Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-11 displayed on this page of 11
  • 1

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

A New critical assembly: STACY

Araki, Shohei; Gunji, Satoshi; Tonoike, Kotaro; Kobayashi, Fuyumi; Izawa, Kazuhiko; Ogawa, Kazuhiko

Proceedings of European Research Reactor Conference 2020 (RRFM 2020) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2020/10

Critical experiments of thermal neutron system are still expected to be playing an important role for wide technical issues. The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is renovating the Static Experimental Critical Facility (STACY) to maintain the experimental capability. The new STACY is designed as a general-purpose criticality facility. Its core mainly consists of low enriched UO$$_{2}$$ fuel rods, grid plates, and light water moderator. The first experiment campaign in the new STACY aims to obtain criticality characteristics of fuel debris, which will be used in validation of criticality analysis methods. The designs of the experimental core configurations are in progress.

JAEA Reports

Stabilization of MOX dissolving solution at STACY

Kobayashi, Fuyumi; Sumiya, Masato; Kida, Takashi; Kokusen, Junya; Uchida, Shoji; Kaminaga, Jota; Oki, Keiichi; Fukaya, Hiroyuki; Sono, Hiroki

JAEA-Technology 2016-025, 42 Pages, 2016/11

JAEA-Technology-2016-025.pdf:17.88MB

A preliminary test on MOX fuel dissolution for the STACY critical experiments had been conducted in 2000 through 2003 at Nuclear Science Research Institute of JAEA. Accordingly, the uranyl / plutonium nitrate solution should be reconverted into oxide powder to store the fuel for a long period. For this storage, the moisture content in the oxide powder should be controlled from the viewpoint of criticality safety. The stabilization of uranium / plutonium solution was carried out under a precipitation process using ammonia or oxalic acid solution, and a calcination process using a sintering furnace. As a result of the stabilization operation, recovery rate was 95.6% for uranium and 95.0% for plutonium. Further, the recovered oxide powder was calcined again in nitrogen atmosphere and sealed immediately with a plastic bag to keep its moisture content low and to prevent from reabsorbing atmospheric moisture.

Journal Articles

Development of mineralization techniques for organic solvents by the silver mediated electrochemical oxidation process with the ultrasound agitation

Kobayashi, Fuyumi; Ishii, Junichi; Shirahashi, Koichi; Umeda, Miki; Sakuraba, Koichi

Kakuhan, Kongo Gijutsu To Toraburu Taisaku, p.341 - 344, 2014/10

The silver mediated electrochemical oxidation (Ag/MEO) process with the ultrasound agitation has been developed for the purpose of the mineralization of organic wastes containing transuranium nuclides at the nuclear fuel reprocessing process. In the Ag/MEO process, organic solvents are decomposed by divalent silver cations under the relatively low temperature and the ambient pressure condition. The ultrasound agitation is effective in mixing the electrolytic solutions and the organic solvents, and is expected to promote the oxidation of the organic solvents. Therefore, the Ag/MEO process with the ultrasound agitation could be a candidate for the treatment of organic solvents. Destruction tests of TBP and dodecane by the Ag/MEO process were conducted to optimize some treatment conditions. Under optimized conditions, the destruction tests of kerosene and TODGA were carried out. It was confirmed that the Ag/MEO process is effective for the mineralization of these organic solvents.

JAEA Reports

Operation databook of the fuel treatment system of the Static Experiment Critical Facility (STACY) and the Transient Experiment Critical Facility (TRACY); JFY 2004 to JFY 2008

Kokusen, Junya; Sumiya, Masato; Seki, Masakazu; Kobayashi, Fuyumi; Ishii, Junichi; Umeda, Miki

JAEA-Technology 2012-041, 32 Pages, 2013/02

JAEA-Technology-2012-041.pdf:1.6MB

Uranyl nitrate solution fuel used in the STACY and the TRACY is adjusted in the Fuel Treatment System, in which such parameters are varied as concentration of uranium, free nitric acid, soluble neutron poison, and so on. Operations for concentration and denitration of the solution fuel were carried out with an evaporator from JFY 2004 to JFY 2008 in order to adjust the fuel to the experimental condition of the STACY and the TRACY. In parallel, the solution fuel in which some kinds of soluble neutron poison were doped was also adjusted in JFY 2005 and JFY 2006 for the purpose of the STACY experiments to determine neutron absorption effects brought by fission products, etc. After these experiments in the STACY, a part of the solution fuel including the soluble neutron poison was purified by the solvent extraction method with mixer-settlers in JFY 2006 and JFY 2007. This report summarizes operation data of the Fuel Treatment System from JFY 2004 to JFY 2008.

JAEA Reports

Basic study on decontamination of TRU wastes with cerium mediated electrolytic oxidation method

Ishii, Junichi; Kobayashi, Fuyumi; Uchida, Shoji; Sumiya, Masato; Kida, Takashi; Shirahashi, Koichi; Umeda, Miki; Sakuraba, Koichi

JAEA-Technology 2009-068, 20 Pages, 2010/03

JAEA-Technology-2009-068.pdf:2.49MB

At Nuclear Fuel Cycle Safety Engineering Research Facility, the cerium mediated electrolytic oxidation method which is a decontamination technique to decrease the radioactivity of TRU wastes to the clearance-level has been developed for the effective reduction of TRU wastes generated from the decommissioning of a nuclear fuel reprocessing facility and so on. This method corrodes the oxide layer and the surface of metallic TRU metal wastes by the strong oxidation power of Ce$$^{4+}$$ in nitric acid. In this study, parameter tests were conducted to optimize the solution condition of Ce$$^{3+}$$ initial concentrations and nitric acid concentrations. The target corrosion rate of metallic TRU wastes set to be 2$$sim$$4$$ mu$$m/h for the practical use of this method. Under the optimized solution condition, a dissolution test of stainless steel simulating wastes was carried out. From the result of the dissolution test, the average corrosion rate was 3.3 $$mu$$m/h during the test time of 90 hours. Based on the supposition that the corrosion depth of metallic TRU wastes was 20 $$mu$$m enough to achieve the clearance-level, the treatment time for the decontamination was about 6 hours. It was confirmed from the result that the decontamination could be performed within one day and the decontamination solution could repeatedly reuse 15 times.

JAEA Reports

Basic study on the mineralization of organic solvents by the silver mediated electrochemical oxidation process with the ultrasound agitation

Kobayashi, Fuyumi; Ishii, Junichi; Shirahashi, Koichi; Umeda, Miki; Sakuraba, Koichi

JAEA-Technology 2009-056, 16 Pages, 2009/11

JAEA-Technology-2009-056.pdf:1.53MB

The silver mediated electrochemical oxidation (Ag/MEO) process with the ultrasound agitation has been developed for the purpose of the mineralization of organic wastes containing transuranium nuclides at the nuclear fuel reprocessing process. In the Ag/MEO process, organic solvents are decomposed by divalent silver cations under the relatively low temperature and the ambient pressure condition. The ultrasound agitation is effective in mixing the electrolytic solutions and the organic solvents, and is expected to promote the oxidation of the organic solvents. Therefore, the Ag/MEO process with the ultrasound agitation could be a candidate for the treatment of organic solvents. Destruction tests of TBP and dodecane by the Ag/MEO process were conducted to optimize some treatment conditions. Under optimized conditions, the destruction tests of kerosene and TODGA were carried out. It was confirmed that the Ag/MEO process is effective for the mineralization of these organic solvents.

Journal Articles

Enhanced electrochemical oxidation of spent organic solvent under ultrasonic agitation

Sugikawa, Susumu; Umeda, Miki; Kobayashi, Fuyumi; Nagata, Masanobu*; Dojiri, Shigeru; Amano, Masae*

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2005/10

The mineralization of radioactive contaminated organic wastes by mediated electrochemical oxidation process has some attractive features as alternative to incineration process: The process operates safely at low temperatures and ambient pressures. JAERI has been investigated the process since 1996 and confirmed complete mineralization of this organic solvent. In order to greatly improve current efficiency for the oxidation reaction, further experiments were performed under condition of strong mixing of organic solvent and anolyte with an aide of ultrasonic wave. The current efficiencies for the oxidation reaction by ultrasonic agitation between organic solvent and anolyte were twice to that by mechanical agitation. On the basis of these results, two processes, one for destruction of a small amount of TBP/dodecane and the other for destruction of intermediate compounds following alkaline hydrolysis of a large amount of TBP/dodecane, were proposed.

Oral presentation

Enhanced electrochemical oxidation of spent organic solvent under ultrasonic agitation

Kobayashi, Fuyumi; Ishii, Junichi; Kimura, Akihiro; Sugikawa, Susumu

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Basic study on decontamination of TRU wastes with cerium mediated electrolytic oxidation method

Ishii, Junichi; Kobayashi, Fuyumi; Uchida, Shoji; Sumiya, Masato; Umeda, Miki

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Design of pseudo fuel debris fabrication equipment for critical experiment in converted STACY

Kobayashi, Fuyumi; Sumiya, Masato; Kida, Takashi; Izawa, Kazuhiko; Ogawa, Kazuhiko

no journal, , 

Towards the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Stations (1F), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has designed fabrication equipment of a pseudo fuel debris for the evaluation of the criticality characteristics of 1F fuel debris. In order to confirm the feasibility of the fabrication-method in designing, some fuel pellets mixed with uranium oxide and structural materials (iron, silicon, zirconium, etc.) were manufactured. The properties such as pressing and sintering condition were obtained by the prototyped fuel debris. The pseudo fuel debris fabricating equipment reflecting these properties is designed in 2016 and now constructed. The equipment will be installed in 2018 to start the fabrication.

Oral presentation

Improvement of the STACY critical assembly to measure critical characteristics of fuel debris, 1; Overview and progress of the modified STACY

Araki, Shohei; Izawa, Kazuhiko; Gunji, Satoshi; Suyama, Kenya; Ishii, Junichi; Seki, Masakazu; Kobayashi, Fuyumi; Fukaya, Hiroyuki

no journal, , 

To measure critical characteristics of fuel debris, the Static Experiment Critical Facility (STACY) is being converted to the heterogeneous thermal system using fuel rods and light water moderator from the homogeneous system using solution fuel. This report presents an overview and progress of the modified STACY.

11 (Records 1-11 displayed on this page)
  • 1