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Journal Articles

Revealing the second harmonic generation in a femtosecond laser-driven cluster-based plasma by analyzing shapes of Ar XVII spectral lines

Oks, E.*; Dalimier, E.*; Faenov, A.*; Pikuz, T.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Andreev, A.*; Koga, J. K.; Sakaki, Hironao; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Pirozhkov, A. S.; et al.

Optics Express (Internet), 23(25), p.31991 - 32005, 2015/12

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:59.87(Optics)

We present experiments dealing with a femtosecond laser-driven cluster-based plasma, where by analyzing the nonlinear phenomenon of satellites of spectral lines of Ar XVII, we revealed the nonlinear phenomenon of the generation of the second harmonic of the laser frequency. For performing this analysis we developed new results in the theory of satellites of spectral lines. From such lineshape analysis we found, in particular, that the efficiency of converting the short (40 fs) intense (3$$times$$10$$^{18}$$ W/cm$$^2$$) incident laser light into the second harmonic was 2%. This result is in the excellent agreement with the 2-Dimensional Particle-In-Cell (2D PIC) simulation that we also performed. There is also an order of magnitude agreement between the thresholds for the SHG found from the line shape analysis and from the 2D PIC simulations.

Journal Articles

3D visualization of XFEL beam focusing properties using LiF crystal X-ray detector

Pikuz, T.*; Faenov, A.*; Matsuoka, Takeshi*; Matsuyama, Satoshi*; Yamauchi, Kazuto*; Ozaki, Narimasa*; Albertazzi, B.*; Inubushi, Yuichi*; Yabashi, Makina*; Tono, Kensuke*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 5, p.17713_1 - 17713_10, 2015/12

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:19.93(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Using LiF crystals for high-performance neutron imaging with micron-scale resolution

Faenov, A.*; Matsubayashi, Masahito; Pikuz, T.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Kando, Masaki; Yasuda, Ryo; Iikura, Hiroshi; Nojima, Takehiro; Sakai, Takuro; Shiozawa, Masahiro*; et al.

High Power Laser Science and Engineering, 3, p.e27_1 - e27_9, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:48.8(Optics)

Journal Articles

Radiation reaction effects in cascade scattering of intense, tightly focused laser pulses by relativistic electrons; Classical approach

Zhidkov, A.*; Masuda, Shinichi*; Bulanov, S. S.*; Koga, J. K.; Hosokai, Tomonao*; Kodama, Ryosuke*

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 17(5), p.054001_1 - 054001_7, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:33.18(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Nonlinear plasma wave in magnetized plasmas

Bulanov, S. V.; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Kando, Masaki; Koga, J. K.; Hosokai, Tomonao*; Zhidkov, A.*; Kodama, Ryosuke*

Physics of Plasmas, 20(8), p.083113_1 - 083113_10, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:34.94(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

Splash plasma channels produced by picosecond laser pulses in argon gas for laser wakefield acceleration

Mizuta, Yoshio*; Hosokai, Tomonao*; Masuda, Shinichi*; Zhidkov, A.*; Makito, Keigo*; Nakanii, Nobuhiko*; Kajino, Shohei*; Nishida, Akinori*; Kando, Masaki; Mori, Michiaki; et al.

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 15(12), p.121301_1 - 121301_10, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:27.99(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Ion acceleration in subcritical density plasma via interaction of intense laser pulse with cluster-gas target

Fukuda, Yuji; Faenov, A.*; Tampo, Motonobu; Pikuz, T.*; Nakamura, Tatsufumi; Kando, Masaki; Hayashi, Yukio; Yogo, Akifumi; Sakaki, Hironao; Kameshima, Takashi*; et al.

Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science VII, p.225 - 240, 2011/05

We present substantial enhancement of the accelerated ion energies up to 10-20 MeV per nucleon by utilizing the unique properties of the cluster-gas target irradiated with 40-fs laser pulses of only 150 mJ energy, corresponding to approximately tenfold increase in the ion energies compared to previous experiments using thin foil targets. A particle-in-cell simulation infers that the high energy ions are generated at the rear side of the target due to the formation of a strong dipole vortex structure in sub-critical density plasmas. The demonstrated method can be important in the development of efficient laser ion accelerators for hadron therapy and other applications.

Journal Articles

Experimental evidence of nonthermal acceleration of relativistic electrons by an intensive laser pulse

Kuramitsu, Yasuhiro*; Nakanii, Nobuhiko*; Kondo, Kiminori; Sakawa, Yoichi*; Mori, Yoshitaka*; Miura, Eisuke*; Tsuji, Kazuki*; Kimura, Kazuya*; Fukumochi, Shuji*; Kashihara, Mamoru*; et al.

Physical Review E, 83(2), p.026401_1 - 026401_6, 2011/02

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:33.14(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

An energy distribution function of energetic particles in the universe or cosmic rays is well represented by a power-law spectrum, therefore, nonthermal acceleration is essential to understand the origin of cosmic rays. A possible candidate for the origin of cosmic rays is wakefield acceleration at relativistic astrophysical perpendicular shocks. Substituting an intensive laser pulse for the large amplitude light waves, we performed a model experiment of the shock environments in a laboratory plasma.

Journal Articles

Model experiment of cosmic ray acceleration due to an incoherent wakefield induced by an intense laser pulse

Kuramitsu, Yasuhiro*; Nakanii, Nobuhiko*; Kondo, Kiminori; Sakawa, Yoichi*; Mori, Yoshitaka*; Miura, Eisuke*; Tsuji, Kazuki*; Kimura, Kazuya*; Fukumochi, Shuji*; Kashihara, Mamoru*; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 18(1), p.010701_1 - 010701_4, 2011/01

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:35.15(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Substituting an intensive laser pulse for the large amplitude light waves, we performed a model experiment of the shock environments in a laboratory plasma. An intensive laser pulse was propagated in a plasma tube created by imploding a hollow polystyrene cylinder, as the large amplitude light waves propagated in the upstream plasma at an astrophysical shock. Nonthermal electrons were generated, and the energy distribution functions of the electrons have a power-law component with an index of 2.

Journal Articles

Interaction of high contrast laser pulse with foam-attached target

Nakamura, Tatsufumi; Tampo, Motonobu; Kodama, Ryosuke*; Bulanov, S. V.; Kando, Masaki

Physics of Plasmas, 17(11), p.113107_1 - 113107_6, 2010/11

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:14.79(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Interactions of high contrast laser pulses with foam-attached targets are investigated via Particle-in-Cell (PIC) simulations in order to enhance the energy coupling from laser to plasmas. A foam layer whose mass density is much lower than that of the solid state is used for controlling the plasma density distribution of the laser irradiation region with the aid of the high contrast laser pulses. The ionization process plays a role in the laser and foam interaction, which results in the formation of periodic structure of ion charge density. The bulk electrons inside the foam layer are heated by the laser pulse, which results in the generation of abundant MeV electrons and higher energy coupling from laser to plasma. These features are utilized for laser ion acceleration by using a foam-attached thin foil target. It is shown that the laser accelerated ion energy is enhanced by properly choosing the foam parameters.

Journal Articles

Characterization of electron self-injection in laser wake field acceleration due to the parametric resonance

Zhidkov, A.*; Koga, J. K.; Hosokai, Tomonao*; Fujii, Takashi*; Oishi, Yuji*; Nemoto, Koshichi*; Kodama, Ryosuke*

Physics of Plasmas, 17(8), p.083101_1 - 083101_6, 2010/08

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:53.41(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

Correlation between laser accelerated MeV proton and electron beams using simple fluid model for target normal sheath acceleration

Tampo, Motonobu; Awano, Shinya*; Bolton, P.; Kondo, Kiminori; Mima, Kunioki*; Mori, Yoshitaka*; Nakamura, Hirotaka*; Nakatsutsumi, Motoaki*; Stephens, R. B.*; Tanaka, Kazuo*; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 17(7), p.073110_1 - 073110_5, 2010/07

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:56.78(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

Energy increase in multi-MeV ion acceleration in the interaction of a short pulse laser with a cluster-gas target

Fukuda, Yuji; Faenov, A. Y.; Tampo, Motonobu; Pikuz, T. A.*; Nakamura, Tatsufumi; Kando, Masaki; Hayashi, Yukio; Yogo, Akifumi; Sakaki, Hironao; Kameshima, Takashi*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 103(16), p.165002_1 - 165002_4, 2009/10

 Times Cited Count:137 Percentile:3.05(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A new approach for accelerating ions, based on the use of a cluster-gas target and a compact ultrashort pulse laser, is presented. It is shown that ions with energy 10-20 MeV per nucleon having a small divergence (full angle) of 3.4$$^{circ}$$ are generated, corresponding to an approximately tenfold increase in the ion energies compared to previous experiments using solid targets. It is inferred from a particle-in-cell code simulation that the high energy ions are generated at the rear side of the target due to the formation of a strong dipole vortex structure in near-critical density plasmas.

Journal Articles

Guiding and confining fast electrons by transient electric and magnetic fields with a plasma inverse cone

Lei, A. L.*; Cao, L. H.*; Yang, X. Q.*; Tanaka, Kazuo*; Kodama, Ryosuke*; He, X. T.*; Mima, Kunioki*; Nakamura, Tatsufumi; Norimatsu, Takayoshi*; Yu, W.*; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 16(2), p.020702_1 - 020702_4, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:54.15(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The fast electron propagation in an inverse cone target is investigated computationally and experimentally. Two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation shows that fast electrons with substantial numbers are generated at the outer tip of an inverse cone target irradiated by a short intense laser pulse. These electrons are guided and confined to propagate along the inverse cone wall, forming a large surface current. The experiment qualitatively verifies the guiding and confinement of the strong electron current in the wall surface. The large surface current and induced strong field s are of importance for fast ignition related research.

Journal Articles

Superthermal and efficient-heating modes in the interaction of a cone target with ultraintense laser light

Nakamura, Hirotaka*; Chrisman, B.*; Tanimoto, Tsuyoshi*; Borghesi, M.*; Kondo, Kiminori; Nakatsutsumi, Motoaki*; Norimatsu, Takayoshi*; Tampo, Motonobu; Tanaka, Kazuo*; Yabuuchi, Toshinori*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 102(4), p.045009_1 - 045009_4, 2009/01

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:24.97(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Interactions between a relativistic-intensity laser pulse and a cone-wire target are studied by changing the focusing point of the pulse. The pulse, when focused on the sidewall of the cone, produced superthermal electrons with an energy $$>$$10 MeV, whereas less energetic electrons $$sim$$1 MeV were produced by the pulse when focused on the cone tip. Efficient heating of the wire was indicated by significant neutron signals observed when the pulse was focused on the tip. Particle-in-cell simulation results show reduced heating of the wire due to energetic electrons produced by specularly reflected light at the sidewall.

Journal Articles

Spectrum modulation of relativistic electrons by laser wakefield

Nakanii, Nobuhiko*; Kondo, Kiminori; Kuramitsu, Yasuhiro*; Mori, Yoshitaka*; Miura, Eisuke*; Tsuji, Kazuki*; Kimura, Kazuya*; Fukumochi, Shuji*; Kashihara, Mamoru*; Tanimoto, Tsuyoshi*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 93(8), p.081501_1 - 081501_3, 2008/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:79.15(Physics, Applied)

Energetic electrons were generated by the interaction of a high-intensity laser pulse with a plasma preformed from a hollow plastic cylinder via laser-driven implosion. The spectra of a comparatively high-density plasma had a bump around 10 MeV. Simple numerical calculations explained the spectra obtained in this experiment. This indicates that the plasma tube has sufficient potential to convert a Maxwellian spectrum to a comparatively narrow spectrum.

Journal Articles

Split-aperture laser pulse compressor design tolerant to alignment and line-density differences

Rushford, M. C.*; Britten, J.*; Barty, C. P. J.*; Jitsuno, Takahisa*; Kondo, Kiminori; Miyanaga, Noriaki*; Tanaka, Kazuo*; Kodama, Ryosuke*; Xu, G.*

Optics Letters, 33(16), p.1902 - 1904, 2008/08

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:43.92(Optics)

We introduce a four-pass laser pulse compressor design based on two grating apertures with two gratings per aperture that is tolerant to some alignment errors and, importantly, to grating-to-grating period variations. Each half-beam samples each grating in a diamond-shaped compressor that is symmetric about a central bisecting plane. For any given grating, the two half-beams impinge on opposite sides of its surface normal. It is shown that the two split beams have no pointing difference from paired gratings with different periods. Furthermore, no phase shift between half-beams is incurred as long as the planes containing a grating line and the surface normal for each grating of the pair are parallel. For grating pairs satisfying this condition, gratings surfaces need not be on the same plane, as changes in the gap between the two can compensate to bring the beams back in phase.

Journal Articles

Fast heating of cylindrically imploded plasmas by petawatt laser light

Nakamura, Hirotaka*; Sentoku, Yasuhiko*; Matsuoka, Takeshi*; Kondo, Kiminori; Nakatsutsumi, Motoaki*; Norimatsu, Takayoshi*; Shiraga, Hiroyuki*; Tanaka, Kazuo*; Kodama, Ryosuke*

Physical Review Letters, 100(16), p.165001_1 - 165001_4, 2008/04

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:32.96(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We produced cylindrically imploded plasmas, which have the same density-radius product of the imploded plasma $$rho$$R with the compressed core in the fast ignition experiment and demonstrated efficient fast heating of cylindrically imploded plasmas with an ultraintense laser light. The coupling efficiency from the laser to the imploded column was 14%-21%, implying strong collimation of energetic electrons over a distance of 300 micron of the plasma. Particle-in-cell simulation shows confinement of the energetic electrons by self-generated magnetic and electrostatic fields excited along the imploded plasmas, and the efficient fast heating in the compressed region.

Journal Articles

Introduction to plasma fusion energy

Takamura, Shuichi*; Kado, Shinichiro*; Fujii, Takashi*; Fujiyama, Hiroshi*; Takabe, Hideaki*; Adachi, Kazuo*; Morimiya, Osamu*; Fujimori, Naoji*; Watanabe, Takayuki*; Hayashi, Yasuaki*; et al.

Kara Zukai, Purazuma Enerugi No Subete, P. 164, 2007/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Report on the 12th topical conference on high temperature plasma diagnostics

Kodama, Ryosuke*; Yoshida, Hidetoshi; *; Nishitani, Takeo; Muto, Sadatsugu*; *; Matsuda, Toshiaki; *; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Isobe, Mitsutaka*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 74(10), p.1208 - 1213, 1998/10

no abstracts in English

28 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)