Kobayashi, Taishi*; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Kitamura, Akira
Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 138, p.151 - 158, 2019/11
The effect of -isosaccharinic acid (ISA) on the solubility and redox of tetravalent and hexavalent uranium (U(IV), U(VI)) was investigated in the hydrogen ion concentration (pH) range of 613 and at total ISA concentration ([ISA]) = 1010 mol/dm. The dependence of U(IV) solubility on pH and [ISA] suggested the existence of U(OH)(ISA) as a dominant species within the investigated pH range of 612. For the U(VI)-ISA system, UO(OH)(ISA) was suggested as a dominant species at pH 713. The formation constants of the U(IV)-ISA and U(VI)-ISA complexes were determined by least-squares fitting of the solubility data. The solubility of U(IV) and U(VI) in the presence of ISA and its effect on the redox behavior were thermodynamically interpreted based on the obtained constants.
Nagai, Takayuki; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Akiyama, Daisuke*; Sato, Nobuaki*; Uehara, Akihiro*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Sekimoto, Shun*
KURNS Progress Report 2018, P. 105, 2019/08
To understand this structural change of a borosilicate glass by a neutron irradiation in detail, the irradiation test was carried out in KUR in 2017FY. The glass structure was estimated by using Raman spectrometry in 2018FY. Comparing with the Raman spectra of glass samples before and after irradiation, it could be observed the change of peak height of Si-O bridging structure by the irradiation.
Kobayashi, Taishi*; Nakajima, Shogo*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Matsumura, Daiju; Saito, Takumi*; Sasaki, Takayuki*
Langmuir, 35(24), p.7995 - 8006, 2019/06
Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Nagai, Takayuki; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Kano, Shigeru; Himeno, Haruyuki*; Kobayashi, Hiroshi*; Nakatani, Mikio*
JAEA-Research 2018-013, 18 Pages, 2019/03
The chemical state and local structure of some elements in the simulated nuclear waste glass samples (20 batches) prepared by bottom drain test in the full scale mock-up tests using KMOC melter were investigated by synchrotron radiation based X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) analysis. As a result of the analysis of cerium element, it was confirmed that the oxidation proceeds gently as the batch advanced. For manganese, iron, and zinc, there was almost no difference between batches, which seemed to be stabilized by getting into the frame structure of the borosilicate glass. There were no elements that seemed to be clearly crystalline except for platinum group elements. Remarkable precipitation was hardly observed in zirconium and molybdenum with the imaging analysis.
Nagai, Takayuki; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Inose, Takehiko*; Sato, Seiichi*; Hatakeyama, Kiyoshi*; Hirono, Kazuya*; Homma, Masanobu*; Kobayashi, Hiromi*; Takahashi, Tomoe*; et al.
JAEA-Research 2018-007, 87 Pages, 2018/11
To select the chemical composition of a glass frit which can increase the waste content, the simulated waste glass samples prepared from a borosilicate glass frit including vanadium (V) were investigated by using Laser Ablation (LA) ICP-AES analysis, Raman spectrometry, and synchrotron XAFS measurement in this study on foundation business of the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy.
Nagai, Takayuki; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Shimamura, Keisuke; Oyama, Koichi; Sasage, Kenichi; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yamanaka, Keisuke*; Ota, Toshiaki*
JAEA-Research 2018-005, 72 Pages, 2018/09
Addition of radioactive waste to a borosilicate glass frit affects the local structures of glass-forming elements and waste elements in a waste glass produced in a vitrification process. In this study, simulated waste glass samples were prepared from borosilicate glass frit including phosphorus pentaoxide, and we investigated local structures of sodium (Na), boron (B), and waste elements in these glass samples by using synchrotron XAFS measurements in soft and hard X ray region.
Rai, D.*; Kitamura, Akira; Altmaier, M.*; Rosso, K. M.*; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Kobayashi, Taishi*
Journal of Solution Chemistry, 47(5), p.855 - 891, 2018/05
We have critically reviewed experimental data for Zr hydrolysis constant values for formation of several mononuclear and polynuclear species and a solubility product value for ZrO(am). We have determined new/revised values for the formation constants of Zr(OH), Zr(OH)(aq), Zr(OH), Zr(OH) and CaZr(OH), and the solubility product for ZrO(am) after the critical review.
Nagai, Takayuki; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Akiyama, Daisuke*; Sato, Nobuaki*
Photon Factory Activity Report 2017, 2 Pages, 2018/00
no abstracts in English
Nagai, Takayuki; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Sasage, Kenichi; Ayame, Yasuo; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yamanaka, Keisuke*; Ota, Toshiaki*
JAEA-Research 2017-005, 54 Pages, 2017/06
Addition of radioactive waste to a borosilicate frit affects the local structures of boron (B) and waste elements in a waste glass. Synchrotron XAFS measurement was applied to investigate the local structural changes by using simulated waste borosilicate glass samples. Following results were obtained by the B K-edge XAFS analysis. It was confirmed that B K-edge XAFS analysis enables us to discriminate sp type boron (BO) from sp type boron (BO). Addition of waste elements to a glass frit increases the percentage of BO and decreases that of BO. By decreasing the SiO/AlO ratio or increasing the (SiO+BO)/AlO ratio in the glass composition, the BO percentage increases and the BO percentage decreases. Addition of PO decreases the BO percentage and increases the BO percentage. Following results were obtained from XAFS measurement of the waste elements. Cerium (Ce) valence is more reduced with the increase of the BO content. Addition of PO has a tendency to reduce the Ce valence and to enhance deposition of Zr oxide. Deposition of ruthenium compounds separated from glass phase can not be improved by changing the BO content. This study was performed as a part of the project, "Improvement of vitrification process of high-level radioactive liquid wastes" on the foundation business of the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy.
Sasaki, Takayuki*; Kokami, Takayuki*; Kobayashi, Taishi*; Kirishima, Akira*; Murakami, Hiroaki; Amano, Yuki; Mizuno, Takashi; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Miyakawa, Kazuya
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(3), p.373 - 381, 2017/03
Trace amounts of natural thorium and uranium in deep groundwater were investigated at two underground research laboratories situated at Horonobe and Mizunami, Japan. The groundwater was sampled from underground boreholes, and the colloid contribution was checked by in situ two size-fractionated ultrafiltration systems. A decrease in the concentration after in situ filtration suggested the presence of natural colloids and suspended matter that were carriers of a portion of the elements. The result of the Th and U concentrations in groundwater after 10 kDa filtration was analyzed thermodynamically using existing hydrogeological and geochemical data such as the mineral components in the groundwater at a given pH, ionic strength, concentration of co-existing ions, redox potential, and solid phase assumed. A crystalline solid phase made the solubility very low compared with that of the amorphous phase, and the solubility agreed well with the concentrations measured.
Kobayashi, Taishi*; Teshima, Takeshi*; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Kitamura, Akira
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(2), p.233 - 241, 2017/02
Zr solubility in the presence of gluconic acid (GLU) and isosaccharinic acid (ISA) was investigated as a function of hydrogen ion concentration (pH) and the total concentration of GLU or ISA. The dependence of the increase in Zr solubility on the pH and GLU concentration suggested the existence of Zr(OH)(GLU) in the neutral pH region and Zr(OH)(GLU)(GLU) in the alkaline pH region above pH 10 as the dominant species in the presence of 10 - 10 mol/dm (M) GLU. In the presence of ISA, the dominant species Zr(OH)(ISA) and Zr(OH)(ISA)(ISA) were proposed to occur in the neutral and alkaline pH regions, similar to those found in the presence of GLU. From X-ray diffraction analysis, the solubility-limiting solid phase in the presence of GLU and ISA was considered to be Zr(OH)(am). The formation constants of the Zr gluconate and isosaccharinate complexes were determined by least squares fitting analysis of the solubility data, and the obtained values were discussed in comparison with those of tetravalent actinides.
Nagai, Takayuki; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Okamoto, Yoshihiro
Photon Factory Activity Report 2016, 2 Pages, 2017/00
To estimate the valence state of iron in the preparation process of iron phosphate glass frit, mixtures of ferric oxide and phosphoric acid was heated and XANES spectra of Fe-K edge was measured in this study. This report described the situation of high temperature XAFS measurement and results of this study.
Nagai, Takayuki; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Sasage, Kenichi; Ayame, Yasuo; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Uchiyama, Takafumi*; Okada, Yukiko*; Nezu, Atsushi*; et al.
JAEA-Research 2016-015, 52 Pages, 2016/11
The local structure of waste elements in simulated waste glasses including V was estimated by using synchrotron XAFS measurement in this study. The results are as follows. (1) V has a high possibility which exists in the glass phase in the case of frit, and V can regard both samples as stable 4 coordination structure. (2) Zn, Ce, Nd, Zr, and Mo exist in the glass phase, and the difference is admitted by the percentage of Ce(III) and Ce(IV) by the composition. (3) Ru is separated from the glass phase as RuO crystalline, both of metal and oxide exist in Rh, and Pd is separated out as metal. (4) It was confirmed that the regularity of the local structure of Zr and Mo in the molten glasses retreats as a result of the XAFS measurement at high temperature. (5) The XAFS measurement of molten glasses were performed at 1200C, so it would be possible to acquire excellent data by improving the shapes of the sample cell.
Rai, D.*; Kitamura, Akira; Rosso, K. M.*; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Kobayashi, Taishi*
Radiochimica Acta, 104(8), p.583 - 592, 2016/08
Solubility studies were conducted with HfO(cr) solid as a function of acid concentrations. These studies involved (1) using two different amounts of the solid phase, (2) acid washing the bulk solid phase, (3) preheating the solid phase to 1400 C, and (4) heating amorphous HfO(am) suspensions to 90 C to ascertain whether the HfO(am) converts to HfO(cr) and to determine the solubility from the oversaturation direction. Based on the results of these treatments it is concluded that the HfO(cr) contains a small fraction of less crystalline, but not amorphous, material [HfO(lcr)] and this, rather than the HfO(cr), is the solubility-controlling phase in the range of experimental variables investigated in this study. The solubility data are interpreted using both the Pitzer and SIT models. The log of the solubility product of HfO(cr) is estimated. The observation of a small fraction of less crystalline higher solubility material is consistent with the general picture that mineral surfaces are often structurally and/or imperfect leading to a higher solubility than the bulk crystalline solid. This study stresses the urgent need, during interpretation of solubility data, of taking precautions to make certain that the observed solubility behavior for sparingly-soluble solids is assigned to the proper solid phase.
Tanase, Masakazu*; Fujisaki, Saburo*; Ota, Akio*; Shiina, Takayuki*; Yamabayashi, Hisamichi*; Takeuchi, Nobuhiro*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Kimura, Akihiro; Suzuki, Yoshitaka; Ishida, Takuya; et al.
Radioisotopes, 65(5), p.237 - 245, 2016/05
no abstracts in English
Sasaki, Takayuki*; Ueda, Kenyo*; Saito, Takumi; Aoyagi, Noboru; Kobayashi, Taishi*; Takagi, Ikuji*; Kimura, Takaumi; Tachi, Yukio
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(4), p.592 - 601, 2016/04
The influences of pH and the concentrations of Eu and NaNO on the sorption of Eu to Na-montmorillonite were investigated through batch sorption measurements and time-resolved laser fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS). The pH had a little effect on the distribution coefficients (Kd) in 0.01 M NaNO, whereas the Kd strongly depended on pH at 1 M NaNO. A cation exchange model combined with a one-site non-electrostatic surface complexation model was successfully applied to the measured Kd. The TRLFS spectra of Eu sorbed were processed by parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC), which corresponded to one outer-sphere (factor A) and two inner-sphere (factor B and C) complexes. It turned out that factors A and B correspond to Eu sorbed by ion exchange sites and inner-sphere complexation with hydroxyl groups of the edge faces, respectively. Factor C became dominant at relatively high pH and ionic strength and likely correspond to the precipitation of Eu(OH) on the surface.
Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Imadera, Kenji*; Kasuya, Naohiro*; Kanno, Ryutaro*; Satake, Shinsuke*; Tatsuno, Tomoya*; Nakata, Motoki*; Nunami, Masanori*; Maeyama, Shinya*; et al.
Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(3), p.157 - 210, 2016/03
The high-performance computer system Helios which is located at The Computational Simulation Centre (CSC) in The International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) started its operation in January 2012 under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and the EU. The Helios system has been used for magnetised fusion related simulation studies in the EU and Japan and has kept high average usage rate. As a result, the Helios system has contributed to many research products in a wide range of research areas from core plasma physics to reactor material and reactor engineering. This project review gives a short catalogue of domestic simulation research projects. First, we outline the IFERC-CSC project. After that, shown are objectives of the research projects, numerical schemes used in simulation codes, obtained results and necessary computations in future.
Nagai, Takayuki; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Uehara, Akihiro*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*
Photon Factory Activity Report 2015, Part B, 2 Pages, 2016/00
To investigate the characterization damage of a borosilicate glass by a neutron irradiation, the glass sample after neutron irradiation was estimated by using the Raman spectrophotometry and the synchrotron XAFS measurement. As a result, we confirmed that the Si-O bridge structure of a borosilicate glass and the containing element valence in the glass were changed by the neutron irradiation.
Ishida, Takuya; Shiina, Takayuki*; Ota, Akio*; Kimura, Akihiro; Nishikata, Kaori; Shibata, Akira; Tanase, Masakazu*; Kobayashi, Masaaki*; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2015-030, 42 Pages, 2015/11
The research and development (R&D) on the production of Mo/Tc by neutron activation method ((n, ) method) using JMTR has been carried out in the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center. The specific radioactivity of Mo by (n, ) method is extremely low compared with that by fission method ((n,f) method), and as a result, the radioactive concentration of the obtained Tc solution is also lowered. To solve the problem, we propose the solvent extraction with methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) for recovery of Tc from Mo produced by (n, ) method. We have developed the Mo/Tc separation/extraction/concentration devices and have carried out the performance tests for recovery of Tc from Mo produced by (n, ) method. In this paper, in order to establish an experimental system for Mo/Tc production, the R&D results of the system are summarized on the improvement of the devices for high-recovery rate of Tc, on the dissolution of the pellets, which is the high-density molybdenum trioxide (MoO) pellets irradiated in Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR), on the production of Tc, and on the inspection of the recovered Tc solutions.
Saigusa, Mikio*; Oyama, Gaku*; Matsubara, Fumiaki*; Takii, Keita*; Sai, Takuma*; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Moriyama, Shinichi
Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, p.577 - 582, 2015/10
A wideband polarizer has been developed for an ECCD system in JT-60SA. The groove depth of the mirrors installed in miter bends were optimized for two frequencies (110 GHz and 138 GHz) by numerical simulations. All surfaces of Poincare spheres were covered at both of the frequencies in low power test. The thermal stress of polarizer were estimated by the numerical simulations. The twister polarizer has been tested up to 0.24 MW during 3 s at 110 GHz.