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High order harmonics from relativistic electron spikes

Pirozhkov, A. S.; 神門 正城; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Faenov, A. Y.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; 河内 哲哉; 匂坂 明人; Koga, J. K.; 森 道昭; 川瀬 啓悟*; et al.

RAL-TR-2015-025, P. 22, 2015/00

We provide a description of experiments performed with the J-KAREN and Astra Gemini lasers where we discovered a new regime of relativistic high-order harmonic generation by multi-terawatt femtosecond lasers in gas targets. The results were explained using particle-in-cell simulations and catastrophe theory. Our work paves the way towards a bright coherent X-ray source based on compact lasers and accessible, repetitive, and debris-free gas jet targets. Such a source will be crucial for fundamental research and numerous applications requiring pumping, probing, imaging of microscopic objects and for attosecond science.


High order harmonics from relativistic electron spikes

Pirozhkov, A. S.; 神門 正城; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Gallegos, P.*; Ahmed, H.*; Ragozin, E. N.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; 河内 哲哉; 匂坂 明人; et al.

New Journal of Physics (Internet), 16(9), p.093003_1 - 093003_30, 2014/09

 被引用回数:30 パーセンタイル:82.42(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We present a detailed description of our discovery of a new regime of high-order harmonic generation, including experimental data, simulations, and description of new harmonic generation mechanism. The harmonics are generated by multi-terawatt relativistic-irradiance ($$>$$ 10$$^{18}$$ W/cm$$^2$$) femtosecond ($$approx$$ 30-50 fs) lasers focused to gas jet targets. According to our model, the harmonics are produced by sharp, structurally stable, oscillating electron spikes at the joint of boundaries of wake and bow waves excited by the laser pulse.


Relativistic high harmonic generation in gas jet targets

Pirozhkov, A. S.; 神門 正城; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Gallegos, P.*; Ahmed, H.*; Ragozin, E. N.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T.; 河内 哲哉; 匂坂 明人; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.167 - 171, 2012/07

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:47.51

We experimentally demonstrate new regime of high-order harmonic generation by relativistic-irradiance lasers in gas jet targets. Bright harmonics with both the odd and even orders are emitted in the forward direction, while the base harmonic frequency is downshifted. The harmonics are generated by linearly as well as circularly polarized pulses. With the 9 TW laser, the harmonics reach 360 eV, within the "water window" spectral region. Using 120 TW laser producing 40 uJ/sr per harmonic at 120 eV, we demonstrate the photon number scalability. The experimentally demonstrated harmonics cannot be explained by previously known mechanisms. We introduce a novel high-order harmonics generation mechanism, which explains our experimental findings.


High-order harmonics from bow wave caustics driven by a high-intensity laser

Esirkepov, T. Z.; Pirozhkov, A. S.; 神門 正城; Gallegos, P.*; Ahmed, H.*; Ragozin, E. N.*; Faenov, A.*; Pikuz, T.; 河内 哲哉; 匂坂 明人; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.172 - 180, 2012/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.13



Complementary characterization of radioactivity produced by repetitive laser-driven proton beam using shot-to-shot proton spectral measurement and direct activation measurement

小倉 浩一; 静間 俊行; 早川 岳人; 余語 覚文; 西内 満美子; 織茂 聡; 匂坂 明人; Pirozhkov, A. S.; 森 道昭; 桐山 博光; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 51(4), p.048003_1 - 048003_2, 2012/04

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:9.33(Physics, Applied)



Soft-X-ray harmonic comb from relativistic electron spikes

Pirozhkov, A. S.; 神門 正城; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Gallegos, P.*; Ahmed, H.*; Ragozin, E. N.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T.; 河内 哲哉; 匂坂 明人; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 108(13), p.135004_1 - 135004_5, 2012/03

 被引用回数:68 パーセンタイル:91.26(Physics, Multidisciplinary)



Development of a compact high-spatiotemporal-quality Yb:YAG thin-disk laser system using an optical parametric preamplifier

桐山 博光; 鈴木 将之*; 大東 出; 岡田 大; 越智 義浩; 佐藤 方俊*; 玉置 善紀*; 吉井 健裕*; 前田 純也*; 松岡 伸一*; et al.

レーザー研究, 40(2), p.143 - 145, 2012/02



Development of a sub-MeV X-ray source via Compton backscattering

川瀬 啓悟; 神門 正城; 早川 岳人; 大東 出; 近藤 修司; 本間 隆之; 亀島 敬*; 小瀧 秀行; Chen, L. M.*; 福田 祐仁; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 637(1, Suppl.), p.S141 - S144, 2011/05

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:50.8(Instruments & Instrumentation)



Laser ceramic materials for subpicosecond solid-state lasers using Nd$$^{3+}$$ -doped mixed scandium garnets

岡田 大; 田中 桃子; 桐山 博光; 中井 善基*; 越智 義浩; 杉山 僚; 大道 博行; 木村 豊秋*; 柳谷 高公*; 八木 秀喜*; et al.

Optics Letters, 35(18), p.3048 - 3050, 2010/09

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:55.08(Optics)

We have successfully developed and demonstrated broadband emission Nd-doped mixed scandium garnets based on laser ceramic technology. The inhomogeneous broadening of Nd$$^{3+}$$ fluorescence lines results in a bandwidth above 5 nm that is significantly broader than that for Nd:YAG and enables subpicosecond mode-locked pulse durations. We have also found the emission cross-section of 7.8$$times$$10$$^{-20}$$ cm$$^{2}$$ to be adequate for efficient energy extraction and thermal conductivity of 4.7 W/mK from these new Nd-doped laser ceramics. The new laser ceramics are good candidates for laser host material in diode-pumped subpicosecond laser system with high efficiency and high repetition rate.



桐山 博光; 森 道昭; 中井 善基*; 下村 拓也; 笹尾 一*; 田中 桃子; 越智 義浩; 田上 学*; 近藤 修司; 金沢 修平; et al.

レーザー研究, 38(9), p.669 - 675, 2010/09



Improvement of SBS laser pulse compression system for the Compton backscattered X-ray source

川瀬 啓悟; 神門 正城; 早川 岳人; 大東 出; 近藤 修司; 本間 隆之; 亀島 敬*; 小瀧 秀行; Chen, L. M.*; 福田 祐仁; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2010-002, p.95 - 98, 2010/06



High temporal and spatial quality petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification laser system

桐山 博光; 森 道昭; 中井 善基; 下村 拓也; 笹尾 一; 田上 学*; 金沢 修平; 若井 大介*; 笹尾 文崇*; 岡田 大; et al.

Optics Letters, 35(10), p.1497 - 1499, 2010/05

 被引用回数:85 パーセンタイル:95.58(Optics)



High spatiotemporal-quality petawatt-class laser system

桐山 博光; 森 道昭; 中井 善基; 下村 拓也; 笹尾 一; 田中 桃子; 越智 義浩; 田上 学*; 岡田 大; 近藤 修司; et al.

Applied Optics, 49(11), p.2105 - 2115, 2010/04

 被引用回数:39 パーセンタイル:84.78(Optics)



Simulation and experiments of the laser induced breakdown of air for femtosecond to nanosecond order pulses

Koga, J. K.; 森林 健悟; 福田 祐仁; Bulanov, S. V.; 匂坂 明人; 小倉 浩一; 大道 博行; 山極 満; 木村 豊秋*; 藤川 武敏*; et al.

Journal of Physics D; Applied Physics, 43(2), p.025204_1 - 025204_15, 2010/01

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:49.38(Physics, Applied)

Three dimensional simulations and experimental results for the laser induced breakdown of air are presented. The simulations include the laser propagation, multi-photon and impact ionization, and heating of the electrons using accurate atomic and molecular data. For laser pulses of duration from 100 femto-seconds to 1 nano-second mechanisms for the breakdown of air based on the pulse duration and intensity ranging from optical field ionization to electron impact ionization are found. The laser energies at which the breakdown occurs are found to be in good agreement with experimental results.


Experimental studies of the high and low frequency electromagnetic radiation produced from nonlinear laser-plasma interactions

神門 正城; Pirozhkov, A. S.; 福田 祐仁; Esirkepov, T. Z.; 大東 出; 川瀬 啓悟; Ma, J. L.*; Chen, L. M.*; 林 由紀雄; 森 道昭; et al.

European Physical Journal D, 55(2), p.465 - 474, 2009/09

 被引用回数:18 パーセンタイル:65.06(Optics)



Demonstration of flying mirror with improved efficiency

Pirozhkov, A. S.; 神門 正城; Esirkepov, T. Z.; 福田 祐仁; Chen, L.-M.*; 大東 出; 小倉 浩一; 本間 隆之; 林 由紀雄; 小瀧 秀行; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1153, p.274 - 284, 2009/07

A strongly nonlinear breaking wake wave driven by an intense laser pulse can act as a partially reflecting relativistic mirror (the Flying Mirror). Upon reflection from such mirror, a counter-propagating optical-frequency laser pulse is directly converted into high-frequency radiation, with a frequency multiplication factor $$approx 4 gamma^2$$ (the double Doppler effect). We present the results of recent experiment in which the photon number in the reflected radiation was more than $$10^3$$ times larger than in our proof-of-principle experiment. It is notable that the energy of laser was increased about three times. The Flying Mirror promises to generate intense coherent ultrashort XUV and X-ray pulses that inherit their temporal shape and polarization from the original optical-frequency (laser) pulses. Furthermore, the reflected radiation bears important information about the reflecting wake wave itself, which can be used for the diagnostics.


MeV- and sub-MeV-photon sources based on Compton backscattering at SPring-8 and KPSI-JAEA

川瀬 啓悟; 神門 正城; 早川 岳人; 大東 出; 近藤 修司; 本間 隆之; 亀島 敬; 小瀧 秀行; Chen, L.*; 福田 祐仁; et al.

Nuclear Physics Review, 26(Suppl.), p.94 - 99, 2009/07




桐山 博光; 森 道昭; 中井 善基; 下村 拓也; 田上 学*; 圷 敦; 岡田 大; 本村 朋洋*; 近藤 修司; 金沢 修平; et al.

レーザー研究, 37(6), p.425 - 430, 2009/06



Proton-induced nuclear reactions using compact high-contrast high-intensity laser

小倉 浩一; 静間 俊行; 早川 岳人; 余語 覚文; 西内 満美子; 織茂 聡; 匂坂 明人; Pirozhkov, A. S.; 森 道昭; 桐山 博光; et al.

Applied Physics Express, 2(6), p.066001_1 - 066001_3, 2009/05

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:50.82(Physics, Applied)



XUV and IR electromagnetic radiation from nonlinear laser-plasma interaction

神門 正城; Pirozhkov, A. S.; 福田 祐仁; Esirkepov, T. Z.; 大東 出; 川瀬 啓悟; Ma, J.-L.; Chen, L.-M.; 林 由紀雄; 森 道昭; et al.

Harnessing Relativistic Plasma Waves as Novel Radiation Sources from Terahertz to X-Rays and Beyond (Proceedings of SPIE Vol.7359), p.73590K_1 - 73590K_11, 2009/05

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.07

Electromagnetic wave generation at the extreme ultraviolet (XUV) and infrared (IR) wavelength range is described through the interaction of intense short laser pulses with underdense plasmas. XUV pulses are generated through a laser light reflection from a relativistically moving electron dense shells (flying mirrors). A proof-of-principle and an advanced experiment of flying mirrors are presented. Both of the experiments demonstrated light reflection and frequency upshift in the XUV wavelength range (14-20 nm). The advanced experiment with a head-on collision of two laser pulses exhibited the high reflected photon number. IR radiation, which is observed in the forward direction, has the wavelength of 5 $$mu$$m and the same polarization as the driving laser dominantly. The source of the IR radiation is attributed to emission from relativistic solitons formed in underdense plasma.

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