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Journal Articles

Level structures of $$^{56,58}$$Ca cast doubt on a doubly magic $$^{60}$$Ca

Chen, S.*; Browne, F.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lee, J.*; Obertelli, A.*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Chazono, Yoshiki*; Hagen, G.*; Holt, J. D.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 843, p.138025_1 - 138025_7, 2023/08

Gamma decays were observed in $$^{56}$$Ca and $$^{58}$$Ca following quasi-free one-proton knockout reactions from $$^{57,59}$$Sc. For $$^{56}$$Ca, a $$gamma$$ ray transition was measured to be 1456(12) keV, while for $$^{58}$$Ca an indication for a transition was observed at 1115(34) keV. Both transitions were tentatively assigned as the $$2^{+}_{1} rightarrow 0^{+}_{gs}$$ decays. A shell-model calculation in a wide model space with a marginally modified effective nucleon-nucleon interaction depicts excellent agreement with experiment for $$2^{+}_{1}$$ level energies, two-neutron separation energies, and reaction cross sections, corroborating the formation of a new nuclear shell above the N = 34 shell. Its constituents, the $$0_{f5/2}$$ and $$0_{g9/2}$$ orbitals, are almost degenerate. This degeneracy precludes the possibility for a doubly magic $$^{60}$$Ca and potentially drives the dripline of Ca isotopes to $$^{70}$$Ca or even beyond.

Journal Articles

Sorption structure of cesium in various clay minerals by Cs ${it L$_{1}$}$-edge XAFS measurement

Tsuji, Takuya; Matsumura, Daiju; Kobayashi, Toru

SPring-8/SACLA Riyo Kenkyu Seikashu (Internet), 11(4), p.214 - 217, 2023/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Uranium hydroxide/oxide deposits on uranyl reduction

Ouchi, Kazuki; Matsumura, Daiju; Tsuji, Takuya; Kobayashi, Toru; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

RSC Advances (Internet), 13(24), p.16321 - 16326, 2023/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We clarified the chemical state transformation of deposits following the reduction of uranyl ion (U$$^{rm VI}$$O$$_{2}$$$$^{2+}$$) from the results of electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance, impedance spectra and X-ray absorption fine structure measurements. We propose the following deposition mechanism: (1) U$$^{rm IV}$$ is formed by the disproportionation of U$$^{rm V}$$. (2) U$$^{rm IV}$$ forms U$$^{rm IV}$$ hydroxide deposits, and (3) finally, the hydroxide deposits transform into U$$^{rm IV}$$ oxide, generally having a larger electrical resistance than the former.

Journal Articles

Multiple mechanisms in proton-induced nucleon removal at $$sim$$100 MeV/nucleon

Pohl, T.*; Sun, Y. L.*; Obertelli, A.*; Lee, J.*; G$'o$mez-Ramos, M.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Cai, B. S.*; Yuan, C. X.*; Brown, B. A.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 130(17), p.172501_1 - 172501_8, 2023/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:94.54(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report on the first proton-induced single proton- and neutron-removal reactions from the neutron deficient $$^{14}$$O nucleus with large Fermi-surface asymmetry at $$sim$$100 MeV/nucleon. Our results provide the first quantitative contributions of multiple reaction mechanisms including the quasifree knockout, inelastic scattering, and nucleon transfer processes. It is shown that the inelastic scattering and nucleon transfer, usually neglected at such energy regime, contribute about 50% and 30% to the loosely bound proton and deeply bound neutron removal, respectively.

Journal Articles

Selective adsorption of Pd(II) over Ag(I) in nitric acid solutions using nitrogen-donor-type adsorbents

Suzuki, Tomoya*; Otsubo, Ukyo*; Ogata, Takeshi*; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Kobayashi, Toru; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Matsuoka, Mitsuaki*; Murayama, Norihiro*; Narita, Hirokazu*

Separation and Purification Technology, 308, p.122943_1 - 122943_7, 2023/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:18.67(Engineering, Chemical)

HNO$$_{3}$$ leaching is used in recycling Pd metal from spent products that primarily contain Ag, and most Pd residues are separated from solutions containing Ag(I). However, a small amount of Pd(II) often remains in these Ag(I) solutions. Therefore, the separation of Pd(II) and Ag(I) in HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions is essential to promote efficient Pd recycling. In this study, the separation of Pd(II) and Ag(I) in HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions was investigated using four N-donor-type adsorbents functionalized with amine (R-Amine), iminodiacetic acid (R-IDA), pyridine (R-Py), or bis-picolylamine (R-BPA). R-Amine, R-IDA, and R-Py selectively adsorbed Pd(II) over Ag(I), Cu(II), Ni(II), and Fe(III) from HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions (0.3-7 M), but R-Amine exhibited a lower Pd adsorption efficiency. In contrast, $$>$$90% of Pd(II), Ag(I), and Cu(II) were adsorbed by R-BPA over the entire range of HNO$$_{3}$$ concentrations. Structural analyses of the adsorbed metal ions using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy revealed the separation mechanisms of the N-donor-type adsorbents. Pd(II) adsorption on R-IDA, R-Py, and R-BPA occurred via Pd(II) coordination of the functional groups (iminodiacetic acid, pyridine, and bis-picolylamine, respectively), whereas that on R-Amine occurred via anion exchange of NO$$_{3}$$$$^{-}$$ with [Pd(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{4}$$]$$^{2-}$$. The coordinative adsorption mechanisms resulted in the higher Pd(II) adsorption behaviors of R-IDA, R-Py, and R-BPA. HCl (5.0 M) and thiourea (0.1 M) eluents desorbed 83% of Pd(II) from R-IDA and 95% from R-Py, respectively. R-Py was the most effective Pd(II) adsorbent based on adsorption selectivity and desorption efficiency.

Journal Articles

Sorption structure of cesium ions for weathered biotite and kaolinite

Tsuji, Takuya; Matsumura, Daiju; Kobayashi, Toru; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

SPring-8/SACLA Riyo Kenkyu Seikashu (Internet), 11(1), p.15 - 18, 2023/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Preliminary studies of XANES and DFT calculation of Ru extraction by imino-diacetamide and related compounds

Sasaki, Yuji; Nakase, Masahiko*; Kaneko, Masashi; Kobayashi, Toru; Takeshita, Kenji*; Matsumiya, Masahiko*

Analytical Sciences, 5 Pages, 2023/00

We conducted three field researches on Ru-extraction, XANES, and DFT-calculation. The order of the distribution ratio, D(Ru), from acid, HCl $$>$$ H$$_2$$SO$$_4$$ $$>$$ HNO$$_3$$ $$>$$ HClO$$_4$$, by MIDOA is studied by XANES spectra, which indicates the valency change of Ru in HCl media and supports the ion pairing extraction of anionic Ru ion and cationic MIDOA. The same extractant trend, NTAamide $$>$$ MIDOA $$>$$ IDOA, due to D values as the energy gap of HOMO and LUMO could be found by DFT calculation, which suggests that the reaction heat has a positive correlation with extractability for extractant.

Journal Articles

"Southwestern" boundary of the $$N = 40$$ island of inversion; First study of low-lying bound excited states in $$^{59}$$V and $$^{61}$$V

Elekes, Z.*; Juh$'a$sz, M. M.*; Sohler, D.*; Sieja, K.*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Achouri, N. L.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.

Physical Review C, 106(6), p.064321_1 - 064321_10, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Physics, Nuclear)

The low-lying level structure of $$^{59}$$V and $$^{61}$$V was investigated for the first time. The neutron knockout reaction and inelastic proton scattering were applied for $$^{61}$$V while the neutron knock-out reaction provided the data for $$^{59}$$V. Four and five new transitions were determined for $$^{59}$$V and $$^{61}$$V, respectively. Based on the comparison to our shell-model calculations using the Lenzi-Nowacki-Poves-Sieja (LNPS) interaction, three of the observed $$gamma$$ rays for each isotope could be placed in the level scheme and assigned to the decay of the first 11/2$$^{-}$$ and 9/2$$^{-}$$ levels. The ($$p$$,$$p'$$) excitation cross sections for $$^{61}$$V were analyzed by the coupled-channels formalism assuming quadrupole plus hexadecapole deformations. Due to the role of the hexadecapole deformation, $$^{61}$$V could not be unambiguously placed on the island of inversion.

Journal Articles

Extended $$p_{3/2}$$ neutron orbital and the $$N = 32$$ shell closure in $$^{52}$$Ca

Enciu, M.*; Liu, H. N.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Poves, A.*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Achouri, N. L.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 129(26), p.262501_1 - 262501_7, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:35.17(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The one-neutron knockout from $$^{52}$$Ca was performed at $$sim$$230 MeV/nucleon combined with prompt $$gamma$$ spectroscopy. The momentum distributions corresponding to the removal of $$1f_{7/2}$$ and $$2p_{3/2}$$ neutrons were measured. The cross sections are consistent with a shell closure at the neutron number $$N = 32$$, found as strong as at $$N = 28$$ and $$N = 34$$ in Ca isotopes from the same observables. The analysis of the momentum distributions leads to a difference of the root-mean-square radii of the neutron $$1_{f7/2}$$ and $$2p_{3/2}$$ orbitals of 0.61(23) fm, in agreement with the modified-shell-model prediction of 0.7 fm suggesting that the large root-mean-square radius of the $$2p_{3/2}$$ orbital in neutron-rich Ca isotopes is responsible for the unexpected linear increase of the charge radius with the neutron number.

Journal Articles

Formation of monolayer V$$_5$$Se$$_8$$ from multilayer VSe$$_2$$ films via V- and Se-desorption

Sumida, Kazuki; Kusaka, Shotaro*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Kobayashi, Katsuyoshi*; Hirahara, Toru*

Physical Review B, 106(19), p.195421_1 - 195421_7, 2022/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy measurements and ${it ab initio}$ molecular dynamics simulations reveal the hydration structure of the radium(II) ion

Yamaguchi, Akiko; Nagata, Kojiro*; Kobayashi, Keita; Tanaka, Kazuya; Kobayashi, Toru; Tanida, Hajime; Shimojo, Kojiro; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Kaneta, Yui; Matsuda, Shohei; et al.

iScience (Internet), 25(8), p.104763_1 - 104763_12, 2022/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:45.22(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Marking actinides for separation; Resonance-enhanced multiphoton charge transfer in actinide complexes

Matsuda, Shohei; Yokoyama, Keiichi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Kobayashi, Toru; Kaneta, Yui; Simonnet, M.; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Honda, Mitsunori; Shimojo, Kojiro; Doi, Reisuke; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 8(20), p.eabn1991_1 - eabn1991_11, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:45.22(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A First glimpse at the shell structure beyond $$^{54}$$Ca; Spectroscopy of $$^{55}$$K, $$^{55}$$Ca, and $$^{57}$$Ca

Koiwai, Takuma*; Wimmer, K.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Barbieri, C.*; Duguet, T.*; Holt, J. D.*; Miyagi, Takayuki*; Navr$'a$til, P.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 827, p.136953_1 - 136953_7, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:61.15(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of hydration and adsorption structures on clay minerals of radium by EXAFS

Yamaguchi, Akiko; Nagata, Kojiro*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Kobayashi, Keita; Kobayashi, Toru; Shimojo, Kojiro; Tanida, Hajime; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Kaneta, Yui; Matsuda, Shohei; et al.

Hosha Kagaku, (45), p.28 - 30, 2022/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Short-range magnetic interaction in a monolayer 1$$T$$-VSe$$_2$$ film revealed by element-specific X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Sumida, Kazuki; Takeda, Yukiharu; Kusaka, Shotaro*; Kobayashi, Katsuyoshi*; Hirahara, Toru*

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 6(1), p.014006_1 - 014006_8, 2022/01

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:70.83(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We investigated the intrinsic magnetic properties of the two-dimensional ferromagnetic candidate monolayer 1$$T$$-VSe$$_2$$ films using X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), an element-specific magnetic probe. By performing high-resolution measurements, we succeeded in detecting a clear XMCD signal from the atomically thin 1$$T$$-VSe$$_2$$ films under an external magnetic field. Through manipulation of the X-ray incidence angle, we were able to disentangle the in-plane and out-of-plane magnetic properties and found a strong magnetic anisotropy. Moreover, magnetic field- and temperature-dependent XMCD revealed that there is no long-range ferromagnetic ordering even at 6 K, but short-range ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions between neighboring vanadium ions exist. Such low-temperature magnetic behavior signifies that the monolayer 1$$T$$-VSe$$_2$$ is on the verge of ferromagnetism, and this fact accounts for the reported ferromagnetism in VSe$$_2$$-based heterostructures.

Journal Articles

Optimizing TiO$$_2$$ through water-soluble Ti complexes as raw material for controlling particle size and distribution of synthesized BaTiO$$_3$$ nanocubes

Nakashima, Koichi*; Hironaka, Kota*; Ouchi, Kazuma*; Ajioka, Mao*; Kobayashi, Yoshio*; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Yin, S.*; Kakihana, Masato*; Sekino, Toru*

ACS Omega (Internet), 6(48), p.32517 - 32527, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:36.02(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

The BaTiO $$_3$$ nanoparticles synthesized by the hydrothermal method is examined by synchrotron X-ray and TEM observation. It was found that the particle size of synthesized BaTiO$$_3$$ depends on the particle size of the raw material of TiO$$_2$$. Succeeded in synthesizing 100 nm size BaTiO$$_3$$ nanocrystals showing uniform particle size distribution using TiO$$_2$$ nanoparticles with optimized particle size. The obtained BaTiO$$_3$$ nanocrystal is a tetragonal system of ferroelectric phase. A three-dimensional structure of BaTiO$$_3$$ nanoparticles could be obtained by the electron beam tomography.

Journal Articles

Investigation of the ground-state spin inversion in the neutron-rich $$^{47,49}$$Cl isotopes

Linh, B. D.*; Corsi, A.*; Gillibert, A.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Barbieri, C.*; Chen, S.*; Chung, L. X.*; Duguet, T.*; G$'o$mez-Ramos, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 104(4), p.044331_1 - 044331_16, 2021/10


 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:52.17(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Impact assessment for internal flooding in HTTR (High temperature engineering test reactor)

Tochio, Daisuke; Nagasumi, Satoru; Inoi, Hiroyuki; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Ono, Masato; Kobayashi, Shoichi; Uesaka, Takahiro; Watanabe, Shuji; Saito, Kenji

JAEA-Technology 2021-014, 80 Pages, 2021/09


In response to the new regulatory standards established in response to the accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in March 2011, measures and impact assessments related to internal flooding at HTTR were carried out. In assessing the impact, considering the characteristics of the high-temperature gas-cooled reactor, flooding due to assumed damage to piping and equipment, flooding due to water discharge from the system installed to prevent the spread of fire, and flooding due to damage to piping and equipment due to an earthquake. The effects of submersion, flooding, and flooding due to steam were evaluated for each of them. The impact of the overflow of liquids containing radioactive materials outside the radiation-controlled area was also evaluated. As a result, it was confirmed that flooding generated at HTTR does not affect the safety function of the reactor facility by taking measures.

Journal Articles

Speciation and separation of platinum(IV) polynuclear complexes in concentrated nitric acid solutions

Suzuki, Tomoya*; Otsubo, Ukyo*; Ogata, Takeshi*; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Kobayashi, Toru; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Matsuoka, Mitsuaki*; Murayama, Norihiro*; Narita, Hirokazu*

Dalton Transactions (Internet), 50(33), p.11390 - 11397, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.69(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on phenanthroline carboxamide for lanthanide separation; Influence of amide substituents

Simonnet, M.; Kobayashi, Toru; Shimojo, Kojiro; Yokoyama, Keiichi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Inorganic Chemistry, 60(17), p.13409 - 13418, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:82.12(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

265 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)