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Journal Articles

Pedestal stability comparison and ITER pedestal prediction

Snyder, P. B.*; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Beurskens, M.*; Groebner, R. J.*; Horton, L. D.*; Hubbard, A. E.*; Hughes, J. W.*; Huysmans, G. T. A.*; Kamada, Yutaka; Kirk, A.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 49(8), p.085035_1 - 085035_8, 2009/08

 Times Cited Count:150 Percentile:98.87(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The pressure at the top of the edge transport barrier impacts fusion performance, while large ELMs can constrain material lifetimes. Investigation of intermediate wavelength MHD mode has led to improved understanding of the pedestal height and the mechanism for ELMs. The combination of high resolution diagnostics and a suite of stability codes has made edge stability analysis routine, and contribute both to understanding, and to experimental planning and performance optimization. Here we present extensive comparisons of observations to predicted edge stability boundaries on several tokamaks, both for the standard (Type I) ELM regime, and for small ELM and ELM-free regimes. We further discuss a new predictive model for the pedestal height and width (EPED1), developed by self-consistently combining a simple width model with peeling-ballooning stability calculations. This model is tested against experimental measurements, and used in initial predictions of the pedestal height for ITER.

Journal Articles

Pedestal stability comparison and ITER pedestal prediction

Snyder, P. B.*; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Beurskens, M.*; Groebner, R. J.*; Horton, L. D.*; Hubbard, A. E.*; Hughes, J. W.*; Huysmans, G. T. A.*; Kamada, Yutaka; Kirk, A.*; et al.

Proceedings of 22nd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2008) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2008/10

Investigation of intermediate wavelength MHD modes has led to improved understanding of important constraints on the pedestal height and the mechanism for ELMs. The combination of high resolution pedestal diagnostics and a suite of highly efficient stability codes, has made edge stability analysis routine on several major tokamaks, contributing both to understanding, and to experimental planning and performance optimization. Here we present extensive comparisons of observations to predicted edge stability boundaries on several tokamaks, both for the standard ELM regime, and for small ELM and ELM-free regimes. We further use the stability constraint on pedestal height to test models of the pedestal width, and self-consistently combine a simple width model with MHD stability calculations to develop a new predictive model (EPED1) for the pedestal height and width. This model is tested against experimental measurements, and used in initial predictions of the pedestal height for ITER.

Journal Articles

Comparison of the spatial and temporal structure of type-I ELMs

Kirk, A.*; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Boedo, J. A.*; Beurskens, M.*; Counsell, G. F.*; Eich, T.*; Fundamenski, W.*; Herrmann, A.*; Kamada, Yutaka; Leonard, A. W.*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 123, p.012011_1 - 012011_10, 2008/00

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:97.86

A comparison of the spatial and temporal evolution of the filamentary structures observed during type I ELMs is presented from a variety of diagnostics and machines. There is evidence that these filaments can be detected inside the LCFS prior to ELMs. The filaments do not have a circular cross section instead they are elongated in the perpendicular (poloidal) direction and this size appears to increase linearly with the minor radius of the machine. The filaments start rotating toroidally/poloidally with velocities close to that of the pedestal. This velocity then decreases as the filaments propagate radially. It is most likely that the filaments have at least their initial radial velocity when they are far out into the SOL. The dominant loss mechanism is through parallel transport and the transport to the wall is through the radial propagation of these filaments. Measurements of the filament energy content show that each filament contains up to 2.5 % of the energy released by the ELM.

Journal Articles

Edge localized modes; Recent experimental findings and related issues

Kamiya, Kensaku; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Boedo, J. A.*; Eich, T.*; Federici, G.*; Fenstermacher, M.*; Finken, K.*; Herrmann, A.*; Terry, J.*; Kirk, A.*; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 49(7), p.s43 - s62, 2007/07

 Times Cited Count:64 Percentile:91.01(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Edge Localized Mode (ELM) measurements in the tokamaks, including JT-60U, DIII-D, ASDEX-U and JET, are reviewed. The followings are outlines of this presentation. (1) ELM Types and basic scaling, (2) Small ELM regimes and ELM mitigation, (3) ELM filament formation and transverse motion, (4) Power deposition on divertor targets and main chamber wall.

Journal Articles

Edge pedestal physics and its implications for ITER

Kamada, Yutaka; Leonard, A. W.*; Bateman, G.*; Becoulet, M.*; Chang, C. S.*; Eich, T.*; Evans, T. E.*; Groebner, R. J.*; Guzdar, P. N.*; Horton, L. D.*; et al.

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2007/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Impact of statistical models on scalings derived from multi-machine H-mode threshold experiments

McDonald, D. C.*; Meakins, A. J.*; Svensson, J.*; Kirk, A.*; Andrew, Y.*; Cordey, J. G.*; Takizuka, Tomonori; ITPA H-mode Threshold Database Working Group*

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(5A), p.A439 - A447, 2006/05

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:36.35(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The H-mode power threshold is estimated from the International threshold database by the ordinary least square log-linear regression (OLS), the errors-in-variables log-linear orthogonal regression and the generalized maximum-likekihood (M-L) method. A chi-squared analysis shows that none of the studied models are entirely consistent with the data, indicating that further refinement of the physical and statistical model is required. For ITER-like parameters, a M-L analysis shows a predicted threshold of 38.4 MW, compared with 31.1 MW for the OLS.

Journal Articles

Survey of type I ELM dynamics measurements

Leonard, A. W.*; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Boedo, J. A.*; Becoulet, M.*; Counsell, G. F.*; Eich, T.*; Fundamenski, W.*; Herrmann, A.*; Horton, L. D.*; Kamada, Yutaka; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(5A), p.A149 - A162, 2006/05

 Times Cited Count:40 Percentile:80.65(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

This report summarizes Type I edge localized mode (ELM) dynamics measurements from a number of tokamaks. Several transport mechanisms are conjectured to be responsible for ELM transport, including convective transport due to filamentary structures ejected from the pedestal, parallel transport due to edge ergodization or magnetic reconnection and turbulent transport driven by the high edge gradients when the radial electric field shear is suppressed. The experimental observations are assessed for their validation, or conflict, with these ELM transport conjectures.

Journal Articles

Multi-machine comparisons of H-mode separatrix densities and edge profile behaviour in the ITPA SOL and Divertor Physics Topical Group

Kallenbach, A.*; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Kirk, A.*; Korotkov, A.*; Mahdavi, M. A.*; Mossessian, D.*; Porter, G. D.*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 337-339, p.381 - 385, 2005/03

 Times Cited Count:57 Percentile:96.27(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Edge profile data for H-mode discharges in 6 tokamaks have been analysed with the main focus on the edge density profile as well as electron temperature and density gradient lengths and steep gradient zone widths. A uniform procedure of data treatment and assignment of the separatrix position via power balance allowed to put the multi-machine data on an even base. The machine size appears to be the leading parameter for the width of the steep edge transport barrier gradient zone, as well as for the temperature decay length at the separatrix. Effects associated with neutral penetration physics are visible in the edge density profile.

Journal Articles

Edge localized mode physics and operational aspects in tokamaks

B$'e$coulet, M.*; Huysmans, G.*; Sarazin, Y.*; Garbet, X.*; Ghendrih, P.*; Rimini, F.*; Joffrin, E.*; Litaudon, X.*; Monier-Garbet, P.*; An$'e$, J.-M.*; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 45(12A), p.A93 - A113, 2003/12

 Times Cited Count:83 Percentile:92.45(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

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