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Journal Articles

Sorption of Cs$$^{+}$$ and Eu$$^{3+}$$ ions onto sedimentary rock in the presence of gamma-irradiated humic acid

Zhao, Q.*; Saito, Takeshi*; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Kobayashi, Taishi*; Sasaki, Takayuki*

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 428, p.128211_1 - 128211_10, 2022/04

The influence of humic acid and its radiological degradation on the sorption of Cs$$^{+}$$ and Eu$$^{3+}$$ by sedimentary rock was investigated to understand the sorption process of metal ions and humic substances. Aldrich humic acid (HA) solution was irradiated with different doses of gamma irradiation using a Co-60 gamma-ray source prior to the contact between the metal ions and the solid sorbent. The HA molecule decomposed to smaller molecules with a lower complexation affinity. Batch sorption experiments were performed to evaluate the effect of gamma-irradiated HA on the sorption of Cs$$^{+}$$ and Eu$$^{3+}$$ ions. The addition of non-irradiated HA weakened the sorption of Eu because of the lower sorption of the neutral or negatively charged Eu-HA complexes compared with free Eu ions. The sorption of monovalent Cs ions was barely affected by the presence of HA and its gamma irradiation. The concentration ratio of HA complexed species and non-complexed species in the solid and liquid phases was evaluated by sequential filtration and chemical equilibrium calculations. The ratios supported the minimal contribution of HA to Cs sorption. However, the concentration ratio for Eu$$^{3+}$$ in the liquid phase was high, indicating that the complexing ability of HA to Eu$$^{3+}$$ was higher than that of HA to Cs$$^{+}$$ ions. Therefore, the sorption of free Eu$$^{3+}$$ would predominate with the gamma irradiation dose applied to the HA solution under a radiation field near the HLW package.

Journal Articles

A First glimpse at the shell structure beyond $$^{54}$$Ca; Spectroscopy of $$^{55}$$K, $$^{55}$$Ca, and $$^{57}$$Ca

Koiwai, Takuma*; Wimmer, K.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Barbieri, C.*; Duguet, T.*; Holt, J. D.*; Miyagi, Takayuki*; Navr$'a$til, P.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 827, p.136953_1 - 136953_7, 2022/04

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Decommissioning of Pre-dismantling Temporary Waste Storage Facility 3 (FPG-03a,b,c) in Plutonium Fuel Production Facility

Shinozaki, Masaru; Aita, Takahiro; Iso, Takahito*; Odakura, Manabu*; Haginoya, Masahiro*; Kadowaki, Hiroyuki*; Kobayashi, Shingo*; Inagawa, Takumu*; Morimoto, Taisei*; Iso, Hidetoshi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2021-043, 100 Pages, 2022/03

JAEA-Technology-2021-043.pdf:7.49MB

It is planned that the MOX (Mixed Oxide) from the decommissioned facilities in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories is going to be consolidated and stored stably and safely for a long term in Plutonium Fuel Production Facility of the Plutonium Fuel Development Center of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories. For this purpose, it is necessary to pelletize nuclear fuel materials in the facility and store them in the assembly storage (hereinafter referred to as "waste packaging work") to secure storage space in the plutonium material storage. As a countermeasure to reduce the facility risk in this waste packing work, it was decided to construct a new powder weighing and homogenization mixing facility to physically limit the amount (batch size) of nuclear fuel materials handled at the entrance of the process. In order to secure the installation space for the new facility in the powder preparation room (1) (FP-101), the pre-dismantling temporary waste storage facility 3 (FPG-03a, b, c) was dismantled and removed. This facility consists of a granulating and sizing facility, an additive mixing facility, and a receiving and delivering guided facility, which started to be used from January 1993, and was discontinued on February 3, 2012 and became a waste facility. Subsequently, the dismantling and removal of the interior equipment was carried out by pellet fabrication section for glove operation to reduce the amount of hold-up, and before the main dismantling and removal, there was almost no interior equipment except for large machinery. This report describes the dismantling and removal of the glove box and some interior equipment and peripherals of the facility, as well as the Green House setup method, dismantling and removal procedures, and issues specific to powder process equipment (dust, etc.).

Journal Articles

Estimation of temporal variation of discharged tritium from port of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant; Analysis of the temporal variation and comparison with released tritium from Japan and major nuclear facilities worldwide

Machida, Masahiko; Iwata, Ayako; Yamada, Susumu; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*; Kobayashi, Takuya; Funasaka, Hideyuki*; Morita, Takami*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 21(1), p.33 - 49, 2022/03

We estimate monthly discharge inventory of tritium from the port of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (1F) from Jun 2013 to Mar 2020 by using the Voronoi tessellation scheme, following that the tritium monitoring inside the port has started since Jun 2013. As for the missing period from the initial month, Apr 2011 to May 2013, we calculate it by utilizing the concentration ratio of tritium to that of $$^{137}$$Cs in stagnant contaminant water during the initial direct discharged period to Jun 2011 and the discharge inventory correlation between tritium and $$^{137}$$Cs for the next-unknown continuously-discharged period up to May 2013. From the all- estimated results over 9 years, we find that the monthly discharge inventory sharply dropped just after closing the sea-side impermeable sea-wall in Oct. 2015 and subsequently coincided well with the sum of those of drainage and subdrain. By comparing the estimated results with those in the normal operation period before the accident, we point out that the discharge inventory from 1F port is not so large compared to those during the normal operation. Even the estimated one in year 2011 is found to be comparable to the maximum of operating pressurized water reactors discharging relatively large inventory in the order. In the nation level, the whole Japan domestic discharge inventory significantly decreased after the accident due to operation shutdown of most plants. Furthermore, 1F and even Japanese total discharge inventory are found to be entirely minor when comparing those of nuclear reprocessing plants and heavy-water reactors in world-wide level. From the above, we suggest that various scenarios can be openly discussed on the management in tritium stored inside 1F with help of the present estimated data and its comparison with the past discharge inventory.

Journal Articles

Current status of geological disposal by "all-Japan" activities, 4; Repository design and engineering technology (2)

Motoshima, Takayuki*; Matsui, Hiroya; Kawakubo, Masahiro*; Kobayashi, Masato*; Ichimura, Tetsuhiro*; Sugita, Yutaka

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 64(3), p.163 - 167, 2022/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Construction of machine-learning Zr interatomic potentials for identifying the formation process of c-type dislocation loops

Okita, Taira*; Terayama, Satoshi*; Tsugawa, Kiyoto*; Kobayashi, Keita; Okumura, Masahiko; Itakura, Mitsuhiro; Suzuki, Katsuyuki*

Computational Materials Science, 202, p.110865_1 - 110865_9, 2022/02

Journal Articles

Nanoscopic structure of borosilicate glass with additives for nuclear waste vitrification

Motokawa, Ryuhei; Kaneko, Koji; Oba, Yojiro; Nagai, Takayuki; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Kobayashi, Taishi*; Kumada, Takayuki; Heller, W. T.*

Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 578, p.121352_1 - 121352_7, 2022/02

Journal Articles

Short-range magnetic interaction in a monolayer 1$$T$$-VSe$$_2$$ film revealed by element-specific X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Sumida, Kazuki; Takeda, Yukiharu; Kusaka, Shotaro*; Kobayashi, Katsuyoshi*; Hirahara, Toru*

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 6(1), p.014006_1 - 014006_8, 2022/01

We investigated the intrinsic magnetic properties of the two-dimensional ferromagnetic candidate monolayer 1$$T$$-VSe$$_2$$ films using X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), an element-specific magnetic probe. By performing high-resolution measurements, we succeeded in detecting a clear XMCD signal from the atomically thin 1$$T$$-VSe$$_2$$ films under an external magnetic field. Through manipulation of the X-ray incidence angle, we were able to disentangle the in-plane and out-of-plane magnetic properties and found a strong magnetic anisotropy. Moreover, magnetic field- and temperature-dependent XMCD revealed that there is no long-range ferromagnetic ordering even at 6 K, but short-range ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions between neighboring vanadium ions exist. Such low-temperature magnetic behavior signifies that the monolayer 1$$T$$-VSe$$_2$$ is on the verge of ferromagnetism, and this fact accounts for the reported ferromagnetism in VSe$$_2$$-based heterostructures.

Journal Articles

Tree cutting approach for domain partitioning on forest-of-octrees-based block-structured static adaptive mesh refinement with lattice Boltzmann method

Hasegawa, Yuta; Aoki, Takayuki*; Kobayashi, Hiromichi*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Onodera, Naoyuki

Parallel Computing, 108, p.102851_1 - 102851_12, 2021/12

The aerodynamics simulation code based on the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) using forest-of-octrees-based block-structured local mesh refinement (LMR) was implemented, and its performance was evaluated on GPU-based supercomputers. We found that the conventional Space-Filling-Curve-based (SFC) domain partitioning algorithm results in costly halo communication in our aerodynamics simulations. Our new tree cutting approach improved the locality and the topology of the partitioned sub-domains and reduced the communication cost to one-third or one-fourth of the original SFC approach. In the strong scaling test, the code achieved maximum $$times1.82$$ speedup at the performance of 2207 MLUPS (mega- lattice update per second) on 128 GPUs. In the weak scaling test, the code achieved 9620 MLUPS at 128 GPUs with 4.473 billion grid points, while the parallel efficiency was 93.4% from 8 to 128 GPUs.

Journal Articles

A Modeling study on the oceanic dispersion and sedimentation of radionuclides off the coast of Fukushima

Kamidaira, Yuki; Uchiyama, Yusuke*; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kobayashi, Takuya; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 238-239, p.106724_1 - 106724_16, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Environmental Sciences)

A three-dimensional oceanic dispersion model considering the migration of radionuclides between seawater and sediments was developed. The migration mechanism of dissolved Cs-137 originating from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident to sediments was investigated. The comparison between the model and the observed data showed that the model can adequately reproduce the ocean structure and the concentration of Cs-137 in seawater and sediments. Cs-137 distribution in the sediment off the Fukushima coast was formed mainly owing to adsorption from the dissolved phase by June 2011, when the impact of the direct oceanic Cs-137 release from FNPP1 was remarkable.

Journal Articles

Investigation of the ground-state spin inversion in the neutron-rich $$^{47,49}$$Cl isotopes

Linh, B. D.*; Corsi, A.*; Gillibert, A.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Barbieri, C.*; Chen, S.*; Chung, L. X.*; Duguet, T.*; G$'o$mez-Ramos, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 104(4), p.044331_1 - 044331_16, 2021/10

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Impact assessment for internal flooding in HTTR (High temperature engineering test reactor)

Tochio, Daisuke; Nagasumi, Satoru; Inoi, Hiroyuki; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Ono, Masato; Kobayashi, Shoichi; Uesaka, Takahiro; Watanabe, Shuji; Saito, Kenji

JAEA-Technology 2021-014, 80 Pages, 2021/09

JAEA-Technology-2021-014.pdf:5.87MB

In response to the new regulatory standards established in response to the accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in March 2011, measures and impact assessments related to internal flooding at HTTR were carried out. In assessing the impact, considering the characteristics of the high-temperature gas-cooled reactor, flooding due to assumed damage to piping and equipment, flooding due to water discharge from the system installed to prevent the spread of fire, and flooding due to damage to piping and equipment due to an earthquake. The effects of submersion, flooding, and flooding due to steam were evaluated for each of them. The impact of the overflow of liquids containing radioactive materials outside the radiation-controlled area was also evaluated. As a result, it was confirmed that flooding generated at HTTR does not affect the safety function of the reactor facility by taking measures.

Journal Articles

Self-learning hybrid Monte Carlo method for isothermal-isobaric ensemble; Application to liquid silica

Kobayashi, Keita; Nagai, Yuki; Itakura, Mitsuhiro; Shiga, Motoyuki

Journal of Chemical Physics, 155(3), p.034106_1 - 034106_9, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Effects of steam addition on the unstable behavior of hydrogen-air lean premixed flames under the adiabatic and non-adiabatic conditions

Furuyama, Taisei*; Thwe, T. A.; Katsumi, Toshiyuki; Kobayashi, Hideaki*; Kadowaki, Satoshi

Nihon Kikai Gakkai Rombunshu (Internet), 87(898), p.21-00107_1 - 21-00107_12, 2021/06

The effects of steam addition on the unstable behavior of hydrogen-air lean premixed flames under adiabatic and non-adiabatic conditions were investigated by numerical calculations. Adopting a detailed chemical reaction mechanism of hydrogen-oxyfuel combustion modeled by 17 reversible reactions of 8 active species and diluents, a two-dimensional unsteady reaction flow was treated based on the compressible Navier-Stokes equation. As the steam addition and heat loss increased, the burning velocity of a planar flame decreased and the normalized burning velocity increased. The addition of water vapor promotes the unstable behavior of the hydrogen-air lean premixed flame. This is because the thermal diffusivity of the gas decreases and the diffusion-thermal instability increases. The effect of adding water vapor on the instability of hydrogen premixed flames is a new finding, and it is expected to connect with hydrogen explosion-prevention measures as in NPP.

Journal Articles

Pairing forces govern population of doubly magic $$^{54}$$Ca from direct reactions

Browne, F.*; Chen, S.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Kazuki; Achouri, N. L.*; Baba, Hidetada*; Calvet, D.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 126(25), p.252501_1 - 252501_7, 2021/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Direct proton-knockout reactions of $$^{55}$$Sc were studied at the RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory. Populated states of $$^{54}$$Ca were investigated through $$gamma$$-ray and invariant-mass spectroscopy. Level energies were calculated from the nuclear shell model employing a phenomenological inter-nucleon interaction. Theoretical cross sections to states were calculated from distorted-wave impulse approximation estimates multiplied by the shell model spectroscopic factors. Despite the calculations showing a significant amplitude of excited neutron configurations in the ground-state of $$^{55}$$Sc, valence proton removals populated predominantly the ground-state of $$^{54}$$Ca. This counter-intuitive result is attributed to pairing effects leading to a dominance of the ground-state spectroscopic factor. Owing to the ubiquity of the pairing interaction, this argument should be generally applicable to direct knockout reactions from odd-even to even-even nuclei.

Journal Articles

Improved domain partitioning on tree-based mesh-refined lattice Boltzmann method

Hasegawa, Yuta; Aoki, Takayuki*; Kobayashi, Hiromichi*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Onodera, Naoyuki

Keisan Kogaku Koenkai Rombunshu (CD-ROM), 26, 6 Pages, 2021/05

We introduce an improved domain partitioning method called "tree cutting approach" for the aerodynamics simulation code based on the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) with the forest-of-octrees-based local mesh refinement (LMR). The conventional domain partitioning algorithm based on the space-filling curve (SFC), which is widely used in LMR, caused a costly halo data communication which became a bottleneck of our aerodynamics simulation on the GPU-based supercomputers. Our tree cutting approach adopts a hybrid domain partitioning with the coarse structured block decomposition and the SFC partitioning in each block. This hybrid approach improved the locality and the topology of the partitioned sub-domains and reduced the amount of the halo communication to one-third of the original SFC approach. The code achieved $$times 1.23$$ speedup on 8 GPUs, and achieved $$times 1.82$$ speedup at the performance of 2207 MLUPS (mega-lattice update per second) on 128 GPUs with strong scaling test.

Journal Articles

Position dependency of the scattered intensity in the time-of-flight backscattering spectrometer DNA

Matsuura, Masato*; Yamada, Takeshi*; Tominaga, Taiki*; Kobayashi, Makoto*; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Kawakita, Yukinobu

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011068_1 - 011068_6, 2021/03

The position dependence of the scattered intensity in the time-of-flight backscattering spectrometer DNA was investigated. A periodic structure for both vertical (pixel) and horizontal (PSD) directions was observed. The solar slit and over-bending of an analyzer crystal is discussed as a possible origin of the modulation in the intensity. We have developed software program for the systematic correction of the position-dependent intensity and offset energy for the elastic peak. This corrects the deviation from the true scattering intensity and improve the quality of the data, which includes the energy resolution.

Journal Articles

Position-encoded automatic cell elevator for BL02, J-PARC MLF

Tominaga, Taiki*; Kobayashi, Makoto*; Yamada, Takeshi*; Matsuura, Masato*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Kasai, Satoshi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011095_1 - 011095_5, 2021/03

A vertical movement type of sample changer for the neutron spectrometer BL02, J-PARC MLF was developed for our top-loading type cryostat. The sample changer, termed as "PEACE", can control reproducibility of the irradiated position using guides made of polyether ether ketone. The variation between the background scattering profiles of three sample positions was found to be less than plus minus 1.6%. This result is reasonable, considering the deviation of sample position of less than plus minus 0.3 mm from the vertical axis.

Journal Articles

High-spin states in $$^{35}$$S

Go, Shintaro*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Yokoyama, Rin*; Aoi, Nori*; Azaiez, F.*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Kimura, Atsushi; Kisamori, Keiichi*; Kobayashi, Motoki*; et al.

Physical Review C, 103(3), p.034327_1 - 034327_8, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

First spectroscopic study of $$^{51}$$Ar by the ($$p$$,2$$p$$) reaction

Juh$'a$sz, M. M.*; Elekes, Z.*; Sohler, D.*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Kazuki; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 814, p.136108_1 - 136108_8, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:74.98(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The nuclear structure of $$^{51}$$Ar was studied by the ($$p$$,2$$p$$) reaction using $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy for the bound and unbound states. Comparing the results to our shell-model calculations, two bound and six unbound states were established. The low cross sections populating the two bound states of $$^{51}$$Ar could be interpreted as a clear signature for the presence of significant sub-shell closures at neutron numbers 32 and 34 in argon isotopes.

1308 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)