Ishihara, Kota*; Roppongi, Masaki*; Kobayashi, Masayuki*; Imamura, Kumpei*; Mizukami, Yuta*; Sakai, Hironori; Opletal, P.; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Haga, Yoshinori; Hashimoto, Kenichiro*; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 14, p.2966_1 - 2966_7, 2023/05
The superconducting symmetry of the heavy fermion uranium-based superconductor UTe is investigated using low temperature penetration depth measurements. The anisotropic low-energy quasiparticle excitations indicates multiple superconducting components in a chiral complex form. The most consistent is a chiral non-unitary state.
Tonna, Ryutaro*; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Kodama, Yuji*; Kobayashi, Taishi*; Akiyama, Daisuke*; Kirishima, Akira*; Sato, Nobuaki*; Kumagai, Yuta; Kusaka, Ryoji; Watanabe, Masayuki
Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 55(4), p.1300 - 1309, 2023/04
Simulated debris was synthesized using UO, Zr, and stainless steel and a heat treatment method under inert or oxidizing conditions. The primary U solid phase of the debris synthesized at 1473 K under inert conditions was UO, whereas a (U,Zr)O solid solution formed at 1873 K. Under oxidizing conditions, a mixture of UO and (Fe,Cr)UO phases formed at 1473 K whereas a (U,Zr)O solid solution formed at 1873 K. The leaching behavior of the fission products from the simulated debris was evaluated using two methods: the irradiation method, for which fission products were produced via neutron irradiation, and the doping method, for which trace amounts of non-radioactive elements were doped into the debris. The dissolution behavior of U depended on the properties of the debris and aqueous medium the debris was immersed in. Cs, Sr, and Ba leached out regardless of the primary solid phases. The leaching of high-valence Eu and Ru ions was suppressed, possibly owing to their solid-solution reaction with or incorporation into the uranium compounds of the simulated debris.
Ishihara, Kota*; Kobayashi, Masayuki*; Imamura, Kumpei*; Konczykowski, M.*; Sakai, Hironori; Opletal, P.; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Haga, Yoshinori; Hashimoto, Kenichiro*; Shibauchi, Takasada*
Physical Review Research (Internet), 5(2), p.L022002_1 - L022002_6, 2023/04
Lower superconducting critical fields of UTe have been determined. Orthorhombic UTe has magnetic easy axis along the -axis. We found perpendicular to showed anomalous enhancement. By comparing with anisotropy of upper critical fields, effect of magnetic fluctuations on superconductivity is suggested.
Sato, Nobuaki*; Kirishima, Akira*; Watanabe, Masayuki; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Uehara, Akihiro*; Takeda, Shino*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Kobayashi, Taishi*
The Chemistry of Thorium, Plutonium and MA, 254 Pages, 2022/03
The chemistry of nuclear materials such as Thorium (Part 1) and Plutonium (Part 2) was described in relation from the fundamentals on solid chemistry and solution chemistry to the practicals on the experiment and evaluation method in detail. Minor actinides such as Neptunium, Americium, Curium and Protoactinium, was introduced the basics on the solid and solution chemistry.
Tojo, Masayuki*; Kanazawa, Toru*; Nakashima, Kazuo*; Iwamoto, Tatsuya*; Kobayashi, Kensuke*; Goto, Daisuke*; Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Kaji, Yoshiyuki
Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 13 Pages, 2019/05
In this study, fuel loading effects in BWR spent fuel rack accidents are widely investigated using three-dimensional analysis methods from both nuclear and thermal hydraulics viewpoints, including: (a) Decay heat of spent fuel after discharge, (b) The maximum temperature of spent fuel cladding in the spent fuel rack depending on heat transfer phenomena, and (c) Criticality of the spent fuel rack after collapsing of the fuel due to a severe accidents in the BWR spent fuel pool (SFP).
Li, S.*; Toyoda, Masayuki*; Kobayashi, Yoshiaki*; Ito, Masayuki*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Otani, Akira*; Matsumura, Daiju; Asano, Shun*; Mizuki, Junichiro*; et al.
Physica C, 555, p.45 - 53, 2018/12
-dependence of local distortions in BaFeAs and LiFeAs by X-ray PDF and XAFS methods. Although PDF data exhibit anomaly at the structure transition temperature, EXAFS data exhibit no anomaly. Data supporting the local orthorhombicity at 300 K in the tetragonal phase for BaFeAs. Arguments on the origins of the 4-fold symmetry breaking in the ground average structure of the tetragonal phase.
Naito, Fujio*; Anami, Shozo*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Uota, Masahiko*; Ouchi, Toshikatsu*; Onishi, Takahiro*; Oba, Toshiyuki*; Obina, Takashi*; Kawamura, Masato*; Kumada, Hiroaki*; et al.
Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1244 - 1246, 2016/11
The proton linac installed in the Ibaraki Neutron Medical Research Center is used for production of the intense neutron flux for the Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). The linac consists of the 3-MeV RFQ and the 8-MeV DTL. Design average beam current is 10mA. Target is made of Beryllium. First neutron production from the Beryllium target was observed at the end of 2015 with the low intensity beam as a demonstration. After the observation of neutron production, a lot of improvement s was carried out in order to increase the proton beam intensity for the real beam commissioning. The beam commissioning has been started on May 2016. The status of the commissioning is summarized in this report.
Masuda, Ryo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Kitao, Shinji*; Kurokuzu, Masayuki*; Saito, Makina*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Mitsui, Takaya; Hosoi, Kohei*; Kobayashi, Hirokazu*; Kitagawa, Hiroshi*; et al.
Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.20861_1 - 20861_8, 2016/02
Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Kobayashi, Yoshiaki*; Suzukia, Kazunori*; Ito, Masayuki*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Bourges, P.*; Christianson, A. D.*; Nakamura, Hiroki; Machida, Masahiko; Sato, Masatoshi*
Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 27(46), p.465701_1 - 465701_7, 2015/11
We report the results of inelastic neutron scattering measurements on particular phonons of a superconducting (SC) CaPtAs(FePtAs) with the onset transition temperature K to investigate mainly what roles orbital fluctuation plays in Cooper pairing, where we observed a slight softening of the in-plane transverse acoustic mode corresponding to the elastic constant . This softening starts at temperature well above the SC , as decreases. An anomalously strong change of the scattering intensity of in-plane optical modes was observed at the M point of the pseudo tetragonal reciprocal space in the range of 35 40 meV with decreasing from far above . Because this region mainly corresponds to the motion of Fe and As atoms in the FeAs planes, the finding presents information on the coupling between the orbital fluctuation of Fe electrons and the lattice system, useful for studying the possible roles of orbital fluctuation in the pairing mechanism and/or the appearance of the so-called nematic phase.
Kobayashi, Takayuki; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Ikeda, Ryosuke; Oda, Yasuhisa; Wada, Kenji; Hinata, Jun; Yokokura, Kenji; Hoshino, Katsumichi; et al.
Proceedings of 40th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz 2015) (USB Flash Drive), 3 Pages, 2015/08
A gyrotron for electron cyclotron heating and current drive (ECH/CD) has been developed for JT-60SA (Super-Advanced). In high-power, long-pulse operations, oscillations of 1 MW/100 s have been demonstrated at both 110 GHz and 138 GHz, for the first time. These results fully satisfied the requirements for JT-60SA. Moreover, it was experimentally shown that the higher power operation at each frequency is expected to be acceptable for this gyrotron from the viewpoint of heat load at the cavity resonator, collector, and stray radiation absorbers. An oscillation at 82 GHz, which is an additional frequency, has been demonstrated up to 2 s at the output power of 0.4 MW, so far. High power experiments toward higher power of 1.5 MW (110/138 GHz) and 1 MW (82 GHz) are ongoing.
Kobayashi, Takayuki; Moriyama, Shinichi; Yokokura, Kenji; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Wada, Kenji; Sato, Yoshikatsu; Hinata, Jun; Hoshino, Katsumichi; et al.
Nuclear Fusion, 55(6), p.063008_1 - 063008_8, 2015/06
A gyrotron enabling high-power, long-pulse oscillations at both 110 GHz and 138 GHz has been developed for electron cyclotron heating (ECH) and current drive (CD) in JT-60SA. Oscillations of 1 MW for 100 s have been demonstrated at both frequencies, for the first time as a gyrotron operating at two frequencies. The optimization of the anode voltage, or the electron pitch factor, using a triode gun was a key to obtain high power and high efficiency at two frequencies. It was also confirmed that the internal losses in the gyrotron were sufficiently low for expected long pulse operation at the higher power level of 1.5 MW. Another important result is that an oscillation at 82 GHz, which enables to use fundamental harmonic waves in JT-60SA while the other two frequencies are used as second harmonics waves, was demonstrated up to 0.4 MW for 2 s. These results of the gyrotron development significantly contribute to enhancing operation regime of the ECH/CD system in JT-60SA.
Kobayashi, Takayuki; Moriyama, Shinichi; Isayama, Akihiko; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Wada, Kenji; Sato, Yoshikatsu; Hinata, Jun; Yokokura, Kenji; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 87, p.04008_1 - 04008_5, 2015/03
A dual-frequency gyrotron, which can generate 110 GHz and 138 GHz waves independently, is being developed in JAEA to enable electron cyclotron heating (ECH) and current drive (ECCD) in a wider range of plasma discharge conditions of JT-60SA. Operation for the gyrotron conditioning and parameter optimization toward 1 MW for 100 s, which is the target output power and pulse length for JT-60SA, is in progress without problems. Oscillations of 1 MW for 10 s and 0.51 MW for 198 s were obtained, so far, at both frequencies. In addition, an oscillation (0.3 MW for 20 ms) at 82 GHz was demonstrated as an additional frequency of the dual-frequency gyrotron which shows a possibility of the use of fundamental harmonic wave in JT-60SA.
Uesaka, Mitsuru*; Kobayashi, Hitoshi*; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakatsuka, Shigehiro*; Nishimura, Kazuya*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Hori, Junichi*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Tagi, Kazuhiro*; Seki, Toshichika*; et al.
Reviews of Accelerator Science and Technology, 8, p.181 - 207, 2015/00
We choose nuclear data and nuclear material inspection for energy application and nondestructive testing of explosive and hidden nuclear materials for security application. 90 keV electrostatic accelerators of deuterium are commercially available for nondestructive testing. For nuclear data measurement, electrostatic ion accelerators and L-band and S-band electron linear accelerators (linac) are used for the neutron source. Compact or mobile X-band electron linac neutron sources are under development. Compact proton linac neutron source is used for nondestructive testing especially water in solids. Several efforts for more neutron intensity using proton and deuteron accelerators are also introduced.
Mirabueno, M. H. T.*; Torii, Masayuki*; Laguerta, E. P.*; Delos Reyes, P. J.*; Fujiki, Toshiyuki*; Bariso, E. B.*; Okuno, Mitsuru*; Nakamura, Toshio*; Danhara, Toru*; Kokubu, Yoko; et al.
Chigaku Zasshi, 123(5), p.751 - 760, 2014/10
Core drilling at site IRBH-2 within Irosin caldera, southern Luzon, reached 50 m. Systematic logging and documentation were done to describe the sediments. AMS C dates were obtained for plant fragments from the peaty layers. Lahars and fluvial deposits were the predominant deposits in the core sequence. The upper 12 m was comprised mostly by andesitic fluvial and minor lahars. Eight fallouts were intercalated with reworked sediments from depth interval of 20 to 50 m. The refractive index measurement of analyzed samples indicated that post-caldera eruptions generated andesite, dacite and minor rhyolite. The similarity in petrographic characteristics between the rhyolite fallout and the Irosin ignimbrite indicates that small-scale eruptions involving magma from the caldera event occurred during post-caldera stage.Young radiocarbon dates obtained from the peaty layers shows that volcaniclastic deposits in the upper levels were likely derived from the eruptions of Bulusan volcano.
Kurokuzu, Masayuki*; Kitao, Shinji*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Saito, Makina*; Masuda, Ryo*; Mitsui, Takaya; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Seto, Makoto*
Hyperfine Interactions, 226(1), p.687 - 691, 2014/04
Arisaka, Makoto; Watanabe, Masayuki; Sugo, Yumi; Kobayashi, Kumiko*; Kanao, Osamu*; Kimura, Takaumi
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(4), p.457 - 464, 2014/04
Toward the development of a practical separation method for trivalent actinides and lanthanides, we used extraction chromatography with alkyl-pyridinedicarboxyamides as the extractant. The results confirmed that the performance degradation of the adsorbent caused by contact with HNO and/or irradiation with rays would be very small during the operation of column chromatography. The optimal conditions for the column separation were also determined: eluent, 5M HNO; flow rate, 0.1 mL/min.
Kurokuzu, Masayuki*; Kitao, Shinji*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Saito, Makina*; Masuda, Ryo*; Mitsui, Takaya; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Seto, Makoto*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(4), p.044708_1 - 044708_4, 2014/04
Yokokura, Kenji; Moriyama, Shinichi; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hinata, Jun; Wada, Kenji; Sato, Yoshikatsu; Hoshino, Katsumichi; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2014-002, 64 Pages, 2014/03
A new instrument has been developed to measure spatial distribution of power density and total power of the millimeter wave, by measuring temperature rise of dielectric material inserted in the waveguide. For a measurement, a dielectric disk with thermally insulated support is inserted into the few millimeters gap in the waveguide. The disk is heated by the millimeter wave pulse for 0.10.2 s, and immediately after the pulse, it is pulled up and its temperature distribution is measured by an infrared camera to estimate the spatial power density distribution of the millimeter wave. In the other hand, total transmission power is estimated by the disk temperature reached equilibrium. In the measurement test, deformation of the power density distribution was successfully detected when the mirror angle was intentionally changed in the matching optics unit (MOU) at the waveguide input from the gyrotron. The test result shows that the instrument is effective for both adjustment of MOU without opening the vacuum boundary and to detect any abnormal transmission during operation of the ECH system. The test also shows high reliability of the instrument which stands with 1 MW high power transmission without any arcing or pressure rise in vacuum region. The instrument will be contributed to keep good condition of high power long pulse ECH system by detecting abnormal transmission in the waveguide in operation without open vacuum boundary.
Masuda, Ryo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Kitao, Shinji*; Kurokuzu, Masayuki*; Saito, Makina*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Mitsui, Takaya; Iga, Fumitoshi*; Seto, Makoto
Applied Physics Letters, 104(8), p.082411_1 - 082411_5, 2014/02
A detection system for synchrotron-radiation (SR)-based Mssbauer spectroscopy was developed to enhance the nuclear resonant scattering counting rate and thus increase the available nuclides. In the system, a windowless avalanche photodiode (APD) detector was combined with a vacuum cryostat to detect the internal conversion (IC) electrons and fluorescent X-rays accompanied by nuclear de-excitation. As a feasibility study, the SR-based Mssbauer spectrum using the 76.5 keV level of Yb was observed without Yb enrichment of the samples. The counting rate was five times higher than that of our previous system, and the spectrum was obtained within 10 h. This result shows that nuclear resonance events can be more efficiently detected by counting IC electrons for nuclides with high IC coefficients. Furthermore, the windowless detection system enables us to place the sample closer to the APD elements and is advantageous for nuclear resonant inelastic scattering measurements. Therefore, this detection system can not only increase the number of nuclides accessible in SR-based Mssbauer spectroscopy but also allows the nuclear resonant inelastic scattering measurements of small single crystals or enzymes with dilute probe nuclides that are difficult to measure with the previous detection system.
Moriyama, Shinichi; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Isayama, Akihiko; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Yokokura, Kenji; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hinata, Jun; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), p.935 - 939, 2013/10
An antenna having a first mirror driven in the linear motion (LM) and a fixed second mirror was proposed for electron cyclotron range of frequency (ECRF) heating and current drive system, to minimize the risk of cooling-water-leakage. Basic mechanical feasibilities of the bellows covering the movable structures of the antenna were previously investigated using a mock-up. This time, a support structure of the shaft has been designed using a metallic sliding bearing with solid lubricant. The sliding bearing can support combination of linear and rotational motions while a ball bearing supports either linear or rotational motion. We have newly installed the sliding bearing into the mock-up. A vacuum pumping test has been carried out paying attention to the influence of the solid lubricant by mass analysis. To design the LM antenna for JT-60SA in detail, heating and current drive characteristics for typical experimental scenarios of JT-60SA has been investigated by calculation.