Nakamura, Shoji; Toh, Yosuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Harada, Hideo
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(7), p.851 - 865, 2022/07
The present study performed integral experiments of I using a fast-neutron source reactor "YAYOI" of the University of Tokyo to validate evaluated nuclear data libraries. The iodine-129 sample and flux monitors were irradiated by fast neutrons in the Glory hole of the YAYOI reactor. Reaction rates of I were obtained by measurement of decay gamma-rays emitted from I. The validity of the fast-neutron flux spectrum in the Glory hole was confirmed by the ratios of the reaction rates of flux monitors. The experimental reaction rate of I was compared with that calculated with both the fast-neutron flux spectrum and evaluated nuclear data libraries. The present study revealed that the evaluated nuclear data of I cited in JENDL-4.0 should be reduced as much as 18% in neutron energies ranging from 10 keV to 3 MeV, and supported the reported data by Noguere below 100 keV.
Nakamura, Shoji; Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Toh, Yosuke; Harada, Hideo
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(12), p.1318 - 1329, 2021/12
The present study performed fast-neutron capture cross-section measurement of Tc by an activation method using a fast-neutron source reactor "YAYOI" of the University of Tokyo. Technetium-99 samples were irradiated with reactor neutrons using a pneumatic system. Reaction rates of Tc were obtained by measuring decay gamma rays emitted from Tc. The neutron flux at an irradiation position was monitored with gold foils. The fast-neutron capture cross section of Tc at neutron energy of 85 keV was derived as 0.4320.023 barn by using the reaction rates of Tc, evaluated cross-section data and the fast-neutron flux spectrum of the YAYOI reactor. The present study agreed with the evaluated nuclear data library JENDL-4.0.
Go, Shintaro*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Yokoyama, Rin*; Aoi, Nori*; Azaiez, F.*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Kimura, Atsushi; Kisamori, Keiichi*; Kobayashi, Motoki*; et al.
Physical Review C, 103(3), p.034327_1 - 034327_8, 2021/03
Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Hayakawa, Takehito*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki*; Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Tanimori, Toru*; Sonoda, Shinya*; Kabuki, Shigeto*; et al.
PLOS ONE (Internet), 13(12), p.e0208909_1 - e0208909_12, 2018/12
Imaging of Tc radioisotope was conducted using an electron tracking-Compton camera (ETCC). Tc emits 204, 582, and 835 keV rays, and was produced in the Mo(p,n)Tc reaction with a Mo-enriched target. The recycling of the Mo-enriched molybdenum trioxide was investigated, and the recycled yield of Mo was achieved to be 70% - 90%. The images were obtained with each of the three rays. Results showed that the spatial resolution increases with increasing -ray energy, and suggested that the ETCC with high-energy -ray emitters such as Tc is useful for the medical imaging of deep tissue and organs in the human body.
Sugawara, Masahiko*; Toh, Yosuke; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Oshima, Masumi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Kin, Tadahiro*; Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Kusakari, Hideshige*
Physical Review C, 96(2), p.024314_1 - 024314_7, 2017/08
Kitayama, Takumi*; Nakajima, Kaoru*; Suzuki, Motofumi*; Narumi, Kazumasa; Saito, Yuichi; Matsuda, Makoto; Sataka, Masao*; Tsujimoto, Masahiko*; Isoda, Shoji*; Kimura, Kenji*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 354, p.183 - 186, 2015/07
Go, Shintaro*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Yokoyama, Rin*; Kobayashi, Motoki*; Kisamori, Keiichi*; Takaki, Motonobu*; Miya, Hiroyuki*; Ota, Shinsuke*; Michimasa, Shinichiro*; Shimoura, Susumu*; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 6, p.030005_1 - 030005_4, 2015/06
Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Nagai, Yasuki; Tanimori, Toru*; Sonoda, Shinya*; Kabuki, Shigeto*; et al.
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1283 - 1285, 2015/02
Technetium-99m (Tc) is used in radioactive medical diagonostic tests, for example as a radioactive tracer that medical equipment can detect in the human body. It is well suited to the role because it emits readily detectable 141 keV rays, and its half-life is 6.01 hours (meaning that about 94% of it decays to technetium-99 in 24 hours). There are at least 31 commonly used radiopharmaceuticals based on technetium-99m for imaging and functional studies of the brain, myocardium, thyroid, lungs, liver, gallbladder, kidneys, skeleton, blood, and tumors. Recent years, with the develop-ment of the Compton camera which can realize high position resolution, technetium isotopes emitting high energy -rays are required. In this study, technetium-95m which emits some rays around 800 keV was produced by the Mo(p,n)Tc reaction.
Nakajima, Kaoru*; Morita, Yosuke*; Kitayama, Takumi*; Suzuki, Motofumi*; Narumi, Kazumasa; Saito, Yuichi; Tsujimoto, Masahiko*; Isoda, Shoji*; Fujii, Yoshikazu*; Kimura, Kenji*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 332, p.117 - 121, 2014/08
Nakajima, Kaoru*; Nagano, Kengo*; Suzuki, Motofumi*; Narumi, Kazumasa; Saito, Yuichi; Hirata, Koichi*; Kimura, Kenji*
Applied Physics Letters, 104(11), p.114103_1 - 114103_4, 2014/03
Katsuyama, Chie*; Nashimoto, Hiroaki*; Nagaosa, Kazuyo*; Ishibashi, Tomotaka*; Furuta, Kazuki*; Kinoshita, Takeshi*; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Aoki, Kazuhiro; Asano, Takahiro*; Sasaki, Yoshito; et al.
FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 86(3), p.532 - 543, 2013/12
Anaerobic microbial activity has a major influence on the subsurface environment, and should be considered in subsurface activities including the construction of radioactive waste repositories. We investigated denitrification and methanogenesis in anoxic groundwater from 140 m depth in two boreholes, where the redox potential fluctuated. The average maximum potential denitrification rates, measured under anaerobic conditions in the two boreholes using an N tracer. Methanogenesis candidates were detected by 16S rRNA gene analysis. Although the stable isotope signatures suggested that some of the dissolved methane was of biogenic origin, no potential for methane production was evident during the incubations. The groundwater at 140 m depth did not contain oxygen, had an Eh ranging from -144 to 6.8 mV, and was found to be a potential field for denitrification.
Morita, Yosuke*; Nakajima, Kaoru*; Suzuki, Motofumi*; Narumi, Kazumasa; Saito, Yuichi; Ishikawa, Norito; Hojo, Kiichi; Tsujimoto, Masahiko*; Isoda, Shoji*; Kimura, Kenji*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 315, p.142 - 145, 2013/11
Morita, Yosuke*; Nakajima, Kaoru*; Suzuki, Motofumi*; Narumi, Kazumasa; Saito, Yuichi; Kimura, Kenji*
JAEA-Review 2012-046, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2011, P. 167, 2013/01
no abstracts in English
Nakajima, Kaoru*; Morita, Yosuke*; Suzuki, Motofumi*; Narumi, Kazumasa; Saito, Yuichi; Ishikawa, Norito; Hojo, Kiichi; Tsujimoto, Masahiko*; Isoda, Shoji*; Kimura, Kenji*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 291, p.12 - 16, 2012/11
Thin films of amorphous SiN (thickness 20 nm) were irradiated with 120-720 keV C ions and observed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The ion track produced in an amorphous material was directly observed by TEM. For quantitative analysis, the ion tracks were also observed using high-angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM). The observed ion track consists of a low density core (radius 2.5 nm) and a high density shell (width 2.5 nm), which is very similar to the ion tracks in amorphous SiO irradiated with high energy heavy ions observed by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). Although the observed ion tracks may be affected by surface effects, the present result indicates that TEM and HAADF-STEM have potential to observe directly the fine structures of ion tracks in amorphous materials.
Wang, H. X.*; Zhang, Y. H.*; Zhou, X. H.*; Liu, M. L.*; Ding, B.*; Li, G. S.*; Hua, W.*; Zhou, H. B.*; Guo, S.*; Qiang, Y. H.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 86(4), p.044305_1 - 044305_11, 2012/10
Ideguchi, Eiji*; Ota, Shinsuke*; Morikawa, Tsuneyasu*; Oshima, Masumi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Toh, Yosuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Harada, Hideo; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Nakamura, Shoji; et al.
Progress of Theoretical Physics Supplement, (196), p.427 - 432, 2012/10
Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Osawa, Takahito; Oshima, Masumi; Toh, Yosuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 291(1), p.143 - 145, 2012/01
The Ir concentrations in some standard rock samples were determined by using the multiple ray detection method. The use of the multiple ray detection method, which was developed for nuclide quantification, yielded better resolution and sensitivity than the ordinary singles ray detection method. Iridium is one of the least abundant elements in Earth's crust, with an average mass fraction of 0.001 ppm in a crust rock. However, iridium is relatively more abundant (concentration: 0.5 ppm or more) in undifferentiated meteorites. Therefore iridium abundance anomalies in geological samples provide important information about meteorite impact. The standard rock samples used in this study were SARM-76, FC-1 and FC-2. The SARM-76 was prepared from a platinum ore, and issued by the South African Bureau of Standards. FC-1 and FC-2 were obtained from fish clay sediment samples from Stevens Klint, Denmark.
Kimura, Akihiro; Sato, Yuichi*; Tanase, Masakazu*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko
IOP Conference Series; Materials Science and Engineering, 18(4), p.042001_1 - 042001_4, 2011/10
In the medical field, the radioisotopes are indispensable. Especially, Tc is most commonly used as a radiopharmaceutical. However, the supply of Mo in Japan depends fully on the import from foreign countries. JMTR has a plan to produce a medical isotope of Mo, the parent nuclide of Tc by the (n,) method and a part of the import volume can be covered of the home country. In this plan, it is important to develop the production method of the irradiation targets such as the Molybdenum oxide (MoO) pellets. However, MoO is low sublime temperature and it is difficult to produce the pellets with high density. In this study, MoO pellets were produced by two kinds of production methods. As a result, MoO pellet of about 70% TD was obtained by CIP and MoO pellet of over 95% TD was obtained by SPS.
Morita, Yosuke*; Nakajima, Kaoru*; Suzuki, Motofumi*; Narumi, Kazumasa; Saito, Yuichi; Vandervorst, W.*; Kimura, Kenji*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 269(19), p.2080 - 2083, 2011/10
Pre-amorphized silicon wafers are implanted with 30 keV C and 0.5 keV C ions at room temperature with fluences about 210 atoms/cm. The depth profiles of implanted carbon are measured using high-resolution Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy. The observed average depth of C for the C implantation is 6.1 nm while that for the C implantation is 4.0 nm, showing a large cluster effect on the projected range.
Kimura, Akihiro; Hori, Naohiko; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Ishihara, Masahiro; Yamabayashi, Hisamichi*; Tanase, Masakazu*; Fujisaki, Saburo*; Sato, Yuichi*
JAEA-Review 2010-053, 23 Pages, 2010/11
Production techniques of Mo, parent nuclide of Tc, have been developed for the industrial utilization as medical diagnosis medicine after the JMTR refurbishment. The (n,) method is proposed in JMTR because of low-amount radioactive wastes and easy Tc production process. In this study, the production of the high-density MoO pellet and concentration techniques of Tc solution were developed. As the trial test, the MoO pellets with high density were produced by the SPS (Spark Plasma Sintering) method. On the other hands, it was possible to concentrate Tc solution by the solvent extraction using Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK). From the result, the Tc concentrating device with more than 80% concentration efficiency, was performed successfully.