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Journal Articles

Nuclear analysis of ITER equatorial EC launcher

Takahashi, Koji; Iida, Hiromasa*; Kobayashi, Noriyuki*; Kajiwara, Ken; Sakamoto, Keishi; Omori, Toshimichi*; Henderson, M.*

Fusion Science and Technology, 63(1T), p.156 - 159, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Nuclear analysis of the ITER equatorial EC launcher has been carried out to determine heat and/or particle loads on its components and also to evaluate the possibility of "hands-on maintainability" (personnel accessibility) to the launcher back-end. Monte Carlo code "MCNP5" is applied to simulate the radiation leak from fusion plasma to the special region around the launcher. The results indicate a significant radiation leak at the gaps between the port walls and port plug frame and at the waveguide bundles in the launcher. Another significant neutron leakage is through the port wall consisting of only stainless steel but without light isotopes such as water. The shut down dose rates was estimated at the port interspace behind the launcher at the level of the required value of 100 $$mu$$Sv/h. This analysis offers the potential to modify the launchers shielding layout to minimize the above leakage and further reduce the shut down dose rates in the regions of personnel access.

Journal Articles

Development of ITER equatorial EC launcher

Takahashi, Koji; Kajiwara, Ken; Oda, Yasuhisa; Kobayashi, Noriyuki*; Sakamoto, Keishi; Omori, Toshimichi*; Henderson, M.*

Proceedings of 24th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2012) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/03

The ITER equatorial EC launcher is making a large technology to injecting $$geq$$20 M and CW operation. The design of the shield blanket structure that tolerates thermal and electromagnetic load is attained. The port plug structure considering the fabrication process applying HIP and TIG-welding are designed. The mm-wave design that enables to guide the wave power of $$geq$$20 MW into plasma with toroidal steering capability of 20$$^{circ}$$ $$sim$$ 40$$^{circ}$$ and efficiency of 98.4 $$sim$$ 99% assuming HE11 fundamental wave mode + TEM000 gaussian mode are proceeded. Reduction of the heat load to 2.1 MW/m$$^{2}$$ on the steering mirror are attained. These results allow the transmission of 2.0 MW per a waveguide and the required radiation profile from the launcher. The full scale mock-up of the mm-wave launching system consisting of the waveguides and the mirrors and the subcomponents such as the steering mechanism of the mirror, the cooling water lines and etc., are fabricated to investigate the design availability. High power (0.5 MW) experiment of the mock-up confirmed the expected wave beam propagation and steering capability of 20$$^{circ}$$ $$sim$$ 40$$^{circ}$$. The mock-up of the shield blanket module and the partial mock-up of the port plug structure are fabricated based on the present design to investigate the manufacturability and the performance of the cooling water flow. The results will reflect back to the fabrication design of the structural components of the equatorial launcher.

Journal Articles

Numerical experiment for strontium-90 and cesium-137 in the Japan Sea

Kawamura, Hideyuki; Ito, Toshimichi; Kobayashi, Takuya; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Hirose, Naoki*; Togawa, Orihiko

Journal of Oceanography, 66(5), p.649 - 662, 2010/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:92.26(Oceanography)

A numerical experiment is performed to reproduce a distribution of concentrations of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs and estimate their total amounts in the Japan Sea. The concentrations of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs in the surface layer is in the range of 1.0-1.5 Bq/m$$^{3}$$ and 2.0-2.5 Bq/m$$^{3}$$. The concentrations in the intermediate and deep layer are higher than those observed in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, indicating active winter convection in the Japan Sea. The total amounts of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs in the seawater is evaluated to be 1.34 PBq (1 PBq = 10$$^{15}$$ Bq) and 2.02 PBq, which demonstrates an estimation by observational data in the Japan Sea expeditions between 1997 and 2002 by Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The total amounts of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs vary corresponding to deposition at the sea surface with the maximums of 4.86 PBq for $$^{90}$$Sr and 7.33 PBq for $$^{137}$$Cs in the mid-1960s.

Journal Articles

Simulation of concentrations of anthropogenic radionuclides in the Japan Sea

Kawamura, Hideyuki; Ito, Toshimichi; Kobayashi, Takuya; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Hirose, Naoki*; Togawa, Orihiko

Proceedings of Joint International Conference of 7th Supercomputing in Nuclear Application and 3rd Monte Carlo (SNA + MC 2010) (USB Flash Drive), 4 Pages, 2010/10

This study aims to demonstrate many findings in the Japan Sea expeditions by Japan Atomic Energy Agency between 1997 and 2002 making use of an ocean general circulation model. A numerical experiment is performed between 1945 and 2000 with deposition at the sea surface by global fallout as main source of anthropogenic radionuclides. The concentrations of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs in the surface layer are approximately in the range of 1.0-1.5 Bq/m$$^{3}$$ and 2.0-2.5 Bq/m$$^{3}$$ and they exponentially decrease with depth from the sea surface to the sea bottom. Total amounts of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs in the seawater of the Japan Sea are estimated to be about 1.34 PBq (1 PBq = 10$$^{15}$$ Bq) and 2.02 PBq in the numerical experiment, which demonstrates observational estimations in the Japan Sea expeditions. Time series of the total amounts show that they attain the maximums of 4.86 PBq for $$^{90}$$Sr and 7.33 PBq for $$^{137}$$Cs in 1964.

JAEA Reports

Establishment of database for Japan Sea parameters on marine environment and radioactivity (JASPER), 2; Radiocarbon and oceanographic properties

Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Suzuki, Takashi; Tanaka, Takayuki; Ito, Toshimichi; Kobayashi, Takuya; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Minakawa, Masayuki*; Aramaki, Takafumi*; Senju, Tomoharu*; Togawa, Orihiko

JAEA-Data/Code 2009-020, 27 Pages, 2010/02

JAEA-Data-Code-2009-020.pdf:2.45MB

The database for the Japan Sea parameters on marine environment and radionuclides (JASPER) has been established by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency as a product of the Japan Sea Expeditions. By the previous version of the database, data for representative anthropogenic radionuclides were opened to public. And now, data for radiocarbon and fundamental oceanographic properties (salinity, temperature, dissolved oxygen) including nutrients (silicate, phosphate, nitrate and nitrite) are released as the second volume of the database. In the second volume, 20,398 data records are stored including 2,695 data for temperature, 2,883 data for salinity, 2,109 data for dissolved oxygen, 11,051 data for the nutrients, and 1,660 data for radiocarbon. The database will be a strong tool for the continuous monitoring for contamination by anthropogenic radionuclides, studies on biogeochemical cycle, and development and validation of models for numerical simulations in the sea.

JAEA Reports

Improvement of the marine radionuclides prediction code in the off Shimokita Region

Kobayashi, Takuya; Togawa, Orihiko; Ito, Toshimichi; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Hayashi, Keisuke*; Shima, Shigeki*; Nakayama, Tomoharu*; In, Teiji*

JAEA-Research 2009-040, 63 Pages, 2009/12

JAEA-Research-2009-040.pdf:12.19MB

A spent nuclear fuel reprocessing plant has the possibility of routine releases of liquid radioactive wastes from a discharge pipe to the off Shimokita region during its operations. Thus, for environmental safety, it is important to assess the migration processes of released radionuclides from the plant. Therefore, an ocean circulation prediction code and an oceanic radionuclides migration prediction code, which were developed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency, has been improved to describe the migration behavior of radionuclides in the off Shimokita region. Parameters on characteristics and dynamics of particulate materials in seawater have also been obtained in the study area for the adjustment and verification of the oceanic radionuclides migration prediction code. This report summarizes the primary results of the study which was carried out at the off Shimokita region from FY2003 to 2008.

JAEA Reports

Japan Sea expeditions for studies on water circulation and transport processes of radionuclides (Contract research)

Togawa, Orihiko; Ito, Toshimichi; Kobayashi, Takuya; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Suzuki, Takashi

JAEA-Research 2006-004, 132 Pages, 2006/02

JAEA-Research-2006-004.pdf:7.84MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of 9Cr-ODS ferritic/martensitic steels for fuel cladding

Ukai, Shigeharu; Kaito, Takeji; Otsuka, Satoshi; Fujiwara, Masayuki*; Kobayashi, Toshimi*

Materia, 45(1), p.48 - 50, 2006/01

Development of 9Cr-ODS ferritic/martensitic steel cladding was introduced as a new technology applied onece a year by Japan Institute of Metal. This cladding was developed by JAEA, and manufacturing of cladding was originally attained by controlling microstructure. Its high temperature strength is the most superior in the world as a heat resistance ferritic steels.

Journal Articles

Anthropogenic radionuclides in sediment in the Japan Sea; Distribution and transport processes of particulate radionuclides

Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Amano, Hikaru; Ito, Toshimichi; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kobayashi, Takuya; Suzuki, Takashi; Togawa, Orihiko; Chaykovskaya, E. L.*; Lishavskaya, T. S.*; Novichkov, V. P.*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 91(3), p.128 - 145, 2006/00

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:64.36(Environmental Sciences)

Distributions of radionuclides ($$^{90}$$Sr, $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{239+240}$$Pu) in seabed sediment in the Japan Sea were observed during 1998-2002. Observed inventories of anthropogenic radionuclides in sediment ranged 0.1-86 Bq m$$^{-2}$$ for $$^{90}$$Sr, 23-379 Bq m$$^{-2}$$ for $$^{137}$$Cs and 0.1-86 Bq m$$^{-2}$$ for $$^{239+240}$$Pu. In the deep part ($$>$$ 2 km depth) of the western Japan Basin, $$^{239+240}$$Pu/$$^{137}$$Cs inventory ratios were larger than those in the central Yamato Basin although inventories of radionuclides were not different between basins. The higher $$^{239+240}$$Pu/$$^{137}$$Cs ratios in the western Japan Basin were derived by the production of Pu-enriched particle in the surface layer and effective sinking of particulate materials in this region. In the marginal Yamato Basin and the Ulleung Basin, both inventories and $$^{239+240}$$Pu/$$^{137}$$Cs ratios in sediment were larger than those in the central Yamato Basin. In the eastern/southern Japan Sea, it was suggested that the supply of particulate radionuclides by the TWC enhanced accumulation of radionuclides in this region.

Journal Articles

Oil spill simulation in the Japan Sea

Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kobayashi, Takuya; Hirose, Naoki*; Ito, Toshimichi; Togawa, Orihiko

WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, Vol.88, p.273 - 278, 2006/00

An assessment system of marine environment in the Japan Sea is being constructed in the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. It is composed of an ocean general circulation model (RIAMOM), a particle random-walk model (SEA-GEARN) and a radiation dose assessment model (COLDOS). This study aims to confirm a validity of the assessment system by reproducing a movement of spilled oil at an incident of Russian tanker Nakhodka, in January 1997. Realistic reproduction of ocean conditions is a significant factor for accurate simulations of the movement of spilled oil. In this study, one of data assimilation techniques, an approximate Kalman filter, was introduced by combining RIAMOM with sea level measurements of satellite data. The assimilated results were in good agreement with observed oceanic phenomena both qualitatively and quantitatively. Using the calculated ocean currents, simulations of behaviour of spilled oil was performed with SEA-GEARN. The tanker was ruptured in a storm about 100 km north of the Oki Islands in Shimane Prefecture, Japan, on January 2, 1997. Most of oil spread over off Hyogo, Kyoto, Fukui and Ishikawa Prefecture, meanwhile a part of it reached a coast of Niigata Prefecture detouring around Noto Peninsula by January 21, 1997. The most important feature in these regions is considered to be a branch of the Tsushima Warm Current (TWC). Owing to a variability of TWC, ocean eddy activities and a sea surface wind, the spilled oil dispersed widely in space. On the other hand, the strong northeastward component of TWC was likely to drive the spilled oil to Niigata Prefecture. A number of experiments with different parameters and situations showed that the assimilated daily ocean currents with wind drift gave the best effect on simulation for the movement of spilled oil.

Journal Articles

Anthropogenic radionuclides in seawater of the Japan Sea; The Results of recent observations and the temporal change of concentrations

Ito, Toshimichi; Aramaki, Takafumi*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Suzuki, Takashi; Togawa, Orihiko; Kobayashi, Takuya; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Amano, Hikaru; Senju, Tomoharu*; Chaykovskaya, E. L.*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 42(1), p.90 - 100, 2005/01

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:31.21(Nuclear Science & Technology)

During 1996-2002, a wide-area research project on anthropogenic radionuclides was done in the Japanese and Russian EEZ of the Japan Sea to investigate their migration. As the results of expeditions in 2001 and 2002, (1) the concentrations and distributions of radionuclides are similar to the results of previous, (2) inventories of these radionuclides indicate accumulation in the Japan Sea seawater compared to the amounts supplied by global fallout, (3) $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in intermediate layer show temporal variations, and 4) the variations may reflect the water mass movement in upper part of the Japan Sea.

Journal Articles

Development of two-step softening heat-treatment for manufacturing 12Cr-ODS ferritic steel tubes

Narita, Takeshi; Ukai, Shigeharu; Kaito, Takeji; Otsuka, Satoshi; Kobayashi, Toshimi*

Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Fusion Reactor Materials (ICFRM-11), 41(10), 0 Pages, 2004/00

Focusing on the cover layer materials (as the Radon Barrier Materials), which could have the effect to restrain the radon from scattering into the air and the effect of the radiation shielding, we produced the radon barrier materials with crude bentonite on an experimental basis, using the rotary type comprehensive unit for grinding and mixing, through which we carried out the evaluation of the characteristics thereof.

Journal Articles

A Study on migration behavior of anthropogenic radionuclides in the Japan/East Sea, 2

Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Ito, Toshimichi; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kobayashi, Takuya; Suzuki, Takashi; Togawa, Orihiko

Dai-45-Kai Kankyo Hoshano Chosa Kenkyu Seika Rombun Shorokushu (Heisei-14-Nendo), p.77 - 78, 2003/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Anthropogenic radionuclides in seawater of the Japan Sea; The Results of recent expeditions carried out in the Japanese and Russian EEZ

Ito, Toshimichi; Aramaki, Takafumi*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Suzuki, Takashi; Togawa, Orihiko; Kobayashi, Takuya; Senju, Tomoharu*; Chaykovskaya, E. L.*; Lishavskaya, T. S.*; Karasev, E. V.*; et al.

Proceedings of International Symposium on Radioecology and Environmental Dosimetry, p.396 - 401, 2003/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Anthropogenic radionuclides in sediment in the Japan Sea

Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Aramaki, Takafumi*; Suzuki, Takashi; Kobayashi, Takuya; Ito, Toshimichi; Togawa, Orihiko; Chaykovskaya, E. L.*; Dunaev, A. L.*; Karasev, E. V.*; Novichkov, V. P.*; et al.

Proceedings of International Symposium on Radioecology and Environmental Dosimetry, p.390 - 395, 2003/10

Seabed sediments were collected at 22 stations in the Japan Sea, and anthropogenic radionuclides were measured in order to understand distributions and accumulation processes of these materials. Averaged concentrations of $$^{137}$$Cs in sediment in the Japan Basin and the Yamato Basin were 1.0 Bq/kg and 1.0 Bq/kg, respectively. Although there was no significant difference in mean $$^{137}$$Cs concentration between the Japan Basin and the Yamato Basin, distributions of radionuclides in these 2 basins showed different features. In the Japan Basin, the spatial variation of concentration of radionuclides was smaller than that at the Yamato Basin. At most stations in the Yamato Basin, significant concentrations of radionuclides were not detected, but remarkable large activities were observed at several stations in the Yamato Basin. For all radionuclides, the highest concentration was observed in the southeastern margin of the Yamato Basin. These results would suggest that there were different accumulation processes of radionuclides between the Japan Basin and the Yamato Basin.

Journal Articles

Anthropogenic radionuclides in the Japan Sea; Their distributions and transport processes

Ito, Toshimichi; Aramaki, Takafumi; Kitamura, Toshikatsu; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Suzuki, Takashi; Togawa, Orihiko; Kobayashi, Takuya; Senju, Tomoharu*; Chaykovskaya, E. L.*; Karasev, E. V.*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 68(3), p.249 - 267, 2003/07

 Times Cited Count:35 Percentile:37.86(Environmental Sciences)

The anthropogenic radionuclides, $$^{90}$$Sr, $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{239+240}$$Pu, in the seawater column of the Japan Sea were measured during 1997-2000. The vertical profiles of radionuclide concentrations showed their typical features; exponential decrease with depth for the $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs and surface minimum - subsurface maximum for the $$^{239+240}$$Pu, and there are no substantial differences between the present study and the previous ones. The area-averaged concentrations and the inventories of radionuclides in the Japan Sea are higher than those in the Northwest Pacific Ocean. In the spatial distributions, high inventory area extends and intrudes from the Japan Basin into the Yamato Basin. It is suggested that radionuclides sink by the vertical transport occurring mainly in the Japan Basin then advect into the Yamato Basin after detouring around the Yamato Rise, and finally, they are accumulated in the deep seawater of the Japan Sea.

Journal Articles

Development of a non-destructive testing technique using ultrasonic wave for evaluation of irradiation embrittlement in nuclear materials

Ishii, Toshimitsu; Ooka, Norikazu; Hoshiya, Taiji; Kobayashi, Hideo*; Saito, Junichi; Niimi, Motoji; Tsuji, Hirokazu

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 307-311(Part.1), p.240 - 244, 2002/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:75.36(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a diagnostic technique using ultrasonic wave for evaluation of irradiation embrittlement in reactor pressure vessel materials

Ishii, Toshimitsu; Ooka, Norikazu; Niimi, Motoji; Kobayashi, Hideo*

Kinzoku, 71(8), p.20 - 24, 2001/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a diagnostic technique using ultrasonic wave for evaluation of irradiation embrittlement in reactor pressure vessel materials

Ishii, Toshimitsu; Ooka, Norikazu; Hoshiya, Taiji; Kobayashi, Hideo*

KURRI-KR-62, p.29 - 41, 2001/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Replacement of pressure surge tank and vent valves in JMTR

Ishii, Toshimitsu; Ooka, Norikazu; Saito, Junichi; Kobayashi, Shunichi; Takahashi, Kunihiro; Tsukada, Takashi; Iwai, Takashi; Kurosawa, Yoshiaki; Hoshiya, Taiji; Tsuji, Hirokazu

Proceedings of International Symposium on Case Histories on Integrity and Failures in Industry (CHIFI), p.227 - 236, 1999/00

no abstracts in English

28 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)