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Journal Articles

Upgrade and Replacement of Plant Dynamics Test Loop (PLANDTL)

Uchiyama, Naoki*; Ozawa, Tatsuya*; Sato, Koji*; Kobayashi, Jun; Onojima, Takamitsu; Tanaka, Masaaki

FAPIG, (194), p.12 - 18, 2018/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Vibrational states of atomic hydrogen in bulk and nanocrystalline palladium studied by neutron spectroscopy

Kofu, Maiko; Hashimoto, Naoki*; Akiba, Hiroshi*; Kobayashi, Hirokazu*; Kitagawa, Hiroshi*; Iida, Kazuki*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Yamamuro, Osamu*

Physical Review B, 96(5), p.054304_1 - 054304_7, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:43.58(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The vibrational states of hydrogen atoms in bulk and nanocrystalline palladium were examined in a wide energy region $$0 le hbar omega le 300$$ meV using neutron spectroscopy. In bulk PdH$$_{0.73}$$, the vibrational excitations of H atoms were roughly reproduced by the quantum harmonic oscillator (QHO) model. In PdH$$_{0.42}$$ nanocrystals with a diameter of 8 nm, however, additional vibrational excitations were found at energies above 80 meV. The energies and intensities of the additional states were not explained by QHO but reasonably described as vibrations in a highly anharmonic trumpet-like potential. The additional excitations are attributed to the vibrations of H atoms at tetrahedral sites in the subsurface region stabilized by surface effects. This is an experimental work which clearly detects hydrogen vibration ${it inside}$ metal nanoparticles.

Journal Articles

Development of human resource capacity building assistance for nuclear security

Noro, Naoko; Nakamura, Yo; Hirai, Mizuki; Kobayashi, Naoki; Kawata, Norio; Naoi, Yosuke

Modern Environmental Science and Engineering, 3(5), p.309 - 313, 2017/05

The paper introduces methodologies of ISCN for nuclear security training curricula development. The paper focuses on the contribution of ISCN for curriculum development of IAEA transport security training course which ISCN hosted in 2015.

Journal Articles

Research on vitrification technology to immobilize radioactive sludge generated from Fukushima Daiichi Power Plant; Enhanced glass medium

Amamoto, Ippei; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Kitamura, Naoto*; Takebe, Hiromichi*; Mitamura, Naoki*; Tsuzuki, Tatsuya*; Fukayama, Daigen*; Nagano, Yuichi*; Jantzen, T.*; Hack, K.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(10), p.1467 - 1475, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:76.09(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The iron phosphate glass (IPG) medium is known to be a high-efficiency glass medium, therefore we try to evaluate its applicability to immobilize sludge bearing radioactive nuclides arising from treatment of contaminated water at the stricken Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. For this study, many physical and chemical properties of target materials are necessary to evaluate the behaviours of IPG medium and its waste forms. Inevitably, it will entail the need for many and varied types of experiments to be carried out under high temperature. It is therefore rational to apply appropriate theoretical analysis first so as to reduce the number of experimental run. For this reason, some necessary thermodynamic values for theoretical analysis were estimated by CALPHAD approach followed by making up the calculated phase diagrams. By comparison with experimental results, they were found to be reliable for evaluating the behaviours of IPG medium and its waste forms.

Journal Articles

Development of human resource capacity building assistance for nuclear security

Noro, Naoko; Nakamura, Yo; Hirai, Mizuki; Kobayashi, Naoki; Kawata, Norio; Naoi, Yosuke

Proceedings of 18th International Symposium on the Packaging and Transport of Radioactive Materials (PATRAM 2016) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2016/09

The paper describes the methdologies ISCN has adopted to develop its training curricula on nuclear security. ISCN has been working closely with the international partners to build its own capacity, especially with the Sandia National Laboratories of the United States. The paper then focuses on the joint course development between IAEA and ISCN on the International Training Course on Transport Security which ISCN hosted in 2015.

Journal Articles

Effect of magnetism on lattice dynamics in SrFe$$_2$$As$$_2$$ using high-resolution inelastic X-ray scattering

Murai, Naoki*; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Kobayashi, Tatsuya*; Nakajima, Masamichi*; Uchiyama, Hiroshi*; Ishikawa, Daisuke*; Tsutsui, Satoshi*; Nakamura, Hiroki; Machida, Masahiko; Miyasaka, Shigeki*; et al.

Physical Review B, 93(2), p.020301_1 - 020301_5, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:57.78(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

2016 Professional Engineer (PE) test preparation course "Nuclear and Radiation Technical Disciplines"

Takahashi, Naoki; Yoshinaka, Kazuyuki; Harada, Akio; Yamanaka, Atsushi; Ueno, Takashi; Kurihara, Ryoichi; Suzuki, Soju; Takamatsu, Misao; Maeda, Shigetaka; Iseki, Atsushi; et al.

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Homu Peji (Internet), 64 Pages, 2016/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Report of "The 2014 International Forum on Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy, Nuclear Non-proliferation and Nuclear Security; Future direction toward promoting non-proliferation and the ideal method of developing human resources using Centers of Excellence(COEs) following the New Strategic Energy Plan"

Yamaga, Chikanobu; Tomikawa, Hirofumi; Kobayashi, Naoki; Naoi, Yosuke; Oda, Tetsuzo; Mochiji, Toshiro

JAEA-Review 2015-023, 108 Pages, 2015/10

JAEA-Review-2015-023.pdf:15.22MB

The JAEA held "International Forum on Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy, Nuclear Non-proliferation and Nuclear Security -Future direction toward promoting non-proliferation and the ideal method of developing human resources using COEs following the New Strategic Energy Plan -" on 3 December 2014. In the Forum, officials and experts from Japan, the United States explained their efforts. Discussion was made in two panels, entitled "Effective and efficient measures to ensure nuclear non-proliferation based on domestic and foreign issues and the direction and role of technology development" and "Roles of nuclear security COEs and future expectations". In Panel Discussion 1, how to implement effective and efficient safeguards was discussed. In Panel Discussion 2, panelists discussed current status of NSSCs and COEs, new role for COEs and regional cooperation. This report includes abstracts of keynote speeches, summaries of two panel discussions and materials of the presentations in the forum.

Journal Articles

Overview of activities and outcomes at ISCN related to Japanese commitment at nuclear security summit process

Naoi, Yosuke; Kobayashi, Naoki; Mochiji, Toshiro; Senzaki, Masao; Seya, Michio

Proceedings of 37th ESARDA Annual Meeting (Internet), p.100 - 110, 2015/08

In April 2010 at the Nuclear Security Summit in Washington, D.C., Japan made a commitment to establish a center of excellence on nuclear nonproliferation and security. This center would support capacity building for strengthening nuclear nonproliferation and security mainly in the Asian region and also would engage in development of technology related measurement and detection of nuclear material including nuclear forensics based on international cooperation. According to this statement, Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) was established under Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) in December 2010. Since its establishment four years ago, ISCN has developed its activities, having already conducted 74 training courses for the nuclear nonproliferation and security fields and having trained 2,096 participants from 49 countries (including Japan) and three international organizations. As for technical development on detection and measurement of nuclear material, ISCN has carried out substantial outcome with the international cooperation of U.S. and EU/JRC. It can be said that it is a significant achievement of the Nuclear Security Summit process. This paper will overview the outcome of ISCN's activities over the past four years.

Journal Articles

JAEA-ISCN development programs of advanced NDA technologies of nuclear material

Seya, Michio; Kobayashi, Naoki; Naoi, Yosuke; Hajima, Ryoichi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Hironobu; Harada, Hideo

Book of Abstracts, Presentations and Papers of Symposium on International Safeguards; Linking Strategy, Implementation and People (Internet), 8 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-ISCN has been implementing basic development programs of the advanced NDA technologies for nuclear material (NM) since 2011JFY (Japanese Fiscal Year), which are (1) NRF (Nuclear resonance fluorescence) NDA technology using laser Compton scattered (LCS) $$gamma$$-rays (intense mono-energetic $$gamma$$-rays), (2) Alternative to $$^{3}$$He neutron detection technology using ZnS/B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ ceramic scintillator, and (3) NRD (Neutron resonance densitometry) using NRTA (Neutron resonance transmission analysis) and NRCA (Neutron resonance capture analysis). These programs are going to be finished in 2014JFY and have demonstration tests in February - March 2015.

Journal Articles

Basic technology development of advanced non-destructive detection / Measurement of nuclear material for nuclear security and nuclear nonproliferation

Seya, Michio; Naoi, Yosuke; Kobayashi, Naoki; Nakamura, Takahisa; Hajima, Ryoichi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Hironobu; Harada, Hideo

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nippon Shibu Dai-35-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2015/01

The Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting (based on collaborations with JAEA other centers) the following basic technology development programs of advanced non-destructive detection/measurement of nuclear material for nuclear security and nuclear non-proliferation. (1) The demonstration test of the Pu-NDA system for spent fuel assembly using PNAR and SINRD (JAEA/USDOE(LANL) collaboration, completed in JFY2013), (2) Basic development of NDA technologies using laser Compton scattered $$gamma$$-rays (Demonstration of an intense mono-energetic $$gamma$$-ray source), (3) Development of alternative to He-3 neutron detection technology, (4) Development of neutron resonance densitometry (JAEA/JRC collaboration)This paper introduces above programs.

Journal Articles

Activities at the integrated support center for nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear security, and trilateral harmonization among Japan, ROK, and China

Naoi, Yosuke; Kobayashi, Naoki; Senzaki, Masao

Proceedings of INMM 55th Annual Meeting (Internet), 9 Pages, 2014/07

Within the Asian region, China and ROK also committed at the 2010 Security Summit to establishing similar training centers. ROK established one in February 2014, and China started construction on its center in October 2013, aiming to commence activities in 2015. In 2013, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) started discussions with these three countries for the harmonization of the contents of their centers' training activities. The purpose of these discussions is to avoid duplication of effort, since three centers of a similar kind will be established in the Asian region. In these discussions, ISCN has taken the lead to find ways to make this harmonization a reality. This paper will present the result of ISCN's activities over the past three and a half years; the current situation of the cooperation among the three countries, Japan, China, and ROK; and the future efforts to be made.

Journal Articles

Observation of a $$p$$-wave one-neutron halo configuration on $$^{37}$$Mg

Kobayashi, Nobuyuki*; Nakamura, Takashi*; Kondo, Yosuke*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Aoi, Nori*; Baba, Hidetada*; Barthelemy, R.*; Famiano, M. A.*; Fukuda, Naoki*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 112(24), p.242501_1 - 242501_5, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:45 Percentile:6.04(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Deformation-driven $$p$$-wave halos at the drip-line; $$^{31}$$Ne

Nakamura, Takashi*; Kobayashi, Nobuyuki*; Kondo, Yosuke*; Sato, Yoshiteru*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Aoi, Nori*; Baba, Hidetada*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Gibelin, J.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 112(14), p.142501_1 - 142501_5, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:11.87(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

JAEA development programmes of advanced NDA technologies for nuclear materials

Seya, Michio; Bolind, A.; Kobayashi, Naoki; Hajima, Ryoichi; Kureta, Masatoshi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Nakamura, Hironobu; Harada, Hideo

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Security; Enhancing Global Efforts (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2014/03

The Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) of JAEA has been undertaking to develop fundamental part of following advanced non-destructive assay (NDA) technologies for nuclear materials (NM), with collaborations among several divisions of JAEA. (1) NRF (Nuclear resonance fluorescence) NDA technology using laser Compton scattered (LCS) $$gamma$$-rays (intense mono-energetic $$gamma$$-rays). (2) Alternative to $$^{3}$$He neutron detection technology using ZnS/B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ ceramic scintillator. (3) NRD (Neutron resonance densitometry) using NRTA (Neutron resonance transmission analysis) and NRCA (Neutron resonance capture analysis). These could be used as tools not only for safeguards but also for nuclear security, to detect nuclear materials. In this paper we roughly introduce our development program of each NDA technology and several ideas of application.

Journal Articles

Spin state of Co$$^{3+} $$ in LaCo$$_{1-x}$$ Rh$$_{x}$$O$$_{3}$$ investigated by structural phenomena

Asai, Shinichiro*; Okazaki, Ryuji*; Terasaki, Ichiro*; Yasui, Yukio*; Kobayashi, Wataru*; Nakao, Akiko*; Kobayashi, Kensuke*; Kumai, Reiji*; Nakao, Hironori*; Murakami, Yoichi*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(11), p.114606_1 - 114606_6, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:46.59(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Neutron and synchrotron X-ray diffraction for LaCo$$_{1-x}$$ Rh$$_{x}$$O$$_{3}$$ have been carried out in order to investigate the structural properties related with the spin state of Co$$^{3+}$$ ions. We have found that the values of the Co(Rh)-O bond lengths in the Co(Rh)O$$_{6}$$ octahedron of LaCo$$_{0.8}$$Rh$$_{0.2}$$O$$_{3}$$ are nearly identical at 10 K. The lattice volume for the Rh$$^{3+}$$ substituted samples decreases with the thermal expansion coefficient similar to that of LaCoO$$_{3}$$ from room temperature, and ceases to decrease around 70 K. These experimental results favor a mixed state consisting of the high-spin state and low-spin state Co$$^{3+}$$ ions, and suggest that the high-spin state Co$$^{3+}$$ ions are thermally excited in addition to those pinned by the substituted Rh$$^{3+}$$ ions.

Journal Articles

Applicability of iron phosphate glass medium for loading NaCl originated from seawater used for cooling the stricken power reactors

Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Amamoto, Ippei; Yokozawa, Takuma; Yamashita, Teruo; Nagai, Takayuki; Kitamura, Naoto*; Takebe, Hiromichi*; Mitamura, Naoki*; Tsuzuki, Tatsuya*

Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management (ICEM 2013) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2013/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Behaviour of IPG waste forms bearing BaSO$$_{4}$$ as the dominant sludge constituent generated from the treatment of water used for cooling the stricken power reactors

Amamoto, Ippei; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Yokozawa, Takuma; Yamashita, Teruo; Nagai, Takayuki; Kitamura, Naoto*; Takebe, Hiromichi*; Mitamura, Naoki*; Tsuzuki, Tatsuya*

Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management (ICEM 2013) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/09

The great amount of water used for cooling the stricken power reactors at Fukushima Dai-ichi has resulted in accumulation of "remaining water". As the remaining water is subsequently contaminated by FPs, etc., it is necessary to decontaminate it in order to reduce the volume of liquid radioactive waste and to reuse it again for cooling the reactors. Various techniques are being applied to remove FP, etc. and to make stable waste forms. One of the methods using the iron phosphate glass as a medium is being developed to stabilize the strontium-bearing sludge whose main component is BaSO$$_{4}$$. From the results hitherto, the iron phosphate glass is regarded as a potential medium for the target sludge.

Journal Articles

The Human capacity building support activities of the Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security and the cooperation with the International or foreign organizations which handles human capacity building support

Kobayashi, Naoki; Naoi, Yosuke; Wakabayashi, Shuji; Naito, Aisaku; Hamada, Kazuko; Noro, Naoko; Matsuzawa, Reina

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nippon Shibu Dai-33-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2012/10

The Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency has started its human capacity building activities, domestically and internationally, for the government officials and employees of companies of emerging nuclear power countries mainly in Asia. In this paper, I will describe the activities of ISCN on capacity building for these countries and also I will briefly describe, focusing on nuclear security, the activities of IAEA, Sandia National Laboratory of United States and the development of human capacity building support activities of neighboring countries of China and Korea. By doing this, I will describe the relationship and cooperation of ISCN with these organizations and talk about my personal views of the future development with these organizations and ISCN.

Journal Articles

Development of regional training course for physical protection of nuclear material and facilities at Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security

Naoi, Yosuke; Kobayashi, Naoki; Hamada, Kazuko; Noro, Naoko; Matsuzawa, Reina; Wakabayashi, Shuji; Nonaka, Nobuyuki; Senzaki, Masao; Scharmer, C.*; Duggan, R.*; et al.

Proceedings of INMM 53rd Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2012/07

At the 2010 Washington Nuclear Security Summit, Japan committed to establish a regional center for the strengthening of nuclear security, mainly in Asia, through capacity building support including human resources training and infrastructure development assistance. In accordance with this statement, the Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) was inaugurated in December 2010 in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). This paper describes the ISCN training activities and introduces the developing new training course on physical protection.

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