Building.

Journal Articles

Values of construction of IFMIF accelerator prototype and targeted issues

Sugimoto, Masayoshi; Garin, P.*; Vermare, C.*; Shidara, Hiroyuki; Kimura, Haruyuki; Suzuki, Hiromitsu; Ohira, Shigeru; Okumura, Yoshikazu; Mosnier, A.*; Facco, A.*; et al.

Kasokuki, 7(2), p.110 - 118, 2010/07

International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) is an accelerator-based neutron irradiation facility dedicated for development of fusion materials. Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activities (EVEDA) phase of IFMIF project has been initiated in June 2007 and a prototype of the IFMIF accelerator (40 MeV - 125 mA CW Deuteron) is under construction in Rokkasho, Aomori. The target of the prototype is 9 MeV - 125 mA CW beam operation, which is full scale prototyping up to the first tank of superconducting linac section. In this report, the major technical specifications and issues of this extremely high-power machine are overviewed and expected results through operation in future are summarized.

Journal Articles

Crystal growth procedure of HIV-1 protease-inhibitor KNI-272 complex for neutron structural analysis at 1.9 ${AA}$ resolution

Shimizu, Noriko*; Sugiyama, Shigeru*; Maruyama, Mihoko*; Takahashi, Yoshinori*; Adachi, Motoyasu; Tamada, Taro; Hidaka, Koshi*; Hayashi, Yoshio*; Kimura, Toru*; Kiso, Yoshiaki*; et al.

Crystal Growth & Design, 10(7), p.2990 - 2994, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:73.7(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We report crystal growth of human immunodeficiency virus 1 protease (HIV PR) in a complex with its inhibitor KNI-272 by six different methods. Comparative analysis indicates that top-seeded solution growth (TSSG) and TSSG combined with the floating and stirring technique (TSSG-FAST) are efficient strategies for rapidly obtaining large single crystals and effectively preventing polycrystallization of the seed crystal. Neutron diffraction analysis confirmed that the crystalobtained by TSSG is a high-quality single crystal. Furthermore, crystal shape was observed to be influenced by solution flow, suggesting that the degree of supersaturation significantly affects the crystal growth direction of HIV PR complex. This finding implies that the shape of the HIV PR complex crystal might be controlled by the solution flow rate.

Journal Articles

Commissioning of the IFMIF/EVEDA accelerator prototype; Objectives & plans

Vermare, C.*; Garin, P.*; Shidara, H.*; Beauvais, P. Y.*; Mosnier, A.*; Ibarra, A.*; Heidinger, R.*; Facco, A.*; Pisent, A.*; Maebara, Sunao; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.777 - 779, 2010/05

Journal Articles

The Accelerator prototype of the IFMIF/EVEDA project

Mosnier, A.*; Beauvais, P. Y.*; Branas, B.*; Comunian, M.*; Facco, A.*; Garin, P.*; Gobin, R.*; Gournay, J. F.*; Heidinger, R.*; Ibarra, A.*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.588 - 590, 2010/05

Journal Articles

Corrosion resistance of Al-alloying high Cr-ODS steels in stagnant lead-bismuth

Takaya, Shigeru; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Inoue, Masaki; Fujisawa, Toshiharu*; Okuda, Takanari*; Abe, Fujio*; Onuki, Somei*; Kimura, Akihiko*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 398(1-3), p.132 - 138, 2010/03

 Times Cited Count:43 Percentile:94.69(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steels with excellent high-temperature strength are the candidates for fuel cladding tubes. But, the compatibility with lead bismuth eutectic (LBE) is one of the key issues in accelerator driven system and LBE cooled fast reactors. Addition of Al and increase in Cr may have beneficial influence on the compatibility. Addition of Al, however, causes a decrease in high-temperature strength. A significantly higher Cr concentration results in aging embrittlement. Therefore, we need to find their optimal amount to balance corrosion resistance with high-temperature strength. In this study, the cross sections of the samples after 3,000 h of exposure to LBE with 10$$^{-8}$$ wt% oxygen at 650 $$^{circ}$$C are examined in detail using scanning electron microscope and Auger electron spectroscopy. The observation shows that very thin Al oxide layer is formed continuously between multiple oxide layer/internal oxide zone and matrix, and that such Al oxide layer suppresses further growth of multiple oxide layer/internal oxide zone. The average oxide layer thickness shows a tendency to get thinner by increasing in Al content from about 2 to 4 wt%, although significant dependency on Cr content is not recognized. Furthermore, the additional corrosion test for 5,000 h is conducted. These materials show good corrosion resistance even after 5,000 h of exposure to LBE containing 10$$^{-6}$$ wt% at 650 $$^{circ}$$C. Addition of 3.5 wt% Al is very effective in improving corrosion resistance.

Journal Articles

Progress of the IFMIF/EVEDA prototype accelerator in the Broader Approach activities for fusion energy in FY2008

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Vermare, C.*; Asahara, Hiroo; Sugimoto, Masayoshi; Garin, P.*; Maebara, Sunao; Takahashi, Hiroki; Sakaki, Hironao; Kojima, Toshiyuki; Ohira, Shigeru; et al.

Proceedings of 6th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (CD-ROM), p.668 - 670, 2010/03

Progress of the IFMIF/EVEDA prototype accelerator in fiscal year of 2008 is described. All the sub-systems of the prototype accelerator have started to design, settled the plan of the manufacturing and component tests and fixed the design parameters. As a result of the analysis of planning for the engineering validation of the IFMIF accelerator system, the project duration to be prolonged to the end of 2014 including some months for contingency was approved by the BA Steering Committee. In this article, the design status of each accelerator component, the interface between the accelerator components and the IFMIF/EVEDA Accelerator Building settled in International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) in Rokkasho and the proposed accelerator commissioning plan for the engineering validation will be presented.

JAEA Reports

The Outline of investigation on integrity of JMTR concrete structures, cooling system and utility facilities

Ebisawa, Hiroyuki; Hanakawa, Hiroki; Asano, Norikazu; Kusunoki, Hidehiko; Yanai, Tomohiro; Sato, Shinichi; Miyauchi, Masaru; Oto, Tsutomu; Kimura, Tadashi; Kawamata, Takanori; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2009-030, 165 Pages, 2009/07


The condition of facilities and machinery used continuously were investigated before the renewal work of JMTR on FY 2007. The subjects of investigation were reactor building, primary cooling system tanks, secondary cooling system piping and tower, emergency generator and so on. As the result, it was confirmed that some facilities and machinery were necessary to repair and others were used continuously for long term by maintaining on the long-term maintenance plan. JMTR is planed to renew by the result of this investigation.

Journal Articles

Formation of amorphous graded structure in Bi$$_{3}$$Pb$$_{7}$$ intermetallic compounds under strong gravitational field

Mashimo, Tsutomu; Iguchi, Yusuke*; Bagum, R.*; Sano, Tomokazu*; Takeda, Shingo*; Kimura, Shigeru*; Sakata, Osami*; Ono, Masao; Okayasu, Satoru; Tsurui, Takao*; et al.

Defect and Diffusion Forum, 289-292, p.357 - 360, 2009/04

A visible four-layers structure with anomalous nano-sturucture was formed from a homogeneous e-phase Bi$$_{3}$$Pb$$_{7}$$ intermetallic compound under a strong gravitational field (1.02$$times$$10$$^{6}$$ G, 130$$^{circ}$$C, 100 hours). In the 4th layer (lowest-gravity region), pure Bi particles precipitate. In the 2nd 3rd layers, composition graded structures, where Pb content increased along the gravity direction, were formed. It was found that the very broad XRD peak appeared in the 2nd layer, which indicated that an amorphous structure was contained.

Journal Articles

Corrosion behavior of Al-alloying high Cr-ODS steels in lead-bismuth eutectic

Takaya, Shigeru; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Aoto, Kazumi; M$"u$ller, G.*; Weisenburger, A.*; Heinzel, A.*; Inoue, Masaki; Okuda, Takanari*; Abe, Fujio*; Onuki, Somei*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 386-388, p.507 - 510, 2009/04

 Times Cited Count:44 Percentile:95.19(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The corrosion resistance of ODS steels with 0$$sim$$3.5 wt% Al and 13.7$$sim$$17.3 wt% Cr and of a 12Cr steel were examined. The experiments were conducted at 550 and 650 $$^{circ}$$C up to 3,000 h in stagnant LBE containing 10$$^{-6}$$ and 10$$^{-8} $$wt% oxygen for the ODS steels and at 550 $$^{circ}$$C up to 5,000 h in stagnant LBE containing 10$$^{-8}$$ wt% oxygen for the 12Cr steel, respectively. Protective Al oxide scales were formed on the surfaces of ODS steels with about 3.5 wt% Al and 13.7$$sim$$17.3 wt% Cr. The addition of Al is very effective to improve the corrosion resistance of ODS steels. The ODS steel with 16 wt% Cr and no Al does not show any corrosion resistance except for the specimen exposed to LBE with 10$$^{-6}$$ wt% oxygen at 650 $$^{circ}$$C. It is not expected to improve the corrosion resistance by increasing solely Cr content.

Journal Articles

Structure of HIV-1 protease in complex with potent inhibitor KNI-272 determined by high-resolution X-ray and neutron crystallography

Adachi, Motoyasu; Ohara, Takashi; Kurihara, Kazuo; Tamada, Taro; Honjo, Eijiro; Okazaki, Nobuo; Arai, Shigeki; Shoyama, Yoshinari; Kimura, Kaname*; Matsumura, Hiroyoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(12), p.4641 - 4646, 2009/03

 Times Cited Count:100 Percentile:91.04(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

To further understand the catalytic mechanism and inhibitor recognition of HIV-1 protease, we need to determine the locations of key hydrogen atoms in the catalytic aspartates Asp25 and Asp125. The structure of HIV-1 protease in complex with transition-state analog KNI-272 was determined by combined neutron crystallography at 1.9 ${AA}$ resolution and X-ray crystallography at 1.4 ${AA}$ resolution. The resulting structural data shows that the catalytic residue Asp25 is protonated and that Asp125 is deprotonated. The proton on Asp25 makes a hydrogen bond with the carbonyl group of the allophenylnorstatine group in KNI-272. The deprotonated Asp125 bonds to the hydroxyl proton of Apns. The results provide direct experimental evidence for proposed aspects of the catalytic mechanism of HIV-1 protease; and can therefore contribute substantially to the development of specific inhibitors for therapeutic application.

Journal Articles

Crystallization and preliminary neutron diffraction studies of HIV-1 protease cocrystallized with inhibitor KNI-272

Matsumura, Hiroyoshi*; Adachi, Motoyasu; Sugiyama, Shigeru*; Okada, Shino*; Yamakami, Megumi*; Tamada, Taro; Hidaka, Koshi*; Hayashi, Yoshio*; Kimura, Toru*; Kiso, Yoshiaki*; et al.

Acta Crystallographica Section F, 64(11), p.1003 - 1006, 2008/11

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:78.13(Biochemical Research Methods)

This paper reports the crystallization and preliminary neutron diffraction measurements of HIV-1 protease, a potential target for anti-HIV therapy, complexed with an inhibitor (KNI-272). The aim of this neutron diffraction study is to obtain structural information about the H atoms and to determine the protonation states of the residues within the active site. The crystal was grown to a size of 1.4 mm$$^{3}$$ by repeated macroseeding and a slow-cooling method using a two-liquid system. Neutron diffraction data were collected at room temperature using a BIX-4 diffractometer at the JRR-3 research reactor of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The data set was integrated and scaled to 2.3 ${AA}$ resolution in space group P2(1)2(1)2, with unit-cell parameters a = 59.5, b = 87.4, c = 46.8 ${AA}$.

Journal Articles

Structural basis for the fast phase change of Ge$$_{2}$$Sb$$_{2}$$Te$$_{5}$$; Ring statistics analogy between the crystal and amorphous states

Kohara, Shinji*; Kato, Kenichi*; Kimura, Shigeru*; Tanaka, Hitoshi*; Usuki, Takeshi*; Suzuya, Kentaro; Tanaka, Hiroshi*; Moritomo, Yutaka*; Matsunaga, Toshiyuki*; Yamada, Noboru*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 89(20), p.201910_1 - 201910_3, 2006/11

 Times Cited Count:183 Percentile:97.85(Physics, Applied)

The three-dimensional atomic configuration of amorphous Ge$$_{2}$$Sb$$_{2}$$Te$$_{5}$$ were derived by reverse Monte Carlo simulation with synchrotron-radiation X-ray diffraction data. The authors found that amorphous Ge$$_{2}$$Sb$$_{2}$$Te$$_{5}$$ can be regarded as "even-numbered ring structure", because the ring statistics is dominated by four- and six-fold rings analogous to the crystal phase. On the other hand, the formation of Ge-Ge homopolar bonds in amorphous GeTe constructs both odd- and even-numbered rings. They believe that the unusual ring statistics of amorphous Ge$$_{2}$$Sb$$_{2}$$Te$$_{5}$$ is the key for the fast crystallization speed of the material.

JAEA Reports

Study on Mixing Phenomena in T-pipe Junction; Clarification of fluid mixing phenomena and temperature fluctuation transfer from fluid to structure

Igarashi, Minoru; Tanaka, Masaaki; Kimura, Nobuyuki; Nakane, Shigeru*; Kawashima, Shigeyo*; Hayashi, Kenji; Tobita, Akira; Kamide, Hideki

JNC TN9400 2003-092, 100 Pages, 2003/11


A water experiment for thermal hydraulics in a mixing tee was performed to investigate thermal striping phenomena. Measurement of flow velocity using particle image velocimetry and temperature measurement were carried out. Normalized power spectrum density of temperature fluctuation had same profile, when the momentum ratio of the main and branch pips is the same. From the velocity measurement test, when the momentum ratio is the same, flow pattern at mixing region shows the alomost same tendency. Temperature transfer characteristics from fluid to structure can be estimated by a constant heat transfer coefficient in time.

JAEA Reports

Study on mixing phenomena in T-pipe junction; Experimental analysis using DNS and investigation of mixing process

Igarashi, Minoru; Kawashima, Shigeyo*; Nakane, Shigeru*; Tanaka, Masaaki; Kimura, Nobuyuki; Kamide, Hideki

JNC TN9400 2003-005, 80 Pages, 2003/02


In the place where hot and cold fluids are mixed, a time and spatial temperature fluctuation occurs. When this temperature fluctuation amplitude is large, it causes high cycle thermal fatigue in surrounding structure (thermal striping phenomena). Mixing area of high and low temperature fluid exists not only in an atomic power plant but also in a general plant, then, it is significant to investigate this phenomena and also to establish an evaluation rule. In Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute, several experiments and the improvement of the analysis methods have been carried out to understand thermal striping phenomena and also to construct an evaluation rule, which can be applied to design. Water Experiment on Fluid Mixing in T-pipe with Long Cycle Fluctuation (WATLON), aiming at examining thermal striping phenomena in a mixing tee, is performed to investigate key factors of mixing phenomena. In this study, in order to investigate the fluid mixing phenomena, temperature and flow velocity distribution were measured by movable thermocouple tree and particle image velocimetory (PIV). And the analysis using a in-house direct numerical simulation (DNS) code, DINUS-3 was performed to understand applicability of the analytical method in mixing tee. The temperature and velocity fields obtained from the DINUS-3 were in good agreement with the experimental results. And the prominent frequency of temperature fluctuation was also in good agreement. The DINUS-3 calculation simulated vortex structure in the wake region behind the branch pipe jet. The results of analysis showed that a Karman vortex generated in the wake region behind the branch pipe jet influenced the temperature fluctuation behavior in the mixing tee. And the analytical results revealed that the vortex generated in the wake region behind the branch pipe jet showed the 3-dimensional behavior.

Journal Articles

Fusion plasma performance and confinement studies on JT-60 and JT-60U

Kamada, Yutaka; Fujita, Takaaki; Ishida, Shinichi; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Ide, Shunsuke; Takizuka, Tomonori; Shirai, Hiroshi; Koide, Yoshihiko; Fukuda, Takeshi; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.185 - 254, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:48.48(Nuclear Science & Technology)

With the main aim of providing physics basis for ITER and the steady-state tokamak reactors, JT-60/JT-60U has been developing and optimizing the operational concepts, and extending the discharge regimes toward sustainment of high integrated performance in the reactor relevant parameter regime. In addition to achievement of the equivalent break-even condition (QDTeq up to 1.25) and a high fusion triple product = 1.5E21 m-3skeV, JT-60U has demonstrated the integrated performance of high confinement, high beta-N, full non-inductive current drive with a large fraction of bootstrap current in the reversed magnetic shear and in the high-beta-p ELMy H mode plasmas characterized by both internal and edge transport barriers. The key factors in optimizing these plasmas are profile and shape controls. As represented by discovery of various Internal Transport Barriers, JT-60/JT-60U has been emphasizing freedom and restriction of profiles in various confinement modes. JT-60U has demonstrated applicability of these high confinement modes to ITER and also clarified remaining issues.

Journal Articles

PARC process for an advanced PUREX process

Uchiyama, Gunzo; Mineo, Hideaki; Hotoku, Shinobu; Asakura, Toshihide; Kamei, Kazushige; Watanabe, Makio; Nakano, Yuji*; Kimura, Shigeru; Fujine, Sachio

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 37(1-4), p.151 - 156, 2000/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:48.29(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

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