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Journal Articles

Fabrication of a novel magnetic topological heterostructure and temperature evolution of its massive Dirac cone

Hirahara, Toru*; Otrokov, M. M.*; Sasaki, Taisuke*; Sumida, Kazuki*; Tomohiro, Yuta*; Kusaka, Shotaro*; Okuyama, Yuma*; Ichinokura, Satoru*; Kobayashi, Masaki*; Takeda, Yukiharu; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 11, p.4821_1 - 4821_8, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:100(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Local structure investigations of accumulated damage in irradiated MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$

Yoshioka, Satoru*; Tsuruta, Konosuke*; Yamamoto, Tomokazu*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Matsumura, Sho*; Sugiyama, Takeharu*; Oba, Yojiro; Ishikawa, Norito; Kobayashi, Eiichi*; Okudaira, Koji*

Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 103(8), p.4654 - 4663, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Ceramics)

X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) reveal the damaged structures in MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ spinel induced by swift heavy ions. SAXS indicates the formation of ion tracks with cylindrical shape with a diameter of 5 nm. XANES indicates the cationic disordering between tetrahedral and octahedral sites by the irradiation. Quantitative analysis of XANES also reveals that cations preferably occupy the octahedral sites at high fluence.

Journal Articles

Sorption behavior of selenide on montmorillonite

Sugiura, Yuki; Tomura, Tsutomu*; Ishidera, Takamitsu; Doi, Reisuke; Francisco, P. C. M.; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Kobayashi, Toru; Matsumura, Daiju; Takahashi, Yoshio*; Tachi, Yukio

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 324(2), p.615 - 622, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Shell evolution of $$N$$ = 40 isotones towards $$^{60}$$Ca; First spectroscopy of $$^{62}$$Ti

Cort$'e$s, M. L.*; Rodriguez, W.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Holt, J. D.*; Lenzi, S. M.*; Men$'e$ndez, J.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Poves, A.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 800, p.135071_1 - 135071_7, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:13.44(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Excited states in the $$N$$ = 40 isotone $$^{62}$$Ti were populated via the $$^{63}$$V($$p$$,$$2p$$)$$^{62}$$Ti reaction at $$sim$$200 MeV/nucleon at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory and studied using $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. The energies of the $$2_1^+ rightarrow 0_{rm gs}^+$$ and $$4_1^+ rightarrow 2_1^+$$ transitions, observed here for the first time, indicate a deformed Ti ground state. These energies are increased compared to the neighboring $$^{64}$$Cr and $$^{66}$$Fe isotones, suggesting a small decrease of quadrupole collectivity. The present measurement is well reproduced by large-scale shell-model calculations based on effective interactions, while ab initio and beyond mean-field calculations do not yet reproduce our findings.

Journal Articles

Quasifree neutron knockout from $$^{54}$$Ca corroborates arising $$N=34$$ neutron magic number

Chen, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Barbieri, C.*; Chazono, Yoshiki*; Navr$'a$til, P.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Raimondi, F.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 123(14), p.142501_1 - 142501_7, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:16.18(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on loss-of-cooling and loss-of-coolant accidents in spent fuel pool, 4; Investigation of fuel loading effects in BWR spent fuel rack

Tojo, Masayuki*; Kanazawa, Toru*; Nakashima, Kazuo*; Iwamoto, Tatsuya*; Kobayashi, Kensuke*; Goto, Daisuke*; Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Kaji, Yoshiyuki

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 13 Pages, 2019/05

In this study, fuel loading effects in BWR spent fuel rack accidents are widely investigated using three-dimensional analysis methods from both nuclear and thermal hydraulics viewpoints, including: (a) Decay heat of spent fuel after discharge, (b) The maximum temperature of spent fuel cladding in the spent fuel rack depending on heat transfer phenomena, and (c) Criticality of the spent fuel rack after collapsing of the fuel due to a severe accidents in the BWR spent fuel pool (SFP).

Journal Articles

Complexation properties and structural character of lanthanides complexes of $$O,N$$-hetero donor ligand BIZA

Kobayashi, Toru; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Nakase, Masahiko*; Suzuki, Shinichi; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Separation Science and Technology, 54(13), p.2077 - 2083, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Development of separation reagent, which can efficiently separate lanthanides, is of increasing importance because it concerns establishment of purification and recycle techniques rare-earth elements. In our research group, several hetero donor type ligands, which have both oxygen and heterocyclic nitrogen atoms as donor atoms, were developed and revealed that this type of ligands show the selective complexation with specific lanthanide. In this paper, we will discuss the lanthaides complexation properties of the hetero donor type ligand containing benzimidazole group as nitrogen donor ($$N$$-methyl-$$N$$-phenyl-2-(1$$H$$-benzimidazol-2-yl)-pyridine-6-carboxamide) based on structural investigation by crystallography.

Journal Articles

A Telescoping view of solute architectures in a complex fluid system

Motokawa, Ryuhei; Kobayashi, Toru; Endo, Hitoshi; Mu, J.*; Williams, C. D.*; Masters, A. J.*; Antonio, M. R.*; Heller, W. T.*; Nagao, Michihiro*

ACS Central Science, 5(1), p.85 - 96, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:9.23(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Lanthanides complexation properties of O, N-hetero donor ligand PTA

Kobayashi, Toru; Suzuki, Shinichi; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.74 - 77, 2018/11

Development of extractant, which can efficiently separate actinides, is of increasing importance because it concerns establishment and simplification of separation techniques in nuclear fuel cycle and decontamination of radioactive wastes. In this study, the complexation properties of N-alkyl-N-phenyl-1,10-phenanthroline-2-carboxamide (PTA) with trivalent lanthanides (Ln$$^{3+}$$) were investigated based on structural analysis by using X-ray crystallography and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) methods. As a result, it is revealed that two PTA molecules coordinate with Ln$$^{3+}$$ as tridentate ligand via two nitrogen in phenanthroline moiety and one oxygen in amide moiety in both crystal and solution states. The slight difference in coordination bond distances are observed between Eu$$^{3+}$$ and Nd$$^{3+}$$ complexes, this difference corresponds to the difference in ionic radius between Nd$$^{3+}$$ and Eu$$^{3+}$$. This result indicates slight difference in ionic radii of Ln$$^{3+}$$ hardly affects coordination properties of PTA.

Journal Articles

Extended X-ray absorption fine structure study on gel/liquid extraction of f-block elements

Nakase, Masahiko*; Kobayashi, Toru; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Kawamura, Takuya*; Takeshita, Kenji*; Yamamura, Tomoo*; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.56 - 60, 2018/11

Gel/liquid extraction was investigated to achieve selective separation of trivalent actinides over lanthanides. In this study, thermosensitive hydrogel including N,N,N',N'-tetraallylpyridine-2,6-dicarboxamine (PDA) was synthesized, and its complexation with lanthanide was investigated by extended X-ray absorption fine structure experiments at SPring-8. The radial structure functions (RSF) of solution with gels with and without ligands at different temperatures showed slight differences. As the temperature increased, the RSF decreased owing to the increase in thermal vibration, but PDA-gel showed a shift in the first peak toward the shorter direction. This shift was attributed to the change in stoichiometry of PDA-Ln(III) complexes or coordination number of water molecules affected by the change of conformation of polymer chains and the hydrophilic/hydrophobic properties in the hydrogel.

Journal Articles

Speciation of ruthenium(III) chloro complexes in hydrochloric acid solutions and their extraction characteristics with an amide-containing amine compound

Suzuki, Tomoya*; Ogata, Takeshi*; Tanaka, Mikiya*; Kobayashi, Toru; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Narita, Hirokazu*

Metals, 8(7), p.558_1 - 558_10, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:42.66(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The refining of platinum group metals is based mainly on solvent extraction methods, whereas Ru is selectively recovered by distillation as RuO$$_4$$. Replacement of distillation byextraction is expected to simplify the purification process. To develop an effective extraction system for Ru, we analyzed the Ru species in HCl with UV-Vis and EXAFS spectroscopies, and we examined the properties of Ru extracted with N-2-ethylhexyl-bis(N-di-2-ethylhexyl-ethylamide) amine (EHBAA). EXAFS and UV-Vis spectra of Ru in HCl solutions revealed that the predominant Ru species in 0.5-10 M HCl solutions changed from [RuCl$$_4$$(H$$_2$$O)$$_2$$]$$^-$$ to [RuCl$$_6$$]$$^3$$$$^-$$ with the HCl concentration. The extraction percentages of Ru in the EHBAA system increased with increasing HCl concentration, reached 80% at [HCl] = 5 M, and decreased athigher HCl concentrations. EXAFS analysis of the extracted complex indicated that the Ru$$^3$$$$^+$$ had 5 Cl$$^-$$ and 1 H$$_2$$O in its inner coordination sphere. The similarity of the dependence on HCl concentrations of the extraction in the EHBAA system and the distribution profile of [RuCl$$_5$$(H$$_2$$O)]$$^2$$$$^-$$ on [RuCl$$_n$$(H$$_2$$O)$$_6$$$$_-$$$$_n$$]$$^3$$$$^-$$$$^n$$ suggested that the EHBAA extracted the pentachlorido species.

Journal Articles

X-ray absorption near edge structure and first-principles spectral investigations of cationic disorder in MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ induced by swift heavy ions

Yoshioka, Satoru*; Tsuruta, Konosuke*; Yamamoto, Tomokazu*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Matsumura, Sho*; Ishikawa, Norito; Kobayashi, Eiichi*

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 20(7), p.4962 - 4969, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:78.62(Chemistry, Physical)

Cationic disorder in the MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ spinel induced by swift heavy ions was investigated using the X-ray absorption near edge structure. With changes in the irradiation fluences of 200 MeV Xe ions, the Mg K-edge and Al K-edge spectra were synchronously changed. The calculated spectra based on density function theory indicate that the change in the experimental spectra was due to cationic disorder between Mg in tetrahedral sites and Al in octahedral sites. These results suggest a high inversion degree to an extent that the completely random configuration is achieved in MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ induced by the high density electronic excitation under swift heavy ion irradiation.

Journal Articles

Nanoscale spatial analysis of clay minerals containing cesium by synchrotron radiation photoemission electron microscopy

Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Kobayashi, Toru; Shimoyama, Iwao; Matsumura, Daiju; Tsuji, Takuya; Nishihata, Yasuo; Kogure, Toshihiro*; Okochi, Takuo*; Yasui, Akira*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 112(2), p.021603_1 - 021603_5, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:75.59(Physics, Applied)

A synchrotron radiation photoemission electron microscope (SR-PEEM) was applied to demonstrate pinpoint analysis of micrometer-sized weathered biotite clay particles with artificially adsorbed cesium (Cs) atoms. Despite the insulating properties of the clay, we observed the spatial distributions of constituent elements (Si, Al, Cs, Mg, Fe) without charging issues. We found that Cs atoms were likely to be adsorbed evenly over the entire particle. Spatially-resolved X-ray absorption spectra (XAS) of the Cs M$$_{4,5}$$-edge region showed Cs to be present in a monocation state (Cs$$^{+}$$). Further pinpoint XAS measurements were also performed at the Fe L$$_{2,3}$$-edge to determine the chemical valence of the Fe atoms. Our results demonstrate the utility of SR-PEEM as a tool for spatially-resolved chemical analyses of various environmental substances, which is not limited by the poor conductivity of samples.

Journal Articles

In-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of $$^{35}$$Mg via knockout reactions at intermediate energies

Momiyama, Satoru*; Doornenbal, P.*; Scheit, H.*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Niikura, Megumi*; Aoi, Nori*; Li, K.*; Matsushita, Masafumi*; Steppenbeck, D.*; Wang, H.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 96(3), p.034328_1 - 034328_8, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:68.77(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Chemical state analysis of high-temperature molten slag components by using high-energy XAFS

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Osugi, Takeshi; Akabori, Mitsuo; Kobayashi, Toru; Shiwaku, Hideaki

Journal of Molecular Liquids, 232, p.285 - 289, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:84.9(Chemistry, Physical)

High energy XAFS measurement using cerium K-edge was performed to study the chemical state of cerium in high-temperature molten slag (SiO$$_{2}$$-CaO-Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$-CeO$$_{2}$$). It was found from the change in the nearest Ce-O distance obtained from EXAFS analysis and the energetic shift of the white line peak observed in XANES analysis that oxidation state of cerium was tetravalent in the molten state and trivalent in solid state. The Debye-Waller factor of the nearest Ce-O pair in solid slag was very large even at room temperature, and the change in its value upon heating and melting was very small. This result suggests that cerium is highly disordered and stable in solid slag.

Journal Articles

Low-$$Z$$ shore of the "island of inversion" and the reduced neutron magicity toward $$^{28}$$O

Doornenbal, P.*; Scheit, H.*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Aoi, Nori*; Li, K.*; Matsushita, Masafumi*; Steppenbeck, D.*; Wang, H.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.

Physical Review C, 95(4), p.041301_1 - 041301_5, 2017/04


 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:9.06(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Intruder configurations in the ground state of $$^{30}$$Ne

Liu, H. N.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Scheit, H.*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Aoi, Nori*; Li, K. A.*; Matsushita, Masafumi*; Steppenbeck, D.*; Wang, H.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 767, p.58 - 62, 2017/04


 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:22.36(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Bithiophene with winding vine-shaped molecular asymmetry; Preparation, structural characterization, and enantioselective synthesis

Toyomori, Yuka*; Tsuji, Satoru*; Mitsuda, Shinobu*; Okayama, Yoichi*; Ashida, Shiomi*; Mori, Atsunori*; Kobayashi, Toru; Miyazaki, Yuji; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Arae, Sachie*; et al.

Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 89(12), p.1480 - 1486, 2016/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:69.82(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Small-angle neutron scattering study of specific interaction and coordination structure formed by mono-acetyl-substituted dibenzo-20-crown-6-ether and cesium ions

Motokawa, Ryuhei; Kobayashi, Toru; Endo, Hitoshi*; Ikeda, Takashi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Suzuki, Shinichi; Narita, Hirokazu*; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Heller, W. T.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(8), p.1205 - 1211, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Asymmetry dependence of reduction factors from single-nucleon knockout of $$^{30}$$Ne at $$sim$$ 230 MeV/nucleon

Lee, J.*; Liu, H.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Kimura, Masaaki*; Minomo, Kosho*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Aoi, Nori*; Li, K.*; Matsushita, Masafumi*; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2016(8), p.083D01_1 - 083D01_7, 2016/08


 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:54.22(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

212 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)