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Journal Articles

How different is the core of $$^{25}$$F from $$^{24}$$O$$_{g.s.}$$ ?

Tang, T. L.*; Uesaka, Tomohiro*; Kawase, Shoichiro; Beaumel, D.*; Dozono, Masanori*; Fujii, Toshihiko*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Fukunaga, Taku*; Galindo-Uribarri, A.*; Hwang, S. H.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 124(21), p.212502_1 - 212502_6, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:88.96(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The structure of a neutron-rich $$^{25}$$F nucleus is investigated by a quasifree ($$p,2p$$) knockout reaction. The sum of spectroscopic factors of $$pi 0d_{5/2}$$ orbital is found to be 1.0 $$pm$$ 0.3. The result shows that the $$^{24}$$O core of $$^{25}$$F nucleus significantly differs from a free $$^{24}$$O nucleus, and the core consists of $$sim$$35% $$^{24}$$O$$_{rm g.s.}$$, and $$sim$$65% excited $$^{24}$$O. The result shows that the $$^{24}$$O core of $$^{25}$$F nucleus significantly differs from a free $$^{24}$$O nucleus. The result may infer that the addition of the $$0d_{5/2}$$ proton considerably changes the neutron structure in $$^{25}$$F from that in $$^{24}$$O, which could be a possible mechanism responsible for the oxygen dripline anomaly.

Journal Articles

Determination of dissolved natural thorium and uranium in Horonobe and Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory groundwater and its thermodynamic analysis

Sasaki, Takayuki*; Kokami, Takayuki*; Kobayashi, Taishi*; Kirishima, Akira*; Murakami, Hiroaki; Amano, Yuki; Mizuno, Takashi; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Miyakawa, Kazuya

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(3), p.373 - 381, 2017/03

Trace amounts of natural thorium and uranium in deep groundwater were investigated at two underground research laboratories situated at Horonobe and Mizunami, Japan. The groundwater was sampled from underground boreholes, and the colloid contribution was checked by in situ two size-fractionated ultrafiltration systems. A decrease in the concentration after in situ filtration suggested the presence of natural colloids and suspended matter that were carriers of a portion of the elements. The result of the Th and U concentrations in groundwater after 10 kDa filtration was analyzed thermodynamically using existing hydrogeological and geochemical data such as the mineral components in the groundwater at a given pH, ionic strength, concentration of co-existing ions, redox potential, and solid phase assumed. A crystalline solid phase made the solubility very low compared with that of the amorphous phase, and the solubility agreed well with the concentrations measured.

Journal Articles

Beam commissioning of the linac for iBNCT

Naito, Fujio*; Anami, Shozo*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Uota, Masahiko*; Ouchi, Toshikatsu*; Onishi, Takahiro*; Oba, Toshiyuki*; Obina, Takashi*; Kawamura, Masato*; Kumada, Hiroaki*; et al.

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1244 - 1246, 2016/11

The proton linac installed in the Ibaraki Neutron Medical Research Center is used for production of the intense neutron flux for the Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). The linac consists of the 3-MeV RFQ and the 8-MeV DTL. Design average beam current is 10mA. Target is made of Beryllium. First neutron production from the Beryllium target was observed at the end of 2015 with the low intensity beam as a demonstration. After the observation of neutron production, a lot of improvement s was carried out in order to increase the proton beam intensity for the real beam commissioning. The beam commissioning has been started on May 2016. The status of the commissioning is summarized in this report.

Journal Articles

Detailed source term estimation of the atmospheric release for the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident by coupling simulations of an atmospheric dispersion model with an improved deposition scheme and oceanic dispersion model

Katata, Genki; Chino, Masamichi; Kobayashi, Takuya; Terada, Hiroaki; Ota, Masakazu; Nagai, Haruyasu; Kajino, Mizuo*; Draxler, R.*; Hort, M.*; Malo, A.*; et al.

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15(2), p.1029 - 1070, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:167 Percentile:99(Environmental Sciences)

We estimated a detailed time trend of atmospheric releases during the Fukushima Dai-ichi Power Station (FNPS1) accident by combining environmental monitoring data with coupling simulation of atmospheric model of WSPEEDI-II, and oceanic dispersion model of SEA-GEARN-FDM. The new scheme of dry and fogwater depositions, in-cloud scavenging, cloud condensation nuclei activity, and wet scavenging by ice phase for radioactive iodine gas and other particles was incorporated into WSPEEDI-II. The results revealed that the major releases of radionuclides occurred in the following periods: afternoon on 12 March when the wet venting and hydrogen explosion at Unit 1, morning on 13 March after the venting event at Unit 3, midnight on 14 March when three-time openings of SRV were conducted at Unit 2, morning and night on 15 March, and morning on 16 March.

Journal Articles

First flight demonstration of glass-type space solar sheet

Shimazaki, Kazunori*; Kobayashi, Yuki*; Takahashi, Masato*; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*; Murashima, Mio*; Takahashi, Yu*; Toyota, Hiroyuki*; Kukita, Akio*; Oshima, Takeshi; Sato, Shinichiro; et al.

Proceedings of 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC-40) (CD-ROM), p.2149 - 2154, 2014/06

The electrical performance of a glass-type space solar sheet (G-SSS) was demonstrated in space. G-SSS comprises InGaP/GaAs dual-junction and InGaP/GaAs/InGaAs triplejunction solar cells. It is lightweight solar generation sheet, less than 0.5 mm thick. It is mounted on the "HISAKI" (SPRINT-A) small scientific satellite, which was launched on September 14, 2013. The initial flight data were successfully acquired and this flight demonstration was a world-first experiment for G-SSS using III-V multi-junction thin-film solar cells. The cells demonstrated superior performance and the electrical outputs matched the flight prediction.

Journal Articles

Development of an experimental system for characterization of high-temperature superconductors cooled by liquid hydrogen under the external magnetic field

Tatsumoto, Hideki; Shirai, Yasuyuki*; Shiotsu, Masahiro*; Naruo, Yoshihiro*; Kobayashi, Hiroaki*; Inatani, Yoshifumi*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 507(2), p.022042_1 - 022042_4, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:55.09

An experimental system has been developed to investigate electro-magnetic properties of high-Tc superconductors cooled by liquid hydrogen under the external magnetic field of up to 7 T. A LH$$_{2}$$ cryostat with a LH$$_{2}$$ inventory of 61 L is concentrically mounted on the inside of a LHe cryostat to cool a NbTi superconducting magnet. The experimental system is installed in an explosion-proof room and explosion proof electrical devices are used. The current leads are covered with an enclosure filled with nitrogen gas. A remote control system has been developed to maintain safety distance. Furthermore, the effects of stray magnetic field on the existing and the new devices are investigated and electro-magnetic shielding panels and enclosure made of iron were designed using ANSYS analysis. It is confirmed through the cryogenic test that the experimental system meets the design requirements.

Journal Articles

Forced convection heat transfer of saturated liquid hydrogen in vertically-mounted heated pipes

Tatsumoto, Hideki; Shirai, Yasuyuki*; Shiotsu, Masahiro*; Hata, Koichi*; Naruo, Yoshihiro*; Kobayashi, Hiroaki*; Inatani, Yoshifumi*

AIP Conference Proceedings 1573, p.44 - 51, 2014/01

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:94.98

Heat transfers from the inner side of vertically-mounted heated pipes to forced flow of saturated liquid hydrogen were measured with a quasi-steady increase of a heat generation rate for wide ranges of flow rate and saturated pressure. The tube heaters have lengths L of 100 mm and 167 mm with the diameter D of 4 mm and lengths of 150 mm and 250 mm with the diameter of 6 mm. The heat fluxes at departure from nucleate boiling (DNB) were higher for higher flow velocity, lower pressures and shorter L/D. The effect of L/D on the DNB heat flux was clarified. It is confirmed that our DNB correlation can describe the experimental data.

Journal Articles

How safe is the "radioactivity"?

Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Koide, Hiroaki*

Kenka Hakunetsu Kyoshitsu!; Hoshano Ha Dokomade Anzenka?, 164 Pages, 2013/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of a heated pipe length on DNB heat flux in forced flow of liquid hydrogen

Tatsumoto, Hideki; Shirai, Yasuyuki*; Shiotsu, Masahiro*; Hata, Koichi*; Naruo, Yoshihiro*; Kobayashi, Hiroaki*; Inatani, Yoshifumi*; Narita, Norihiko*

Proceedings of 24th International Cryogenic Engineering Conference (ICEC 24) and International Cryogenic Materials Conference 2012 (ICMC 2012) (CD-ROM), p.157 - 160, 2012/05

The heat transfer in a forced flow of saturated liquid hydrogen was measured using vertically-mounted heated pipes with an inner diameter d of 6.0 mm and lengths L of 50, 100, 200 and 250 mm for wide ranges of flow velocity and pressure. The heat fluxes at departure from nucleate boiling were higher for higher flow velocities, lower pressures and shorter L. The effect of L on the DNB heat flux was clarified and could be described by the modified authors' DNB correlation.

Journal Articles

Development of coupled modeling system for regional water cycle and material transport in the atmospheric, terrestrial, and oceanic environment

Nagai, Haruyasu; Kobayashi, Takuya; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Terada, Hiroaki

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 2, p.556 - 567, 2011/10

A general-purpose model coupling program (JAEA-Coupler) has been developed to construct local to regional scale coupled models for environmental studies. In this coupled model, calculations of component models are carried out by different processors of parallel computers and the coupler controls these processes and handles data exchanges among component models using MPI. The coupler handles the data distribution to target models with interfacing spatial, temporal, and physical discrepancies among component models. By using JAEA-Coupler, an integrated coupled model system to simulate regional water cycle and material transport has been constructed. Test calculations were carried out to simulate water movement after heavy rainfall and dissolved material transport after a hypothetical release to the atmosphere. These results show the validity of the coupled model system in appropriate data exchanges among component models and reasonable reproduction of the target phenomena.

Journal Articles

Basic concept of JT-60SA tokamak assembly

Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Arai, Takashi; Kawashima, Hisato; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Hoshi, Ryo; Kobayashi, Kaoru; Sawai, Hiroaki; Masaki, Kei; Sakurai, Shinji; Shibama, Yusuke; et al.

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.9, p.276 - 281, 2010/08

The JT-60 SA project is a combined project of JA-EU satellite tokamak program under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement and JA domestic program. Major components of JT-60SA for assembly are vacuum vessel (VV), superconducting coils (TF coils, EF coils and CS coil), in-vessel components such as divertor, thermal shield and cryostat. An assembly frame (with the dedicated cranes), which is located around the tokamak, is adopted to carry out effectively the assembly of tokamak components in the tokamak hall, independently of the facility cranes in the building. The assembly frame also provides assembly tools and jigs with jacks to support temporarily the components as well as to adjust the components at right positions. In this paper, the assembly scenario and scequence of the major components such as VV and TFC and the concept of the assembly frame including special jigs and fixtures are discussed.

Journal Articles

Development of a thermal-hydraulics experimental system for high Tc superconductors cooled by liquid hydrogen

Tatsumoto, Hideki; Shirai, Yasuyuki*; Shiotsu, Masahiro*; Hata, Koichi*; Kobayashi, Hiroaki*; Naruo, Yoshihiro*; Inatani, Yoshifumi*; Kato, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Kinoshita, Katsuhiro*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 234, p.032056_1 - 032056_9, 2010/07

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:96.77

A thermal-hydraulics experimental system of liquid hydrogen was developed in order to investigate the forced flow heat transfer characteristics in the various cooling channels for wide ranges of subcoolings, flow velocities, and pressures up to supercritical. Forced flow through the channel is produced by adjusting the pressure difference between the tanks and the valve opening. The mass flow rate is measured from the weight change of the main tank. For the explosion protection, electrical equipments are covered with a nitrogen gas blanket layer and a remote control system has been established. The first cryogenic performance tests have confirmed that the experimental system has satisfied with the required performances. The forced convection heat transfer characteristics have been successfully measured at the pressure of 0.7 MPa for various flow velocities.

Journal Articles

Forced convection heat transfer of subcooled liquid hydrogen in a small tube

Tatsumoto, Hideki; Shirai, Yasuyuki*; Shiotsu, Masahiro*; Hata, Koichi*; Kobayashi, Hiroaki*; Naruo, Yoshihiro*; Inatani, Yoshifumi*; Kato, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Kinoshita, Katsuhiro*

Proceedings of International Cryogenic Engineering Conference 23 (ICEC-23) and International Cryogenic Materials Conference 2010 (ICMC 2010), p.491 - 496, 2010/07

Forced flow heat transfers of liquid hydrogen through a vertical tube with the diameter, d, of 3.0 mm were measured at the pressure of 0.7 MPa for various inlet temperatures and flow velocities. The non-boiling heat transfer coefficients agreed with those by the Dittus-Boelter correlation. The heat fluxes at the inception of boiling and the departure from nucleate boiling (DNB) heat fluxes were higher for higher flow velocity and subcooling. The DNB heat fluxes were higher for larger diameter, compared with those for $$d$$ = 6.0 mm. The effect of tube diameter and subcooling on the DNB heat flux was clarified.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

JAEA Reports

Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory project research and development plan in Phase 2; H20-21

Iwatsuki, Teruki; Sato, Haruo; Tanai, Kenji; Inagaki, Manabu; Sawada, Atsushi; Niinuma, Hiroaki; Ishii, Eiichi; Maekawa, Keisuke; Tomura, Goji; Sanada, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2009-002, 156 Pages, 2009/05


The research and development plan for geological investigation, engineering technology and safety assessment during the drilling of a shaft down to intermediate depth are summarized according to the Midterm Plan till 2009 Fiscal year of JAEA. This report describes subject, current status and programme in the "Phase 2: Construction phase" (investigations during construction of the underground facilities). Furthermore regarding R&D plan in next Midterm Plan of JAEA, preliminary ideas are summarized.

Journal Articles

Development of digital low level rf system

Michizono, Shinichiro*; Anami, Shozo*; Katagiri, Hiroaki*; Fang, Z.*; Matsumoto, Toshihiro*; Miura, Takako*; Yano, Yoshiharu*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Kobayashi, Tetsuya

Kasokuki, 5(2), p.127 - 136, 2008/07

One of the biggest advantages of the digital low level rf (LLRF) system is its flexibility. Owing to the recent rapid progress in digital devices (such as ADCs and DACs) and telecommunication devices (mixers and IQ modulators), digital LLRF system for accelerators becomes popular in these 10 years. The J-PARC linac LLRF system adopted cPCI crates and FPGA based digital feedback system. After the successful operation of J-PARC linac LLRF system, we developed the STF (ILC test facility in KEK) LLRF system. The future R&D projects (ILC and ERL) are also described from the viewpoints of LLRF.

Journal Articles

Burn control simulation experiments in JT-60U

Shimomura, Koji*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Tsutsui, Hiroaki*; Mimata, Hideyuki*; Iio, Shunji*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Tani, Keiji; Kubo, Hirotaka; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Hiratsuka, Hajime; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 82(5-14), p.953 - 960, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:26.87(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a real-time thermal neutron monitor and its clinical application

Ishikawa, Masayori*; Ono, Koji*; Matsumura, Akira*; Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Hiratsuka, Junichi*; Miyatake, Shinichi*; Kato, Itsuro*; Sakurai, Yoshinori*; Kobayashi, Toru*; Kumada, Hiroaki; et al.

Proceedings of 12th International Congress on Neutron Capture Therapy (ICNCT-12), p.397 - 400, 2006/10

An ultraminiature thermal neutron monitor which was named SOF detector (Scintillator with Optical Fiber detector) had been developed for BNCT treatment. We had been experienced 15 clinical trials using SOF detector until the end of 2005, some measurements got good results, and some got unacceptable results. One reason of the unacceptable results was due to dislocation of the detector during treatment. This is because it is difficult to fix the SOF detector on patient's skin without strong sticker. To overcome this problem, a loop-type SOF probe was developed. By using the loop-type SOF detector, fixing on the patient's skin was much easier.

JAEA Reports

Numerical simulation system for environmental studies: SPEEDI-MP

Nagai, Haruyasu; Chino, Masamichi; Terada, Hiroaki; Harayama, Takaya*; Kobayashi, Takuya; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Kim, K.; Furuno, Akiko

JAEA-Research 2006-057, 67 Pages, 2006/09


A numerical simulation system SPEEDI-MP has been developed to apply for various environmental studies. SPEEDI-MP consists of dynamical models and material transport models for the atmospheric, terrestrial, and oceanic environments, database for model inputs, and system utilities for file management, visualization, etc. As a numerical simulation tool, a model coupling program (model coupler) has been developed. A coupled model system for water circulation has been constructed with atmosphere, ocean, wave, hydrology, and land-surface models using the model coupler. System utility GUIs are based on the Web technology, allowing users to manipulate all the functions on the system using their own PCs via the internet. In this system, the source estimation function in the atmospheric transport model can be executed on the grid computer system. Performance tests of the coupled model system for water circulation were also carried out for the flood and the storm surge events.

Journal Articles

${it In situ}$ magnetic measurements under neutron radiation in Fe metal and low carbon steel

Takahashi, Seiki*; Kikuchi, Hiroaki*; Ara, Katsuyuki*; Ebine, Noriya; Kamada, Yasuhiro*; Kobayashi, Satoru*; Suzuki, Masahide

Journal of Applied Physics, 100(2), p.023902_1 - 023902_6, 2006/07

 Times Cited Count:35 Percentile:76.36(Physics, Applied)

Magnetic minor hysteresis loops of low carbon steel and Fe metal have been measured during neutron radiation at 563 K in a nuclear reactor. For investigation of nucleation mechanism of copper precipitates and dislocation loops, special attention was paid to minor-loop coefficients, which are deduced from simple relations between minor-loop parameters and are very sensitive to lattice defects. We found that with increasing neutron fluence, the minor-loop coefficients of low carbon steel sharply increase and show a maximum at the fluence of 1$$times$$10$$^{19}$$ cm$$^{-2}$$, followed by a slow decrease. The appearance of the maximum suggests the presence of two mechanisms of internal stress; while copper precipitates and dislocation loops in the matrix make the internal stress increase, those grown in the vicinity of dislocations compensate the internal stress of dislocations. On the other hand, the minor-loop coefficients show a monotonic increase with neutron fluence in Fe metal.

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