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Journal Articles

Distribution and settling behavior of americium-241 in the tropical East Pacific

Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Nagaoka, Mika; Nakanishi, Takashi*

Science of the Total Environment, 753, p.142087_1 - 142087_10, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:65.97(Environmental Sciences)

The distribution of the anthropogenic radionuclide americium-241 ($$^{241}$$Am), a decay product of $$^{241}$$Pu discharged from atmospheric tests of nuclear weapons, was investigated to resolve its horizontal and vertical migration in the Tropical East Pacific. We analyzed $$^{241}$$Am concentrations in seawater samples collected in 2003. On comparing the $$^{241}$$Am concentrations with the previously determined concentrations of $$^{239+240}$$Pu in the same samples, the vertical profiles of $$^{241}$$Am were found to be similar to those of $$^{239+240}$$Pu. At some stations, the maximum concentration of $$^{241}$$Am occurred 100-200 m deeper than that of $$^{239+240}$$Pu. The $$^{241}$$Am/$$^{239+240}$$Pu ratios in the North Pacific and South Pacific were comparable to one another, and were typical of the ratio for the Pacific. The $$^{241}$$Am distribution was influenced by the water mass at depths below 400 m. The $$^{241}$$Am data support the view there is a current flowing at depths of 400-3000 m from the North Pacific through the equator to the South Pacific. In addition, the $$^{241}$$Am vertical profile was explained by using a box model that considers the decay of $$^{241}$$Pu and adsorption and scavenging by suspended particles. The different depths for the maximum concentrations of $$^{241}$$Am and $$^{239+240}$$Pu observed at some stations were well explained by the model and by the distribution of CaCO$$_{3}$$ particles. The residence time of $$^{241}$$Am in the Pacific was also estimated by using the model.

Journal Articles

Summary of study on environmental radioactivity effected from the accident at the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in 5 years after the accident

Iimoto, Takeshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Sugihara, Shinji*; Takamiya, Koichi*; Tagami, Keiko*; Nagao, Seiya*; Bessho, Kotaro*; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Miura, Taichi*; et al.

KEK Report 2016-3, 134 Pages, 2017/03

This report is summary of study on environmental radioactivity effected from the accident at the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in 5 years after the accident. It was compiled efforts related to the accident reported from the 13th to the 17th "Workshop on Environmental Radioactivity" which was held at the High Energy Accelerator Research and Development Organization.

Journal Articles

Shielding experiments under JASMIN collaboration at Fermilab, 4; Measurement and analyses of high-energy neutron spectra in the anti-proton target station

Matsuda, Norihiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Sakamoto, Yukio; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Hirayama, Hideo*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Mokhov, N.*; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.2055 - 2058, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

It is important to obtain neutron spectra and its intensity on shielding experiment. Deduction of high-energy neutron spectra were done using fitting and unfolding methods based on the shielding data obtained at the anti-proton (pbar) target station in Fermilab. The neutron spectra for fitting method is useful to be easily obtained and the values gave reasonable results compared with nuclear data. Therefore, that for unfolding methods included inconsistency. Furthermore, the deduced neutron spectra were verified through the calculation analyses by PHITS code.

Journal Articles

Shielding experiments by the JASMIN collaboration at Fermilab, 2; Radioactivity measurement induced by secondary particles from the anti-proton production target

Yashima, Hiroshi*; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, Yukio; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Boehnlein, D.*; Lautenschlager, G.*; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.2051 - 2054, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.07(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The experiment was performed at the anti-proton (pbar) production target station in Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. At the pbar target station, an anti-proton production target, consisted of Inconel and copper disks, were irradiated by 120 GeV proton beam. The beam intensity was 2.0 $$times$$ 10$$^{12}$$ proton per second. Al, Nb, Cu, Au samples were set around the target to investigate the spatial and energy distribution of secondary particles emitted from the target. After irradiation, induced activities of samples were measured by using HPGe detector. The reaction rates of 30 nuclides induced in Al, Nb, Cu, Au samples were obtained. The reaction rates of these nuclides increase for samples placed on forward angle position. The angle dependence of these reaction rates becomes larger for increasing threshold energy. These experimental results compared with the calculation. The calculated results generally agree with the experimental results within a factor of 3.

Journal Articles

Shielding experiments under JASMIN collaboration at Fermilab, 3; Measurement of high-energy neutrons penetrating a thick iron shield from the antiproton production target by Au activation method

Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Toyoda, Akihiro*; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Sakamoto, Yukio; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Mokhov, N.*; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.2059 - 2062, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.07(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

In an antiproton production (Pbar) target station of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), the secondary particles produced by bombarding a target with 120-GeV protons are shielded by a thick iron shield. In order to obtain experimental data on high-energy proton accelerator facilities, we indirectly measured $$>$$ 100-MeV neutrons at the outside of the iron shield. The measurement was performed by using the Au activation method coupled with a low-background $$gamma$$-ray counting system. As an indicator for the neutron flux, we determined the production rates of 8 spallation nuclides ($$^{196}$$Au, $$^{188}$$Pt, $$^{189}$$Ir, $$^{185}$$Os, $$^{175}$$Hf, $$^{173}$$Lu, $$^{171}$$Lu, and $$^{169}$$Yb) in the Au activation detector. The measured production rates were compared with the theoretical production rates calculated using PHITS. We proved that the Au activation method can serve as a powerful tool for indirect measurements of $$>$$ 100-MeV neutrons that play a vital role in neutron transport.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutron cross sections for yttrium and terbium at 287 MeV

Sekimoto, Shun*; Utsunomiya, Takashi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Ninomiya, Kazuhiko*; Omoto, Takashi*; Nakagaki, Reiko*; Shima, Tatsushi*; Takahashi, Naruto*; Shinohara, Atsushi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; et al.

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 1, p.89 - 93, 2011/02

In this work, we tried to determine reaction cross sections for Y and Tb induced by neutrons at 300 MeV, which have never been reported. The irradiations were carried out using neutrons produced through $$^{7}$$Li(p, n) reaction at N0 beam line in the Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University. To estimate quasi-monoenergetic neutron induced cross sections, the target stacks of Y and Tb were irradiated on the two angles of 0 degree and 30 degree for the axis of the primary proton beam. Neutron cross sections were estimated by subtracting the activities produced in the samples placed on 30 degree from those of 0 degree to correct the contribution of the low energy tail in the neutron spectrum.

Journal Articles

Shielding experiments at high energy accelerators of Fermilab, 2; Spatial distribution measurement of reaction rate behind the shield and its application for Moyer model

Yashima, Hiroshi*; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Mokhov, N.*; Leveling, A.*; Boehnlein, D.*; Vaziri, K.*; et al.

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 1, p.48 - 51, 2011/02

The shielding experiment was performed at the anti-proton production target station in Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Aluminum, Bismath, Niobium, Copper and Indium samples were placed behind the shields. After irradiation, induced activities of samples were measured by using HPGe detector. The spatial distribution of reaction rate of samples which were placed behind the iron and concrete shields were obtained. The measured data shows that the reaction rates on the outer surfaces of the iron and concrete shields increases toward the downstream of the target. The obtained reaction rates were also fitted to Moyer's formula, and the attenuation lengths for iron and concrete shields were obtained.

Journal Articles

Shielding experiments at high energy accelerators of Fermilab, 4; Calculation analyses

Matsuda, Norihiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Sanami, Toshiya*; Mokhov, N.*; Leveling, A.*; Boehnlein, D.*; et al.

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 1, p.57 - 60, 2011/02

The anti-proton (pbar) production target in Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory can be produced a wide variety of secondary particles including of anti-protons, by bombarding with protons accelerated to 120 GeV. The shielding experimental data, which was obtained around the pbar target, make possible to validate the accuracies of the general-purpose Monte Carlo simulation codes. In this paper, spatial distribution of reaction rates were calculated with two-dimensional (r-z) geometry simplified the real pbar target station using the PHITS, MARS and MCNPX code. These experimental data in iron shield were compared with the calculated data. The comparison for attenuation length of iron were good agreement between the experiments and calculations.

Journal Articles

Experimental studies of shielding and irradiation effects at high energy accelerator facilities

Nakashima, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, Yukio; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Masukawa, Fumihiro; Mokhov, N.*; Leveling, A.*; Boehnlein, D.*; et al.

Nuclear Technology, 168(2), p.482 - 486, 2009/11

BB2007-3640.pdf:0.22MB

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:48.67(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Experimental studies of shielding and radiation effects have been started using 120-GeV proton synchrotron at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) under collaboration between FNAL and Japan. The first campaign of the experiment was carried out at the Pbar target station and Numi experimental station at FNAL, using antiproton and neutrino production targets irradiated by 120-GeV protons. The generated secondary particles passing through steel, concrete and rock were measured by activation methods as well as by other detectors such as scintillator with a veto counter, phoswich detector and a Bonner ball counter on trial. Preliminary experimental results are presented.

Journal Articles

Anionic fluoro complex of element 105, Db

Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Li, Z.; Ishii, Yasuo; Tome, Hayato*; Sato, Tetsuya; Kikuchi, Takahiro; Nishinaka, Ichiro; et al.

Chemistry Letters, 38(11), p.1084 - 1085, 2009/10

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:49.52(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We report on the characteristic anion-exchange behavior of the superheavy element dubnium (Db) with atomic number Z = 105 in HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ solution at the fluoride ion concentration [F$$^{-}$$] = 0.003 M. The result clearly demonstrates that the fluoro complex formation of Db is significantly different from that of the group-5 homologue Ta in the 6th period of the periodic table while the behavior of Db is similar to that of the lighter homologue Nb in the 5th period.

Journal Articles

Adsorption of Db and its homologues Nb and Ta, and the pseudo-homologue Pa on anion-exchange resin in HF solution

Tsukada, Kazuaki; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Akiyama, Kazuhiko*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Miyamoto, Yutaka; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 97(2), p.83 - 89, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:80.79(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Anion-exchange chromatography of element 105, dubnium (Db), produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{19}$$F, 5n)$$^{262}$$Db reaction is investigated together with the homologues Nb and Ta, and the pseudo-homologue Pa in 13.9 M hydrofluoric acid (HF) solution. The distribution coefficient (K$$_{d}$$) of Db on an anion-exchange resin is successfully determined by running cycles of the 1702 chromatographic column separations. The result clearly indicates that the adsorption of Db on the resin is significantly different from that of the homologues and that the adsorption of anionic fluoro complexes of these elements decreases in the sequence of Ta $$approx$$ Nb $$>$$ Db $$geq$$ Pa.

Journal Articles

Chemical studies on rutherfordium (Rf) at JAERI

Nagame, Yuichiro; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Akiyama, Kazuhiko; Ishii, Yasuo; Sato, Tetsuya; Hirata, Masaru; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Ichikawa, Shinichi; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 93(9-10), p.519 - 526, 2005/00

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:88.24(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Elution curve of Rutherfordium (Rf) in anion-exchange chromatography with hydrofluoric acid solution

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Akiyama, Kazuhiko; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Saika, Daisuke*; Matsuo, Keishi*; Sato, Wataru*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences, 5(2), p.45 - 48, 2004/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fluoride complexation of element 104, rutherfordium

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Akiyama, Kazuhiko; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Hirata, Masaru; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 126(16), p.5219 - 5224, 2004/04

 Times Cited Count:42 Percentile:73.39(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Fluoride complexation of element 104, rutherfordium (Rf), produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{18}$$O,5n)$$^{261}$$Rf reaction has been studied by anion-exchange chromatography on an atom-at-a-time scale. The anion-exchangechromatographic behavior of Rf was investigated in 1.9-13.9 M hydrofluoric acid together with those of the group-4 elements Zr and Hf produced in the $$^{18}$$O-induced reactions on Ge and Gd targets, respectively. It was found that the adsorption behavior of Rf on anion-exchange resin is quite different from those of Zr and Hf, suggesting the influence of relativistic effect on the fluoride complexation of Rf.

Oral presentation

Anion-exchange behavior of element 105, Db, in HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ media

Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ishii, Yasuo; Tome, Hayato; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Akiyama, Kazuhiko*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; et al.

no journal, , 

Dubnium-262 was produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{19}$$F, 5${it n}$) reaction at the JAEA tandem accelerator. Adsorption of Db on the anion-exchange resin was investigated in 0.89 M HF/0.3 M HNO$$_{3}$$ solution. The anion-exchange behavior of Nb, Ta, and Pa as homologues of Db was also examined in details in HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions. From the comparison of those results, we found that the adsorption of Db on the anion-exchange resin is considerably weaker than that of Ta and is relatively similar to those of Nb and Pa in the studied conditions.

Oral presentation

Chemical behavior of element-105, Db, in mixed HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions

Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka; Tome, Hayato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Ishii, Yasuo; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Sato, Tetsuya; Shinohara, Nobuo; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

no journal, , 

Anion-exchange behavior of $$^{262}$$Db (half-life ${it T$_{1/2}$}$ = 34 s) produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{19}$$F, 5${it n}$) reaction at the JAEA tandem accelerator was investigated in the mixed 0.89 M HF/0.3 M HNO$$_{3}$$ solution ([F$$^{-}$$] = 3 $$times$$ 10$$^{-3}$$ M) with the automated ion-exchange separation apparatus coupled with the detection system for alpha-spectroscopy (AIDA). Anion-exchange behavior of its lighter homologues, Nb and Ta, was also studied under the same conditions using $$^{88}$$Nb (${it T$_{1/2}$}$ = 14.3 min) and $$^{170}$$Ta (${it T$_{1/2}$}$ = 6.76 min) produced in the $$^{nat}$$Ge($$^{19}$$F, ${it xn}$) and $$^{nat}$$Gd($$^{19}$$F, ${it xn}$) reactions, respectively. It was found that the adsorption probability on the anion-exchange resin is in the order of Ta $$>$$ Nb $$sim$$ Db under the present condition.

Oral presentation

Adsorption of element-105 (Db) on anion-exchange resin in HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions

Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ishii, Yasuo; Tome, Hayato; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Akiyama, Kazuhiko*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; et al.

no journal, , 

Dubnium-262 was produced in the nuclear reaction of $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{19}$$F,5n)$$^{262}$$Db using the JAEA Tandem accelerator. The reaction products were rapidly transported to the chemistry laboratory and the anion-exchange behavior of Db in HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ media was investigated with an on-line rapid ion-exchange apparatus. Based on the comparison of the behavior of Db with that of its homologues (Nb, Ta, and Pa), the fluoride complex formation of Db was discussed.

Oral presentation

Shielding experiments at high energy accelerators of FERMI, 6; Measurement of reaction products

Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Sanami, Toshiya*; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Arakawa, Hiroyuki*; et al.

no journal, , 

A gold activation detector was studied as a high energy neutron detector at high radiation field in a series of shielding experiment at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. We could measure spallation residual nuclei with wide threshold energy by using a combination method with radiological chemical separation and X-X-$$gamma$$ coincidence detection methods. It was shown the detector was effective for high energy neutron detector.

Oral presentation

Shielding experiments at high energy accelerators of FERMI, 9; Deduction of high energy neutron spectra

Kasugai, Yoshimi; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, Yukio; Hirayama, Hideo*; Ishibashi, Kenji*; et al.

no journal, , 

On the shielding experiment, started on 2007, as collaborative research with Fermilab using high energy proton accelerators, the measurement of reaction rate distributions in the antiproton target station has been carried out. Reaction rates were measured with activation method. Using the reaction rate data, neutron spectra at each measurement position were deduced by means of nonlinear least square method; a shape of the neutron spectrum between 5 and 100 MeV was expressed as a fitting function with 5 fitting parameters, whose values were determined at a minimum of $$chi$$$$^{2}$$ values for the reaction rates. In the presentation, systematics of the variation of neutron spectra in the shield will be discussed.

Oral presentation

Current status of JASMIN: Japanese-American study of muon interactions and neutron detection

Nakashima, Hiroshi; Mokhov, N.*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Sakamoto, Yukio; Leveling, A.*; Boehnlein, D.*; Vaziri, K.*; Sanami, Toshiya*; et al.

no journal, , 

Several multi-purpose high-energy radiation transport codes are used in many research fields such as high-energy physics as well as accelerator facility shielding designs. The codes are benchmarked against experimental data on a regular basis. To promote this to a higher level and to a hardly explored field of neutron radiation induced by energetic muons, a JASMIN collaboration (Japanese-American Study of Muon Interaction and Neutron detection), has been created with several Laboratories and Universities of Japan and U.S.A. The collaboration has performed a series of experiments at the Pbar target station and NuMI facility at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, using irradiation of targets with 120 GeV protons for antiproton and neutrino production. This paper reviews recent activities and results.

23 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)